Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Phytolacca americana
(pokeweed)

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Datasheet

Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 24 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Phytolacca americana
  • Preferred Common Name
  • pokeweed
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Flowering shoot of P. americana.
TitleFlowering shoot
CaptionFlowering shoot of P. americana.
Copyright©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK
Flowering shoot of P. americana.
Flowering shootFlowering shoot of P. americana.©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK
Fruiting shoot of P. americana.
TitleFruits
CaptionFruiting shoot of P. americana.
Copyright©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK
Fruiting shoot of P. americana.
FruitsFruiting shoot of P. americana.©Chris Parker/Bristol, UK

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Phytolacca americana

Preferred Common Name

  • pokeweed

Other Scientific Names

  • Phytolacca decandra L.
  • Phytolacca thyrsiflora FENZL

International Common Names

  • English: common pokeweed; Pigeonberry; Pokeberry
  • Spanish: uvas de America
  • French: Raisin d'Amerique; raisin d'Amérique
  • Portuguese: fruto-de-pombo

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: caruru-de-cacho; uva-de-tinta
  • Germany: Amerikanische Kermesbeere
  • Italy: Fitolacca
  • Japan: Yoshuyamagobo
  • Netherlands: Karmozijnbes
  • Sweden: Kermesbaer

EPPO code

  • PHTAM (Phytolacca americana)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Caryophyllales
  •                         Family: Phytolaccaceae
  •                             Genus: Phytolacca
  •                                 Species: Phytolacca americana

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
Cabo VerdePresent
LesothoPresent
LiberiaPresent
MauritiusPresent
MoroccoPresent
RéunionPresent
South AfricaPresent
TunisiaPresent

Asia

ChinaPresent
-AnhuiPresent
-FujianPresent
-GuangdongPresent
-GuizhouPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HenanPresent
-HubeiPresent
-HunanPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-JiangxiPresent
-ShaanxiPresent
-ShandongPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
-ZhejiangPresent
GeorgiaPresent
IndiaPresent
Indonesia
-SumatraPresent
IranPresent
IsraelPresent
JapanPresent
North KoreaPresentIntroduced2003
South KoreaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TurkeyPresent
UzbekistanPresent
VietnamPresent

Europe

AlbaniaPresentIntroduced1895
AustriaPresent
BelgiumPresent
BulgariaPresent
CroatiaPresent
CyprusPresent
CzechiaPresent
FrancePresent
-CorsicaPresentIntroduced1834
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent
ItalyPresent
NetherlandsPresent
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent
-AzoresPresent
-MadeiraPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresentIntroduced1914
SerbiaPresent
SlovakiaPresent
SloveniaPresent
SpainPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent

North America

CanadaPresent
-New BrunswickPresent
-OntarioPresent
-QuebecPresent
United StatesPresent
-AlabamaPresent
-ArizonaPresent
-ArkansasPresent
-CaliforniaPresent
-ConnecticutPresent
-District of ColumbiaPresent
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent
-IllinoisPresent
-IndianaPresent
-IowaPresent
-KansasPresent
-KentuckyPresent
-LouisianaPresent
-MainePresent
-MarylandPresent
-MassachusettsPresent
-MichiganPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-MissouriPresent
-NebraskaPresent
-New HampshirePresent
-New JerseyPresent
-New YorkPresent
-North CarolinaPresent
-OhioPresent
-OklahomaPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent
-Rhode IslandPresent
-South CarolinaPresent
-TennesseePresent
-TexasPresent
-VermontPresent
-VirginiaPresent
-West VirginiaPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresent
-New South WalesPresent
-QueenslandPresent
New ZealandPresent

South America

BoliviaPresent

Distribution Database Table

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Distribution References

Belisario A, Maccaroni M, Corazza L, 2003. First report of wilt and dieback on pokeweed (Phytolacca decandra) caused by Phytophthora nicotianae. Plant Disease. 87 (1), 101. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.1.101C

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Oh S M, Moon B C, Kim C S, 2007. Current status on influx and habitat of exotic weeds in Korea. In: Proceedings of the 21st Asian Pacific Weed Science Society (APWSS) Conference, 2-6 October 2007, Colombo, Sri Lanka [Proceedings of the 21st Asian Pacific Weed Science Society (APWSS) Conference, 2-6 October 2007, Colombo, Sri Lanka.], [ed. by Marambe B, Sangakkara U R, Costa W A J M de, Abeysekara A S K]. Peradeniya, Sri Lanka: Asian Pacific Weed Science Society. 608-613.

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Vuković N, Miletić M, Milović M, Jelaska S D, 2014. Grime's CSR strategies of the invasive plants in Croatia. Periodicum Biologorum. 116 (3), 323-329. http://hrcak.srce.hr/index.php?show=clanak&id_clanak_jezik=199334

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Phoma sorghina Pathogen

Distribution Maps

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