Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Phyllophaga smithi
(white grub)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Phyllophaga smithi (white grub)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 29 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Phyllophaga smithi
  • Preferred Common Name
  • white grub
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
  • There are no pictures available for this datasheet

    If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact:

    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Phyllophaga smithi (Arrow)

Preferred Common Name

  • white grub

Other Scientific Names

  • Clemora smithi (Arrow)
  • Lachnosterna smithi (Arrow)
  • Phytalus smithi Arrow

International Common Names

  • English: brown hardback; brown hardback beetle; white cane grub
  • French: ver blanc

Local Common Names

  • Mauritius: moutouc

EPPO code

  • PHYGSM (Phyllophaga smithi)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Scarabaeidae
  •                             Genus: Phyllophaga
  •                                 Species: Phyllophaga smithi

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Africa

MauritiusPresentD'Emmerez de Charmoy, 1912; Edwards, 1928a; Greathead, 1971; EPPO, 2014

Central America and Caribbean

BarbadosPresentAnon., 1945; Moutia and Mamet, 1947; EPPO, 2014
Trinidad and TobagoPresentSaylor, 1942; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Growing point / external feeding
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Adapsilia latipennis Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris agilis Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris annulata Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris asiatica Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris aureoloides Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris barbara Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris caelebs Parasite Larvae Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris dorsata Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris erythrogaster Parasite Larvae
Campsomeris felina Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris javana Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris lachesis Parasite Larvae
Campsomeris lindeni Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris mansueta Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris marginella modesta Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris minutalis Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris pfeifferi Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris phalerata Parasite Larvae Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris pilosella Parasite Larvae
Campsomeris pocillator Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris quadrifasciata Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris quadriguttata Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris quadruguttulata Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris roriguezensis Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris stigma Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Campsomeris tricincta Parasite Barbados sugarcane
Campsomeris trifasciata Parasite Barbados sugarcane
Dexia rustica Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Dexiomorpha picta Mauritius sugarcane
Ignelater luminosus Predator Barbados sugarcane
Microphthalma sejuncta Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Myzinum ephippium Parasite Barbados sugarcane
Myzinum haemorrhoidale Parasite Barbados sugarcane
Myzinum nodosa Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Paratamiclea pallida var. hova Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Pexopsis pyrrhaspis Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Prosena siberita Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Scolia carnifex Parasite Larvae
Tiphia morio Parasite Mauritius sugarcane
Tiphia parallela Parasite Larvae Mauritius sugarcane
Urodexia uromyoides Parasite Mauritius sugarcane

Pathway Vectors

Top of page
VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessions Yes
Containers and packaging - wood Yes
Land vehiclesShips, boats, aeroplanes. Yes
Soil, sand and gravel Yes

Plant Trade

Top of page
Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants adults; eggs; larvae; pupae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves adults Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots adults; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants adults; larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Fruits (inc. pods)
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

Top of page

Anon., 1937. Annual Report of the Entomological Division, Department of Agriculture, 41-42.

Anon., 1938. Annual Report of the Entomological Division, Department of Agriculture, 41-42.

Anon., 1939. Annual Report of the Entomological Division, Department of Agriculture, 16-17.

Anon., 1945. Insect pest control reports. Department of Science and Agriculture, Barbados, 5-7.

Anon., 1962. Annual Report, Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute, 1958-61, 62-64.

Anon., 1981. Eupatorium as a food-plant for parasites of white grubs. Recommendation Sheet No. 18, December 1981. Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute, Mauritius.

Anon., 1985. Annual Report, Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute, 1984, 45-46.

D'Emmerez de Charmoy D, 1912. Rapport sur le Phytalus smithi Arrow et autres scarabTes s'attacquant a la canne a sucre a Maurice. Government Printer, Mauritius.

Edwards WH, 1928. Experiments with insecticides against Phytalus grubs. In : Report on the operations for the control of Phytalus smithi Arrow, during the season 1927-28, 9-10.

Edwards WH, 1928. Le Phytalus smithi. Leaflet No. 28. Department of Agriculture, Mauritius.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Greathead DJ, 1971. A review of biological control in the Ethiopian Region. CIBC Technical Communication No. 5. Farnham Royal, UK: CAB International.

Jepson WF; Moutia LA, 1939. The progress of applied entomology in Mauritius during the years 1933-38 with reference to insects of the sugarcane. In: Proceedings of the 6th International Society of Sugarcane Technologists, 377-383.

Mauritius; Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute, 1990. Annual Report 1989. Reduit, Mauritius, 79 pp.

Moutia LA, 1936. The sugar cane white grub Lachnosterna (Phytalus) smithi Arrow in Mauritius. Proceedings of the International Society of Sugarcane Technologists, 5:436-445.

Moutia LA; Mamet R, 1947. Clemora smithi (Arrow), un ennemi de la canne a sucre a L'Ile Maurice. Bulletin No. 28, Department de L'Agriculture, Ile Maurice.

Saylor LW, 1942. Notes on beetles related to Phyllophaga Harris with descriptions of new genera and sub genera. Proceedings of the US National Museum, 92(3145):157-167.

Williams JR, 1958. A summary of entomological and related problems of sugarcane in Mauritius. Revue Agricole et SucriFre de L'Ile Maurice, 37:229-234.

Williams JR, 1961. Clemora smithi and its control. Technical Circular, Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute No. 9A, 1-13.

Williams JR; Mamet JR, 1954. Insects and other invertebrates which feed upon sugarcane in Mauritius and Reunion, and their natural enemies. Bulletin No. 89, Department of Agriculture, Colony of Mauritius.

Williams JR; Mamet JR, 1962. The insects and other invertebrates of sugarcane in Mauritius and Reunion. Occasional Paper of the Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute No. 8.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map