Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus palustris
(longleaf pine)

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Datasheet

Pinus palustris (longleaf pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus palustris
  • Preferred Common Name
  • longleaf pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Charcoal
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Essential oils
  • Revegetation
  • Spices and culinary herbs

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Typical mature fire-maintained longleaf pine forest scene (80+ years of age).
TitleTree stand
CaptionTypical mature fire-maintained longleaf pine forest scene (80+ years of age).
CopyrightThe Longleaf Alliance
Typical mature fire-maintained longleaf pine forest scene (80+ years of age).
Tree standTypical mature fire-maintained longleaf pine forest scene (80+ years of age).The Longleaf Alliance
Grass-stage longleaf pine seedling prior to initiating stem elongation (2 years of age).
TitleTree
CaptionGrass-stage longleaf pine seedling prior to initiating stem elongation (2 years of age).
CopyrightThe Longleaf Alliance
Grass-stage longleaf pine seedling prior to initiating stem elongation (2 years of age).
TreeGrass-stage longleaf pine seedling prior to initiating stem elongation (2 years of age).The Longleaf Alliance
Longleaf pine seedling with brown spot needle blight, a fungal disease of the foliage.
TitleDiseased seedling
CaptionLongleaf pine seedling with brown spot needle blight, a fungal disease of the foliage.
CopyrightThe Longleaf Alliance
Longleaf pine seedling with brown spot needle blight, a fungal disease of the foliage.
Diseased seedlingLongleaf pine seedling with brown spot needle blight, a fungal disease of the foliage.The Longleaf Alliance
Longleaf pine grass-stage seedling immediately after low-intensity fire.
TitleFire damage
CaptionLongleaf pine grass-stage seedling immediately after low-intensity fire.
CopyrightThe Longleaf Alliance
Longleaf pine grass-stage seedling immediately after low-intensity fire.
Fire damageLongleaf pine grass-stage seedling immediately after low-intensity fire.The Longleaf Alliance
Longleaf pine grass-stage seedling several weeks after low-intensity fire.
TitleRegeneration
CaptionLongleaf pine grass-stage seedling several weeks after low-intensity fire.
CopyrightThe Longleaf Alliance
Longleaf pine grass-stage seedling several weeks after low-intensity fire.
RegenerationLongleaf pine grass-stage seedling several weeks after low-intensity fire.The Longleaf Alliance

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus palustris Mill.

Preferred Common Name

  • longleaf pine

Other Scientific Names

  • Pinus australis Michx.
  • Pinus longifolia Salisb.

International Common Names

  • English: Southern pitch pine
  • Spanish: pino de hoja larga
  • French: pichepin; pin des marais

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Sumpf-Kiefer
  • Italy: pino palustre
  • USA: broom pine; brown pine; fat pine; longleaved pine; longstraw pine; orchard pine; rosemary pine; turpentine pine

EPPO code

  • PIUPA (Pinus palustris)

Trade name

  • fatwood
  • Georgia fatwood
  • hard pine
  • heart pine
  • lighterwood
  • pitch pine
  • southern pine
  • yellow pine

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus palustris

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation

Fuels

  • Charcoal

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Boats

Charcoal

Containers

  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Cooperage
  • Crates
  • Pallets
  • Tanks
  • Vats

Furniture

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp

Railway sleepers

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Piles
  • Posts
  • Roundwood structures
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Bridges
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Wall panelling

Wood extractives (including oil)

Wood-based materials

  • Plywood