Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus strobus
(eastern white pine)

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Datasheet

Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus strobus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • eastern white pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Ornamental
  • Revegetation

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
P. strobus mature tree habit.  Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.  March 2003.
TitleHabit
CaptionP. strobus mature tree habit. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London. March 2003.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
P. strobus mature tree habit.  Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.  March 2003.
HabitP. strobus mature tree habit. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London. March 2003. ©A.R. Pittaway
P. strobus bark detail.  Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.  March 2003.
TitleBark
CaptionP. strobus bark detail. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London. March 2003.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
P. strobus bark detail.  Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.  March 2003.
BarkP. strobus bark detail. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London. March 2003.©A.R. Pittaway
P. strobus foliage.  Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.  March 2003.
TitleFoliage
CaptionP. strobus foliage. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London. March 2003.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
P. strobus foliage.  Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.  March 2003.
FoliageP. strobus foliage. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London. March 2003.©A.R. Pittaway
P. strobus foliage detail.  Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.  March 2003.
TitleFoliage
CaptionP. strobus foliage detail. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London. March 2003.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
P. strobus foliage detail.  Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London.  March 2003.
FoliageP. strobus foliage detail. Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew, London. March 2003.©A.R. Pittaway

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus strobus L.

Preferred Common Name

  • eastern white pine

Other Scientific Names

  • Pinus alba canadensis Provancher
  • Pinus chiapensis (Martínez) Andersen
  • Strobus strobus (Linnaeus) Small

International Common Names

  • English: eastern white pine; Weymouth pine
  • Spanish: pino blanco
  • French: pin blanc; pin du lord; pin Weymouth

Local Common Names

  • : northern pine
  • Brazil: pinheiro
  • Germany: Strobe; Weymouths kiefer
  • Italy: pino bianco; pino strobo
  • Netherlands: weymouth-den
  • Sweden: weymouth-tall

EPPO code

  • PIUST (Pinus strobus)

Subspecies

  • Pinus strobus var. chiapensis

Trade name

  • white pine

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus strobus

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acantholyda erythrocephala (pine false webworm); Argyrotaenia pinatubana (lodgepole-pine needle tier); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Cronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust); Diprion similis (white pine sawfly); Hylastes ater (black pine bark beetle); Ips calligraphus (six-spined ips); Ips pini (pine engraver); Lambdina fiscellaria (eastern hemlock looper); Leptographium procerum (white pine root decline); Megastigmus atedius (eastern white pine seed chalcid); Monochamus carolinensis (pine sawyer); Monochamus notatus (northeastern sawyer); Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Neodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Sirex noctilio (woodwasp); Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (evergreen bagworm)

Minor host of:

Arceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe); Armillaria heimii (armillaria root rot); Atropellis pinicola (twig blight of pine); Choristoneura fumiferana (spruce budworm); Choristoneura pinus pinus (jack-pine budworm); Coleosporium asterum (needle cast: red pine); Cyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast); Dendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle); Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Diprion pini (common pine sawfly); Elatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Fusarium sporotrichioides (kernel rot of maize); Gibberella circinata (pitch canker); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Heterobasidion annosum; Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Hylobius abietis (large pine weevil); Hylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle); Hylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle); Ips amitinus (small spruce bark beetle); Ips duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle); Leptographium wingfieldii; Lophodermium macci; Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Monochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer); Ophiostoma wageneri (black-stain root disease); Panolis flammea (pine beauty moth); Pissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil); Pissodes piniphilus (pine-top weevil); Pityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls); Pityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle); Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Sphinx pinastri (pine hawkmoth); Stereum sanguinolentum (bleeding conk fungus); Tomicus minor (lesser pine shoot beetle); Tomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)

Wild host of:

Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aphrophora parallela (spruce spittlebug); Barypeithes pellucidus (juniper root weevil); Cinara strobi (pine bark adelges); Coniophora puteana (heart rot: wood); Conophthorus coniperda (white pine cone beetle); Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); Dryocoetes autographus; Endocronartium harknessii (western gall rust); Eucosma gloriola (eastern pine shoot borer); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium proliferatum; Fusarium redolens (root rot: pea); Gibberella acuminata (stalk rot of maize); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Gibberella pulicaris (basal canker of hop); Haematoloma dorsata; Hylobius pales (pales weevil); Neodiprion lecontei (redheaded pine sawfly); Ophiostoma piceaperdum (girdling canker: pine); Petrova albicapitana (northern pitch twig moth); Zeiraphera canadensis (spruce bud moth)

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Revegetation

General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Boats

Furniture

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp
  • Short-fibre pulp

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Exterior fittings
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Gates
  • Wall panelling

Wood extractives (including oil)

Wood-based materials

  • Laminated wood
  • Plywood

Woodware

  • Brushes
  • Cutlery
  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Marquetry
  • Matches
  • Musical instruments
  • Pencils
  • Sports equipment
  • Tool handles
  • Toys
  • Turnery
  • Wood carvings