Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pissodes nemorensis
(northern pine weevil)

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Datasheet

Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 18 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pissodes nemorensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • northern pine weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pissodes nemorensis Germar, 1824

Preferred Common Name

  • northern pine weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Pissodes approximatus Hopkins, 1911
  • Pissodes canadensis Hopkins, 1911
  • Pissodes deodarae Hopkins, 1911

International Common Names

  • English: deodar weevil; weevil, deodar; weevil, northern pine
  • French: charançon du tronc des pins

EPPO code

  • PISOAP (Pissodes approximatus)
  • PISONE (Pissodes nemorensis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Curculionidae
  •                             Genus: Pissodes
  •                                 Species: Pissodes nemorensis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021

Growth Stages

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Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / gummosis or resinosis
Stems / internal feeding
Whole plant / discoloration
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Coeloides pissodis Parasite
Coeloides sordidator Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Dolichomitus terebrans Parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Eubazus semirugosus Parasite Arthropods|Larvae

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae; arthropods/pupae Yes
Growing medium accompanying plants arthropods/adults Yes
Roots arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae; arthropods/pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae; arthropods/pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Wood arthropods/eggs; arthropods/larvae; arthropods/pupae Yes
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Leaves
True seeds (inc. grain)

References

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Anon., 1984. Report for 1983-84, Wattle Research Institute. Pietermaritzburg, South Africa: University of Natal, 72-97.

Appleby JE; Miller F; Randell R, 1988. Insecticide sprays for control of the northern pine weevil in southern Illinois. Journal of Arboriculture, 14(1):26-28

Arnold DC; Jiracek SR, 1982. Beetles of Oklahoma Pines. Publication No. MP-113. Agricultural Experiment Station, Oklahoma State University Stillwater, Oklahoma USA, 16 pp.

Atkinson TH; Foltz JL; Connor MD, 1988. Bionomics of Pissodes nemorensis Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in northern Florida. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 81(2):255-261

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

EPPO, 1990. Specific quarantine requirements. EPPO Technical Documents, No. 1008. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

EU, 2000. Council Directive 2000/29/EC of 8 July 2000 on protective measures against the introduction into the Member States of organisms harmful to plant or plant products. Official Journal of the European Communities, No L169, 1-112.

Finnegan RJ, 1958. The pine weevil Pissodes approximatus in southern Ontario. Canadian Entomologist, 90:348-354.

Finnegan RJ; Godwin PA, 1967. Northern pine weevil. In: Davidson AG, Prentice RM, eds. Important Forest Insects and Diseases of Mutual Concern to Canada, the USA and Mexico. Department of Forestry and Rural Development, Canada, Publication No. 1180, 145-147.

Fontaine MS; Foltz JL, 1985. Adult survivorship, fecundity, and factors affecting laboratory oviposition of Pissodes nemorensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Canadian Entomologist, 117(12):1575-1578; [1 fig.]; 14 ref.

Fontaine MS; Foltz JL; Nation JL, 1983. Reproductive anatomy and seasonal development of the deodar weevil, Pissodes nemorensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in north Florida. Environmental Entomology, 12(3):687-691

Kondo E; Foudin A; Linit M; Smith M; Bolla R; Winter R; Dropkin V, 1982. Pine wilt disease - nematological, entomological, and biochemical investigations. Columbia, Missouri, USA: Agricultural Experiment Station, Missouri University.

Kulinich OA; Orlinskii PD, 1998. Distribution of conifer beetles (Scolytidae, Curculionidae, Cerambycidae) and wood nematodes (Bursaphelenchus spp.) in European and Asian Russia. Bulletin OEPP, 28(1/2):39-52; 42 ref.

Lackner AL; Alexander SA, 1983. Root disease and insect infestations on air-pollution-sensitive Pinus strobus and studies of pathogenicity of Verticicladiella procera. Plant Disease, 67(6):679-681

Langor DW; Sperling FAH, 1995. Mitochondrial DNA variation and identification of bark weevils in the Pissodes strobi species group in western Canada (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Canadian Entomologist, 127(6):895-911; 46 ref.

McCain AH; Koehler CS; Tjosvold SA, 1987. Pitch canker threatens California pines. California Agriculture, 41(11-12):22-23.

Nevill RJ; Alexander SA, 1992. Distribution of Hylobius pales and Pissodes nemorensis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) within Christmas tree plantations with procerum root disease. Environmental Entomology, 21(5):1077-1085

Nevill RJ; Alexander SA, 1992. Transmission of Leptographium procerum to eastern white pine by Hylobius pales and Pissodes nemorensis (Coleoptera; Curculionidae). Plant Disease, 76(3):307-310

Nielsen DG; Balderston CP, 1975. Evaluation of insecticides for preventing reproduction of pales and northern pine weevils in pine stumps. Journal of Economic Entomology, 68(2):205-206

Oliver AD; Chapin JB, 1988. An integrated insect pest management system for Louisiana Christmas tree growers. Bulletin, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 793:30 pp.

Phillips TW; Lanier GN, 1983. Biosystematics of Pissodes Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): feeding preference and breeding site specificity of P. strobi and P. approximatus.. Canadian Entomologist, 115(12):1627-1636; 35 ref.

Phillips TW; Lanier GN, 1986. Interspecific activity of semiochemicals among sibling species of Pissodes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 12(7):1587-1601

Phillips TW; Teale SA; Lanier GN, 1987. Biosystematics of Pissodes Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae): seasonality, morphology, and synonymy of P. approximatus Hopkins and P. nemorensis Germar. Canadian Entomologist, 119(5):465-480

Rieske LK, 2000. Pine weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) population monitoring in Christmas trees using volatile host compounds. Journal of Entomological Science, 35(2):167-175; 26 ref.

Rieske LK; Raffa KF, 1993. Use of ethanol- and turpentine-baited flight traps to monitor Pissodes weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in Christmas tree plantations. Great Lakes Entomologist, 26(2):155-160

Smith IM; McNamara DG; Scott PR; Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Smith SG; Sugden BA, 1969. Host trees and breeding sites of native North American Pissodes bark weevils, with a note on synonymy. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 62:146-148.

Tribe GD, 2003. Biological control of defoliating and phloem- or wood-feeding insects in commercial forestry in Southern Africa. In: Neuenschwander P, Borgemeister C, Langewald J, eds. Biological control in IPM systems in Africa. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 113-129.

Wingfield MJ; Swart WJ, 1994. Integrated management of forest tree diseases in South Africa. Forest Ecology and Management, 65(1):11-16

Zwolinski JB; Swart WJ; Wingfield MJ, 1995. Association of Sphaeropsis sapinea with insect infestation following hail damage of Pinus radiata. Forest Ecology and Management, 72(2/3):293-298

Distribution References

Appleby J E, Miller F, Randell R, 1988. Insecticide sprays for control of the northern pine weevil in southern Illinois. Journal of Arboriculture. 14 (1), 26-28.

Arnold D C, Jiracek S R, 1982. Beetles of Oklahoma pines. In: Beetles of Oklahoma pines. Stillwater, Oklahoma, USA: Agricultural Experiment Station, Oklahoma State University. 16 pp.

Atkinson T H, Foltz J L, Connor M D, 1988. Bionomics of Pissodes nemorensis Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in northern Florida. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 81 (2), 255-261. DOI:10.1093/aesa/81.2.255

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Coutinho T A, Steenkamp E T, Mongwaketsi K, Wilmot M, Wingfield M J, 2007. First outbreak of pitch canker in a South African pine plantation. Australasian Plant Pathology. 36 (3), 256-261. DOI:10.1071/AP07017

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Kondo E, Foudin A, Linit M, Smith M, Bolla R, Winter R, Dropkin V, 1982. Pine wilt disease - nematological, entomological, and biochemical investigations. In: Pine wilt disease - nematological, entomological, and biochemical investigations. Columbia, Missouri, USA: Agricultural Experiment Station, Missouri University. 56 pp.

Kulinich O A, Orlinskii P D, 1998. Distribution of conifer beetles (Scolytidae, Curculionidae, Cerambycidae) and wood nematodes (Bursaphelenchus spp.) in European and Asian Russia. Bulletin OEPP. 28 (1/2), 39-52. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2338.1998.tb00701.x

Lackner A L, Alexander S A, 1983. Root disease and insect infestations on air-pollution-sensitive Pinus strobus and studies of pathogenicity of Verticicladiella procera. Plant Disease. 67 (6), 679-681. DOI:10.1094/PD-67-679

Nielsen D G, Balderston C P, 1975. Evaluation of insecticides for preventing reproduction of pales and northern pine weevils in pine stumps. Journal of Economic Entomology. 68 (2), 205-206. DOI:10.1093/jee/68.2.205

Oliver A D, Chapin J B, 1988. An integrated insect pest management system for Louisiana Christmas tree growers. In: Bulletin, Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station, 30 pp.

Phillips T W, Lanier G N, 1986. Interspecific activity of semiochemicals among sibling species of Pissodes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Journal of Chemical Ecology. 12 (7), 1587-1601. DOI:10.1007/BF01020266

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