Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus sylvestris
(Scots pine)

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Datasheet

Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus sylvestris
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Scots pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Religious
  • Revegetation

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Single tree in clonal seed orchard. 16-year-old, height 6.5 m, d.b.h. 17 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
TitleYoung tree
CaptionSingle tree in clonal seed orchard. 16-year-old, height 6.5 m, d.b.h. 17 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Single tree in clonal seed orchard. 16-year-old, height 6.5 m, d.b.h. 17 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
Young treeSingle tree in clonal seed orchard. 16-year-old, height 6.5 m, d.b.h. 17 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.Gregory Shlonchak
Single tree with a compact crown in clonal seed orchard, 11-year-old, height 3 m, d.b.h. 8 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
TitleYoung tree
CaptionSingle tree with a compact crown in clonal seed orchard, 11-year-old, height 3 m, d.b.h. 8 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Single tree with a compact crown in clonal seed orchard, 11-year-old, height 3 m, d.b.h. 8 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
Young treeSingle tree with a compact crown in clonal seed orchard, 11-year-old, height 3 m, d.b.h. 8 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.Gregory Shlonchak
Shoot gathering from plus tree, 95-year-old, height 33.5 m, d.b.h. 46 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
TitleShoot gathering
CaptionShoot gathering from plus tree, 95-year-old, height 33.5 m, d.b.h. 46 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Shoot gathering from plus tree, 95-year-old, height 33.5 m, d.b.h. 46 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
Shoot gatheringShoot gathering from plus tree, 95-year-old, height 33.5 m, d.b.h. 46 cm, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.Gregory Shlonchak
Red male flowers (microstrobili).
TitleMale flower and foliage
CaptionRed male flowers (microstrobili).
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Red male flowers (microstrobili).
Male flower and foliageRed male flowers (microstrobili).Gregory Shlonchak
Yellow male flowers (microstrobili).
TitleMale flowers and foliage
CaptionYellow male flowers (microstrobili).
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Yellow male flowers (microstrobili).
Male flowers and foliageYellow male flowers (microstrobili).Gregory Shlonchak
Red female flowers (macrostrobili).
TitleFemale flower
CaptionRed female flowers (macrostrobili).
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Red female flowers (macrostrobili).
Female flowerRed female flowers (macrostrobili).Gregory Shlonchak
Yellow female flowers (macrostrobili).
TitleFemale flower
CaptionYellow female flowers (macrostrobili).
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Yellow female flowers (macrostrobili).
Female flowerYellow female flowers (macrostrobili).Gregory Shlonchak
1-year-old, containerised grafted seedling.
TitleSeedling
Caption1-year-old, containerised grafted seedling.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
1-year-old, containerised grafted seedling.
Seedling1-year-old, containerised grafted seedling.Gregory Shlonchak
Grafting in greenhouse conditions, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
TitleGrafting
CaptionGrafting in greenhouse conditions, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Grafting in greenhouse conditions, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
GraftingGrafting in greenhouse conditions, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.Gregory Shlonchak
Growing grafted stock in greenhouse.
TitleGrowing grafted stock
CaptionGrowing grafted stock in greenhouse.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Growing grafted stock in greenhouse.
Growing grafted stockGrowing grafted stock in greenhouse.Gregory Shlonchak
3-year-old clonal seed orchard. Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
TitleClonal seed orchard
Caption3-year-old clonal seed orchard. Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
3-year-old clonal seed orchard. Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
Clonal seed orchard3-year-old clonal seed orchard. Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.Gregory Shlonchak
16-year-old clonal seed orchard, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv region, Ukraine.
TitleClonal seed orchard
Caption16-year-old clonal seed orchard, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv region, Ukraine.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
16-year-old clonal seed orchard, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv region, Ukraine.
Clonal seed orchard16-year-old clonal seed orchard, Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv region, Ukraine.Gregory Shlonchak
Clonal seed orchard with perennial lupin (Lupinus sp.). Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
TitleClonal seed orchard
CaptionClonal seed orchard with perennial lupin (Lupinus sp.). Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
CopyrightGregory Shlonchak
Clonal seed orchard with perennial lupin (Lupinus sp.). Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.
Clonal seed orchardClonal seed orchard with perennial lupin (Lupinus sp.). Stari-Petriviski Forest Research Station, Kyiv Region, Ukraine.Gregory Shlonchak

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus sylvestris L.

Preferred Common Name

  • Scots pine

Variety

  • Pinus sylvestris var. hamata Steven
  • Pinus sylvestris var. lapponica
  • Pinus sylvestris var. mongolica Litv.
  • Pinus sylvestris var. sylvestriformis (Taken.) W. C. Cheng & C. D. Chu

Other Scientific Names

  • Pinus densiflora f. sylvestriformis Taken.
  • Pinus friesiana
  • Pinus hamata (Steven) Sosn., nom. illeg.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: pino albar; pino silvestre
  • French: pin silvestre
  • Russian: Sosno obyknovyennaya

Local Common Names

  • Bulgaria: bel bor
  • Croatia: beli bor; obicnog bora; sumski bor
  • Denmark: skovfyr
  • Germany: gemeine Kiefer; Weisskiefer
  • Italy: pino silvestre
  • Netherlands: groveden
  • Norway: furu
  • Poland: Sosna zwyczajna
  • Spain: pino silvestris
  • Sweden: tall
  • Ukraine: Sosna zvychayna
  • USA: Scotch pine
  • Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro): beli bor

EPPO code

  • PIUSI (Pinus sylvestris)

Subspecies

  • Pinus sylvestris var. sylvestris

Trade name

  • deal
  • kiefernholz
  • nadelholz
  • red deal
  • redwood
  • Scots pine
  • softwood
  • sosna
  • Swedish redwood
  • yellow deal

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus sylvestris

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acantholyda posticalis (pine tree web-spinning sawfly); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Candidatus Phytoplasma pini (pine witches'-broom phytoplasma); Chionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale); Cronartium comandrae (comandra blister rust); Cronartium comptoniae (sweet fern blister rust); Cronartium flaccidum (Scots pine blister rust); Cronartium quercuum (pine-oak rust); Cyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast); Dendrolimus tabulaeformis (Chinese pine caterpillar); Diprion pini (common pine sawfly); Diprion similis (white pine sawfly); Endocronartium harknessii (western gall rust); Eulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Heterobasidion annosum; Hylastes ater (black pine bark beetle); Hylobius abietis (large pine weevil); Hylotrupes bajulus (house longhorn beetle); Hylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle); Hylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle); Ips grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle); Ips hauseri (Kyrgyz mountain engraver); Ips pini (pine engraver); Ips sexdentatus (six-toothed bark beetle); Leptographium wingfieldii; Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Melampsora populnea; Monochamus carolinensis (pine sawyer); Monochamus galloprovincialis (pine sawyer); Monochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn); Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight); Mycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Neodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly); Ophiostoma piceae (vascular mycosis of oak); Orthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle); Pineus pini (pine woolly aphid); Pissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil); Pissodes piniphilus (pine-top weevil); Pissodes validirostris (pine cone weevil); Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth); Schizolachnus pineti; Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Sphinx pinastri (pine hawkmoth); Tetropium gracilicorne (fine-horned spruce borer); Thaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary); Thecodiplosis brachyntera (needle shortening gall midge); Tomicus minor (lesser pine shoot beetle); Tomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle); Trypodendron lineatum (striped ambrosia beetle); Xylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)

Minor host of:

Atropellis pinicola (twig blight of pine); Bursaphelenchus mucronatus; Choristoneura pinus pinus (jack-pine budworm); Cinara nigritergi; Coleosporium asterum (needle cast: red pine); Crumenulopsis sororia; Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Dendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle); Elatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Gibberella circinata (pitch canker); Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Heterobasidion parviporum; Ips duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle); Ips subelongatus (larch bark beetle); Ips typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle); Leptographium procerum (white pine root decline); Leptosphaeria coniothyrium (cane blight); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Melolontha melolontha (white grub cockchafer); Pineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid); Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Pityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls); Pityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle); Rhizosphaera kalkhoffii (needle blight: pine); Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth); Sirex noctilio (woodwasp); Sydowia polyspora (dieback of pine); Tetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle); Thaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth); Thecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Wild host of:

Haplothrips tritici (wheat thrips); Panolis flammea (pine beauty moth); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes); Xyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer); Xyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)

Host of (source - data mining):

Acanthocinus aedilis (timberman); Amphimallon solstitiale; Anisoplia segetum (chafer, cereal); Anomala dubia; Aradus cinnamomeus; Archips oporanus (fruit tree tortrix); Arhopalus rusticus (rust pine, borer); Asemum striatum (opaque sawyer); Blastesthia turionella (cone pitch, moth); Bupalus piniarius (pine looper moth); Buprestis octoguttata; Carphoborus henscheli; Cenangium ferruginosum (dieback: pine); Ceratocystis pilifera (blue stain: logs and timber); Cinara pilicornis; Cinara pinea (pine aphid); Cinara pini (sylvestris, aphid); Coleosporium tussilaginis f.sp. pulsatillae; Contarinia baeri (European pineneedle midge); Cryphalus abietis; Crypturgus cinereus; Cydia cosmophorana; Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); Deporaus betulae; Dryocoetes autographus; Ergates faber; Eulachnus agilis (spotted pineneedle aphid); Exoteleia dodecella (pine bud moth); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gilpinia frutetorum (nursery pine sawfly); Gilpinia pallida (sawfly); Gilpinia socia; Gilpinia virens; Gravitarmata margarotana; Haematoloma dorsata; Hylastes brunneus; Hylastes cunicularius; Hylastes opacus; Hylesinus varius (ash bark beetle); Hylobius pales (pales weevil); Hylobius radicis (pine root collar weevil); Hylurgops glabratus (brown spruce bast borer); Ips acuminatus (bark beetle, sharp-dentated); Ips mannsfeldi; Lophodermella sulcigena (needle cast: pine); Lophodermium pinastri (needle cast: fir); Lophodermium seditiosum (needle cast: pines); Lygus punctatus; Matsucoccus pini; Melanophila cyanea; Melolontha hippocastani (cockchafer); Microdiprion pallipes; Ocnerostoma friesei; Oligonychus ununguis (red spidermite); Ophiostoma piceaperdum (girdling canker: pine); Orthotomicus longicollis; Oxypteris acuminata (black fire beetle); Petrova resinella (gall pine resin, moth); Phacidium infestans (snow mould); Phellinus pini (brown rot of conifers); Phyllopertha horticola (bracken clock); Pissodes pini (weevil, larger pine); Pityogenes bidentatus (beetle, two-toothed pine); Pityogenes quadridens; Polyphylla fullo (fuller); Rhagium inquisitor; Rhizina undulata (conifers root rot); Rhyacionia busckana (red pine shoot borer); Sarea resinae; Serica brunnea (chafer, brown); Sirex cyaneus (blue horntail); Steganacarus magnus; Tetyra bipunctata (shieldbacked pine seed bug); Toumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale); Trypodendron domesticum; Urocerus gigas (horntail, sawfly, banded); Xeris spectrum (long horntail); Xiphydria camelus (alder wood wasp); Zeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Drugs, stimulants, social uses

  • Religious

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Dye/tanning
  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Lipids
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Boats

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Crates
  • Pallets

Furniture

Lignin products

Other cellulose derivatives

Plastics from wood

Pulp

  • Short-fibre pulp

Railway sleepers

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Pit props
  • Posts
  • Roundwood structures
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Bridges
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction

Textiles

Vehicle bodies

Wood extractives (including oil)

Wood gas (and other hydrocarbons

Wood hydrolysates

Wood wool

Wood-based materials

  • Composite boards
  • Fibreboard
  • Improved wood
  • Laminated wood
  • Medium density fibreboard
  • Particleboard

Woodware

  • Industrial and domestic woodware
  • Marquetry
  • Musical instruments
  • Sports equipment
  • Turnery
  • Wood carvings