Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus nigra
(black pine)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Pinus nigra (black pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus nigra
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleGroup of P. nigra subsp. nigra var. austriaca.
Caption
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
Group of P. nigra subsp. nigra var. austriaca.Filippo Bussotti
TitleYoung tree
Caption
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
Young treeFilippo Bussotti
TitleP. nigra stand
Caption
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
P. nigra standFilippo Bussotti
TitleBark
Caption
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
BarkFilippo Bussotti
Old individual of Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii.|Open-grown mature individual P. nigra subsp. salzmanii
TitleOld individual tree
CaptionOld individual of Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii.|Open-grown mature individual P. nigra subsp. salzmanii
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
Old individual of Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii.|Open-grown mature individual P. nigra subsp. salzmanii
Old individual treeOld individual of Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii.|Open-grown mature individual P. nigra subsp. salzmaniiFilippo Bussotti
Foliage and new shoots of P. nigra planted as an ornamental, Oxfordshire, UK.
TitleFoliage
CaptionFoliage and new shoots of P. nigra planted as an ornamental, Oxfordshire, UK.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Foliage and new shoots of P. nigra planted as an ornamental, Oxfordshire, UK.
FoliageFoliage and new shoots of P. nigra planted as an ornamental, Oxfordshire, UK.©A.R. Pittaway
Resinous bud. Young female cones are visible.
TitleBuds and cones
CaptionResinous bud. Young female cones are visible.
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
Resinous bud. Young female cones are visible.
Buds and conesResinous bud. Young female cones are visible.Filippo Bussotti
TitleMature cones
Caption
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
Mature conesFilippo Bussotti
TitleMature cones
Caption
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
Mature conesFilippo Bussotti
TitleMature cone
Caption
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
Mature coneFilippo Bussotti
TitleOpen cone
Caption
CopyrightFilippo Bussotti
Open coneFilippo Bussotti

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus nigra Arnold

Preferred Common Name

  • black pine

Other Scientific Names

  • Pinus austriaca Hoess
  • Pinus austriaca HOESS.
  • Pinus banatica (Georgescu & Ionescu) Georgescu & Ionesc
  • Pinus cebennensis Hort.
  • Pinus clusiana Clem.
  • Pinus clusiana subsp. hispanica Cook.
  • Pinus clusiana subsp. mauretanica Mayre et Peyr.
  • Pinus clusiana subsp. salzmannii (Dunal) Tanch.
  • Pinus laricio Poiret
  • Pinus laricio subsp. calabrica Delamare
  • Pinus laricio subsp. corsicana Loud.
  • Pinus maritima Mill.
  • Pinus nigra var. maritima
  • Pinus nigricans Host
  • Pinus nigricans subsp. austriaca (Höss) Novak
  • Pinus nigricans subsp. dalmatica Visiani
  • Pinus nigricans subsp. illyrica Vidak
  • Pinus nigricans subsp. italica Hochst.
  • Pinus nigricans subsp. pindica Formanek
  • Pinus pallasiana Lamb.
  • Pinus pallasiana subsp. banatica Georgescu & Ionescu
  • Pinus pallasiana subsp. caramanica Loud.
  • Pinus pallasiana subsp. fenzlii Ant. et Kot.
  • Pinus pallasiana subsp. tatarica Fukarek
  • Pinus pyrenaica Willk.
  • Pinus salzmannii Dunal

International Common Names

  • English: Austrian pine; Calabrian black pine; Corsican black pine; Corsican pine; Crimean pine; European black pine
  • Spanish: pino austriaco; pino corso; pino de Córcega; pino laricino de la Sila; pino laricio; pino laricio; pino nigro; pino salgareño
  • French: laricio de Corse; pin d'Autriche; pin de Corse; pin laricio; pin laricio de Calabre; pin noir; Pin noir; pin noir calabrais; pin noir d'Autriche
  • Portuguese: pinheiro negro

Local Common Names

  • Croatia: Europski crni bor
  • Germany: kalabrische Kiefer; Korsikakiefer; korsische Kiefer; korsische Schwarzkiefer; Schwarzforhe; Schwarzkiefer; Schwarzkiefer
  • Italy: pino austriaco; pino di Corso; pino laricio; pino larico; pino nero; pino silano
  • Netherlands: Calabrische zwarte pijn; Corsicaanse pijn; Corsicaanse zwarte pijn
  • Sweden: Calabrica-tall; korsikansk svarttall
  • Turkey: karacam
  • Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro): crnog bora

EPPO code

  • PIUNI (Pinus nigra)
  • PIUNL (Pinus nigra subsp. laricio)
  • PIUNN (Pinus nigra subsp. nigra)
  • PIUNP (Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana)

Subspecies

  • Pinus nigra subsp. dalmatica
  • Pinus nigra subsp. laricio
  • Pinus nigra subsp. mauretanica
  • Pinus nigra subsp. nigra
  • Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana
  • Pinus nigra subsp. salzmannii

Synonymized variety

  • Pinus nigra var. maritima

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus nigra

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Cronartium comandrae (comandra blister rust); Cronartium flaccidum (Scots pine blister rust); Diprion similis (white pine sawfly); Eulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid); Hylastes ater (black pine bark beetle); Hylotrupes bajulus (house longhorn beetle); Hylurgus micklitzi; Ips hauseri (Kyrgyz mountain engraver); Melampsora populnea; Monochamus galloprovincialis (pine sawyer); Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight); Mycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Neodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly); Ophiostoma piceae (vascular mycosis of oak); Orthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Pissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil); Senecio vulgaris; Sirex juvencus (steel-blue woodwasp); Sirex noctilio (woodwasp); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Thaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary); Thecodiplosis brachyntera (needle shortening gall midge); Tomicus minor (lesser pine shoot beetle); Tomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)

Minor host of:

Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Atropellis pinicola (twig blight of pine); Candidatus Phytoplasma pini (pine witches'-broom phytoplasma); Coleosporium asterum (needle cast: red pine); Cronartium comptoniae (sweet fern blister rust); Cronartium quercuum (pine-oak rust); Cyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast); Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Diprion pini (common pine sawfly); Gibberella avenacea (Fusarium blight); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Heterobasidion abietinum; Heterobasidion annosum; Hylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle); Hylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle); Leptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug); Leptographium procerum (white pine root decline); Leucaspis pini; Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Monochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth); Sphinx pinastri (pine hawkmoth); Thecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge)

Wild host of:

Endocronartium harknessii (western gall rust); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Ips sexdentatus (six-toothed bark beetle); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aradus cinnamomeus; Arhopalus rusticus (rust pine, borer); Arhopalus syriacus; Arhopalus tristis; Asemum striatum (opaque sawyer); Brachyleptura stragulata; Bupalus piniarius (pine looper moth); Carphoborus henscheli; Cenangium ferruginosum (dieback: pine); Ceratocystis pilifera (blue stain: logs and timber); Cinara schimitscheki; Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); Ergates faber; Haematoloma dorsata; Ips mannsfeldi; Limothrips cerealium (corn, thrips); Matsucoccus pini; Melanophila cyanea; Monochamus carolinensis (pine sawyer); Ophiostoma piceaperdum (girdling canker: pine); Orthotomicus longicollis; Orthotomicus robustus; Pityogenes bistridentatus; Rhagium inquisitor; Sirex cyaneus (blue horntail); Urocerus gigas (horntail, sawfly, banded); Xeris spectrum (long horntail); Yponomeuta padellus (cherry ermine moth)

Uses List

Top of page

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

Top of page

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp
  • Short-fibre pulp

Railway sleepers

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • For heavy construction

Wood wool

Wood-based materials

  • Composite boards
  • Fibreboard
  • Particleboard
  • Plywood