Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Chromatomyia horticola
(pea leaf miner)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Chromatomyia horticola (pea leaf miner)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Chromatomyia horticola
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pea leaf miner
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Pupae or exuviae may be present at the end of the mines. Frass occurs at short intervals along the mines in irregular, well-separated grains.
TitleLeaf mines on Pisum sp.
CaptionPupae or exuviae may be present at the end of the mines. Frass occurs at short intervals along the mines in irregular, well-separated grains.
Copyright©K.A. Spencer
Pupae or exuviae may be present at the end of the mines. Frass occurs at short intervals along the mines in irregular, well-separated grains.
Leaf mines on Pisum sp.Pupae or exuviae may be present at the end of the mines. Frass occurs at short intervals along the mines in irregular, well-separated grains. ©K.A. Spencer
C. horticola mines on Sonchus arvensis approximately 4-5 days after initial larval activity.
TitleLeaf mines on Sonchus arvensis
CaptionC. horticola mines on Sonchus arvensis approximately 4-5 days after initial larval activity.
CopyrightD.J. Henshaw
C. horticola mines on Sonchus arvensis approximately 4-5 days after initial larval activity.
Leaf mines on Sonchus arvensisC. horticola mines on Sonchus arvensis approximately 4-5 days after initial larval activity.D.J. Henshaw
C. horticola mines on Sonchus arvensis approximately 10-12 days after initial larval activity.
TitleLeaf mines on Sonchus arvensis
CaptionC. horticola mines on Sonchus arvensis approximately 10-12 days after initial larval activity.
CopyrightD.J. Henshaw
C. horticola mines on Sonchus arvensis approximately 10-12 days after initial larval activity.
Leaf mines on Sonchus arvensisC. horticola mines on Sonchus arvensis approximately 10-12 days after initial larval activity.D.J. Henshaw
C. horticola makes small punctures in the leaf epidermis and whitish, irregularly linear mines.
TitleLeaf mines
CaptionC. horticola makes small punctures in the leaf epidermis and whitish, irregularly linear mines.
Copyright©K.A. Spencer
C. horticola makes small punctures in the leaf epidermis and whitish, irregularly linear mines.
Leaf minesC. horticola makes small punctures in the leaf epidermis and whitish, irregularly linear mines.©K.A. Spencer

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Chromatomyia horticola Goureau, 1851

Preferred Common Name

  • pea leaf miner

Other Scientific Names

  • Agromyza atricornis
  • Chromatomyia atricornis
  • Phytomyza atricornis (partim.) Meigen, 1838 (Palaearctic)
  • Phytomyza bidensivora Séguy, 1951 (African)
  • Phytomyza fediae Kaltenbach, 1860 (Palaearctic)
  • Phytomyza horticola Goureau
  • Phytomyza lactucae Vimmer, 1928 (Palaearctic)
  • Phytomyza linariae Kaltenbach, 1862 (Palaearctic)
  • Phytomyza nainiensis Garg, 1971 (Oriental)
  • Phytomyza pisi Kaltenbach, 1864 (Palaearctic)
  • Phytomyza subaffinis Malloch, 1914 Oriental
  • Phytomyza tropaeoli Dufour, 1857 (Palaearctic)

International Common Names

  • English: cruciferous leaf miner; mustard leaf miner

Local Common Names

  • Japan: Na-moguri-bae

EPPO code

  • PHYYHO (Chromatomyia horticola)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Diptera
  •                         Family: Agromyzidae
  •                             Genus: Chromatomyia
  •                                 Species: Chromatomyia horticola

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-FujianWidespreadSasakawa, 1986; Gu and Fan, 1991
-GansuWidespreadSasakawa, 1986
-GuangdongWidespreadKato, 1949
-GuangxiWidespreadSasakawa, 1986
-HainanWidespreadKato, 1949
-HebeiWidespreadKato, 1949
-HenanPresentHan et al., 2001
-HubeiWidespreadKato, 1949
-JiangsuPresentWang et al., 2006
-JiangxiWidespreadSasakawa, 1986
-LiaoningPresentKato, 1949
-Nei MengguWidespreadSasakawa and Fan, 1985; Sasakawa, 1986
-ShaanxiWidespreadSasakawa, 1986
-ShanxiWidespreadKato, 1949
-TibetWidespreadHu, 1987
-XinjiangWidespreadKato, 1949
-ZhejiangPresentChen et al., 2003
IndiaWidespreadGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
-ChandigarhWidespreadIpe, 1978
-ChhattisgarhPresentPatel and Thakur, 2005
-HaryanaPresentSaroj et al., 2003
-Himachal PradeshPresentRanjeet and Divender, 2003
-Jammu and KashmirPresentBhat and Bhagat, 2010; Ahmad et al., 2013
-Madhya PradeshPresentTomar et al., 2004, publ. 2005
-ManipurPresentShantibala et al., 2007
-RajasthanPresentSingh et al., 2006
-Uttar PradeshPresentJandial and Anil, 2007
IndonesiaPresentRauf et al., 2000
IsraelPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
JapanWidespreadKATO, 1961
-HokkaidoPresentIwasaki et al., 2008
-HonshuWidespreadSasakawa, 1961
JordanPresentAl-Ghabeish and Allawi, 2001
Korea, DPRPresentKato, 1949
Korea, Republic ofPresentKato, 1949
MalaysiaPresentWaterhouse, 1993
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentSasakawa and Pong, 1990
-SabahPresentSasakawa and Pong, 1990
MongoliaPresentKato, 1949
NepalWidespreadIpe, 1978; Sasakawa, 1979
PakistanPresentMohammad et al., 2003
PhilippinesWidespreadBarroga and Barreras, 1969
TaiwanPresentGriffiths, 1967
ThailandPresentGriffiths, 1967; Sasakawa, 1981
TurkeyPresentCivelek, 2002
VietnamPresentTran et al., 2005

Africa

CameroonPresentSpencer, 1973
Cape VerdePresentGriffiths, 1967
Central African RepublicPresentGriffiths, 1967
Congo Democratic RepublicWidespread
EgyptPresentGriffiths, 1967
EritreaPresentGriffiths, 1967
EthiopiaPresentGriffiths, 1967
GabonPresentGriffiths, 1967
GambiaPresentGriffiths, 1967
KenyaPresentSpencer, 1990
LibyaPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
MadagascarPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
MoroccoPresentSpencer, 1973
RwandaPresentGriffiths, 1967
SenegalPresentCIE, 1987
South AfricaWidespreadSpencer, 1985
Spain
-Canary IslandsPresentGriffiths, 1967
UgandaWidespreadSpencer, 1985
ZimbabwePresentSpencer, 1973

Europe

BelgiumWidespreadDe Bryun & von Tschirnhaus, 1991
Bosnia-HercegovinaPresentGriffiths, 1967
BulgariaPresentCIE, 1987
CroatiaPresentMesic Baric, 2004
Czech RepublicPresentPapp, 1984
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentPapp, 1984
DenmarkPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
Faroe IslandsPresentGriffiths, 1964
FinlandPresentSpencer, 1976
FranceWidespreadGriffiths, 1967
-CorsicaPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
GermanyPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
HungaryPresentGriffiths, 1967
IrelandPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
ItalyPresentSüss, 1996; Griffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
LithuaniaWidespreadPakal'nishkis, 1984
MacedoniaPresentGriffiths, 1967
MaltaPresentSpencer, 1973
NetherlandsPresentde Meijere, 1926
PolandPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
PortugalPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
-AzoresPresentFrey, 1945
-MadeiraPresentFrey, 1949
Russian FederationWidespreadSpencer, 1973
SpainPresentGriffiths, 1967
SwedenPresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990
SwitzerlandPresentGriffiths, 1967
UKWidespreadSpencer, 1973
UkrainePresentSpencer, 1990
Yugoslavia (former)PresentGriffiths, 1967
Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)PresentGriffiths, 1967; Spencer, 1990

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / internal feeding
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / wilting
Stems / wilt

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aphidius ervi Parasite Larvae
Aprostocetus flavifrons Parasite Gençer, 2005
Aprostocetus strobilanae Parasite Larvae
Chorebus anasella Parasite
Chorebus canariensis Parasite Larvae
Chorebus misellus Parasite
Chorebus satici Parasite Larvae
Chrysocharis Parasite Larvae
Chrysocharis crassiscapus Parasite Gençer, 2005
Chrysocharis horticola Parasite Larvae
Chrysocharis pentheus Parasite Larvae
Chrysocharis pubicornis Parasite
Chrysonotomyia lyonetiae Parasite
Cirrospilus cyanops Parasite Larvae
Cirrospilus vittatus Parasite Larvae
Closterocerus agromyzae Parasite Larvae
Closterocerus ruforum Parasite Larvae
Closterocerus trifasciatus Parasite Yefremova et al., 2015
Dacnusa areolaris Parasite Larvae
Dacnusa nipponica Parasite Larvae
Dacnusa sibirica Parasite
Dapsilarthra rufiventris Parasite
Derostenus Parasite Larvae
Diglyphus Parasite Larvae
Diglyphus chabrias Parasite Sweden peas
Diglyphus crassinervis Parasite Larvae
Diglyphus horticola Parasite
Diglyphus isaea Parasite Larvae Yefremova et al., 2015
Diglyphus minoeus Parasite Sweden peas
Diglyphus pachyneurus Parasite Gençer, 2005
Diglyphus pusztensis Parasite Yefremova et al., 2015
Entedon Parasite Larvae
Euderus agromyzae Parasite
Halticoptera andriescui Parasite Ranji et al., 2016
Halticoptera circulus Parasite Larvae
Hemiptarsenus Parasite Larvae
Hemiptarsenus indicus Parasite
Hemiptarsenus zilahisebessi Parasite Gençer, 2009
Merismus Parasite Gençer, 2005
Minotetrastichus frontalis Parasite Yefremova et al., 2015
Neochrysocharis aratus Parasite Yefremova et al., 2015
Neochrysocharis clara Parasite Gençer, 2009
Neochrysocharis formosa Parasite Larvae
Omphale stigma Parasite Larvae
Opius Parasite Larvae
Opius bulgaricus Parasite
Opius exiguus Parasite Larvae India; Uttar Pradesh peas; sarson
Opius sp. nr parvulus Parasite Larvae
Opius turcicus Parasite Larvae India; Uttar Pradesh peas; sarson
Pediobius Parasite Larvae
Pediobius acantha Parasite Larvae
Pediobius indicus Parasite
Pediobius metallicus Parasite Gençer, 2005
Pediobius metallicus Parasite Yefremova et al., 2015
Pnigalio pectinicornis Parasite Yefremova et al., 2015
Pnigalio soemius Parasite Sweden
Pseudopezomachus masii Parasite
Sphegigaster Parasite Larvae
Sphegigaster orobanchiae Parasite Larvae
Tetrastichus Parasite Larvae
Thinodytes cyzicus Parasite Larvae

Pathway Vectors

Top of page
VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsAir/road. Yes
Land vehiclesRoad transport/air/sea as commercial flowers/crops. Yes
MailAir/road. Yes

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Leaves eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

Ahmad MJ; Iram Khursheed; Azim MN, 2013. A new species of Diglyphus walker (Chalcidoidea: Eulophidae) on mustard leaf miner Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) from Kashmir, India. Journal of Entomological Research, 37(2):163-166. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:jer&type=home

Ahmed T; Gupta RL, 1941. The pea leaf-miner, Phytomyza atricornis (Meigen), in India. Indian Journal of Entomology, 3(1):37-49.

Al-Ghabeish I; Allawi TF, 2001. Agromyzid leafminers and their parasitoids in Jordan. Dirasat. Agricultural Sciences, 28(2/3):172-177.

Allen P, 1956. Observations on the biology of some Agromyzidae (Diptera). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series A, 31(7-9):117-131.

Allen P, 1957a. The Larval Morphology of Agromyzidae (Diptera). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series A. 32(4-6):59-56.

Allen P, 1957b. Larval Morphology of some species of Phytomyza Fallén (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series A, 32(10-12):171-181.

Allen P, 1958. Larval Morphology of different genera of Agromyzidae (Diptera). Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London, Series A, 33(7-9):123-135.

Barroga SF; Barreras AB, 1969. Evaluation of pesticides for the control of pea leaf miner (Phytomyza atricornis Meigen) and other insect pests attacking sweet pea (Pisum sativum l.). Philippine Journal of Plant Industry, 34(3/4):123-130

Bene Gdel, 1989. Natural enemies of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess), Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) and Chromatomyia syngenesip Hardy (Diptera Agromyzidae) in Tuscany. Redia, 72(2):529-544

Bhat DM; Bhagat RC, 2010. Record of some Hymenopterous parasitoids of leafminer on vegetables in Kashmir Valley. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 18(1):237-238. http://www.indianjournals.com/ijor.aspx?target=ijor:apps&type=home

Chen XueXin; Lang FaYong; Xu ZhiHong; He JunHua; Ma Yun, 2003. The occurrence of leafminers and their parasitoids on vegetables and weeds in Hangzhou area, Southeast China. BioControl, 48(5):515-527.

CIE, 1987. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 374. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Civelek HS, 2002. A new record for the parasitoid fauna of Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau, 1851) (Diptera: Agromyzidae): Pediobius metallicus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). (Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau, 1851) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) parazitoit faunasI için yeni bir kayIt: Pediobius metallicus (Nees, 1834) (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).) Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 26(2):155-159.

De Bryun L; von Tschirnhaus M, 1991. Agromyzidae. In: Grootaert P, De Bryun L, De Meyer M, eds. Catalogue of the Diptera of Belgium, 29 November, 1991:151-154.

de Meijere JCH, 1926. Die Larven der Agromyzinen (Fortsetzung und Schluss). Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 69:227-317.

de Meijere JCH, 1940. Die Larven der Agromyzinen. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 83:180-181.

Frey R, 1945. Tiergeographische Studien über die Dipterenfauna der Azoren. 1. Verseichnis der bisher von den Azoren bekannten Dipteren. Commentationes Biologicae, 8(10):1-114.

Frey R, 1949. Die Dipterenfauna der Insel Madeira (unter Mitwirkung von H Schmitz, R Stra und L Tiensuu). Commentationes Biologicae, 8(16):1-47.

Gençer L, 2005. Chalcidoid parasitoids of Chromatomyia horticola (Gour.) (Dip. Agromyzidae) in Sivas Province, Turkey. Journal of Pest Science, 78(1):41-43. http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=110826

Gençer L, 2009. Contribution to the knowledge of the chalcid parasitoid complex (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidea) of agromyzid leafminers (Diptera: Agromyzidae) from Turkey, with new hosts and records. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 49(2):158-161. http://www.plantprotection.pl

Gill CK; Dhoorja MS; Hari Singh; Gill SS, 1979. Incidence of pea leaf-miner, Phytomyza atricornis (Meign.), under different agronomic practices. Journal of Research, Punjab Agricultural University, 16(3):309-311

Griffiths GCD, 1964. The Agromyzid Fauna of Iceland and the Faroes, with Appendices on the Phytomyza milii and robustella Group (Diptera, Agromyzidae). Entomologiske Meddelelser, 32:393-450.

Griffiths GCD, 1967. Revision of the Phytomyza syngenesiae group (Diptera, Agromyzidae), including species hitherto known as "Phytomyza atricornis Meigen". Stuttgarter BeitrSge zur Naturkunde, 177:1-28.

Gu XiaoPing; Fan ZiDe, 1991. Records of Agromyzidae (Diptera) from Fujian Province, China. Wuyi Science Journal, 8C:47-49.

Han GuiZhong; Li ZiChao; Liu ShunTong (et al), 2001. The ecological niche of two leafminers and their natural enemies in bean field. Entomological Knowledge, 38(1):39-43.

Harris KM, 1976. Biological control under glass in the United Kingdom. Scientific Horticulture, 27(3):83-86

Heinz KM; Parella MP, 1990. Biological control of insect pests on greenhouse marigolds. Environmental Entomology, 19(4):825-835; 25 ref.

Hendel F, 1920. Die PalSarktischen Agromyziden (Prodomus einer Monographie). Archiv fnr Naturgeschichte, 1918 84A(7):109-174.

Hendel F, 1934. Agromyzidae 59. In: Lindner, ed. Die Fleigen der Palaearktischen Region 1931-1936. 6(2):1-570.

Hu SC, 1987. A preliminary report on the main pest insects on leguminous crops in Tibet. Plant Protection, 13(6)2-3.

Ipe IM, 1978. Leaf-mining Agromyzidae as ecological indicators of changes in mountain vegetation under the impact of recent human activities. Memoirs of the School of Entomology, St. John's College, Agra, No. 6:53-58

Ipe IM, 1987. Biosystematic studies on Agromyzidae from India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Animal Sciences, 96(5):573-581

Iwasaki A; Miyake N; Takezawa Y; Mizukoshi T; Iwaizumi R; Uebori T, 2008. Wind-dependant spring migration of Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Hokkaido, the northern island of Japan. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 52(3):129-137. http://odokon.ac.affrc.go.jp

Jandial VK; Anil Kumar, 2007. Insect pest status of vegetable crops in Western Uttar Pradesh. International Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(1):148-150. http://www.hindagrihorticulturalsociety.com

Kato S, 1949. A preliminary report on a survey of agricultural pests in Chahar, Suiyuan and northern Shansi. Peking Natural History Bulletin,18(1):11-36.

KATO S, 1961. Taxonomic studies on soy bean leaf and stem mining flies (Diptera, Agromyzidae) of economic importance in Japan, with descriptions of three new species. Bull. natn. Inst. agric. Sci., Tokyo, 13. Tokyo, 171-206 pp.

Kaurava AS; Odak SC; Dhamdhere SV, 1970. Studies on the biology of Phytomyza atricornis Meigen (Agromyzidae: Diptera). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 67(3):597-601

Kaya N; Hincal P, 1991. Survey studies on Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) and Phytomyza horticola Goureau (Diptera, Agromyzidae) found on leguminous plants in the Aegean Region. Turkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 15(4):241-246

Khan MA, 1985. Eulophid parasites (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) of Agromyzidae in India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 82(1):149-159

Kumar A, 1989. Variations in the incidence of parasitism of Chromatomyia horticola (Gour.) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) during the different parts of the year. Entomon, 14(12):67-70

Lal OP; Naji AH, 1979. Observations on some new insect pests and parasites from the Socialist Peoples Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Rivista di Agricoltura Subtropicale e Tropicale, 73(3/4):219-232

Ledieu MS; Bartlett PW, 1983. Leaf miners of chrysanthemum. Leaflet, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, UK, No. 550:8 pp.

Mesic A; Baric JI, 2004. Diptera pests on onion vegetables in Croatia. Entomologia Croatica. Hrvatsko Entomolosko Drustvo, Zagreb, Croatia, 8(1/2):45-56.

Mitsuhiro S; Fan ZD, 1985. Preliminary list of Chinese Agromyzidae (Diptera) with descriptions of four new species. Contributions from Shanghai Institute of Entomology, 5:275-294

Mohammad Saeed; Falak Naz; Sajjad Ahmed; Mohammad Aaqeel, 2003. Studies on level of infestation of pea leaf miner Chromatomyia horticola Goureau (Agromyzidae: Diptera) on pea crop in selected areas of NWFP, Pakistan. Pakistan Entomologist, 25(2):227-230.

Okrouhla M, 1991. Leaf miners - dangerous pests of greenhouse crops (review). Vedeckotechnicky Rozvoj v Zemedelstvi, No. 5:36 pp.

Pakal'nishkis SA, 1984. Mining flies pests of plants in the Lithuanian SSR. Trudy Akademii Nauk Litovskoi SSR, B (Biologicheskie Nauki), No. 4:88-97

Papp L, 1984. Family Agromyzidae. In: Soós A, Papp L, eds. Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, 9:263-343.

Patel RK; Thakur BS, 2005. Insect pest complex and seasonal incidence in linseed with particular reference to bud fly (Dasineura lini Barnes). Journal of Plant Protection and Environment, 2(2):102-107.

Ranjeet Bhatia; Divender Gupta, 2003. Insect and mite pest status of subtropical horticultural crops in Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Insect Science (Ludhiana), 16(1/2):1-8.

Ranji H; Karimpur Y; Lotfalizadeh H, 2016. Halticoptera andriescui Mitroiu (Hym.: Pteromalidae) a new parasitoid of Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) (Dip.: Agromyzidae). Entomologia Generalis, 36(2):91-95. http://www.schweizerbart.de/papers/entomologia/detail/36/87110/Halticoptera_andriescui_Mitroiu_Hym_Pteromalidae_a_new_parasitoid_of_Chromatomyia_horticola_Goureau_Dip_Agromyzidae

Rauf A; Shepard BM; Johnson MW, 2000. Leafminers in vegetables, ornamental plants and weeds in Indonesia: surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. International Journal of Pest Management, 46(4):257-266; 40 ref.

Robb KL; Parella MP, 1984. Leafminers: The effects of systemic insecticides on Liriomyza trifolii. Florist's Review, 26:20-21.

S_ss L, 1996. Agromyzidae. In: Minelli A, Ruffo S, La Posta S, eds. Diptera Opomozoidea, Carnoidea, Sphaeroceroidea, Checklist delle specie fauna italiana. Fascicolo 75, Bologna: Calderini.

S_ss L; Agosti G, 1986. Valutazione dell'uso di raggi gamma nella sterilizzazione di Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess). Atti Giornate Fitopatologiche, 1:169-176.

Saroj Singh; Surender Kumar; Nasim Ahmad, 2003. Synthesis and validation of IPM module for mustard crop under Haryana agro-climatic conditions. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 11(2):373-376.

Sasakawa M, 1961. A study of the Japanese Agromyzidae (Diptera) Part 2. Pacific Insects, 3(2-3):307-472.

Sasakawa M, 1979. Agromyzidae and Clusiidae of Nepal (Diptera). Akitu, No. 25:10 pp.

Sasakawa M, 1981. Agromyzidae of Thailand (Diptera). Akitu, No. 37:6 pp.

Sasakawa M, 1986. Chinese Agromyzidae (Diptera) in Institute of Zoology, Academia Sinica. Entomotaxonomia, 8(3):163-172

Sasakawa M; Pong TY, 1990. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Malaysia (Part 2). Japanese Journal of Entomology, 58(4):871-878

Shantibala T; Singh TK; Shah MAS, 2007. Insect pest complex of pea crop (Pisum sativum Linn.) and their succession in agro-ecosystem of Manipur. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology, 27(1):75-81.

Sharma PL; Kumar R, 2017. New record of Quadrastichus plaquoi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) as parasitoid of Chromatomyia horticola (Diptera: Agromyzidae). National Academy Science Letters, 40(1):9-11. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40009-016-0508-3

Sheng JK; Zhong L; Wu Q, 1989. Studies on the parasite complex of garden pea leaf-miner, Phytomyza horticola (Dip.: Agromyzidae) in Nanchang area. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 5(4):164-167

Shurovenkov BG, 1983. Phytophages of yellow sowthistle. Zashchita Rasteni, No. 11:22-23.

Singh AP; Singh PP; Singh YP, 2006. Pest complex of Indian mustard, Brassica juncea, in eastern Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Entomology, 68(2):148-149.

Singh KM; Singh RN, 1977. Succession of insect-pests in green gram and black gram under dryland conditions at Delhi. Indian Journal of Entomology, 39(4):365-370

Singh KM; Singh RN; Kailashnathan K; Rao GGSN, 1974. Succession of pests in cowpea (Vigna sinensis Savi) under dryland conditions at Delhi. Indian Journal of Entomology, 36(1):69-72

Spencer KA, 1972. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. Agromyzidae (Diptera) of economic importance. The Hague, The, Dr. W. Junk B.V. Netherlands, xi + 418 pp.

Spencer KA, 1972. Some Agromyzidae (Diptera) from the Maltese islands. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 108(1298/1300):190-192

Spencer KA, 1976. The Agromyzidae (Diptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica, 5:1-606.

Spencer KA, 1985. East African Agromyzidae (Diptera): further descriptions, revisionary notes and new records. Journal of Natural History, 19(5):969-1027

Spencer KA, 1990. Host specialization in the world Agromyzidae (Diptera). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 444 pp.

Srivastava AS; Singh YP, 1972. Bionomics and control of pea leaf miner, Phytomyza atricornis Mieg. (Agromyzidae: Dipt.). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 70(4):437-440

Srivastava AS; Srivastava KM; Singh RP, 1974. Effect of different dates of sowing of pea (Pisum sativum L.) on the yield and incidence of Phytomyza atricornis M. (pea leaf miner) and Etiella zinkenella Tr. (pea pod borer). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 76(4):439-442

Tandon SK, 1965. Taxonomy and biology of Indian 'leaf-mining' insects (Agromyzidae :Cyclorrhapha: Diptera). Agra University Journal of Research Science, 14(1):193-196.

Tandon SK, 1966. The effect of infested leaves on the oviposition of Phytomyza atricornis Meigen (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 64:185-187

Tandon SK, 1971. Notes on the biology of Phytomyza atricornis Meigen, a common leaf-miner of cruciferous plants (Agromyzidae: Diptera). Agra University Journal of Research, (Science), 20(3):47-67

Tomar SPS; Dubey OP; Rajani Tomar; 2004, publ. 2005. Succession of insects pest on green pea. JNKVV Research Journal, 38(1):82-85.

Tormos J; Gayubo SF; Asis JD; Vacas MAG, 1989. Preliminary notes on the Braconidae (Hym. Apocrita, Terebrantia), parasitoids of Agromyzidae (Dipt., Cyclorrhapha) in the province of Salamanca (Spain). Anales de Biologia, 15(4):83-86

Tran Dang Hoa; Tran Thi Thien An; Takagi M, 2005. Agromyzid leafminers in Central and Southern Vietnam: surveys of host crops, species composition and parasitoids. Bulletin of the Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Kyushu University [Towards establishment of management practices for sustainable agricultural development. Proceedings of the joint symposium between Hanoi Agricultural University, Vietnam and Kyushu University, Japan, 8-9 December 2005, Hanoi, Vietnam.], 28(1):35-41.

Trehan; Seghal, 1963. Range of Plants and larval feeding in Phytomyza atricornis Meigen (Diptera: Agromyzidae). The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 99:1-3.

Wang LiPing; Du YuZhou; He YaTing; Ji Yi; Ren LiChao, 2006. Occurrence and chemical control of Chromatomyia horticola in the vegetables at the Yangzhou area. Journal of Yangzhou University, Agricultural and Life Sciences Edition, 27(1):77-80.

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Yefremova Z; Strakhova I; Kravchenko V; Tschirnhaus Mvon; Yegorenkova E, 2015. Parasitoid complex (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) of the leaf-mining fly Chromatomyia horticola (Goureau) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Russia. Phytoparasitica, 43(1):125-134. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12600-014-0426-1

Yoshida A; Sasakawa M, 1975. Observations on the feeding and oviposition behaviour of the pea leaf-miner, Phytomyza horticola Gourea (Diptera, Agromyzidae). Scientific Reports of the Kyoto Prefectural University, Agriculture, No. 27:37-45

Zoebisch TG; Schuster DJ, 1990. Influence of height of yellow sticky cards on captures of adult leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in staked tomatoes. Florida Entomologist, 73(3):505-507

Zong LB; Zhong CZ; Lei ZL; Zhu ZP, 1986. Studies on natural enemies of rape pests in Wuchang. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 2(3):118-120, 134

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map