Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Vigna mungo
(black gram)

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Datasheet

Vigna mungo (black gram)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Vigna mungo
  • Preferred Common Name
  • black gram
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
V. mungo: 1, fruiting branch; 2, flower; 3, seed.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleLine drawing of plant
CaptionV. mungo: 1, fruiting branch; 2, flower; 3, seed. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
V. mungo: 1, fruiting branch; 2, flower; 3, seed.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
Line drawing of plantV. mungo: 1, fruiting branch; 2, flower; 3, seed. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper

Preferred Common Name

  • black gram

Other Scientific Names

  • Phaseolus mungo L.

International Common Names

  • English: gram, black; mash bean; mungo bean
  • Spanish: frijol mungo
  • French: haricot mungo; haricot velu
  • Russian: ambérique
  • Portuguese: feijao-da-China

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Urdbohne
  • India: mash kalai; moong
  • Italy: fagiolo urd
  • Netherlands: boontje, Chinees

EPPO code

  • PHSMU (Phaseolus mungo)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Fabales
  •                         Family: Fabaceae
  •                             Subfamily: Papilionoideae
  •                                 Genus: Vigna
  •                                     Species: Vigna mungo

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Achyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip); Agrius convolvuli (convolvulus hawkmoth); Amsacta moorei (tiger moth); Blackeye cowpea mosaic virus (BICMV); Boeremia exigua var. exigua (leaf spot); Callosobruchus analis (weevil, bean); Callosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid); Celosia argentea (celosia); Choanephora cucurbitarum (Choanephora fruit rot); Colletotrichum dematium (leaf spot); Colletotrichum truncatum (soyabean anthracnose); Corchorus aestuans (east Indian jew's-mallow (USA)); Euphorbia hirta (garden spurge); Frankliniella schultzei (cotton thrips); Helicotylenchus dihystera (common spiral nematode); Heterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode); Lampides boeticus (pea blue butterfly); Macrophomina phaseolina (charcoal rot of bean/tobacco); Megalurothrips distalis; Mungbean yellow mosaic virus; Nezara viridula (green stink bug); Phyllophaga (white grubs); Riptortus dentipes (pod-sucking bug); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Southern bean mosaic virus; Spodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm); Spodoptera litura (taro caterpillar); Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Urd bean leaf crinkle virus; Uromyces appendiculatus (bean rust); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. alfalfae (bacterial alfalfa leaf spot); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vignicola (bacterial: cowpea blight)

Minor host of:

Achaea janata (castor semilooper); Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid); Ageratum enation virus; Aphis craccivora (groundnut aphid); Aphis gossypii (cotton aphid); Athelia rolfsii (sclerotium rot); Bean golden mosaic virus (BGMV-type 1); Callosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil); Colletotrichum lindemuthianum (anthracnose of bean); Cuscuta campestris (field dodder); Etiella zinckenella (pea pod borer); Glomerella cingulata (anthracnose); Heterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode); Hoplolaimus indicus (lance nematode); Melanagromyza sojae (soyabean stem miner); Meloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode); Oligonychus coffeae (tea red spider mite); Ophiomyia centrosematis (stemfly); Ophiomyia phaseoli (bean fly); Phakopsora meibomiae (soybean rust); Phytoplasma aurantifolia (lime witches' broom phytoplasma); Podosphaera xanthii (powdery mildew of cucurbits); Pseudocercospora griseola (angular bean leaf spot); Pythium debaryanum (damping-off); Rotylenchulus reniformis (reniform nematode); Thysanoplusia orichalcea (slender burnished brass moth); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)

Wild host of:

Groundnut bud necrosis virus

Associated with (not a host):

Aspergillus terreus; Trichoderma harzianum (hyperparasite of Rhizoctonia solani)

Host of (source - data mining):

Bagrada hilaris (painted bug); Caliothrips indicus (groundnut thrips); Callosobruchus phaseoli; Callosobruchus theobromae; Cercospora canescens (Cercospora leaf spot); Colposcelis signata; Creontiades pallidifer (brown mirid); Didymella pinodes (foot rot: pea); Empoasca kerri; Empoasca motti; Empoasca terminalis; Epilachna ocellata; Euchrysops cnejus (bean blue); Holotrichia consanguinea; Leguminivora ptychora; Leptosphaerulina trifolii (leaf spot: soyabean); Madurasia obscurella; Monolepta signata; Mylabris pustulata (blister beetle, arhap); Myrothecium roridum (blight: eggplant); Nezara antennata (green stink bug); Obereopsis brevis; Phyllotreta (flea beetles); Rhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer); Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar); Stegobium paniceum (drugstore beetle); Suidasia nesbitti (scaly grain, mite); Tobacco streak virus (tobacco streak); Zabrotes subfasciatus (Mexican bean weevil)