Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus pinea
(stone pine)

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Datasheet

Pinus pinea (stone pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 03 January 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus pinea
  • Preferred Common Name
  • stone pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Gum/resin
  • Ornamental
  • Seeds

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult stone pine typically exhibits this crown shape. Tree aged 100 years; 20 m high. Location: Tuscany, central Italy.
TitleUmbrella-shaped crown
CaptionAdult stone pine typically exhibits this crown shape. Tree aged 100 years; 20 m high. Location: Tuscany, central Italy.
CopyrightAndrea Cutini
Adult stone pine typically exhibits this crown shape. Tree aged 100 years; 20 m high. Location: Tuscany, central Italy.
Umbrella-shaped crownAdult stone pine typically exhibits this crown shape. Tree aged 100 years; 20 m high. Location: Tuscany, central Italy.Andrea Cutini
A 20-year-old stone pine, showing the rounded crown shape. Tree height 7 m. Location: Tuscany, central Italy.
TitleYoung tree
CaptionA 20-year-old stone pine, showing the rounded crown shape. Tree height 7 m. Location: Tuscany, central Italy.
CopyrightAndrea Cutini
A 20-year-old stone pine, showing the rounded crown shape. Tree height 7 m. Location: Tuscany, central Italy.
Young treeA 20-year-old stone pine, showing the rounded crown shape. Tree height 7 m. Location: Tuscany, central Italy.Andrea Cutini
P. pinea stand, managed for multifunctional objectives.
TitleLow density stand
CaptionP. pinea stand, managed for multifunctional objectives.
CopyrightMercurio
P. pinea stand, managed for multifunctional objectives.
Low density standP. pinea stand, managed for multifunctional objectives.Mercurio
Adult P. pinea
TitleBark
CaptionAdult P. pinea
CopyrightAndrea Cutini
Adult P. pinea
BarkAdult P. pineaAndrea Cutini
Mature 3-year-old P. pinea cone and terminal shoot.
TitleCone and shoot
CaptionMature 3-year-old P. pinea cone and terminal shoot.
CopyrightMercurio
Mature 3-year-old P. pinea cone and terminal shoot.
Cone and shootMature 3-year-old P. pinea cone and terminal shoot.Mercurio
P. pinea cones are laid out for drying, in order to collect seeds.
TitleCones
CaptionP. pinea cones are laid out for drying, in order to collect seeds.
CopyrightMercurio
P. pinea cones are laid out for drying, in order to collect seeds.
ConesP. pinea cones are laid out for drying, in order to collect seeds.Mercurio
This photograph shows the old method used to collect resin from P. pinea
TitleResin collection
CaptionThis photograph shows the old method used to collect resin from P. pinea
CopyrightAndrea Cutini
This photograph shows the old method used to collect resin from P. pinea
Resin collectionThis photograph shows the old method used to collect resin from P. pineaAndrea Cutini

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus pinea L.

Preferred Common Name

  • stone pine

Variety

  • Pinus pinea var. fragilis hort.

Other Scientific Names

  • Pinus domestica Matthews
  • Pinus sativa Lam.

International Common Names

  • English: Italian stone pine; umbrella pine
  • Spanish: pino pinonero; pino piñonero
  • French: pignon; pin parasol; pin pignon
  • Portuguese: pinhero manso

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Pinie; Schirmpinie
  • Italy: pino da pinoli; pino domestico
  • Netherlands: parasolpijn; steenpijn

EPPO code

  • PIUPN (Pinus pinea)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus pinea

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Seeds

Materials

  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

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Boats

Containers

  • Crates
  • Pallets

Roundwood

  • Piles
  • Pit props
  • Roundwood structures

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • For light construction

Wood wool

Wood-based materials

  • Fibreboard
  • Particleboard