Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Phaseolus vulgaris
(common bean)

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Datasheet

Phaseolus vulgaris (common bean)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 17 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Preferred Common Name
  • common bean
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Phaseolus vulgaris

Preferred Common Name

  • common bean

Other Scientific Names

  • Phaseolus esculentus

International Common Names

  • English: bean; bean (French); bean (kidney); french bean; kidney bean
  • Spanish: frijol
  • French: haricot

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Bohne, Garten-; Bohne, Stangen-
  • Italy: fagiolo comune; fagiolo rampicanto
  • Netherlands: stokboon; tuinboon
  • Sweden: gårdböna; stangböna

EPPO code

  • PHSVX (Phaseolus vulgaris)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Genus: Phaseolus
  •                                 Species: Phaseolus vulgaris

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 21 Jul 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 800 MT (F)
AngolaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 105,000 MT (F)
BeninPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 143,625 MT
Burkina FasoPresentBeans, green production (2008) 7,500 MT (F)
BurundiPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 205,196 MT (F)
Cabo VerdePresentBeans, green production (2008) 2,250 MT (F)
CameroonPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 200,000 MT (F)
ChadPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 62,992 MT
Congo, Republic of thePresentBeans, dry production (2008) 3,500 MT (F)
Côte d'IvoirePresentBeans, dry production (2008) 32,689 MT
DjiboutiPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1,500 MT (F)
EgyptPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 96,413 MT
EritreaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 500 MT (F)
EswatiniPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1,200 MT (F)
EthiopiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 241,418 MT
GhanaPresentBeans, green production (2008) 22,500 MT (F)
KenyaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 265,006 MT
LesothoPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 3,800 MT (F)
MadagascarPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 88,000 MT (F)
MalawiPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 124,702 MT
MaliPresentBeans, green production (2008) 1,400 MT (F)
MauritaniaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 10,000 MT (F)
MauritiusPresentBeans, green production (2008) 1,175 MT
MoroccoPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 13,000 MT (F)
NigerPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 9,000 MT (F)
RéunionPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 900 MT (F)
RwandaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 280,000 MT (F)
SenegalPresentBeans, green production (2008) 12,000 MT (F)
SomaliaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 18,000 MT (F)
South AfricaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 58,975 MT
SudanPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 17,000 MT
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 71,040 MT
TunisiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 100 MT
UgandaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 440,000 MT
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresentBeans, dry production (2008) 30,300 MT (F)

Asia

ArmeniaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 5,903 MT
AzerbaijanPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 11,443 MT
BangladeshPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 37,000 MT (F)
BhutanPresentIntroduced1987Beans, dry production (2008) 3,946 MT (F)
CambodiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 38,600 MT
ChinaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1,121,151 MT (F)
-AnhuiPresent
-HainanPresent
-HeilongjiangPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanxiPresent
-SichuanPresent
-YunnanPresent
IndiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 3,930,000 MT (F)
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-UttarakhandPresent
IndonesiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 320,000 MT (F)
-JavaPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 9,000 MT (F)
IsraelPresentBeans, green production (2008) 8,866 MT
JapanPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 87,500 MT (F)
JordanPresentBeans, green production (2008) 11,082 MT
KazakhstanPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 726 MT
KuwaitPresentBeans, green production (2008) 315 MT (F)
KyrgyzstanPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 68,200 MT (*)
LebanonPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 200 MT (F)
MyanmarPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 2,500,000 MT (F)
NepalPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 29,000 MT (F)
OmanPresent
PakistanPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 171,100 MT
PhilippinesPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 29,067 MT (F)
QatarPresentBeans, green production (2008) 557 MT (F)
Saudi ArabiaPresent
SingaporePresentBeans, green production (2008) 0 MT (M)
South KoreaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 7,584 MT
Sri LankaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 8,700 MT (F)
SyriaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1,304 MT (F)
TaiwanPresent
TajikistanPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 5,247 MT
ThailandPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 113,253 MT (F)
TurkeyPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 154,630 MT
United Arab EmiratesPresentBeans, green production (2008) 1,200 MT (F)
UzbekistanPresentBeans, green production (2008) 3,700 MT (*)
VietnamPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 158,000 MT (F)
YemenPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 3,573 MT
-SocotraPresentIntroduced2003

Europe

AlbaniaPresentIntroduced2011Beans, dry production (2008) 25,000 MT Beans, green production (2008) 92,000 MT (F)
AustriaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 0 MT (M) Beans, green production (2008) 6,382 MT
BelarusPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 132,545 MT
BelgiumPresentIntroduced1902Beans, dry production (2008) 0 MT (M) Beans, green production (2008) 6,382 MT
BulgariaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 2,402 MT
CroatiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 2,503 MT (F)
CyprusPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 198 MT
CzechiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1 MT (F)
DenmarkPresentBeans, green production (2008) 10 MT (F)
EstoniaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 130 MT (F)
FinlandPresentBeans, green production (2008) 18 MT
FrancePresentBeans, dry production (2008) 5,909 MT
-CorsicaPresentIntroduced1913
GermanyPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 0 MT (M)
GreecePresentBeans, dry production (2008) 12,800 MT
-CretePresent
HungaryPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1,600 MT
IrelandPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 8,500 MT (F)
ItalyPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 12,114 MT
-SardiniaPresent
LatviaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1,700 MT
LithuaniaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 4,300 MT
LuxembourgPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 141 MT
MaltaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 300 MT (F)
MoldovaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 16,348 MT
NetherlandsPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 2,200 MT
NorwayPresentIntroduced1944Beans, green production (2008) 6,382 MT
PolandPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 29,841 MT
PortugalPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 5,000 MT (F)
RomaniaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 25,157 MT
RussiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 6,080 MT
SerbiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 39,224 MT (F)
SlovakiaPresentIntroducedFirst reported: 1830. First reported in wild: 1920 Beans, dry production (2008) 0 MT (M) Beans, green production (2008) 6,382 MT
SloveniaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 414 MT
SpainPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 7,000 MT
-Canary IslandsPresentIntroducedFirst reported: 1960's
SwedenPresentIntroduced1933Beans, dry production (2008) 0 MT (M) Beans, green production (2008) 6,382 MT
SwitzerlandPresentBeans, green production (2008) 11,079 MT (F)
UkrainePresentBeans, dry production (2008) 32,200 MT
United KingdomPresentIntroduced1904Beans, green production (2008) 15,807 MT

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentBeans, green production (2008) 95 MT (F)
BarbadosPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 400 MT (F)
BelizePresentBeans, dry production (2008) 3,680 MT
BermudaPresentBeans, green production (2008) 25 MT (F)
CanadaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 266,200 MT
-AlbertaPresent
-ManitobaPresent
-OntarioPresent
Costa RicaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 6,940 MT
CubaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 97,200 MT
Dominican RepublicPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 21,012 MT
El SalvadorPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 120,114 MT
GrenadaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 100 MT (F)
GuadeloupePresentBeans, green production (2008) 1,000 MT (F)
GuatemalaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 100,000 MT (F)
HaitiPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 65,000 MT
HondurasPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 108,499 MT (F)
JamaicaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 236 MT
MartiniquePresentBeans, green production (2008) 1,500 MT (F)
MexicoPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1,122,720 MT
NicaraguaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 176,655 MT
PanamaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 3,709 MT
Puerto RicoPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 20 MT (F)
United StatesPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 1,159,290 MT
-CaliforniaPresent
-ConnecticutPresent
-FloridaPresent
-IowaPresent
-MichiganPresent
-MinnesotaPresent
-NebraskaPresent
-New YorkPresent
-North DakotaPresent
-TexasPresent
-WisconsinPresent

Oceania

American SamoaPresentBeans, green production (2008) 150 MT (F)
AustraliaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 30,000 MT (F)
-Western AustraliaPresent
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentString beans production (2008) 110 MT (A)
French PolynesiaPresentString beans production (2008) 150 MT (F)
GuamPresentString beans production (2008) 110 MT (F)
New ZealandPresentBeans, green production (2008) 5,000 MT (F)
Papua New GuineaPresentBeans, green production (2008) 120 MT (F)

South America

ArgentinaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 336,779 MT
BoliviaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 39,200 MT (F)
BrazilPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 3,460,867 MT
-Distrito FederalPresent
-GoiasPresent
-ParanaPresent
-PernambucoPresent
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
-Sao PauloPresent
ChilePresentBeans, dry production (2008) 20,433 MT
ColombiaPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 160,883 MT
EcuadorPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 14,622 MT
French GuianaPresentBeans, green production (2008) 3,300 MT (F)
GuyanaPresentBeans, green production (2008) 4,569 MT (F)
ParaguayPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 70,000 MT (F)
PeruPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 81,788 MT (F)
SurinamePresentBeans, green production (2008) 2,000 MT
UruguayPresentBeans, dry production (2008) 3,500 MT (F)

References

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Brimer, L., 2011. Chemical food safety., Chemical food safety:viii + 276 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20113143132

Elzebroek, T., Wind, K., 2008. Guide to cultivated plants., Guide to cultivated plants:vii-xi + 516 pp.

Kashina, B. D., Mabagala, R. B., Mpunami, A. A., 2002. Reservoir weed hosts of tomato yellow leaf curl Begomovirus from Tanzania. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection, 35(4), 269-278. doi: 10.1080/03235400216134

Kumar, P., Sharma, M. K., 2013. Nutrient deficiencies of field crops: guide to diagnosis and management., Nutrient deficiencies of field crops: guide to diagnosis and management:xiii + 378 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20133423263

Welbaum, G. E., 2015. Vegetable production and practices., Vegetable production and practices:ix + 476 pp.

Wortmann CS, Kirkby RA, Eledu CA, Allen DJ, 1998. Atlas of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production in Africa. Cali, Columbia: Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), xii + 133 pp.

Distribution References

Aballay E, Eriksson B, 2006. Trichodorid nematodes in the central area of Chile. Nematologia Mediterranea. 34 (1), 43-48.

Abdel-Salam A M M, Rezk A A, Dawoud R A, 2019. Biochemical, serological, molecular and natural host studies on Tomato Chlorosis Virus in Egypt. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 22 (2), 83-94. https://scialert.net/fulltext/?doi=pjbs.2019.83.94&org=11

Adkins S, Polston J E, Turechek W W, 2009. Cucurbit leaf crumple virus identified in common bean in Florida. Plant Disease. 93 (3), 320. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-3-0320B

Alaserhat İ, Canbay A, Özdemir I, 2021. Aphid species, their natural enemies in vegetables from erzincan, Turkey: first record of the parasitoid wasp Aphelinus Mali (haldeman) parasitizing Lipaphis erysimi (kaltenbach). Tarim Bilimleri Dergisi. 27 (1), 16-25. DOI:10.15832/ankutbd.574812

Ali A, Abdalla O, Bruton B, Fish W, Sikora E, Zhang S, Taylor M, 2012. Occurrence of viruses infecting watermelon, other cucurbits, and weeds in the parts of Southern United States. Plant Health Progress. PHP-2012-0824-01-RS. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/php/elements/sum.aspx?id=10469&photo=5779

Al-Mahmooli I H, Al-Fahdi A R, Al-Sadi A M, Deadman M L, 2015. First report of root rot and crown necrosis caused by Pythium aphanidermatum on Phaseolus vulgaris in Oman. Plant Disease. 99 (3), 419. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-14-0795-PDN

Alves A L, Nunes M, Costa A C T da, Duarte Júnior J B, Pietrowski V, 2016. Iphimeis dives (Crysomelidae) beetle occurrence in beans in western Parana State, Brazil. African Journal of Plant Science. 10 (1), 39-42. http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJPS/article-abstract/954E4CD56328

Amirmijani A, Khodaparast S A, Zare R, 2014. Contribution to the identification of Cladosporium species in the North of Iran. Rostaniha. 15 (2), 133-145. http://rostaniha.areo.ir/article_101237_c0c091f7d5f8bedbdc2048350bec7ed3.pdf

Anabestani A, Izadpanah K, Tabein S, Hamzeh-Zarghani H, Behjatnia S A A, 2015. Beet curly top viruses in Iran: diversity and incidence in plants and geographical regions. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology. 51 (4), 494-504, Pe493. http://www.ijpp.ir/article_19634_2fabe462d308d7daf67eb838eb2cb6ab.pdf

Ansari K I, Palacios N, Araya C, Langin T, Egan D, Doohan F M, 2004. Pathogenic and genetic variability among Colletotrichum lindemuthianum isolates of different geographic origins. Plant Pathology. 53 (5), 635-642. DOI:10.1111/j.0032-0862.2004.01057.x

Araya C M, Alleyne A T, Steadman J R, Eskridge K M, Coyne D P, 2004. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of Uromyces appendiculatus from Phaseolus vulgaris in the Americas. Plant Disease. 88 (8), 830-836. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2004.88.8.830

Arocha Y, Singh A, Pandey M, Tripathi A N, Chandra B, Shukla S K, Singh Y, Kumar A, Srivastava R K, Zaidi N W, Arif M, Narwal S, Tewari A K, Gupta M K, Nath P D, Rabindran R, Khirbat S K, Byadgi A S, Singh G, Boa E, 2009. New plant hosts for group 16SrII, 'Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia', in India. Plant Pathology. 58 (2), 391. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.2008.01969.x

Bardas G A, Koutita O, Tzavella-Klonari K, 2007. Geographical distribution, pathotype characterization, and molecular diversity of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum in Greece and resistance of Greek bean cultivars. Plant Disease. 91 (11), 1379-1385. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-91-11-1379

Bardas G A, Tziros G T, Tzavella-Klonari K, 2008. First report of ascochyta leaf spot caused by Phoma exigua var. exigua on common bean in Greece. Plant Disease. 92 (4), 653. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-4-0653C

Bellé C, Kuhn P R, Kaspary T E, Groth M Z, Schmitt J, Kulczynski S M, 2017. Parasitization of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) by Meloidogyne ethiopica in southern Brazil. Plant Disease. 101 (3), 510. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-16-0841-PDN

Bonfim Junior M F, Consoli E A, Inomoto M M, Oliveira C M G de, 2016. First report of Pratylenchus crenatus in Brazil. New Disease Reports. 7. DOI:10.5197/j.2044-0588.2016.034.007

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Cao J F, Huo C, Yang M Y, Rajput N A, Zhao Z J, 2018. First report of Phytophthora capsici causing foliar and pod blight of snap bean in China. Plant Disease. 102 (2), 455. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-17-0796-PDN

Cazado L E, Murúa M G, Casmuz A, Socías M G, Vera M T, O'Brien C W, Gastaminza G, 2013. Geographical distribution and new host associations of Rhyssomatus subtilis (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Northwestern in Argentina. Florida Entomologist. 96 (2), 663-669. DOI:10.1653/024.096.0242

Chang C A, Chien L Y, Tsai C F, Lin Y Y, Cheng Y H, 2013. First report of Cowpea mild mottle virus in cowpea and French bean in Taiwan. Plant Disease. 97 (7), 1001. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-10-12-0935-PDN

Che XinYang, Jiang Xue, Liu XinLei, Luan XiaoYan, Liu Qi, Cheng XiaoFei, Wu XiaoYun, 2021. First report of alfalfa mosaic virus on soybean in Heilongjiang, China. Plant Disease. 104 (11), 3085-3085. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-04-20-0850-PDN

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Crnov R, Gilbertson R L, 2001. Outbreak of Clover yellow vein virus in a bean field in Colusa County, California. Plant Disease. 85 (4), 444. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2001.85.4.444B

Ddamulira G, Mukankusi C, Ochwo-Ssemakula M, Edema R, Sseruwagi P, Gepts P, 2014. Distribution and variability of Pseudocercospora griseola in Uganda. Journal of Agricultural Science (Toronto). 6 (6), 16-29. http://ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/jas/article/view/33535/20678

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Durham T C, Baker C, Jones L, Snyder L U, 2010. First report of Sida golden mosaic virus infecting snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Florida. Plant Disease. 94 (4), 487. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-4-0487B

Eken C, Demİrcİ E, 2004. Anastomosis groups and pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia solani and binucleate Rhizoctonia isolates from bean in Erzurum, Turkey. Journal of Plant Pathology. 86 (1), 49-52.

Erper I, Ozkoc I, Karaca G H, 2011. Identification and pathogenicity of Rhizoctonia species isolated from bean and soybean plants in Samsun, Turkey. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 44 (1), 78-84. http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content˜db=all˜content=a932785153˜frm=titlelink DOI:10.1080/03235400903395427

Faten Gorsane, Fekih-Hassen I, Nakhla M K, Hatem Fakhfakh, Maxwell D P, Mohamed Marrakchi, 2004. Molecular evidence of Tomato yellow leaf curl virus-Sicily spreading on tomato, pepper and bean in Tunisia. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 43 (2), 177-186.

Fernandes-Acioli N A N, Pereira-Carvalho R C, Fontenele R S, Lacorte C, Ribeiro S G, Fonseca M E N, Boiteux L S, 2011. First report of Sida micrantha mosaic virus in Phaseolus vulgaris in Brazil. Plant Disease. 95 (9), 1196. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-10-0343

Fiallo-Olivé E, Chirinos D T, Castro R, Navas-Castillo J, 2018. First report of cabbage leaf curl virus infecting common bean, cowpea, pigeon pea, and Mucuna pruriens in Ecuador. Plant Disease. 102 (12), 2667-2668. DOI:10.1094/pdis-05-18-0817-pdn

Fiallo-Olivé E, Chirinos D T, Castro R, Navas-Castillo J, 2019. A novel strain of pepper leafroll virus infecting common bean and soybean in Ecuador. Plant Disease. 103 (1), 167-168. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-18-1076-PDN

Flores-Estévez N, Acosta-Gallegos J A, Silva-Rosales L, 2003. Bean common mosaic virus and Bean common mosaic necrosis virus in Mexico. Plant Disease. 87 (1), 21-25. DOI:10.1094/PDIS.2003.87.1.21

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Fourie D, 2002. Distribution and severity of bacterial diseases on dry beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in South Africa. Journal of Phytopathology. 150 (4/5), 220-226. DOI:10.1046/j.1439-0434.2002.00745.x

Galanihe L D, Jayasundera M U P, Vithana A, Asselaarachchi N, Watson G W, 2010. Occurrence, distribution and control of papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), an invasive alien pest in Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension. 13 (3), 81-86. http://www.sljol.info/index.php/TARE/article/view/3143/2522

Garibaldi A, Gilardi G, Ortu G, Gullino M L, Testa M, 2013. First report of southern blight caused by Sclerotium rolfsii on common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Italy. Plant Disease. 97 (10), 1386. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-12-1165-PDN

Ghanem G A M, Al-Ajlan A M, Abdulsalam K S, 2003. A whitefly-transmitted geminivirus infecting bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) plants in Saudi Arabia. Egyptian Journal of Phytopathology. 31 (1/2), 1-15. http://www.ejp.eg.net/vol31_12_2003/vol31_12_2003_9.PDF

Ghorbani S G M, Shahraeena N, Elahinia S A, 2010. Distribution and impact of virus associated diseases of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in northern Iran. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 43 (12), 1183-1189. DOI:10.1080/03235400802366834

Gilardi G, Matic S, Gullino M L, Garibaldi A, 2018. First report of damping off caused by Pythium aphanidermatum on bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Italy. Plant Disease. 102 (3), 687-688. DOI:10.1094/pdis-05-17-0647-pdn

González A J, Tello J C, Rodicio M R, 2005. Bacterial wilt of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) caused by Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens in southeastern Spain. Plant Disease. 89 (12), 1361. DOI:10.1094/PD-89-1361C

González-Alvarez H, Chang-Sidorchuk L, Barboza Vargas N, González Arias G, Martínez-Zubiaur Y, 2017. First report of Tomato chlorotic spot virus infecting pepper and common bean in Cuba. Plant Disease. 101 (6), 1064-1065. DOI:10.1094/pdis-09-16-1284-pdn

Goswami R S, Rio-Mendoza L E del, Lamppa R S, Prischmann J, 2011. Colletotrichum lindemuthianum races prevalent on dry beans in North Dakota and potential sources of resistance. Plant Disease. 95 (4), 408-412. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-06-10-0429

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