Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pistacia vera
(pistachio)

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Datasheet

Pistacia vera (pistachio)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pistacia vera
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pistachio
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Nuts
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pistacia vera L.

Preferred Common Name

  • pistachio

International Common Names

  • English: pistachio nut; pistachio tree
  • Spanish: alfoncigo; alfonsigo; alhocigo; pistachero
  • French: pistache; pistachier
  • Russian: fistaska
  • Arabic: fistik
  • Portuguese: alfostigo

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Pistazie; Pistazienstrauch
  • Iran: pista
  • Italy: pistacchio
  • Netherlands: pistacheboom
  • Portugal: pistache
  • Sweden: pistaschbuske
  • Turkey: antepfistigi
  • USA: pistache; pistachio; pistachio nut

EPPO code

  • PIAVE (Pistacia vera)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Sapindales
  •                         Family: Anacardiaceae
  •                             Genus: Pistacia
  •                                 Species: Pistacia vera

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Aceria stefanii (lentisc gall mite); Agonoscena targionii (brown-banded pistachio psyllid); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Arimania komaroffi (pistachio fruit hull borer moth); Calchaenesthes pistacivora; Choristoneura rosaceana (oblique banded leaf roller); Cytospora pistaciae; Kermania pistaciella; Lepidium draba (hoary cress); Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth); Megastigmus pistaciae (pistachio seed chalcid); Nematospora coryli (yeast spot of beans); Parlatoria oleae (olive scale); Phytophthora cryptogea (tomato foot rot); Phytophthora pistaciae; Pileolaria terebinthi; Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Pratylenchus vulnus (walnut root lesion nematode); Septoria pistaciae; Sulamicerus stali; Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak); Xiphinema (dagger nematode); Xiphinema americanum (dagger nematode)

Minor host of:

Acrosternum arabicum (Arabian green stink bug); Alternaria tenuissima (nailhead spot of tomato); Armillaria mellea (armillaria root rot); Aspergillus candidus; Aspergillus clavatus; Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Aspergillus fumigatus; Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Aureobasidium pullulans (blue stain of wood); Bacillus licheniformis; Botryosphaeria dothidea (canker of almond); Botryosphaeria parva; Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Brevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite); Ceroplastes rusci (fig wax scale); Cladosporium herbarum; Cryptolestes ferrugineus (rusty grain beetle); Diplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease); Ephestia elutella (chocolate moth); Epicoccum nigrum (red blotch of grains); Eurytoma plotnikovi; Eutypa lata (Eutypa dieback); Frankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Gonocerus acuteangulatus; Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Leptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug); Leucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth); Meloidogyne (root knot nematodes); Microascus cirrosus; Nattrassia mangiferae (branch wilt of apple); Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Penicillium digitatum (green mould); Phaeoacremonium aleophilum (Petri disease); Phaeoacremonium cinereum; Phaeoacremonium parasiticum; Phaeoacremonium viticola; Phyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees); Phymatotrichopsis omnivora (cotton root rot); Phytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees); Phytophthora citrophthora (brown rot of citrus fruit); Pleurotus ostreatus (oyster mushroom); Pratylenchus neglectus (nematode, California meadow); Rhytidolomia ligata (conchuela); Rosellinia necatrix (dematophora root rot); Saissetia oleae (olive scale); Schizophyllum commune (wood rot); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Slavum wertheimae; Spilostethus pandurus; Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Thaumetopoea solitaria; Verticillium albo-atrum (verticillium wilt of lucerne); Verticillium dahliae (verticillium wilt); Xiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode); Xylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus ochraceus (fruit rot of grapevine); Aspergillus parasiticus; Cytospora sarothamni; Phoma pulchella; Scirtothrips citri (California citrus thrips)

Host of (source - data mining):

Amyelois transitella (navel orange worm); Anapulvinaria pistaciae (pistachio cushion, scale); Apomyelois ceratoniae (blunt-winged knot-horn); Calocoris norvegicus (strawberry bug); Dynaspidiotus britannicus (bay-tree, scale); Leptocoris trivittatus (boxelder bug); Leptoglossus clypealis; Liorhyssus hyalinus (hyaline grass, bug); Mycosphaerella pistaciarum; Mycosphaerella pistacina; Oryzaephilus mercator (merchant grain beetle); Phytophthora drechsleri (watermelon fruit rot); Psallus ancorifer; Retithrips syriacus (black vine thrips); Riptortus oxianus; Thyanta pallidovirens

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Nuts