Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus mugo
(mountain pine)

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Datasheet

Pinus mugo (mountain pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus mugo
  • Preferred Common Name
  • mountain pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fuelwood
  • Ornamental
  • Revegetation
  • Spices and culinary herbs

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Shrubby stand of Pinus mugo.
TitleTree stand
CaptionShrubby stand of Pinus mugo.
CopyrightElisabetta Gravano
Shrubby stand of Pinus mugo.
Tree standShrubby stand of Pinus mugo.Elisabetta Gravano
Stand of Pinus mugo growing in rocky aspect.
TitleTree stand
CaptionStand of Pinus mugo growing in rocky aspect.
CopyrightElisabetta Gravano
Stand of Pinus mugo growing in rocky aspect.
Tree standStand of Pinus mugo growing in rocky aspect.Elisabetta Gravano
Cones and foliage of Pinus mugo.
TitleCones
CaptionCones and foliage of Pinus mugo.
CopyrightElisabetta Gravano
Cones and foliage of Pinus mugo.
ConesCones and foliage of Pinus mugo.Elisabetta Gravano
Cones and foliage of Pinus mugo.
TitleCones
CaptionCones and foliage of Pinus mugo.
CopyrightElisabetta Gravano
Cones and foliage of Pinus mugo.
ConesCones and foliage of Pinus mugo.Elisabetta Gravano

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus mugo Turra

Preferred Common Name

  • mountain pine

Variety

  • Pinus mugo var. mughus (Scop.) Zenari
  • Pinus mugo var. mugo
  • Pinus mugo var. pumilio (Haenke) Zenari
  • Pinus mugo var. rostrata (Antoine) Hoopes

Other Scientific Names

  • Pinus montana Mill.
  • Pinus montana var. pumilio (Haenke) Willk.
  • Pinus montana var. rostrata Antoine
  • Pinus montana var. uncinata Willk.
  • Pinus mughus Scop.
  • Pinus pumilio Haenke

International Common Names

  • English: dwarf mountain pine; dwarf pine; hooked pine; mugho pine; scrub mountain pine
  • Spanish: pino montaño; pino rodeño
  • French: mughus; pin à crochets; pin de montagne; pin mugo

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Bergföhre; Bergkiefer; Knieholzkiefer; Krummholzkiefer; Latschenkiefer
  • Italy: pino mugo
  • Netherlands: bergden
  • Sweden: europeisk bergtall
  • USA: mugho swiss mountain pine

EPPO code

  • PIUMU (Pinus mugo)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus mugo

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Chionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale); Cronartium comandrae (comandra blister rust); Cronartium comptoniae (sweet fern blister rust); Diprion similis (white pine sawfly); Endocronartium harknessii (western gall rust); Eulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid); Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Neodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Pineus pini (pine woolly aphid); Pissodes validirostris (pine cone weevil); Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Thecodiplosis brachyntera (needle shortening gall midge); Tomicus minor (lesser pine shoot beetle); Tomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)

Minor host of:

Arceuthobium vaginatum (southwestern dwarf mistletoe); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Candidatus Phytoplasma pini (pine witches'-broom phytoplasma); Choristoneura pinus pinus (jack-pine budworm); Cronartium flaccidum (Scots pine blister rust); Cyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Heterobasidion annosum; Hylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle); Ips amitinus (small spruce bark beetle); Otiorhynchus armadillo (armadillo weevil); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Pityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls); Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth); Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth); Schizolachnus pineti; Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Thaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary); Thecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge)

Wild host of:

Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot)

Host of (source - data mining):

Carphoborus henscheli; Cinara pini (sylvestris, aphid); Leptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug); Monochamus carolinensis (pine sawyer); Ploioderma lethale (needle blight: pines); Zeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Gum/resin
  • Lipids
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Woodware

  • Turnery