Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Pinus resinosa
(red pine)



Pinus resinosa (red pine)


  • Last modified
  • 07 June 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus resinosa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • red pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Religious
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus resinosa Aiton

Preferred Common Name

  • red pine

International Common Names

  • French: pin resineux; pin rouge d'Amerique

Local Common Names

  • Canada: Norway pine
  • Germany: Amerikanische Rot- Kiefer
  • Italy: pino resinosa; pino rosso
  • USA: Norway pine

EPPO code

  • PIURE (Pinus resinosa)

Trade name

  • red pine

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus resinosa

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acantholyda erythrocephala (pine false webworm); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Chionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale); Cronartium comandrae (comandra blister rust); Cronartium comptoniae (sweet fern blister rust); Diprion similis (white pine sawfly); Ips calligraphus (six-spined ips); Ips grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle); Ips pini (pine engraver); Monochamus carolinensis (pine sawyer); Monochamus mutator (spotted pine sawyer); Monochamus notatus (northeastern sawyer); Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight); Mycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine); Neodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Pineus pini (pine woolly aphid); Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil); Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth); Sirex noctilio (woodwasp); Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode)

Minor host of:

Arceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe); Choristoneura pinus pinus (jack-pine budworm); Coleosporium asterum (needle cast: red pine); Cronartium quercuum (pine-oak rust); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Heterobasidion annosum; Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Leptographium procerum (white pine root decline); Leptographium wingfieldii; Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth); Thecodiplosis brachyntera (needle shortening gall midge); Thecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Host of (source - data mining):

Asynapta hopkinsi (cone resin midge); Conophthorus resinosae (red pine cone beetle); Cydia toreuta (eastern pine seedworm); Dendroctonus valens (red turpentine beetle); Dioryctria abietivorella (fir coneworm); Dioryctria disclusa (webbing coneworm); Dioryctria resinosella (red pine shoot moth); Eucosma monitorana (red pine cone borer); Hylobius pales (pales weevil); Hylobius radicis (pine root collar weevil); Leptoglossus corculus; Leptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug); Lophodermium pinastri (needle cast: fir); Matsucoccus matsumurae; Matsucoccus resinosae (red pine scale); Neodiprion lecontei (redheaded pine sawfly); Neodiprion nanulus (jack pine, sawfly, black headed); Ophiostoma piceaperdum (girdling canker: pine); Pineus coloradensis

Uses List

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Drugs, stimulants, social uses

  • Religious


  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak


  • Ornamental


  • Fibre
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

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  • Boxes
  • Crates


  • Long-fibre pulp

Railway sleepers


  • Building poles
  • Piles
  • Pit props
  • Roundwood structures
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Bridges
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Flooring
  • For light construction
  • Wall panelling