Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus densiflora
(Japanese umbrella pine)

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Datasheet

Pinus densiflora (Japanese umbrella pine)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 03 January 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus densiflora
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Japanese umbrella pine
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Natural stand of P. densiflora in Korea. Height 30 m, d.b.h. 60 cm.
TitleNatural stand
CaptionNatural stand of P. densiflora in Korea. Height 30 m, d.b.h. 60 cm.
CopyrightZ.S. Kim
Natural stand of P. densiflora in Korea. Height 30 m, d.b.h. 60 cm.
Natural standNatural stand of P. densiflora in Korea. Height 30 m, d.b.h. 60 cm.Z.S. Kim
The bark has a 'turtle-shell' appearance.
TitleBark
CaptionThe bark has a 'turtle-shell' appearance.
CopyrightZ.S. Kim
The bark has a 'turtle-shell' appearance.
BarkThe bark has a 'turtle-shell' appearance.Z.S. Kim
Plus tree stem form.
TitleStem form
CaptionPlus tree stem form.
CopyrightZ.S. Kim
Plus tree stem form.
Stem formPlus tree stem form.Z.S. Kim
P. densiflora var. multicaulis is one of the most popular ornamental varieties.
TitleOrnamental tree
CaptionP. densiflora var. multicaulis is one of the most popular ornamental varieties.
CopyrightZ.S. Kim
P. densiflora var. multicaulis is one of the most popular ornamental varieties.
Ornamental treeP. densiflora var. multicaulis is one of the most popular ornamental varieties.Z.S. Kim
Male strobili at the base of new shoots.
TitleMale strobili
CaptionMale strobili at the base of new shoots.
CopyrightZ.S. Kim
Male strobili at the base of new shoots.
Male strobiliMale strobili at the base of new shoots.Z.S. Kim
 P. densiflora: female flowers showing dark-purple color
TitleFemale strobili
Caption P. densiflora: female flowers showing dark-purple color
CopyrightZ.S. Kim
 P. densiflora: female flowers showing dark-purple color
Female strobili P. densiflora: female flowers showing dark-purple colorZ.S. Kim
TitleMature cones
Caption
CopyrightZ.S. Kim
Mature conesZ.S. Kim

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus densiflora Siebold & Zucc.

Preferred Common Name

  • Japanese umbrella pine

International Common Names

  • English: Japanese red pine; tanyosho pine
  • French: pin rouge de Japon

Local Common Names

  • China: chisong
  • Croatia: Japanski crveni bor
  • Germany: Japanische Rot- Kiefer
  • Italy: pino rosso del Giappone
  • Japan: akamatsu; me-matsu
  • Korea, DPR: sonamoo
  • Korea, Republic of: sonamoo
  • Netherlands: japanse roode den

EPPO code

  • PIUDE (Pinus densiflora)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus
  •                             Species: Pinus densiflora

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Dendrolimus spectabilis (Japanese pine caterpillar); Dendrolimus tabulaeformis (Chinese pine caterpillar); Diprion similis (white pine sawfly); Eulachnus brevipilosus; Hylastes ater (black pine bark beetle); Monochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer); Monochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer); Mycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Neodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly); Pineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid); Sirex noctilio (woodwasp); Thecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge); Tomicus minor (lesser pine shoot beetle); Tomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)

Minor host of:

Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Bursaphelenchus thailandae; Coleosporium asterum (needle cast: red pine); Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Cronartium comptoniae (sweet fern blister rust); Cronartium flaccidum (Scots pine blister rust); Cronartium quercuum (pine-oak rust); Cyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast); Gibberella circinata (pitch canker); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Hyphantria cunea (mulberry moth); Leptographium wingfieldii; Lophodermium cedrinum; Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Pityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion)

Wild host of:

Paratrichodorus porosus; Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes)

Host of (source - data mining):

Acanthocinus griseus; Aphrophora flavipes; Cinara piniformosana (pine, aphid, large); Cryphalus fulvus (bark beetle, minute pine); Eulachnus thunbergii; Lepidosaphes pini; Lophodermium nitens (needle cast: pines); Matsucoccus matsumurae; Pissodes nitidus (weevil, yellow spotted pine)