Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Piper nigrum
(black pepper)

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Datasheet

Piper nigrum (black pepper)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 28 November 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Piper nigrum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black pepper
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Essential oils
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Traditional/folklore

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Piper nigrum (black pepper); branch with leaves, young inflorescence and fruiting spikes.
TitleHabit
CaptionPiper nigrum (black pepper); branch with leaves, young inflorescence and fruiting spikes.
Copyright©PROSEA Foundation
Piper nigrum (black pepper); branch with leaves, young inflorescence and fruiting spikes.
HabitPiper nigrum (black pepper); branch with leaves, young inflorescence and fruiting spikes.©PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Piper nigrum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • black pepper

International Common Names

  • English: common pepper plant; pepper
  • Spanish: pimentero
  • French: poivrier; poivrier cultive
  • Portuguese: pimenteiro

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: mréch
  • Germany: Gemeiner Pfefferstrauch
  • Indonesia: lada; merica
  • Italy: pianta del pepe
  • Laos: phik nooyz
  • Myanmar: ngayok-kaung
  • Netherlands: peper
  • Philippines: malisa
  • Sweden: pepparbuske
  • Thailand: phrik thai
  • Vietnam: tiêu

EPPO code

  • PIPNI (Piper nigrum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Piperales
  •                         Family: Piperaceae
  •                             Genus: Piper
  •                                 Species: Piper nigrum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Bemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Criconemella (ring nematode); Dasynus piperis (large pepper berry bug); Diconocoris hewetti (pepper lace bug); Diconocoris nepalensis (pepper lace bug); Enarmonia hemidoxa (shoot borer of pepper); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Helicotylenchus variocaudatus; Helopeltis theivora (tea mosquito bug); Hoplolaimus seinhorsti (lance nematode); Lophobaris piperis (pepper bark weevil); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Pinnaspis aspidistrae (scale insect); Pratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Radopholus similis (burrowing nematode); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Stegobium paniceum (drugstore beetle); Thosea lutea; Thrips tabaci (onion thrips); Trophotylenchulus piperis; Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. betlicola; Xiphinema (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Aleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly); Aleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly); Aleurodicus pulvinatus (coconut whitefly); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Bactrocera caryeae; Bactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Ceroplastes rusci (fig wax scale); Chalara elegans (black root rot); Chenopodium album (fat hen); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Conogethes punctiferalis (castor capsule borer); Cricula trifenestrata (tea flush worm); Diaporthe phaseolorum var. meridionalis (soyabean stem canker); Erythricium salmonicolor (pink disease); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Helopeltis antonii (tea bug); Icerya aegyptiaca (breadfruit mealybug); Marasmiellus scandens (white thread blight); Marasmius crinis-equi (horse hair blight); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Phytophthora capsici (stem and fruit rot of Capsicum); Phytophthora palmivora (coconut budrot); Phytophthora tropicalis; Pseudococcus jackbeardsleyi (Jack Beardsley mealybug); Rigidoporus microporus (white root disease of rubber); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Xiphinema ifacolum (dagger nematode)

Host of (source - data mining):

Cydia hemidoxa; Dolichothrips reuteri; Lepidosaphes piperis; Liothrips karnyi; Longitarsus nigripennis (flea beetle, pepper, pollu)

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs

Materials

  • Essential oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore