Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Picea sitchensis
(Sitka spruce)

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Datasheet

Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Picea sitchensis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Sitka spruce
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce); habit, mature tree. Wild Pacific Trail, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. June 2010.
TitleHabit
CaptionPicea sitchensis (Sitka spruce); habit, mature tree. Wild Pacific Trail, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. June 2010.
Copyright©Roland Tanglao-2010/Vancouver, Canada/via wikipedia - CC BY 2.0
Picea sitchensis (Sitka spruce); habit, mature tree. Wild Pacific Trail, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. June 2010.
HabitPicea sitchensis (Sitka spruce); habit, mature tree. Wild Pacific Trail, Vancouver Island, British Columbia. June 2010.©Roland Tanglao-2010/Vancouver, Canada/via wikipedia - CC BY 2.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carrière

Preferred Common Name

  • Sitka spruce

Other Scientific Names

  • Abies falcata Raf.
  • Abies menziesii (Doug. ex D. Don) Lindley
  • Picea falcata (Raf.) Suringar
  • Picea menziesii (Doug. ex D. Don) Carrière
  • Pinus menziesii Doug. ex D. Don
  • Pinus sitchensis Bong.

International Common Names

  • Spanish: picea de Sitka
  • French: epicea de Sitka; épinette de Sitka

Local Common Names

  • Canada: airplane spruce; coast spruce; Menzies spruce; silver spruce; tideland spruce; western spruce; yellow spruce
  • Germany: Sitkafichte
  • Italy: abete di Sitka; picea de Sitka
  • Netherlands: sitkaspar
  • Sweden: sitkagran
  • USA: airplane spruce; coast spruce; Menzies spruce; silver spruce; tideland spruce; western spruce; yellow spruce

EPPO code

  • PIESI (Picea sitchensis)

Trade name

  • spruce

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Picea
  •                             Species: Picea sitchensis

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Adelges abietis (eastern spruce gall aphid); Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli (spruce broom rust); Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Dendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle); Elatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Gilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly); Heterobasidion annosum; Hylastes ater (black pine bark beetle); Hylobius abietis (large pine weevil); Lambdina fiscellaria (eastern hemlock looper); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Megastigmus atedius (eastern white pine seed chalcid); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Pityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls); Senecio vulgaris; Sirex juvencus (steel-blue woodwasp); Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Trypodendron lineatum (striped ambrosia beetle)

Minor host of:

Acleris gloverana (western blackheaded budworm); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Chrysomyxa abietis (needle rust of fir); Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Heterobasidion parviporum; Ips plastographus (California pine engraver); Operophtera brumata (winter moth); Orgyia antiqua (European tussock moth); Panolis flammea (pine beauty moth); Phytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)); Pristiphora abietina (lesser spruce sawfly); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)

Wild host of:

Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes)

Host of (source - data mining):

Adelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid); Barypeithes pellucidus (juniper root weevil); Cinara pilicornis; Gilletteella cooleyi (cooley spruce gall adelgid); Lirula macrospora (cone cast: spruce); Lophodermium piceae (needle cast: spruce); Melanotus proteus; Pachypappa tremulae; Pachypappa vesicalis (conifer root, aphid); Phaeolus schweinitzii (pine butt rot); Rhizosphaera kalkhoffii (needle blight: pine); Zeiraphera ratzeburgiana