Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus echinata
(shortleaf pine)

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Datasheet

Pinus echinata (shortleaf pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus echinata
  • Preferred Common Name
  • shortleaf pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fibre
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Windbreak

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Tree at 33 years in Zimbabwe, altitude 1650 m a.s.l.
TitleTree
CaptionTree at 33 years in Zimbabwe, altitude 1650 m a.s.l.
CopyrightB.I. Nyoka
Tree at 33 years in Zimbabwe, altitude 1650 m a.s.l.
TreeTree at 33 years in Zimbabwe, altitude 1650 m a.s.l.B.I. Nyoka
Typical bark at 33 years in Zimbabwe, altitude 1650 m a.s.l.
TitleBark
CaptionTypical bark at 33 years in Zimbabwe, altitude 1650 m a.s.l.
CopyrightB.I. Nyoka
Typical bark at 33 years in Zimbabwe, altitude 1650 m a.s.l.
BarkTypical bark at 33 years in Zimbabwe, altitude 1650 m a.s.l.B.I. Nyoka
Cones after opening.
TitleCones
CaptionCones after opening.
CopyrightB.I. Nyoka
Cones after opening.
ConesCones after opening.B.I. Nyoka

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus echinata Mill.

Preferred Common Name

  • shortleaf pine

Other Scientific Names

  • Pinus mitis Michx.
  • Pinus taeda var. echinata (Mill.) Castiglion
  • Pinus variabilis (Ait.) Lamb
  • Pinus virginiana var. echinata (Mill.) Du Roi

International Common Names

  • Spanish: pino de hoja corta
  • French: pin herisse

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Igel- Kiefer
  • Italy: pino piceiforme
  • USA: Arkansas soft pine; bull pine; Carolina pine; North Carolina pine; North Carolina Yellow Pine; oldfield pine; pitch pine; poor pine; shortstraw pine; slash pine; southern yellow pine

EPPO code

  • PIUEC (Pinus echinata)

Trade name

  • short leaf pine

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus echinata

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Cronartium comandrae (comandra blister rust); Cronartium comptoniae (sweet fern blister rust); Cronartium quercuum (pine-oak rust); Dendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle); Diprion similis (white pine sawfly); Ips calligraphus (six-spined ips); Ips grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle); Monochamus carolinensis (pine sawyer); Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight); Mycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine); Oracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug); Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil); Rhyacionia frustrana (Nantucket pine tip moth); Rubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry); Sirex noctilio (woodwasp)

Minor host of:

Coleosporium asterum (needle cast: red pine); Dendrolimus punctatus (Masson pine caterpillar); Gibberella circinata (pitch canker); Leptographium procerum (white pine root decline); Lygus lineolaris (tarnished plant bug); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Neodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly); Pineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Tylenchorhynchus claytoni (stunt nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Wild host of:

Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode)

Host of (source - data mining):

Dendroctonus terebrans (beetle, black turpentine); Ips avulsus (pine, engraver, small southern); Neodiprion pratti (jack pine, sawfly); Orthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle); Phytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback); Toumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale); Toumeyella pini

Uses List

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Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Windbreak

Materials

  • Fibre
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

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Furniture

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Wall panelling

Wood-based materials

  • Laminated veneer lumber
  • Laminated wood