Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Phoma pinodella
(leaf spot of pea)

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Datasheet

Phoma pinodella (leaf spot of pea)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Phoma pinodella
  • Preferred Common Name
  • leaf spot of pea
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Dothideomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
  • Distribution map More information

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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Phoma pinodella (L.K. Jones) Q. Chen & L. Cai

Preferred Common Name

  • leaf spot of pea

Other Scientific Names

  • Ascochyta pinodella L.K. Jones
  • Ascochyta sojicola Abramov
  • Ascochyta sojina Bedlan
  • Peyronellaea pinodella (L.K. Jones) Aveskamp, Gruyter & Verkley
  • Phoma medicaginis var. pinodella (L.K. Jones) Boerema
  • Phoma pinodella (L.K. Jones) Morgan-Jones & K.B. Burch
  • Phoma sojicola (Abramov) Kövics, Gruyter & Aa
  • Phoma trifolii E.M. Johnson & Valleau

International Common Names

  • English: black stem disease of red clover; black stem of [various Fabaceae species]; clover black stem; foot rot of [various Fabaceae species]; foot rot of pea; leaf spot of clover; summer/spring black stem of clover
  • Spanish: ascoquita del guisante
  • French: ascochytose du pois; pourridié ascochytique du pois

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Brennfleckenkrankheit: Erbse; Fusskrankheit: Erbse

EPPO code

  • PHOMMP (Phoma medicaginis var. pinodella)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Dothideomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Pleosporomycetidae
  •                         Order: Pleosporales
  •                             Genus: Didymella
  •                                 Species: Phoma pinodella

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
NigeriaPresentSutton (1980); CABI and EPPO (2004)
TanzaniaPresentSutton (1980); CABI and EPPO (2004)

Asia

IndiaPresentSutton (1980); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-Himachal PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
-Madhya PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
-PunjabPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
IranPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
JapanPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
SyriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)

Europe

CzechiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
DenmarkPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
FrancePresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
GermanyPresentMordue et al. (1976); CABI and EPPO (2004)
GreecePresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
HungaryPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
IrelandPresentSmith et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2004)
ItalyPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
LithuaniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Gaurilcikiene and Janu?auskaite (2007)
NetherlandsPresentMordue et al. (1976); Sutton (1980); CABI and EPPO (2004)
PolandPresentMordue et al. (1976); Smith et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2004)
RomaniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
RussiaPresentSmith et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-Central RussiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
SlovakiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
SpainPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
SwedenPresentSmith et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2004)
SwitzerlandPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
United KingdomPresentSutton (1980); Smith et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2004)

North America

CanadaPresentMordue et al. (1976); Sutton (1980); White and Morgan-Jones (1987); Noordeloos et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-OntarioPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
-SaskatchewanPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
United StatesPresentMordue et al. (1976); White and Morgan-Jones (1987); Noordeloos et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-AlabamaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-CaliforniaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-ColoradoPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-FloridaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-GeorgiaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-IdahoPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-IowaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-MinnesotaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-MississippiPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-MontanaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-New HampshirePresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-New YorkPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-OhioPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-OregonPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-South CarolinaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-UtahPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-WashingtonPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-West VirginiaPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)
-WisconsinPresentFarr et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2004)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
-South AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
-VictoriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
-Western AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
New ZealandPresentSutton (1980); White and Morgan-Jones (1987); Noordeloos et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2004)

South America

BrazilPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
ChilePresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
PeruPresentCABI and EPPO (2004)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / necrotic areas
Stems / mould growth on lesion

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) fruiting bodies; hyphae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves fruiting bodies; hyphae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots hyphae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches fruiting bodies; hyphae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) hyphae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Wood

References

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Abd-El-Rehim MA; Abo-Taleb EM; Michail SH; Metwally SM, 1997. Seed health testing of peas for Ascochyta spp. and their impact on foliage seed health and seed yield. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 32(1/2):89-95; 19 ref.

Ali SM; Paterson J; Crosby J, 1982. A standard technique for detecting seed-borne pathogens in peas, chemical control, and testing commercial seed in South Australia. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, 22(117):348-352

Bowen JK; Lewis BG; Matthews P, 1997. Discovery of the teleomorph of Phoma medicaginis var. pinodella in culture. Mycological Research, 101(1):80-84; 25 ref.

Bretag TW; Price TV; Keane PJ, 1995. Importance of seed-borne inoculum in the etiology of the Ascochyta blight complex of field peas (Pisum sativum L.) grown in Victoria. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 35(4):525-530

CABI/EPPO, 2004. Phoma pinodella. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 915. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Dhyani AP; Sati MC; Khulbe RD, 1989. Phoma medicaginis Malbr. and Roum. a new record of fungi from bean crop of Kumaun Himalaya. Madras Agricultural Journal, 76(12):717-718

Erzurum K; Iren S, 1987. Determination and description of the pathogens of important seed-borne diseases of soyabean. Doga, Turk Tarim ve Ormancilik Dergisi, 11(3):499-516

Farr DF; Bills GF; Chamuris GP; Rossman AY, 1989. Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: APS Press, 1252 pp.

Gaurilcikiene I; Janu?auskaite D, 2007. Occurrence of pathogenic fungi in semi-leafless pea varieties. Botanica Lithuanica, 13(4):271-278.

Gorfu D; Sangchote S, 2005. Fungi associated with field pea seeds from Ethiopia and seed transmission of Ascochyta pinodes. Seed Science and Technology, 33(2):387-396.

Hagedorn DM, 1984. Compendium of pea diseases. St. Paul, MN. USA: APS Press.

Hewett PD, 1987. Ascochyta pisi, Pisum sativum. Working Sheet No. 16. ISTA Working Sheets. Zurich, Switzerland: ISTA.

Kuhnel W, 1983. Seed dressing for better pea seedling emergence. Nachrichtenblatt fur den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 37(5):101-102

Maude RB, 1996. Seedborne Diseases and Their Control - Principles and Practice. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Mebalds MI, 1987. Effect of seed mycoflora on the development of disease in stands of Medicago truncatula.. Seed Science and Technology, 15(3):811-820; 11 ref.

Mebalds MI, 1987. Mycoflora of Medicago truncatula, M. rugosa and M. littoralis seed produced in Victoria, Australia. Seed Science and Technology, 15(1):175-183; 16 ref.

Noordeloos ME; Gruyter J de; Eijk GW van; Roeijmans HJ, 1993. Production of dendritic crystals in pure cultures of Phoma and Ascochyta and its value as a taxonomic character relative to morphology, pathology and cultural characteristics. Mycological Research, 97(11):1343-1350

Punithalingam E; Gibson IAS, 1976. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 518. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Simay EI, 1994. Survey of fungi observable on seeds of faba bean germinating on blotter. FABIS Newsletter, No. 34/35:29-36; 22 ref.

Smith IM; Dunez J; Phillips DH; Lelliott RA; Archer SA, 1988. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. London, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

Sutton BC, 1980. The Coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

White JF Jr; Morgan-Jones G, 1987. Studies in the genus Phoma. VI. Concerning Phoma medicaginis var. pinodella. Mycotaxon, 28(1):241-248

Distribution References

CABI, EPPO, 2004. Phoma pinodella. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 915.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Farr D F, Bills G F, Chamuris G P, Rossman A Y, 1989. Fungi on plants and plant products in the United States. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: APS Press. viii + 1252 pp.

Mordue J E M, Gibson I A S, Holliday P, Critchett C, Punithalingam E, Mulder J L, 1976. C.M.I. Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria. In: C.M.I. Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria, [ed. by Hawksworth D L, Waller J M, Gibson I A S, Sivanesan A, Holliday P]. Kew, UK: Commonwealth Mycological Institute. Nos. 511-520.

Noordeloos M E, Gruyter J de, Eijk G W van, Roeijmans H J, 1993. Production of dendritic crystals in pure cultures of Phoma and Ascochyta and its value as a taxonomic character relative to morphology, pathology and cultural characteristics. Mycological Research. 97 (11), 1343-1350. DOI:10.1016/S0953-7562(09)80168-8

Smith IM, Dunez J, Phillips DH, Lelliott RA, Archer SA, 1988. European Handbook of Plant Diseases., London, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

Sutton B C, 1980. The Coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata. Kew, UK: Commonwealth Mycological Institute. 696 pp.

White J F Jr, Morgan-Jones G, 1987. Studies in the genus Phoma. VI. Concerning Phoma medicaginis var. pinodella. Mycotaxon. 28 (1), 241-248.

Distribution Maps

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