Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Boeremia exigua var. exigua
(leaf spot)

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Datasheet

Boeremia exigua var. exigua (leaf spot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Boeremia exigua var. exigua
  • Preferred Common Name
  • leaf spot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Dothideomycetes
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Boeremia exigua var. exigua (Desm.) Aveskamp, Gruyter & Verkley

Preferred Common Name

  • leaf spot

Other Scientific Names

  • Ascochyta asteris (Bres.) Gloyer
  • Ascochyta cyphomandrae Petch
  • Ascochyta hydrangeae G. Arnaud & M.A. Arnaud
  • Ascochyta nicotianae Pass.
  • Ascochyta phaseolorum Sacc.
  • Ascochyta sonchi (Sacc.) Grove
  • Phoma exigua f.sp. exigua (Foister) Malc. & E.G. Gray
  • Phoma exigua var. exigua Desm.
  • Phoma herbarum Westend.
  • Phoma herbarum f. brassicae Sacc.
  • Phoma herbarum f. hyoscyami Sacc.
  • Phoma herbarum f. schoberiae Sacc.
  • Phoma herbarum var. dulcamaricola Budák
  • Phoma linicola Naumov
  • Phoma solanicola Prillinger & Delacr.
  • Phoma solanophila Oudem.
  • Phoma tuberosa Melhus, Rosenbaum & E.S. Schultz
  • Phyllosticta decidua Ellis & Kellerm.
  • Phyllosticta hortorum Speg.
  • Phyllosticta mulgedii Davis
  • Phyllosticta sambuci Desm.
  • Phyllosticta vincae-majoris Allesch.
  • Phyllosticta vincae-minoris Bres. & K. Krieg.

International Common Names

  • English: leaf blotch; root rot; stem lesions; tuber gangrene; tuber rot

EPPO code

  • PHOMHE (Phoma herbarum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Dothideomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Pleosporomycetidae
  •                         Order: Pleosporales
  •                             Genus: Boeremia
  •                                 Species: Boeremia exigua var. exigua

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Feb 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

AzerbaijanPresent
ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-ChongqingPresent
JapanPresent

Europe

CyprusPresent
GreecePresent
ItalyPresent2017
PolandPresent
SwitzerlandPresent

Oceania

AustraliaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-TasmaniaPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent

Growth Stages

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Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / necrotic areas
Roots / necrotic streaks or lesions
Roots / soft rot of cortex
Vegetative organs / internal rotting or discoloration
Vegetative organs / soft rot
Vegetative organs / surface lesions or discoloration
Whole plant / damping off

References

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Boerema GH, 1976. The Phoma species studied in culture by Dr. R.W.G. Dennis. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 67(2):289-319

Boerema GH; Dorenbosch MMJ, 1973. The Phoma and Ascochyta species described by Wollenweber and Hochapfel in their study of fruit-rotting. Studies in Mycology, 3:1-50.

Fu JingYuan; Dou YanXia; Ma GuanHua; Chen GuoKang; Wang Yong; Xiao ChongGang, 2013. Survey on the kinds of fungal diseases on tobacco leaves in Chongqing. In: The Proceedings of Chinese Society of Plant Protection in 2013, Shandong, China, 22-25 October, 2013., China: Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 51-55.

Jones SJ; Hay FS; Harrington TC; Pethybridge SJ, 2011. First report of boeremia blight caused by Boeremia exigua var. exigua on pyrethrum in Australia. Plant Disease, 95(11):1478-1479. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Li YP; You MP; Finnegan PM; Khan TN; Lanoiselet V; Eyres N; Barbetti MJ, 2012. First report of black spot caused by Boeremia exigua var. exigua on field pea in Australia. Plant Disease, 96(1):148-149. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Marino RH; Mesquita JB; Andrade KVSde; Costa NAda; Amaral LA, 2008. Fungi incidence in Phaseolus vulgaris L. seeds from State of Sergipe. (Incidência de fungos em sementes de Phaseolus vulgaris L. provenientes do Estado de Sergipe.) Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias, 3(1):26-30. http://www.agraria.pro.br/sistema/index.php?journal=agraria&page=article&op=view&path%5B%5D=289&path%5B%5D=135

Martins TD; Menten JOM; Sanguino Â, 2009. Fungi associated with the seeds (Caryopses) of sugarcane: detection methods, incidence and relation between fungical incidence and seed production conditions. (Fungos associados às sementes (Cariopses) de cana-de-açúcar: métodos para detecção, incidência e relação entre incidência fúngica e ambiente de produção das sementes.) Summa Phytopathologica, 35(3):173-178. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-54052009000300002&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

Mohammed Yesuf; Sangchote S, 2005. Occurrence and distribution of major seedborne fungi associated with Phaseolus bean seeds in Ethiopia. Kasetsart Journal, Natural Sciences, 39(2):216-225.

Morgan-Jones G; Burch KB, 1988. Studies in the genus Phoma. XIII. Concerning Phoma exigua var. exigua, a cosmopolitan, ubiquitous fungus on diseased and dead plant material. Mycotaxon, 32:477-490

Smith IM; Dunez J; Phillips DH; Lelliott RA; Archer SA, 1988. European Handbook of Plant Diseases. London, UK: Blackwell Scientific.

Sutton BC, 1980. The Coelomycetes. Fungi imperfecti with pycnidia, acervuli and stromata. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Distribution References

Bardas G A, Tziros G T, Tzavella-Klonari K, 2008. First report of ascochyta leaf spot caused by Phoma exigua var. exigua on common bean in Greece. Plant Disease. 92 (4), 653. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-92-4-0653C

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Fu JingYuan, Dou YanXia, Ma GuanHua, Chen GuoKang, Wang Yong, Xiao ChongGang, 2013. Survey on the kinds of fungal diseases on tobacco leaves in Chongqing. In: The Proceedings of Chinese Society of Plant Protection in 2013, Shandong, China, 22-25 October, 2013 [The Proceedings of Chinese Society of Plant Protection in 2013, Shandong, China, 22-25 October, 2013.], China: Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences. 51-55.

Garibaldi A, Gilardi G, Matic S, Gullino M L, 2018. First report of a leaf spot caused by Boeremia exigua var. exigua on Hydrangea paniculata in Italy. Plant Disease. 102 (8), 1670-1671. DOI:10.1094/pdis-01-18-0064-pdn

Jones S J, Hay F S, Harrington T C, Pethybridge S J, 2011. First report of boeremia blight caused by Boeremia exigua var. exigua on pyrethrum in Australia. Plant Disease. 95 (11), 1478-1479. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-11-0424

Kubota M, Abiko K, 2002. Black rot of artichoke leaves caused by two Phoma species in Japan. Journal of General Plant Pathology. 68 (3), 208-211. DOI:10.1007/PL00013078

Li Y P, You M P, Finnegan P M, Khan T N, Lanoiselet V, Eyres N, Barbetti M J, 2012. First report of black spot caused by Boeremia exigua var. exigua on field pea in Australia. Plant Disease. 96 (1), 148-149. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-11-0637

Michel V V, Daepp M, Woudenberg J H C, Gruyter J de, Wit P J G M de, 2018. First report of Boeremia exigua var. exigua causing stem and leaf spot on common speedwell in Switzerland. Plant Disease. 102 (2), 440-441. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-17-0677-PDN

Muradov P Z, Shirinova G F, Asgerli L X, Allahverdiyev E, Gasimov C F, 2019. Species composition of fungi causing diseases in agricultural plants in agrarian sector of Azerbaijan. Journal of Applied and Natural Science. 11 (4), 785-790. DOI:10.31018/jans.v11i4.2168

Samouel S, Iacovides T, Evangelides S, Kanetis L, 2016. First report of Boeremia exigua var. exigua causing stem rot of Origanum dubium in Cyprus. Plant Disease. 100 (2), 529-530. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0808-PDN

Zimowska B, 2015. Fungi threatening the cultivation of oregano (Origanum vulgare L.) in south-eastern Poland. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Hortorum Cultus. 14 (4), 65-78. http://www.acta.media.pl/pl/full/7/2015/000070201500014000040006500078.pdf

Distribution Maps

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