Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Picea engelmannii
(Engelmann spruce)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Picea engelmannii (Engelmann spruce)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 24 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Picea engelmannii
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Engelmann spruce
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •         Class: Pinopsida
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Stands dominated by P. engelmannii are characteristic of the transition old-growth stage in the continental subalpine forest of Western North America. In time, P. engelmannii will be replaced to a large degree by more shade-tolerant Abies lasiocarpa.
TitleStand
CaptionStands dominated by P. engelmannii are characteristic of the transition old-growth stage in the continental subalpine forest of Western North America. In time, P. engelmannii will be replaced to a large degree by more shade-tolerant Abies lasiocarpa.
CopyrightK. Klinka
Stands dominated by P. engelmannii are characteristic of the transition old-growth stage in the continental subalpine forest of Western North America. In time, P. engelmannii will be replaced to a large degree by more shade-tolerant Abies lasiocarpa.
StandStands dominated by P. engelmannii are characteristic of the transition old-growth stage in the continental subalpine forest of Western North America. In time, P. engelmannii will be replaced to a large degree by more shade-tolerant Abies lasiocarpa. K. Klinka
Like Abies lasiocarpa, P. engelmannii occurs in the parkland subalpine forest which is a mosaic of tree clumps (islands) and non-forested communities.
TitleSubalpine forest
CaptionLike Abies lasiocarpa, P. engelmannii occurs in the parkland subalpine forest which is a mosaic of tree clumps (islands) and non-forested communities.
CopyrightK. Klinka
Like Abies lasiocarpa, P. engelmannii occurs in the parkland subalpine forest which is a mosaic of tree clumps (islands) and non-forested communities.
Subalpine forestLike Abies lasiocarpa, P. engelmannii occurs in the parkland subalpine forest which is a mosaic of tree clumps (islands) and non-forested communities.K. Klinka
The microsites suitable for the natural regeneration of P. engelmannii  in forest understories are canopy gaps and exposed mineral soil on root-balls of downed trees. Note a relatively small height increment on the saplings - their growth is light-limited.
TitleNatural regeneration
CaptionThe microsites suitable for the natural regeneration of P. engelmannii in forest understories are canopy gaps and exposed mineral soil on root-balls of downed trees. Note a relatively small height increment on the saplings - their growth is light-limited.
CopyrightK. Klinka
The microsites suitable for the natural regeneration of P. engelmannii  in forest understories are canopy gaps and exposed mineral soil on root-balls of downed trees. Note a relatively small height increment on the saplings - their growth is light-limited.
Natural regenerationThe microsites suitable for the natural regeneration of P. engelmannii in forest understories are canopy gaps and exposed mineral soil on root-balls of downed trees. Note a relatively small height increment on the saplings - their growth is light-limited.K. Klinka
The excellent growth-form (notice a narrow crown, clean bole, thin bark, and low taper) and growth on a montane, moist and rich site on the leeward site of the Coastal Mountains of British Columbia. This tree is approximately 250 year-old, 62 m tall, and 145 cm in diameter.
TitleBole
CaptionThe excellent growth-form (notice a narrow crown, clean bole, thin bark, and low taper) and growth on a montane, moist and rich site on the leeward site of the Coastal Mountains of British Columbia. This tree is approximately 250 year-old, 62 m tall, and 145 cm in diameter.
CopyrightK. Klinka
The excellent growth-form (notice a narrow crown, clean bole, thin bark, and low taper) and growth on a montane, moist and rich site on the leeward site of the Coastal Mountains of British Columbia. This tree is approximately 250 year-old, 62 m tall, and 145 cm in diameter.
BoleThe excellent growth-form (notice a narrow crown, clean bole, thin bark, and low taper) and growth on a montane, moist and rich site on the leeward site of the Coastal Mountains of British Columbia. This tree is approximately 250 year-old, 62 m tall, and 145 cm in diameter.K. Klinka

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Picea engelmannii Parry ex Engelm.

Preferred Common Name

  • Engelmann spruce

Variety

  • Picea engelmannii var. mexicana

Other Scientific Names

  • Picea glauca subsp. engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) T. M. C. Taylor
  • Picea glauca var. engelmannii (Parry ex Engelm.) Boivin

International Common Names

  • French: épinette d'Engelmann

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Fichte, Engelmanns
  • Italy: abete di Engelmann
  • Mexico: piño real
  • Netherlands: engelmann-spar
  • USA: Columbian spruce; mountain spruce; silver spruce; white spruce

EPPO code

  • PIEEN (Picea engelmannii)

Subspecies

  • Picea engelmannii subsp. engelmannii
  • Picea engelmannii subsp. mexicana
  • Picea mexicana

Trade name

  • Engelmann spruce
  • Engelmann spruce-alpine fir
  • Engelmann spruce-lodgepole pine
  • mixed species
  • western woods
  • white woods

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Gymnospermae
  •                 Class: Pinopsida
  •                     Family: Pinaceae
  •                         Genus: Picea
  •                             Species: Picea engelmannii

List of Pests

Top of page

Major host of:

Choristoneura fumiferana (spruce budworm); Chrysomyxa abietis (needle rust of fir); Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli (spruce broom rust); Dendroctonus frontalis (southern pine beetle); Dendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle); Dendroctonus rufipennis (spruce beetle); Elatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid); Lambdina fiscellaria (eastern hemlock looper); Megastigmus atedius (eastern white pine seed chalcid); Monochamus notatus (northeastern sawyer); Pissodes strobi (Sitka spruce weevil); Sirococcus conigenus (sirococcus blight of conifers); Trypodendron lineatum (striped ambrosia beetle)

Minor host of:

Acleris gloverana (western blackheaded budworm); Adelges abietis (eastern spruce gall aphid); Arceuthobium abietinum f.sp. concoloris; Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode); Choristoneura freemani (western spruce budworm); Dendroctonus ponderosae (black hills beetle); Dryocoetes confusus (western balsam bark beetle); Echinodontium tinctorium (Indian paint fungus); Fomitopsis pinicola (brown crumbly rot); Heterobasidion annosum; Heterobasidion parviporum; Ips pini (pine engraver); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Orgyia pseudotsugata (douglas-fir tussock moth); Pristiphora abietina (lesser spruce sawfly); Thekopsora areolata (cherry spruce rust)

Associated with (not a host):

Ips confusus (pinyon ips)

Host of (source - data mining):

Adelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid); Coleophora laricella (larch casebearer); Coptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite); Cydia strobilella (spruce seed moth); Dioryctria abietivorella (fir coneworm); Gilletteella cooleyi (cooley spruce gall adelgid); Strobilomyia neanthracina (white spruce cone maggot)

Uses List

Top of page

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Revegetation
  • Shade and shelter
  • Windbreak

General

  • Ornamental

Materials

  • Carved material
  • Fibre
  • Wood/timber

Wood Products

Top of page

Containers

  • Crates
  • Pallets

Pulp

  • Long-fibre pulp

Roundwood

  • Building poles
  • Roundwood structures
  • Transmission poles

Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Carpentry/joinery (exterior/interior)
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Flooring
  • For heavy construction
  • For light construction

Veneers

Wood-based materials

  • Laminated wood
  • Plywood

Woodware

  • Musical instruments
  • Sports equipment