Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pinus
(pines)

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Datasheet

Pinus (pines)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pinus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pines
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Ruellia simplex (Mexican petunia); flowers. Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam. September, 2012.
TitleFlowers
CaptionRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia); flowers. Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam. September, 2012.
Copyright©Pinus/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0
Ruellia simplex (Mexican petunia); flowers. Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam. September, 2012.
FlowersRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia); flowers. Ho Chi Minh city, Vietnam. September, 2012.©Pinus/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pinus L.

Preferred Common Name

  • pines

International Common Names

  • English: pine
  • Spanish: pinos
  • French: pins

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Kiefer

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Pinus

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Acacia mearnsii (black wattle); Acacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood); Acantholyda erythrocephala (pine false webworm); Acantholyda posticalis (pine tree web-spinning sawfly); Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Buprestis aurulenta (golden buprestid); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Chionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale); Cortaderia selloana (pampas grass); Cronartium fusiforme (southern fusiform rust); Cronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust); Cyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast); Dendroctonus adjunctus (roundheaded pine beetle); Dendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet); Dioryctria abietella (cone pyralid); Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass); Epiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth); Ergates spiculatus (spined pine borer); Eulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid); Gibberella fujikuroi (bakanae disease of rice); Gibberella sacchari (pineapple eye rot); Globisporangium splendens (blast of oil palm); Gnathotrichus sulcatus (western hemlock wood stainer); Helicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm); Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips); Hylobius abietis (large pine weevil); Hylotrupes bajulus (house longhorn beetle); Hypothenemus obscurus (tropical nut borer); Ips mexicanus (monterey pine engraver); Ips subelongatus (larch bark beetle); Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle); Lophodermium pinastri (needle cast: fir); Melampsora populnea; Monochamus carolinensis (pine sawyer); Monochamus galloprovincialis (pine sawyer); Monochamus sartor; Monochamus scutellatus (white-spotted sawyer); Monochamus scutellatus oregonensis (Oregon fir sawyer); Monochamus scutellatus scutellatus (whitespotted sawyer); Monochamus titillator (southern pine sawyer); Neophasia menapia (pine buterfly); Orthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle); Palaeococcus fuscipennis; Phytophthora cactorum (apple collar rot); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora pinifolia; Pissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil); Pissodes radiatae (weevil, monterey pine); Pythium aphanidermatum (damping-off); Rhagium inquisitor; Rhizobium radiobacter (crown gall); Rhizobium rhizogenes (gall); Tetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle); Tetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle); Trypodendron lineatum (striped ambrosia beetle); Xiphinema (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Cacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix); Calonectria morganii (sheath net-blotch); Ceroplastes floridensis (soft scale); Ceroplastes rubens (red wax scale); Choristoneura freemani (western spruce budworm); Choristoneura fumiferana (spruce budworm); Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale); Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale); Clematis vitalba (old man's beard); Coccus hesperidum (brown soft scale); Conyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane); Cyrtogenius luteus; Dendroctonus parallelicollis; Dendrolimus spectabilis (Japanese pine caterpillar); Diaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale); Dinoderus minutus (bamboo borer); Dynaspidiotus abietis; Essigella californica (Monterey pine aphid); Ganoderma lucidum (basal stem rot: Hevea spp.); Globisporangium irregulare (dieback: carrot); Helicotylenchus pseudorobustus (spiral nematode); Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Ips cembrae (large larch bark beetle); Lepidosaphes newsteadi; Leucaspis loewi; Leucaspis pini; Leucaspis pusilla; Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Lymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth); Melampsora medusae (poplar leaf rust); Phenacoccus piceae; Physokermes hemicryphus; Physokermes piceae; Phytophthora boehmeriae (ramie leaf spot); Phytophthora megasperma (root rot); Pratylenchus thornei; Pythium debaryanum (damping-off); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rotylenchulus parvus (reniform nematode); Sirex ermak (blue-black horntail); Solenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Sydowia polyspora (dieback of pine); Synanthedon sequoiae (sequoia pitch moth); Teia anartoides (painted apple moth); Thecodiplosis piniradiatae (monterey pine midge); Ulex europaeus (gorse); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode); Xylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)

Wild host of:

Elasmopalpus lignosellus (lesser corn stalk borer); Helicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Aspidiotus nerii (Oleander scale); Aureobasidium pullulans (blue stain of wood); Bacillus cereus; Coptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite); Crematogaster scutellaris; Enoclerus sphegeus; Hypocrea rufa (green mould of narcissus); Penicillium rubrum; Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Host of (source - data mining):

Aguriahana germari; Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Ambrosiodmus obliquus; Aphelenchoides bicaudatus; Aphelenchoides composticola; Aphrophora saratogensis (saratoga spittlebug); Aphthona euphorbiae (large flax flea beetle); Aradus cinnamomeus; Archips rosana (European leaf roller); Arhopalus rusticus (rust pine, borer); Arhopalus syriacus; Asemum striatum (opaque sawyer); Atta laevigata (caribbean pine leaf cutting ant); Atta texana (Texas leafcutting ant); Bifusella wallichi; Biston regalis; Blastesthia turionella (cone pitch, moth); Brachyleptura stragulata; Bupalus piniarius (pine looper moth); Bursaphelenchus aberrans; Bursaphelenchus hofmanni; Callidium violaceum; Calonectria kyotensis (root rot: peach); Cecidomyia piniinopis (jack pine midge); Cenangium ferruginosum (dieback: pine); Cephalcia abietis; Ceratocystis clavigera; Ceratocystis ips; Ceratocystis minor; Ceratocystis montia; Cinara cronartii; Cinara maculipes; Cinara maritimae; Cinara pinea (pine aphid); Cinara pini (sylvestris, aphid); Cinara piniformosana (pine, aphid, large); Cinara strobi (pine bark adelges); Coleosporium tussilaginis f.sp. pulsatillae; Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Coloradia pandora (pandora moth); Coniophora puteana (heart rot: wood); Conophthorus coniperda (white pine cone beetle); Conophthorus ponderosae (lodgepole cone beetle); Conophthorus radiatae (cone beetle, monterey pine); Conophthorus resinosae (red pine cone beetle); Contarinia acuta; Cydia coniferana; Cydia cosmophorana; Cydia indivisa; Cydia pactolana; Cydia zebeana; Cylindrocladium clavatum (root rot: Araucaria spp.); Davisomycella ampla; Dendroctonus terebrans (beetle, black turpentine); Dendrolimus superans (hemlock caterpillar, Japanese); Dioryctria albovittella; Dioryctria amatella (pine, coneworm, southern); Dioryctria clarioralis (blister, coneworm); Dioryctria disclusa (webbing coneworm); Dioryctria horneana (pest of pine); Dioryctria mendacella; Dioryctria merkeli; Dioryctria pryeri; Dioryctria resinosella (red pine shoot moth); Dioryctria rubella; Dioryctria sylvestrella (pine tip, moth, Japanese); Diprion nanhuaensis; Dirphia araucariae; Dynaspidiotus californicus (pine-leaf, scale, black); Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive); Elytroderma deformans (witches broom: pine); Elytroderma torres-juanii; Epinotia tedella; Ernobius punctulatus; Eucosma sonomana (western pine shoot borer); Eulachnus agilis (spotted pineneedle aphid); Eulachnus thunbergii; Eulachnus tuberculostemmatus; Eutectona machaeralis; Exoteleia dodecella (pine bud moth); Fulgurodes sartinaria; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Fusarium proliferatum; Galerucella lineola (beetle, elm tree); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Gilpinia frutetorum (nursery pine sawfly); Gilpinia pallida (sawfly); Gilpinia verticalis; Grypotes puncticollis; Haematoloma dorsata; Hylastes angustatus; Hylastes brunneus; Hylastes opacus; Hylobius assimilis (pine root tip weevil); Hylobius congener (seedling debarking weevil); Hylobius pales (pales weevil); Hylobius radicis (pine root collar weevil); Hylurgus destruens; Hypothenemus eruditus; Ips avulsus (pine, engraver, small southern); Ips cribricollis (five-spined bark beetle); Ips hoppingi; Lambdina pellucidaria; Lenzites trabea; Lepidosaphes pini; Leptoglossus corculus; Leptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug); Lophodermella sulcigena (needle cast: pine); Lophodermium australe (needle cast: pines); Lophodermium baculiferum; Lophodermium conigenum; Lophodermium indianum; Lophodermium kumaunicum; Lophodermium nitens (needle cast: pines); Lophodermium orientale; Lophodermium pini-excelsae; Lophodermium seditiosum (needle cast: pines); Matsucoccus acalyptus (pinyon needle, scale); Matsucoccus matsumurae; Matsucoccus pini; Matsucoccus resinosae (red pine scale); Matsucoccus thunbergianae; Megaplatypus mutatus; Melampsora populnea f.sp. pinitorqua (pine twist rust); Melanophila cyanea; Meloderma desmazieri; Melolontha hippocastani (cockchafer); Microdiprion pallipes; Mycosphaerella; Nectria cinnabarina (canker: apple); Neodiprion lecontei (redheaded pine sawfly); Neodiprion nanulus (jack pine, sawfly, black headed); Neodiprion pratti (jack pine, sawfly); Neodiprion swainei (swaine jack pine sawfly); Neodiprion taedae (pine, sawfly, lobolly); Neonectria radicicola (black root of strawberry); Ophiostoma piceaperdum (girdling canker: pine); Ophiostoma wageneri (black-stain root disease); Oracella acuta (loblolly pine mealybug); Orthotomicus laricis; Pachylobius picivorus (weevil, pitcheating); Panolis flammea (pine beauty moth); Pestalotiopsis funerea (leaf spot of mango); Petrova albicapitana (northern pitch twig moth); Petrova cristata (tip, moth, red headed); Petrova metallica (lodgepole pine twig moth); Petrova resinella (gall pine resin, moth); Petrova salweenensis; Phacidium infestans (snow mould); Phaeolus schweinitzii (pine butt rot); Phellinus pini (brown rot of conifers); Phoma glomerata (blight: grapevine); Piezodorus lituratus; Pineus cembrae; Pineus coloradensis; Pinyonia edulicola; Pissodes pini (weevil, larger pine); Pityogenes bistridentatus; Pityogenes calcaratus; Pityokteines spinidens; Pityophthorus pityographus; Polygraphus poligraphus; Pseudohermenias abietana; Pterophylla beltrani; Pythium tracheiphilum (bottom rot of lettuce); Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite); Reticulitermes santonensis; Reticulitermes virginicus (dark southern subterranean termite); Rhagium bifasciatum; Rhizina undulata (conifers root rot); Rhizosphaera kalkhoffii (needle blight: pine); Rhyacionia rigidana (pitch pine tip moth); Rhyacionia zozana; Spodoptera dolichos (larger cotton cutworm); Strophosomus capitatus; Tapinoma nigerrimum; Taylorilygus pallidulus (green plant bug); Tetramorium hispanicum; Tetyra bipunctata (shieldbacked pine seed bug); Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni (cyprus processionary, caterpillar); Thelephora terrestris (ectomycorrhizal fungus: pine); Tomicus minor (lesser pine shoot beetle); Trametes versicolor (wood decay); Trichoferus campestris; Valsa kunzei (dieback: conifers); Xyleborinus gracilis; Xyleborus affinis (shot-hole borer of sugarcane); Zadiprion townsendi; Zeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan)); Zeiraphera ratzeburgiana; Zeiraphera rufimitrana