Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Picea pungens
(blue spruce)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Picea pungens (blue spruce)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Picea pungens
  • Preferred Common Name
  • blue spruce
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Picea pungens (blue spruce) in Botanical Garden of Agricultural University in Poznan, Poland.
TitleTree habit
CaptionPicea pungens (blue spruce) in Botanical Garden of Agricultural University in Poznan, Poland.
CopyrightPiotr Robakowski
Picea pungens (blue spruce) in Botanical Garden of Agricultural University in Poznan, Poland.
Tree habitPicea pungens (blue spruce) in Botanical Garden of Agricultural University in Poznan, Poland.Piotr Robakowski
Tree habit of Picea pungens (Blue spruce) in Botanical Garden of Agricultural University in Poznan, Poland.
TitleTree habit
CaptionTree habit of Picea pungens (Blue spruce) in Botanical Garden of Agricultural University in Poznan, Poland.
CopyrightPiotr Robakowski
Tree habit of Picea pungens (Blue spruce) in Botanical Garden of Agricultural University in Poznan, Poland.
Tree habitTree habit of Picea pungens (Blue spruce) in Botanical Garden of Agricultural University in Poznan, Poland.Piotr Robakowski
Needles of Blue spruce showing natural greenish colour.
TitleFoliage
CaptionNeedles of Blue spruce showing natural greenish colour.
CopyrightPiotr Robakowski
Needles of Blue spruce showing natural greenish colour.
FoliageNeedles of Blue spruce showing natural greenish colour.Piotr Robakowski

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Picea pungens Engelm.

Preferred Common Name

  • blue spruce

Other Scientific Names

  • Picea parryana Sarg.
  • Picea pungens var. glauca Regel
  • Picea pungens var. hoopsii

International Common Names

  • English: Colorado blue spruce; Colorado spruce; pino real; silver spruce
  • Spanish: picea azul
  • French: épicéa épineux; épicéa piquant

Local Common Names

  • Canada: épinette bleue
  • Germany: Blaufichte; Stechfichte
  • Italy: abete del Colorado; picea pungente
  • Netherlands: blauwspar
  • Poland: swierk klujacy
  • Sweden: blågran; pungensgran

EPPO code

  • PIEPU (Picea pungens)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Picea
  •                             Species: Picea pungens

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli (spruce broom rust); Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Diaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus); Elatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid); Gilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly); Megastigmus atedius (eastern white pine seed chalcid); Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Thyridopteryx ephemeraeformis (evergreen bagworm); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Adelges abietis (eastern spruce gall aphid); Arceuthobium campylopodum (western dwarf misletoe); Arceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe); Arceuthobium vaginatum (southwestern dwarf mistletoe); Armillaria luteobubalina (armillaria root rot); Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Choristoneura freemani (western spruce budworm); Chrysomyxa abietis (needle rust of fir); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Lymantria monacha (nun moth); Megastigmus strobilobius (spruce seed chalcid); Mycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight); Orgyia pseudotsugata (douglas-fir tussock moth); Otiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil); Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Plemeliella abietina (spruce seed gall midge); Pristiphora abietina (lesser spruce sawfly); Rhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Associated with (not a host):

Ips confusus (pinyon ips)

Host of (source - data mining):

Adelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid); Amphimallon majale (European chafer); Coleotechnites piceaella (spruce leaf miner); Gilletteella cooleyi (cooley spruce gall adelgid); Pestalosphaeria gubae