Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Phoenix dactylifera
(date-palm)

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Datasheet

Phoenix dactylifera (date-palm)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 October 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Phoenix dactylifera
  • Preferred Common Name
  • date-palm
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleMature tree
Caption
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Mature tree©A.R. Pittaway
TitleSolitary date palm tree.
Caption
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Solitary date palm tree.©A.R. Pittaway
TitleGroup of trees
Caption
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Group of trees©A.R. Pittaway
TitleTrees
Caption
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Trees©A.R. Pittaway
Date palm grove in waterlogged area.
TitleGrove
CaptionDate palm grove in waterlogged area.
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Date palm grove in waterlogged area.
GroveDate palm grove in waterlogged area.©K.M. Siddiqui
TitleTree in grove
Caption
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Tree in grove©K.M. Siddiqui
Date palm seedlings.
TitleSeedlings
CaptionDate palm seedlings.
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Date palm seedlings.
SeedlingsDate palm seedlings.©K.M. Siddiqui
TitleYoung tree
Caption
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Young tree©K.M. Siddiqui
TitleFlowers
Caption
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Flowers©A.R. Pittaway
Date palm branch with fruit.
TitleFruit
CaptionDate palm branch with fruit.
Copyright©K.M. Siddiqui
Date palm branch with fruit.
FruitDate palm branch with fruit.©K.M. Siddiqui

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Phoenix dactylifera L.

Preferred Common Name

  • date-palm

International Common Names

  • English: date palm; the edible date
  • Spanish: datilera; palma datilera; palmera; palmera datilera
  • French: dattier; palmier dattier
  • Arabic: khuriude-yális
  • Portuguese: tamareira

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: tamareira
  • Germany: Dattelpalme
  • India: ittappuzham; karchuram; khaji; khajur; kharjuramu; khorjjuri; perich chankay; tenitta
  • Italy: palma da datteri; palma del dattero
  • Netherlands: dadelpalm
  • Pakistan: khaji; khajur
  • Sweden: dadelpalm

EPPO code

  • PHXDA (Phoenix dactylifera)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Arecales
  •                         Family: Arecaceae
  •                             Genus: Phoenix
  •                                 Species: Phoenix dactylifera

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Apomyelois ceratoniae (blunt-winged knot-horn); Aspergillus niger (black mould of onion); Batrachedra amydraula (lesser date moth); Boerhavia diffusa (red spiderling); Brevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite); Cadra cautella (dried currant moth); Carpophilus (dried-fruit beetles); Conyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane); Dysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Ferrisia virgata (striped mealybug); Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. albedinis (Fusarium wilt of date palm); Haplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Oligonychus afrasiaticus (old world date mite); Ommatissus binotatus (Dubas date bug); Oryctes boas (rhinoceros beetle); Oryctes monoceros (coconut beetle); Oryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle); Parlatoria blanchardi (Parlatoria date scale); Pratylenchus penetrans (nematode, northern root lesion); Raoiella indica (red palm mite); Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil); Rhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil); Schistocerca gregaria (desert locust)

Minor host of:

Acarus siro (flour mite); Aleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly); Alhagi maurorum (camelthorn); Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Anastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly); Aonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale); Apate monachus (black borer); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Armillaria tabescens (armillaria root rot); Asarcopus palmarum (date bug); Aspergillus flavus (Aspergillus ear rot); Asphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed); Aspidiotus destructor (coconut scale); Bactrocera neohumeralis; Bactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly); Bactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Candidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut); Carpophilus hemipterus (dried fruit beetle); Carposina sasakii (peach fruit moth); Ceratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly); Ceratocystis paradoxa (black rot of pineapple); Ceratocystis radicicola; Cheyletus malaccensis (predatory mite); Chrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale); Cochliobolus spicifer (spring dead spot of grasses); Coconut cadang-cadang viroid (cadang cadang disease); Colletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry); Cunaxa capreolus; Diaprepes abbreviatus (citrus weevil); Ephestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth); Fusarium torulosum; Graphiola phoenicis (false smut of palms); Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa (European mole cricket); Haematonectria haematococca (dry rot of potato); Hemicriconemoides mangiferae; Lasiodiplodia theobromae (diplodia pod rot of cocoa); Maconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug); Mauginiella scaettae; Meloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Meloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm); Mycosphaerella tassiana (antagonist of Botrytis cinerea); Nectria ventricosa; Oryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle); Paysandisia archon (South American palm borer); Penicillium expansum (blue mould of stored apple); Pestalotiopsis palmarum (grey: palm leaf spot); Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Phoenicococcus marlatti (marlatt scale); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Rhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode); Rhynchophorus phoenicis (African palm weevil); Selenaspidus articulatus (West Indian red scale); Sordaria fimicola; Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Tetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Tribulus terrestris (puncture vine); Urophorus humeralis (pineapple sap beetle); Zaprionus indianus; Zophopetes dysmephila (palm tree nightfighter)

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus fumigatus; Aspergillus parasiticus; Phaeoacremonium aleophilum (Petri disease); Serratia marcescens

Host of (source - data mining):

Amitermes desertorum; Arenipses sabella; Cadra calidella (carob, moth); Cadra figulilella (raisin moth); Carpophilus freemani; Carpophilus lugubris (sap beetle, dusky); Carpophilus mutilatus (flower beetle); Carpophilus obsoletus (corn sap beetle); Coccotrypes dactyliperda (beetle, button); Enneadesmus obtusedentatus; Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Gibberella intricans (damping-off of safflower); Haptoncus luteolus; Lyctus africanus (african powder-post beetle); Metamasius hemipterus sericeus (silky cane weevil); Oryzaephilus mercator (merchant grain beetle); Oxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Environmental

  • Agroforestry
  • Erosion control or dune stabilization
  • Shade and shelter
  • Soil improvement
  • Windbreak

Fuels

  • Fuelwood

General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Flour/starch
  • Fruits
  • Honey/honey flora
  • Oil/fat

Materials

  • Fibre
  • Gum/resin
  • Wood/timber

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Source of medicine/pharmaceutical
  • Traditional/folklore

Wood Products

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Sawn or hewn building timbers

  • Bridges
  • Engineering structures
  • Exterior fittings
  • Fences
  • For light construction
  • Hydraulic works