Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Phytophthora quercina

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Datasheet

Phytophthora quercina

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Phytophthora quercina
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Chromista
  •     Phylum: Oomycota
  •       Class: Oomycetes
  •         Order: Peronosporales
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Phytophthora quercina

EPPO code

  • PHYTQU (Phytophthora quercina)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Chromista
  •         Phylum: Oomycota
  •             Class: Oomycetes
  •                 Order: Peronosporales
  •                     Family: Peronosporaceae
  •                         Genus: Phytophthora
  •                             Species: Phytophthora quercina

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 12 May 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

TurkeyPresent, Localized

Europe

AustriaPresent, Localized
BelgiumPresent
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
-SicilyPresent
NetherlandsAbsent, Confirmed absent by survey
PolandPresentIntroduced2006
RussiaPresent
SerbiaPresent
SlovakiaPresent
SpainPresent, Localized
SwitzerlandPresentIntroduced2005
United KingdomPresent
-ScotlandPresent

North America

United StatesPresent
-MissouriPresent

References

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Balci, Y., Halmschlager, E., 2002. First confirmation of Phytophthora quercina on oaks in Asia. Plant Disease, 86(4), 442. doi: 10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.4.442C

Balci, Y., Halmschlager, E., 2003. First report of Phytophthora quercina from oak forests in Austria. Plant Pathology, 52(3), 403. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3059.2003.00825.x

Balci, Y., Halmschlager, E., 2003. Incidence of Phytophthora species in oak forests in Austria and their possible involvement in oak decline. Forest Pathology, 33(3), 157-174. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0329.2003.00318.x

Balcì, Y., Halmschlager, E., 2003. Phytophthora species in oak ecosystems in Turkey and their association with declining oak trees. Plant Pathology, 52(6), 694-702. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2003.00919.x

Banihashemi, Z., Mirtalebi, M., 2008. Safflower seedling a selective host to discriminate Phytophthora melonis from Phytophthora drechsleri. Journal of Phytopathology, 156(7/8), 499-501. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01370.x

Barzanti, G. P., Capretti, P., Ragazzi, A., 2001. Characteristics of some Phytophthora species isolated from oak forest soils in central and northern Italy. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 40(2), 149-156.

CABI/EPPO, 2008. Phytophthora quercina. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, October (Edition 1). Wallingford, UK: CABI, Map 1041.

Cooke, D. E. L., Jung, T., Williams, N. A., Schubert, R., Osswald, W., Duncan, J. M., 2005. Genetic diversity of European populations of the oak fine-root pathogen Phytophthora quercina. Forest Pathology, 35(1), 57-70. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0329.2004.00384.x

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Jung T; Vettraino AM; Cech T; Vannini A, 2013. The impact of invasive Phytophthora species on European forests. In: Phytophthora: a global perspective [ed. by Lamour, K.]. Wallingford, UK: CABI, 146-158. http://www.cabi.org/CABeBooks/default.aspx?site=107&page=45&LoadModule=PDFHier&BookID=763

Jung, T., Blaschke, H., Osswald, W., 2000. Involvement of soilborne Phytophthora species in Central European oak decline and the effect of site factors on the disease. Plant Pathology, 49(6), 706-718. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-3059.2000.00521.x

Jung, T., Cooke, D. E. L., Blaschke, H., Duncan, J. M., Osswald, W., 1999. Phytophthora quercina sp. nov., causing root rot of European oaks. Mycological Research, 103(7), 785-798. doi: 10.1017/S0953756298007734

Jung, T., Hansen, E. M., Winton, L., Osswald, W., Delatour, C., 2002. Three new species of Phytophthora from European oak forests. Mycological Research, 106(4), 397-411. doi: 10.1017/S0953756202005622

Jung, T., Orlikowski, L., Henricot, B., Abad-Campos, P., Aday, A. G., Aguín Casal, O., Bakonyi, J., Cacciola, S. O., Cech, T., Chavarriaga, D., Corcobado, T., Cravador, A., Decourcelle, T., Denton, G., Diamandis, S., Doğmuș-Lehtijärvi, H. T., Franceschini, A., Ginetti, B., Green, S., Glavendekić, M., Hantula, J., Hartmann, G., Herrero, M., Ivic, D., Jung, M. H., Lilja, A. (et al), 2016. Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases. Forest Pathology, 46(2), 134-163. doi: 10.1111/efp.12239

Jönsson, U., Jung, T., Rosengren, U., Nihlgård, B., Sonesson, K., 2003. Pathogenicity of Swedish isolates of Phytophthora quercina to Quercus robur in two different soils. New Phytologist, 158(2), 355-364. doi: 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00734.x

Jönsson, U., Lundberg, L., Sonesson, K., Jung, T., 2003. First records of soilborne Phytophthora species in Swedish oak forests. Forest Pathology, 33(3), 175-179. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0329.2003.00320.x

Lees, A. K., Sullivan, L., Lynott, J. S., Cullen, D. W., 2012. Development of a quantitative real-time PCR assay for Phytophthora infestans and its applicability to leaf, tuber and soil samples. Plant Pathology, 61(5), 867-876. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02574.x

Martín-García, J., Solla, A., Corcobado, T., Siasou, E., Woodward, S., 2015. Influence of temperature on germination of Quercus ilex in Phytophthora cinnamomi, P. gonapodyides, P. quercina and P. psychrophila infested soils. Forest Pathology, 45(3), 215-223. doi: 10.1111/ef

Minerdi, D., Moretti, M., Li Yuan, Gaggero, L., Garibaldi, A., Gullino, M. L., 2008. Conventional PCR and real time quantitative PCR detection of Phytophthora cryptogea on Gerbera jamesonii. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 122(2), 227-237. doi: 10.1007/s10658-008-9276-3

Osswald, W., Jung, T., Nechwatal, J., Schlenzig, A., Fleischmann, F., 2001. Significance of Phytophthoras and Pythium for oak, alder and spruce decline. Journal of Forest Science, 47(Special Issue), 96-103.

Pérez-Sierra, A., López-García, C., León, M., García-Jiménez, J., Abad-Campos, P., Jung, T., 2013. Previously unrecorded low-temperature Phytophthora species associated with Quercus decline in a Mediterranean forest in eastern Spain. Forest Pathology, 43(4), 331-339. doi: 10.1111/efp.12037

Schena, L., Cooke, D. E. L., 2006. Assessing the potential of regions of the nuclear and mitochondrial genome to develop a molecular tool box "for the detection and characterization of Phytophthora species". In: Journal of Microbiological Methods , 67, Netherlands: Elsevier.70-85. doi: 10.1016/j.mimet.2006.03.003

Schena, L., Hughes, K. J. D., Cooke, D. E. L., 2006. Detection and quantification of Phytophthora ramorum, P. kernoviae, P. citricola and P. quercina in symptomatic leaves by multiplex real-time PCR. Molecular Plant Pathology, 7(5), 365-379. doi: 10.1111/j.1364-3703.2006.00345.x

Scibetta, S., Schena, L., Chimento, A., Cacciola, S. O., Cooke, D. E. L., 2012. A molecular method to assess Phytophthora diversity in environmental samples. Journal of Microbiological Methods, 88(3), 356-368. doi: 10.1016/j.mimet.2011.12.012

Vedenyapina EG; Volchanskaya AV; Malysheva VF; Malysheva EF; Firsov GA, 2014. Soil-borne Phytophthora species in botanical garden of RAS. I. First records of Ph. citricola, Ph. plurivora and Ph. quercina in Russia. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya, 48(4):263-273. http://www.naukaspb.com/main.aspx

Vettraino, A. M., Barzanti, G. P., Bianco, M. C., Ragazzi, A., Capretti, P., Paoletti, E., Luisi, N., Anselmi, N., Vannini, A., 2002. Occurrence of Phytophthora species in oak stands in Italy and their association with declining oak trees. Forest Pathology, 32(1), 19-28. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0329.2002.00264.x

Distribution References

Balci Y, Halmschlager E, 2002. First confirmation of Phytophthora quercina on oaks in Asia. Plant Disease. 86 (4), 442. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.4.442C

Balci Y, Halmschlager E, 2003. First report of Phytophthora quercina from oak forests in Austria. Plant Pathology. 52 (3), 403. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3059.2003.00825.x

Balcì Y, Halmschlager E, 2003. Phytophthora species in oak ecosystems in Turkey and their association with declining oak trees. Plant Pathology. 52 (6), 694-702. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2003.00919.x

Balci Y, Halmschlager E, 2003a. Incidence of Phytophthora species in oak forests in Austria and their possible involvement in oak decline. Forest Pathology. 33 (3), 157-174. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0329.2003.00318.x

Banihashemi Z, Mirtalebi M, 2008. Safflower seedling a selective host to discriminate Phytophthora melonis from Phytophthora drechsleri. Journal of Phytopathology. 156 (7/8), 499-501. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2007.01370.x

Barzanti G P, Capretti P, Ragazzi A, 2001. Characteristics of some Phytophthora species isolated from oak forest soils in central and northern Italy. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 40 (2), 149-156.

Bilodeau G J, Martin F N, Coffey M D, Blomquist C L, 2014. Development of a multiplex assay for genus- and species-specific detection of Phytophthora based on differences in mitochondrial gene order. Phytopathology. 104 (7), 733-748. DOI:10.1094/PHYTO-09-13-0263-R

CABI, EPPO, 2008. Phytophthora quercina. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CABI. Map 1041. DOI:10.1079/DMPD/20083245630

Cooke D E L, Jung T, Williams N A, Schubert R, Osswald W, Duncan J M, 2005. Genetic diversity of European populations of the oak fine-root pathogen Phytophthora quercina. Forest Pathology. 35 (1), 57-70. DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0329.2004.00384.x

EPPO, 2022. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. 1 pp. https://gd.eppo.int/

Hansen E, Delatour C, 1999. Phytophthora species in oak forests of north-east France. Annals of Forest Science. 56 (7), 539-547.

Jönsson U, Jung T, Rosengren U, Nihlgård B, Sonesson K, 2003a. Pathogenicity of Swedish isolates of Phytophthora quercina to Quercus robur in two different soils. New Phytologist. 158 (2), 355-364. DOI:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2003.00734.x

Jönsson U, Lundberg L, Sonesson K, Jung T, 2003. First records of soilborne Phytophthora species in Swedish oak forests. Forest Pathology. 33 (3), 175-179. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0329.2003.00320.x

Jönsson-Belyazio U, Rosengren U, 2006. Can Phytophthora quercina have a negative impact on mature pedunculate oaks under field conditions? Annals of Forest Science. 63 (7), 661-672. DOI:10.1051/forest:2006047

Jung T, Blaschke H, Osswald W, 2000. Involvement of soilborne Phytophthora species in Central European oak decline and the effect of site factors on the disease. Plant Pathology. 49 (6), 706-718. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3059.2000.00521.x

Jung T, Blaschke M, 2004. Phytophthora root and collar rot of alders in Bavaria: distribution, modes of spread and possible management strategies. Plant Pathology. 53 (2), 197-208. DOI:10.1111/j.0032-0862.2004.00957.x

Jung T, Cooke D E L, Blaschke H, Duncan J M, Osswald W, 1999. Phytophthora quercina sp. nov., causing root rot of European oaks. Mycological Research. 103 (7), 785-798. DOI:10.1017/S0953756298007734

Jung T, Hansen E M, Winton L, Osswald W, Delatour C, 2002. Three new species of Phytophthora from European oak forests. Mycological Research. 106 (4), 397-411. DOI:10.1017/S0953756202005622

Jung T, Orlikowski L, Henricot B, Abad-Campos P, Aday A G, Aguín Casal O, Bakonyi J, Cacciola S O, Cech T, Chavarriaga D, Corcobado T, Cravador A, Decourcelle T, Denton G, Diamandis S, Doğmuș-Lehtijärvi H T, Franceschini A, Ginetti B, Green S, Glavendekić M, Hantula J, Hartmann G, Herrero M, Ivic D, Jung M H, Lilja A (et al), 2016. Widespread Phytophthora infestations in European nurseries put forest, semi-natural and horticultural ecosystems at high risk of Phytophthora diseases. Forest Pathology. 46 (2), 134-163. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1439-0329 DOI:10.1111/efp.12239

Lees A K, Sullivan L, Lynott J S, Cullen D W, 2012. Development of a quantitative real-time PCR assay for Phytophthora infestans and its applicability to leaf, tuber and soil samples. Plant Pathology. 61 (5), 867-876. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2011.02574.x

Martín-García J, Solla A, Corcobado T, Siasou E, Woodward S, 2015. Influence of temperature on germination of Quercus ilex in Phytophthora cinnamomi, P. gonapodyides, P. quercina and P. psychrophila infested soils. Forest Pathology. 45 (3), 215-223. DOI:10.1111/ef

Minerdi D, Moretti M, Li Yuan, Gaggero L, Garibaldi A, Gullino M L, 2008. Conventional PCR and real time quantitative PCR detection of Phytophthora cryptogea on Gerbera jamesonii. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 122 (2), 227-237. DOI:10.1007/s10658-008-9276-3

Osswald W, Jung T, Nechwatal J, Schlenzig A, Fleischmann F, 2001. Significance of Phytophthoras and Pythium for oak, alder and spruce decline. Journal of Forest Science. 47 (Special Issue), 96-103.

Pérez-Sierra A, López-García C, León M, García-Jiménez J, Abad-Campos P, Jung T, 2013. Previously unrecorded low-temperature Phytophthora species associated with Quercus decline in a Mediterranean forest in eastern Spain. Forest Pathology. 43 (4), 331-339. DOI:10.1111/efp.12037

Schena L, Cooke D E L, 2006. Assessing the potential of regions of the nuclear and mitochondrial genome to develop a molecular tool box "for the detection and characterization of Phytophthora species". In: Journal of Microbiological Methods, 67 Netherlands: Elsevier. 70-85. DOI:10.1016/j.mimet.2006.03.003

Schena L, Hughes K J D, Cooke D E L, 2006. Detection and quantification of Phytophthora ramorum, P. kernoviae, P. citricola and P. quercina in symptomatic leaves by multiplex real-time PCR. Molecular Plant Pathology. 7 (5), 365-379. DOI:10.1111/j.1364-3703.2006.00345.x

Schwingle B W, Juzwik J, Eggers J, Moltzan B, 2007. Phytophthora species in soils associated with declining and nondeclining oaks in Missouri forests. Plant Disease. 91 (5), 633. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-5-0633A

Scibetta S, Schena L, Chimento A, Cacciola S O, Cooke D E L, 2012. A molecular method to assess Phytophthora diversity in environmental samples. Journal of Microbiological Methods. 88 (3), 356-368. DOI:10.1016/j.mimet.2011.12.012

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Silvar C, Duncan J M, Cooke D E L, Williams N A, Díaz J, Merino F, 2005. Development of specific PCR primers for identification and detection of Phytophthora capsici Leon. European Journal of Plant Pathology. 112 (1), 43-52. DOI:10.1007/s10658-004-8232-0

Vannini A, Bruni N, Tomassini A, Franceschini S, Vettraino A M, 2013. Pyrosequencing of environmental soil samples reveals biodiversity of the Phytophthora resident community in chestnut forests. FEMS Microbiology Ecology. 85 (3), 433-442. DOI:10.1111/1574-6941.12132

Vedenyapina E G, Volchanskaya A V, Malysheva V F, Malysheva E F, Firsov G A, 2014. Soil-borne Phytophthora species in botanical garden of RAS. I. First records of Ph. citricola, Ph. plurivora and Ph. quercina in Russia. Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya. 48 (4), 263-273. http://www.naukaspb.com/main.aspx

Vettraino A M, Barzanti G P, Bianco M C, Ragazzi A, Capretti P, Paoletti E, Luisi N, Anselmi N, Vannini A, 2002. Occurrence of Phytophthora species in oak stands in Italy and their association with declining oak trees. Forest Pathology. 32 (1), 19-28. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0329.2002.00264.x

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