Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Picea glauca
(white spruce)



Picea glauca (white spruce)


  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Picea glauca
  • Preferred Common Name
  • white spruce
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    CAB International
    OX10 8DE

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report


Top of page


Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Picea glauca (Moench) Voss

Preferred Common Name

  • white spruce


  • Picea glauca var. albertiana (S. Br.) Sarg.
  • Picea glauca var. densata
  • Picea glauca var. porsildii Raup

Other Scientific Names

  • Abies canadensis Mill.
  • Picea alba (Ait.) Link
  • Picea alba var. albertiana (S. Br.) Beissner
  • Picea canadensis (Mill.) Britton et al., nom. illeg.
  • Picea canadensis var. glauca (Moench) Sudworth
  • Picea glauca f. aurea (J. Nelson) Rehder
  • Picea glauca var. conica Rehder
  • Pinus alba Ait.
  • Pinus glauca Moench
  • Pinus laxa Ehrh.

International Common Names

  • English: Canadian spruce
  • Spanish: abeto blanco; Picea blanca
  • French: épicea blanche; épinette blanche

Local Common Names

  • Canada: Alberta spruce; cat spruce; épinette à biere; épinette des champs; field spruce; interior spruce; pasture spruce; Porsild spruce; sapinette blanche; skunk spruce; western white spruce
  • Germany: Schimmel- Fichte; Weiss- Fichte
  • Italy: abete bianco
  • Netherlands: witte spar; zilverspar
  • USA: Alberta spruce; Black Hills Spruce; cat spruce; field spruce; interior spruce; pasture spruce; Porsild spruce; skunk spruce; western white spruce

EPPO code

  • PIEGA (Picea glauca)

Trade name

  • SPF
  • spruce
  • spruce-fir

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Picea
  •                             Species: Picea glauca

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Acleris variana (hemlock budworm); Arceuthobium pusillum (eastern dwarf mistletoe); Armillaria ostoyae (armillaria root rot); Choristoneura fumiferana (spruce budworm); Chrysomyxa abietis (needle rust of fir); Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli (spruce broom rust); Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Dendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle); Elatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Gilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly); Lambdina fiscellaria (eastern hemlock looper); Megastigmus atedius (eastern white pine seed chalcid); Monochamus notatus (northeastern sawyer); Pissodes nemorensis (northern pine weevil); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Senecio vulgaris; Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Xiphinema rivesi (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Acleris gloverana (western blackheaded budworm); Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Choristoneura freemani (western spruce budworm); Choristoneura pinus pinus (jack-pine budworm); Gremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease); Heterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot); Heterobasidion parviporum; Ips pini (pine engraver); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Monochamus titillator (southern pine sawyer); Mycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight); Orgyia leucostigma (white-marked tussock moth); Pristiphora abietina (lesser spruce sawfly); Sphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight); Tetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Wild host of:

Peridroma saucia (pearly underwing moth); Trichodorus (stubby root nematodes)

Host of (source - data mining):

Adelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid); Calonectria kyotensis (root rot: peach); Chrysomyxa pirolata; Cydia strobilella (spruce seed moth); Dasineura rachiphaga; Dendroctonus punctatus (allegheny spruce beetle); Dioryctria reniculelloides (spruce coneworm); Mayetiola piceae (spruce gall midge); Polygraphus rufipennis (foureyed spruce bark beetle); Strobilomyia anthracina; Strobilomyia neanthracina (white spruce cone maggot); Zeiraphera canadensis (spruce bud moth); Zeiraphera unfortunana (purple-striped shootworm)

Uses List

Top of page


  • Agroforestry
  • Boundary, barrier or support
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak


  • Fuelwood


  • Ornamental


  • Carved material
  • Essential oils
  • Fibre
  • Miscellaneous materials
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

Top of page



  • Boxes
  • Cases
  • Crates
  • Pallets


  • Long-fibre pulp


  • Building poles
  • Roundwood structures
  • Stakes

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Beams
  • Bridges
  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction
  • Gates
  • Wall panelling

Wood-based materials

  • Plywood


  • Musical instruments