Invasive Species Compendium

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Bean common mosaic necrosis virus

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Datasheet

Bean common mosaic necrosis virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Bean common mosaic necrosis virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Potyviridae
  •         Genus: Potyvirus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Leaf necrosis in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
TitleNecrosis symptoms on P. vulgaris leaf
CaptionLeaf necrosis in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
CopyrightHorticulture Research International
Leaf necrosis in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
Necrosis symptoms on P. vulgaris leafLeaf necrosis in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.Horticulture Research International
Leaf mosaic in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
TitleMosaic symptoms on P. vulgaris leaf
CaptionLeaf mosaic in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
CopyrightHorticulture Research International
Leaf mosaic in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
Mosaic symptoms on P. vulgaris leafLeaf mosaic in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.Horticulture Research International
'Black root' symptoms in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
TitleBlack root symptoms on P. vulgaris
Caption'Black root' symptoms in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
CopyrightHorticulture Research International
'Black root' symptoms in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.
Black root symptoms on P. vulgaris'Black root' symptoms in P. vulgaris caused by BCMNV.Horticulture Research International

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Bean common mosaic necrosis virus

Other Scientific Names

  • bean common mosaic necrosis potyvirus
  • bean common mosaic virus
  • bean mosaic virus
  • bean virus 1
  • common bean mosaic virus
  • Phaseolus virus 1

English acronym

  • BCMNV

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Potyviridae
  •                 Genus: Potyvirus
  •                     Species: Bean common mosaic necrosis virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

BurundiPresentSpence and Walkey (1995)
Congo, Republic of thePresentUK, CAB International (1974); Spence and Walkey (1995)
EgyptPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
EswatiniPresentSpence and Walkey (1995)
KenyaPresentUK, CAB International (1974); Spence and Walkey (1995)
LesothoPresentSpence and Walkey (1995)
MalawiPresentSpence and Walkey (1995)
MauritiusPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
MoroccoPresentSpence and Walkey (1995)
MozambiquePresentUK, CAB International (1974)
RwandaPresent, WidespreadSpence and Walkey (1995)
Sierra LeonePresentUK, CAB International (1974)
South AfricaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
SudanPresentVetten and Allen (1991)
TanzaniaPresentSpence and Walkey (1995)
TogoPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
UgandaPresent, WidespreadSpence and Walkey (1995)
ZimbabwePresent, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1974); Spence and Walkey (1995); Njau and Lyimo (2000)

Asia

ChinaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
IndiaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-DelhiPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
IndonesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-JavaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
IranPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
JapanPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
LebanonPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
NepalPresentPudashini et al. (2013)
South KoreaPresentLee et al. (2015)
TaiwanPresentGreen et al. (1986)
YemenPresentWalkey (1992)

Europe

BelgiumPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
BulgariaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
CroatiaPresentHalupecki et al. (2003)
CzechoslovakiaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
FinlandPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
FrancePresentUK, CAB International (1974)
GermanyPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
GreecePresentUK, CAB International (1974)
HungaryPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
ItalyPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
LithuaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
NetherlandsPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
NorwayPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
PolandPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
RomaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
RussiaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
SerbiaPresentPetrović et al. (2008)
SpainPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
SwedenPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
UkrainePresentUK, CAB International (1974)
United KingdomPresentUK, CAB International (1974)

North America

BermudaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
CanadaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
Costa RicaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
Dominican RepublicPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
GuatemalaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
HaitiPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
JamaicaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
MexicoPresentSILBERNAGEL (1969)
Puerto RicoPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
United StatesPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Guzman et al. (1997)
-IdahoPresentMyers et al. (1990)
-MichiganPresentKelly et al. (1982); Kelly et al. (1984)
-New YorkPresentProvvidenti et al. (1984)
-WashingtonPresentBURKE (1964)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-New South WalesPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-Northern TerritoryPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-QueenslandPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-South AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-TasmaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-VictoriaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
-Western AustraliaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
FijiPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
New ZealandPresentUK, CAB International (1974)

South America

ArgentinaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
BrazilPresentUK, CAB International (1974); CABI (Undated)
ChilePresentUK, CAB International (1974)
ColombiaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
EcuadorPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
GuyanaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
PeruPresentUK, CAB International (1974)
VenezuelaPresentUK, CAB International (1974)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / necrotic areas
Roots / necrotic streaks or lesions
Seeds / discolorations
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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References

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Agarwal VK; Nene YL; Beniwal SPS, 1979. Location of bean common mosaic virus in urdbean seed. Seed Science and Technology, 7(3):455-458

Agarwal VK; Nene YL; Beniwal SPS; Verma HS, 1979. Transmission of bean common mosaic virus through urdbean (Phaseolus mungo) seeds. Seed Science and Technology, 7(1):103-108

Allen DJ, 1983. The Pathology of Tropical Food Legumes: Disease Resistance in Crop Improvement. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Ariyarathne HM; Coyne DP; Jung G; Skroch PW; Vidaver AK; Steadman JR; Miklas PN; Bassett MJ, 1999. Molecular mapping of disease resistance genes for halo blight, common bacterial blight, and bean common mosaic virus in a segregating population of common bean. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 124(6):654-662; 43 ref.

Berger PH; Wyatt SD; Shiel PJ; Silbernagel MJ; Druffel K; Mink GI, 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of the Potyviridae with emphasis on legume-infecting potyviruses. Archives of Virology, 142(10):1979-1999; 94 ref.

Bock KR; Guthrie EJ; Figuieredo GC, 1980. Bean common mosaic virus. Kenya Agricultural Research Institute Agricultural Research Department Record of Research Annual Report 1977-1980, Nairobi, Kenya: Kenya Agricultural Research Institute.

Boswell KF; Gibbs AJ, 1983. Viruses of legumes 1983. Descriptions and keys from Virus Identification Data Exchange. Viruses of legumes 1983. Descriptions and keys from Virus Identification Data Exchange. Australian National University Canberra Australia, 139 pp.

Burke DW, 1964. Time of planting in relation to disease incidence and yields of beans in Central Washington. Plant Disease Reporter, 48:789-793.

Buruchara RA; Gathuru EM, 1979. Preliminary information on a severe strain of common bean mosaic virus isolated from beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Kenya. Symposium on Grain Legume Improvement in East Africa. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi, 2 pp.

Camacho LH; Dana S; Hudson LH; Wallace DH, 1977. Report of the bean germplasm committee. Gene symbol nomenclature. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 20:1-3.

CHAMBERLAIN EE, 1939. Bean-mosaic. (Phaseolus virus 1 of Smith, 1937.). New Zealand Journal of Science and Technology, Section A, xxA(6).

Christie SR; Crawford WE, 1978. Plant virus range of Nicotiana benthamiana. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(1):20-22

CIAT, 1973. Bean Production Program Annual Report. Cali, Colombia: CIAT.

CIAT, 1974. Bean Production Program Annual Report. Cali, Colombia: CIAT.

CIAT, 1975. Bean Production Program Annual Report. Cali, Colombia: CIAT.

CMI, 1974. Distrubution maps of plant diseases, No. 213, Edition 3. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Davis JHC; Morales F; Castano M, 1987. Resistance to black root. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 30:14-15.

Dessert JM, 1987. Changes overtime in the proportion of beans in a varietal mixture. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 30:79-80.

Drijfhout E, 1978. Genetic interaction between Phaseolus vulgaris and bean common mosaic virus with implications for strain identification and breeding for resistance. Verslagen van Landbouwkundige Onderzoekingen, 872:1-89

Drijfhout E; Bos L, 1977. The identification of two new strains of bean common mosaic virus. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 83(1):13-25

Edington BR; Whitlock VH, 1988. Identification of an isolate of bean common mosaic virus from the Transvaal and Natal. Annals of Applied Biology, 113(3):645-648

Flor HH, 1971. Current status of the gene-for-gene concept. Annual Review of Plant Pathology, 9:275-296.

Frencel I; Pospieszny H, 1979. Viruses in natural infections of yellow lupin (Lupinus luteus L.) in Poland IV. Bean common mosaic virus (BCMV). Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricp, 14(3/4):279-284

Galvez GE, 1980. Aphid-transmitted viruses. In: Schwartz HF, Galvez GE, eds. Bean common mosaic virus in bean production problems. Cali, Colombia: CIAT, 211-233.

Green SK; Lee DR; Horne NM, 1988. Survey for viruses of soybean, mung bean and peanut in Java, Indonesia. Plant Disease, 72(11):994

Green SK; Lee DR; Vetten HJ; Lesemann DE, 1986. Occurrence of an unidentified potyvirus of soybean in Taiwan. International symposium on virus diseases of rice and leguminous crops in the tropics Yatabe, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan; Tropical Agriculture Research Centre, 108-114

Guzmßn P; Rojas MR; Davis RM; Kimble K; Stewart R; Sundstrom FJ; Gilbertson RL, 1997. First report of bean common mosaic necrosis potyvirus (BCMNV) infecting common bean in California. Plant Disease, 81(7):831; 3 ref.

Halupecki E; Cvjetkovic B; Ban D; Boro?ic J, 2003. Detection of viruses in selected lines of dwarf dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris var. nanus Martens) using ELISA-test. In: Zbornik predavanj in referatov 6. Slovenskega Posvetovanje o Varstvu Rastlin, Zrece, Slovenije, 4-6 marec 2003 . Ljubljana, Slovenia: Dru?tvo za varstvo rastlin Slovenije, 478-481.

Hampton RO, 1975. The nature of bean yield reduction by bean yellow and bean common mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 65(12):1342-1346

Hardman; LL; Lamb; EM, 1988. Results of a survey of bean genotypes and production practices in Rwanda. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Cooperative, 31:79-80.

Hari V, 1981. The RNA of tobacco etch virus: further characterization and detection of protein linked to RNA. Virology, 112(2):391-399

Hari V; Siegel A; Rozek C; Timberlake WE, 1979. The RNA of tobacco etch virus contains poly(A). Virology, 92(2):568-571

Hollings M; Brunt AA, 1981. Potyvirus group. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 245, 6 pp. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biology.

Horvath J, 1986. New data on the susceptibility of plants to viruses. 5. Chenopodiaceae (Chenopodium species). Botanikai Kozlemenyek, 73(3-4):229-242

Innes NL; Walkey DGA, 1980. The genetics of resistance to two strains of bean common mosaic virus in three cultivars of Phaseolus vulgaris L. Journal of Agricultural Science, 95(3):619-630

Kaiser WJ; Mossahebi GH, 1974. Natural infection of mungbean by bean common mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 64: 1209-1214.

Kelly JD; Hosfield GL; Varner GV; Uebersax MA; Taylor J, 1999. Registration of `Kodiak' pinto bean. Crop Science, 39(1):292.

Kelly JD; Saettler AW; Adams MW, 1982. A new necrotic strain of bean common mosaic virus in Michigan. Michigan Dry Bean Digest, 7:8-9.

Kelly JD; Saettler AW; Morales M, 1984. New necrotic strain of bean common mosaic virus in Michigan. Annual report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 27:49.

Kennedy JS; Day MF; Eastop VF, 1962. A Conspectus of Aphids as Vectors of Plant Viruses. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL.

Khaemba BM; Latigo MWO, 1981. Effects of infestation and transmission of the common bean mosaic virus (CBMV) by the black bean aphid A. fabae on the common bean P. vulgaris. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal, 47(1/4):1-4

Kirkby RA, 1987. Research on grain legumes in eastern and central Africa. Summary proceedings of the consultative group meeting for eastern and central Africa regional research on grain legumes, 8-10 December 1986, ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India: ICRISAT.

Klein RE; Wyatt SD; Kaiser WJ, 1988. Incidence of bean common mosaic virus in USDA Phaseolus germ plasm collection. Plant Disease, 72(4):301-302

Kostova D; Poryazov I, 1989. Preliminary results on snap bean resistance to BCMV in Bulgaria. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 32:88-89.

Lee YH; Yoon YN; Yun HT; Baek IY; Lim S; Moon JS; Lee SH, 2015. First report of Bean common mosaic virus infecting soybean in South Korea. Plant Disease, 99(8):1189. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Lockhart BEL; Fischer HU, 1974. Chronic infection by seedborne bean common mosaic virus in Morocco. Plant Disease Reporter, 58:307-308.

Maiss E; Timpe U; Brisske A; Jelkmann W; Casper R; Himmler G; Mattanovich D; Katinger HWD, 1989. The complete nucleotide sequence of plum pox virus RNA. Journal of General Virology, 70(3):513-524

Martyn EB, 1968. Plant virus names, an annotated list of names and synonyms of plant viruses and diseases. Phytopathological Papers No. 9. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Mattos L; Fernandez-Northcote EN, 1987. Characterization of strains of bean common mosaic virus on the central coast of Peru. Fitopatologia, 22(1):10-14

McKern NM; Mink GI; Barnett OW; Mishra A; Whittaker LA; Silbernagel MJ; Ward CW; Shukla DD, 1992. Isolates of bean common mosaic virus comprising two distinct potyviruses. Phytopathology, 82(9):923-929

McKern NM; Shukla DD; Barnett OW; Vetten HJ; Dijkstra J; Whittaker LW; Ward CW, 1992. Coat protein properties suggest that azuki bean mosaic virus, blackeye cowpea mosaic virus, peanut stripe virus, and three isolates from soybean are all strains of the same potyvirus. Intervirology, 33(3):121-134

Meiners JP; Gillaspie AG Jr; Lawson RH; Smith FF, 1978. Indentification and partial characterization of a strain of bean common mosaic virus from Rhynchosia minima. Phytopathology, 68(3):283-287

Melgarejo TA; Lehtonen MT; Fribourg CE; Rännäli M; Valkonen JPT, 2007. Strains of BCMV and BCMNV characterized from lima bean plants affected by deforming mosaic disease in Peru. Archives of Virology, 152(10):1941-1949. http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/b04475422100g8u0/?p=9f70ee63e1d8405a88239c7d4c94775f&pi=16

Miklas PN; Beaver JS; Steadman JR; Silbernagel MJ; Freytag GF, 1997. Registration of three bean common mosaic virus-resistant navy bean germplasms. Crop Science, 37(3):1025; 5 ref.

Mink GI; Vetten HJ; Ward CW; Berger PH; Morales FJ; Myers JM; Silbernagel MJ; Barnett OW, 1994. Taxonomy and classification of legume-infecting potyviruses. A proposal from the Potyviridae Study Group of the Plant Virus Subcommittee of the ICTV. Archives of Virology, 139:231-235.

Morales FJ, 1989. Bean common mosaic virus: Screening for disease resistance. Cali, Colombia: CIAT.

Morales FJ; Bos; L, 1988. Bean common mosaic virus. AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 337, 6 pp. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biology.

Morales FJ; Castano M, 1987. Seed transmission characteristics of selected bean common mosaic virus strains in differential bean cultivars. Plant Disease, 71(1):51-53

Msuku WAB; Edje OT, 1982. Effect of mixed cropping of maize and bean on bean diseases. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 25:16-18.

Mukishi P; Trutmann P, 1988. Can diseases be effectively controlled in traditional varietal mixtures using resistant varieties? Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 31:104-105.

Myers JR; Forster RL; Silbernagel MJ; Mink G, 1990. The 1989 bean common mosaic virus epidemic in Idaho. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 33:169-170.

Myers JR; Stewart-Williams KD; Hayes RE; Lancaster MW; Kolar JJ, 1997. Registration of 'UI 137' navy bean. Crop Science, 37(1):286; 7 ref.

Myers JR; Stewart-Williams KD; Hayes RE; Lancaster MW; Kolar JJ, 1997. Registration of 'UI 911' black bean. Crop Science, 37(1):285; 6 ref.

Naderpour M; Mohammadi M; Mossahebi GH; Koohi-Habibi M, 2010. Identification of three strains of Bean common mosaic necrosis virus in common bean from Iran. Plant Disease, 94(1):127. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Nelson R, 1922. Transference of the bean mosaic virus by Macrosiphum solanifolii. Science, 56:342-344.

Njau PJR; Lyimo HFJ, 2000. Incidence of bean common mosaic virus and bean common mosaic necrosis virus in bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and wild legume seedlots in Tanzania. Seed Science and Technology, 28(1):85-92; 16 ref.

Omunyin ME, 1980. Survey of bean common mosaic virus affecting beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) in Kenya. Faculty of Agriculture, Plant Protection Program, Report No 3, Dec 1980. Nairobi, Kenya: University of Nairobi, 139-149.

Park SJ; Tu JC, 1997. Registration of 'AC Hensall' common bean. Crop Science, 37(5):1670; 7 ref.

Petrovic D; Bagi F; Milo?evic M; Vasic M, 2008. Identification of the most significant bean viruses in Vojvodina. (Identifikacija najznacajnijih virusa pasulja u Vojvodini.) Biljni Lekar (Plant Doctor), 36(1):30-36.

Provvidenti R, 1990. Reactions of some leading bean cultivars to African and indigenous strains of bean common mosaic virus. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 33:167-168.

Provvidenti R; Braverman SW, 1976. Seed transmission of bean common mosaic virus in phasemy bean. Phytopathology, 66(11):1274-1275

Provvidenti R; Cobb ED, 1975. Seed transmission of bean common mosaic virus in Tepary bean. Plant Disease Reporter, 59(12):966-969

Provvidenti R; Silbernagel MJ; Wang WY, 1984. Local epidemic of NL-8 strain of bean common mosaic virus in bean fields of western New York. Plant Disease, 68(12):1092-1094

Pudashini BJ; Shahid MS; Natsuaki KT, 2013. First report of Bean common mosaic necrosis virus (BCMNV) infecting sweet bean in Nepal. Plant Disease, 97(2):290. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Quantz L, 1961. Untersuchungen über das gewohnliche Bohnenmosaikvirus und das Sojamosaikvirus. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 43:79-101.

Reddick D, 1931. La transmission du virus de la mosaique du haricot par le pollen. Rapport du Deuxieme Congres Internacional de Pathologie Comparee Paris, 1931,1:363-366.

Reddick D; Stewart VB, 1919. Transmission of the virus of bean mosaic in seed and observations on thermal death point of seed and virus. Phytopathology, 9:445-450.

Rheenen HA van; Hasselbach OE; Muigai SGS, 1981. The effect of growing beans together with maize on the incidence of bean diseases and pests. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 87(5):193-199

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Sarkar KR; Kulshreshtha K, 1978. Crotalaria striata DC. a new natural host of bean common mosaic virus. Current Science, 47(7):241

Schippers B, 1963. Transmission of bean common mosaic virus by seed of Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Beka. Acta Botanica Neerlandica, 12:433-497.

Schmidt HE; Reichenbacher D; Lehmann C; Verderevskaja TD(Verderevskaya TD); Basky Z; Horvath J, 1987. Identification of pathotypes of bean common mosaic virus in the German Democratic Republic, the USSR and Hungary. Archiv fur Phytopathologie und Pflanzenschutz, 23(2):105-115

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Silbernagel MJ; Mills LJ; Wang WY, 1986. Tanzanian strain of bean common mosaic virus. Plant Disease, 70(9):839-841

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Strausbaugh CA; Myers JR; Forster RL; McClean PE, 1999. Bc-1 and Bc-u - two loci controlling bean common mosaic virus resistance in common bean are linked. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 124(6):644-648; 29 ref.

Trindade DR; Costa CL; Kitajima EW; Lin MT, 1984. Identification and characterization of strains of bean common mosaic virus in Brazil. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 9(1):1-12

Tu JC, 1986. A necrotic strain of bean common mosaic virus found in south western Ontario. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 29:66-67.

Vetten HJ; Allen DJ, 1991. Recent progress in the identification of viruses of Phaseolus vulgaris in Africa. Annual Report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 34:3-4.

Vetten HJ; Lesemann DE; Maiss E, 1992. Serotype A and B strains of bean common mosaic virus are two distinct potyviruses. Archives of Virology Vienna, Austria; Springer-Verlag/Wien, Supplementum 5:415-431

Voss J, 1988. Farmer management of varietal bean mixtures in Central Africa. Implications for a Technology Development Strategy. CIAT Bean Program Newsletter, 10:1-4.

Walkey DGA, 1991. Applied Plant Virology. London, UK; Chapman and Hall, Ed. 2:xiii + 338 pp.

Walkey DGA, 1992. Plant Virus Diseases of Yemen and Associated Areas. London, UK: Overseas Development Adminstration.

Walkey DGA; Dance MC, 1979. The effect of oil sprays on aphid transmission of turnip mosaic, beet yellows, bean common mosaic, and bean yellow mosaic viruses. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(10):877-881

Wolfe MS, 1985. The current status and prospects of multiline and variety mixtures for disease resistance. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 23:251-273.

Wolfe MS; Barrett JA; Jenkins JEE, 1981. The use of cultivar mixtures for barley disease control strategies for the control of cereal disease. In: Strategies for the Control of Cereal Disease (Jenkyn JF, Plumb RT, eds). Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

Xu L; Hampton RO, 1996. Molecular detection of bean common mosaic and bean common mosaic necrosis potyviruses and pathogroups. Archives of Virology, 141(10):1961-1977; 16 ref.

Yash Gupta; Chowfla SC, 1987. Susceptibility of French bean to bean common mosaic virus in relation to plant age, population and age of Myzus persicae. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 17(1):93-94

Zaumeyer WJ; Goth RW, 1964. A new severe symptom-inducing strain of common bean mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 54:1378-1385.

Zaumeyer WJ; Thomas HR, 1957. A monographic study of bean diseases and methods for their control. United States Department of Agricultural Technical Bulletin, 868.

Zettler FW, 1969. The heterogenicity of bean leaves as sources of bean common mosaic virus for aphids. Phytopathology, 59:1109-1110.

Zettler FW, 1990. Potyvirus taxonomy from the pathology perspective. Partial proceedings of the potyvirus taxonomy workshop held at the Biologische Bundesanstalt für land und Forstwirtschaft, Braunschweig, Germany, 2-4 September, 1990. Barnett, Clemson University, Clemson, USA.

Zettler FW; Wilkinson RE, 1966. Effect of probing behaviour and starvation of Myzus persicae on transmission of bean common mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 56:1079-1082.

Distribution References

BURKE D W, 1964. Time of planting in relation to disease incidence and yields of beans in central Washington. Plant Disease Reporter. 789-93.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Green S K, Lee D R, Vetten H J, Lesemann D E, 1986. Occurrence of an unidentified potyvirus of soybean in Taiwan. In: International symposium on virus diseases of rice and leguminous crops in the tropics. [International symposium on virus diseases of rice and leguminous crops in the tropics.], Yatabe, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan: Tropical Agriculture Research Centre. 108-114.

Halupecki E, Cvjetković B, Ban D, Borošić J, 2003. Detection of viruses in selected lines of dwarf dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris var. nanus Martens) using ELISA-test. In: Zbornik predavanj in referatov 6. Slovenskega Posvetovanje o Varstvu Rastlin, Zreče, Slovenije, 4-6 marec 2003. Ljubljana, Slovenia: Društvo za varstvo rastlin Slovenije. 478-481.

Kelly JD, Saettler AW, Adams MW, 1982. A new necrotic strain of bean common mosaic virus in Michigan. In: Michigan Dry Bean Digest, 7 8-9.

Kelly JD, Saettler AW, Morales M, 1984. New necrotic strain of bean common mosaic virus in Michigan. In: Annual report of the Bean Improvement Co-operative, 27 49.

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