Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pseudocercospora griseola
(angular bean leaf spot)

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Datasheet

Pseudocercospora griseola (angular bean leaf spot)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pseudocercospora griseola
  • Preferred Common Name
  • angular bean leaf spot
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Dothideomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Close up of sporulation of Phaeoisariopsis griseola at the hilum of P. vulgaris seeds. Synnemata with conidia can be seen.
TitleClose up of sporulation of P. griseola.
CaptionClose up of sporulation of Phaeoisariopsis griseola at the hilum of P. vulgaris seeds. Synnemata with conidia can be seen.
CopyrightDGISP
Close up of sporulation of Phaeoisariopsis griseola at the hilum of P. vulgaris seeds. Synnemata with conidia can be seen.
Close up of sporulation of P. griseola.Close up of sporulation of Phaeoisariopsis griseola at the hilum of P. vulgaris seeds. Synnemata with conidia can be seen.DGISP
TitleConidia of Phaeoisariopsis griseola.
Caption
CopyrightDGISP
Conidia of Phaeoisariopsis griseola.DGISP
TitleAngular leaf spot symptoms on P. vulgaris.
Caption
CopyrightDGISP
Angular leaf spot symptoms on P. vulgaris.DGISP

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pseudocercospora griseola (Sacc.) Crous & U. Braun

Preferred Common Name

  • angular bean leaf spot

Other Scientific Names

  • Arthrobotryum puttemansii Henn.
  • Cercospora columnaris Ellis & Ever.
  • Cercospora griseola (Sacc.) Raghun. & K. Ramakri.
  • Cercospora solimani Speg.
  • Cercospora stuhmannii Henn.
  • Graphium laxum Ellis
  • Isariopsis griseola Sacc.
  • Isariopsis laxa (Ellis) Sacc.
  • Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferraris
  • Phaeoisariopsis laxa (Ellis) S.C. Jong & E.F. Morris
  • Pseudocercospora columnaris (Ellis & Everh.) J.M. Yen

International Common Names

  • English: angular leaf spot
  • Spanish: mancha angular; mancha angular de la judia; mancha angular del frijol; mancha angular: habichuelas
  • French: maladie des taches anguleuses; tache angulaire du haricot; tache anguleuse du haricot
  • Portuguese: mancha angular

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: mancha angular
  • Germany: Eckige Bohneblattfleckenkrankheit; Isariopsis-Blattbräune

EPPO code

  • PHAIGR (Phaeoisariopsis griseola)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Dothideomycetes
  •                     Subclass: Dothideomycetidae
  •                         Order: Capnodiales
  •                             Family: Mycosphaerellaceae
  •                                 Genus: Phaeoisariopsis
  •                                     Species: Pseudocercospora griseola

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 25 Jun 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AngolaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
BurundiPresentAllen (1995); EPPO (2020)
CameroonPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
ComorosPresentEPPO (2020)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Congo, Republic of thePresentEPPO (2020)
Côte d'IvoirePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
EswatiniPresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EthiopiaPresentGolato and Meossi (1972); Habtu et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
GhanaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
KenyaPresentBoudreau (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
MadagascarPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
MalawiPresentBoshoff et al. (1996); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
MauritiusPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
MozambiquePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
NigeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
RéunionPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
RwandaPresentAllen (1995); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
Saint HelenaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
SenegalPresentDefrancq and Collingwood (1983); EPPO (2020)
Sierra LeonePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
SomaliaPresentGray et al. (1990); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresent, LocalizedBoshoff et al. (1996); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
SudanPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
TanzaniaPresentTeverson et al. (1994); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
UgandaPresentSengooba and Mukiibi (1986); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
ZambiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
ZimbabwePresent, WidespreadRothwell (1983); EPPO (2020)

Asia

ArmeniaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
BhutanPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
ChinaPresentEPPO (2020)
-GuangxiPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-HebeiPresentTai (1979); EPPO (2020)
-HeilongjiangPresentTai (1979); EPPO (2020)
-HenanPresentTai (1979); EPPO (2020)
-JiangsuPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-JiangxiPresentTai (1979); EPPO (2020)
-JilinPresentTai (1979); EPPO (2020)
-LiaoningPresentTai (1979); EPPO (2020)
-SichuanPresentTai (1979); EPPO (2020)
-YunnanPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
GeorgiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
IndiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Andhra PradeshPresentEPPO (2020)
-Arunachal PradeshPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
-BiharPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-Himachal PradeshPresentSharma and Sohi (1978); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-Jammu and KashmirPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-KarnatakaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-KeralaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-MaharashtraPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-MeghalayaPresentChhetry et al. (1994)
-SikkimPresentSrivastava and Gupta (1994); Srivastava et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
-Tamil NaduPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-Uttar PradeshPresentSindhan and Bose (1979); Bhatnagar et al. (1990); EPPO (2020)
IndonesiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Irian JayaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
IranPresentUK, CAB International (1996); Pirnia et al. (2012); EPPO (2020)
IsraelAbsent, Formerly presentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
JapanPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-HonshuPresentUK, CAB International (1996)
LaosPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
MalaysiaPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-SabahPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-SarawakPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
NepalPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
North KoreaPresentEPPO (2020)
PhilippinesPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
South KoreaPresentEPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresent, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
ThailandPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresent, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)

Europe

AustriaPresent, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
BulgariaPresent, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
CroatiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
FrancePresent, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
GermanyAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
GreecePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
HungaryPresent, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
IrelandAbsent, Formerly presentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
ItalyAbsent, Formerly presentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-SardiniaAbsent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
NetherlandsAbsent, Formerly presentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
PolandAbsent, Formerly presentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
PortugalAbsent, Formerly presentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
RomaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
RussiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-Southern RussiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
SerbiaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
Serbia and MontenegroPresent, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1996)
SloveniaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
SpainPresentLanderas et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
SwitzerlandAbsent, Formerly presentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
UkrainePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)

North America

CanadaPresentCeletti et al. (2005)
-OntarioPresentCeletti et al. (2005)
Costa RicaPresentHidalgo and Araya (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
CubaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
Dominican RepublicPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
El SalvadorPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
GuatemalaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
HaitiPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
HondurasPresentRosas et al. (2000)
JamaicaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
MexicoPresentCampos and Fucikovsky (1981); EPPO (2020)
Netherlands AntillesPresentEPPO (2020)
NicaraguaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
PanamaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
Puerto RicoPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
Trinidad and TobagoPresent, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
United StatesPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-ConnecticutPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-DelawarePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-FloridaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-GeorgiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-HawaiiPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-IndianaPresentFarr et al. (1989); EPPO (2020)
-MainePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-MarylandPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-MassachusettsPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-MichiganPresentCorrea and Saettler (1987); EPPO (2020)
-MississippiPresentFarr et al. (1989); EPPO (2020)
-New HampshirePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-New JerseyPresentFarr et al. (1989); EPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-North CarolinaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-OklahomaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-PennsylvaniaPresentCole (1966)
-South CarolinaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-TexasPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-VirginiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentHagedorn and Wade (1974); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Oceania

AustraliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-QueenslandPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
-VictoriaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
FijiPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
New CaledoniaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
New ZealandPresent, Few occurrences1979Hill (1982); EPPO (2020)
Norfolk IslandPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
Papua New GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
Solomon IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)

South America

ArgentinaPresentPloper (1980); EPPO (2020)
BrazilPresentEPPO (2020)
-CearaPresentPonte and Almeida (1994)
-Espirito SantoPresentSantos et al. (1984); EPPO (2020)
-GoiasPresentVieira and Ramos (1992); EPPO (2020)
-Minas GeraisPresentGoulart (1988); EPPO (2020)
-ParaibaPresentSartorato (2002)
-ParanaPresentSartorato (2002)
-PernambucoPresentLacerda et al. (1994); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Rio Grande do SulPresentPicinini and Fernandes (2000)
-Santa CatarinaPresentBalardin (1986); EPPO (2020)
-Sao PauloPresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
ColombiaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
EcuadorPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
ParaguayPresent, WidespreadDeighton (1977); EPPO (2020)
PeruPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
SurinamePresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
VenezuelaPresentUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / fungal growth
Leaves / necrotic areas
Seeds / discolorations
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / mould growth on lesion

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Fruits (inc. pods) hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) hyphae; spores Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Growing medium accompanying plants
Roots
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
Wood

References

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Allen DJ, 1995. An annotated list of diseases, pathogens and associated fungi of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in eastern and southern Africa. Phytopathological Papers Wallingford, UK; CAB International., No. 34:xx + 42 pp.

Anon., 1991. Quarantine procedure/Méthode de quarantaine, Phaeoisariopsis griseola. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 21:263-264.

Araya CM, Gonzalez LC, 1979. Effect of the time of seed production and seed treatment on the vigour and health of bean plants. Agronomia Costarricense, 3:201-204.

Balardin RS, 1986. Control of diseases of Phaseolus vulgaris in the State of Santa Catarina. Comunicado Tecnico, Empresa Catarinense de Pesquisa Agropecuaria S.A., No. 107:11pp.

Bhatnagar PR, Ved Prakash, Srivastava RC, Bhatnagar VK, Sharma AK, 1990. Production of vegetables in polythene greenhouse during winters in mid-hills of Uttar Pradesh. Progressive Horticulture, 22(1-4):97-100

Boshoff WHP, Swart WJ, Pretorius ZA, Liebenberg MM, Crous PW, 1996. Isozyme variability among isolates of Phaeoisariopsis griseola in southern Africa. Plant Pathology, 45(2):344-349; 26 ref.

Boudreau MA, 1993. Effect of intercropping beans with maize on the severity of angular leaf spot of beans in Kenya. Plant Pathology, 42(1):16-25

CABI/EPPO, 1998. Distribution maps of quarantine pests for Europe (edited by Smith IM, Charles LMF). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, xviii + 768 pp.

Campos A J, Fucikovsky Z L, 1981. Study of some aspects of angular spot caused by Isariopsis griseola Sacc. on bean. Fitopatologia, 16(1):16-19

Cardona-Alvarez C, Walker JC, 1956. Angular leaf spot of bean. Phytopathology, 46:610-615.

Celetti MJ, Melzer MS, Boland GJ, 2005. Integrated management of angular leaf spot (Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferr.) on snap beans in Ontario. Plant Health Progress, November:1-8. http://www.plantmanagementnetwork.org/sub/php/research/2005/snap/

Chhetry GKN, Mishra RR, Sharma GD, 1994. Effect of microclimatic factors on epidemiology of leaf-spot disease caused by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and Phaeoisariopsis griseola of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 64(9):667-670

CMI, 1986. Phaeoisariopsis griseola. CMI Descriptions of Pathogenic Fungi and Bacteria No. 847. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Cole H, 1966. Angular leaf spot associated with severe defoliation of red kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Pennsylvania. Plant Disease Reporter, 50:494.

Correa FJ, Spttler AW, 1987. Angular leaf spot of red kidney beans in Michigan. Plant Disease, 71(10):915-918

Correa-Victoria FJ, 1984. Angular leaf spot (Isariopsis griseola Sacc.) of red kidney beans in Michigan, M.Sc. Thesis. East Lansing, MI, USA: Michigan State University.

Correa-Victoria FJ, Pastor-Corrales MA, Saettler AW, 1989. Angular leaf spot. In: Schwartz HF, Pastor-Corrales MA, eds. Bean Production Problems in the Tropics. Colombia: CIAT.

Defrancq M, Collingwood EF, 1983. Isariopsis griseola on dwarf bean. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 31(4):168

Deighton FC, 1977. Cercospora solimani Speg., a synonym of Phpoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferr. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 68(2):282-284

Dhingra OD, Kushalappa AC, 1980. No correlation between angular leaf spot intensity and seed infection in bean by Isariopsis griseola. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 5(2):149-152

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Farr DF, Bills GF, Chamuris GP, Rossman AY, 1989. Fungi on Plants and Plant Products in the United States. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: APS Press, 1252 pp.

Frison EA, Bos L, Hamilton RI, Mathur SB, Taylor JD(Editors), 1990. FAO/IBPGR technical guidelines for the safe movement of legume germplasm. Rome, Italy; FAO/IBPGR, 88 pp.

Golato C, Meossi E, 1972. A serious leaf infection of beans, Phaseolus vulgaris, in Ethiopia. Rivista di Agricoltura Subtropicale e Tropicale, 66(4-6/7-9):135-138

Gonzalez LC, Gutierrez R, Cascante F, Portilla E, 1977. Control of leaf diseases of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) with limited use of fungicides. Agronomia Costarricense, 1(2):107-118

Goulart ACP, 1988. Bean diseases in the northern region of Minas Gerais. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 13(3):230-242; 6 ref.

Gray FA, Kolp BJ, Mohamed MA, 1990. A disease survey of crops grown in the Bay Region of Somalia, East Africa. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 38(1):39-47; 22 ref.

Guzman P, Gilbertson RL, Nodari R, Johnson WC, Temple SR, Mandala D, Mkandawire ABC, Gepts P, 1995. Characterization of variability in the fungus Phaeoisariopsis griseola suggests coevolution with the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Phytopathology, 85(5):600-607

Habtu A, Sache I, Zadoks JC, 1996. A survey of cropping practices and foliar diseases of common beans in Ethiopia. Crop Protection, 15(2):179-186; 29 ref.

Hagedorn DJ, Wade EK, 1974. Bean rust and angular leaf spot in Wisconsin. Plant Disease Reporter, 58:330-332.

Hidalgo R, Araya CM, 1993. Optimum growth stage of common bean for chemical control of anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) and angular leaf spot (Isariopsis griseola) in San Carlos, Costa Rica. Agronomia Costarricense, 17(1):75-80

Hill CF, 1982. New plant disease records in New Zealand, 1974-1982. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 20(4):355-359

Hocking D, 1967. A new virulent form of Phaeoisariopsis griseola causing circular leaf spot of French bean. Plant Disease Reporter, 51:276-278.

Issa E, Oliveira DA, 1985. Resistance of varieties of French bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L., to some diseases in Sao Paulo state. Biologico, 51(7):175-179

Lacerda JT, Coelho RSB, Mariano RLR, Menezes M, 1994. Pathogenic variability of Isariopsis griseola on bean in the state of Pernambuco. Summa Phytopathologica, 20(2):93-96

Landeras, E., Trapiello, E., Braña, M., González, A. J., 2017. Occurrence of angular leaf spot caused by Pseudocercospora griseola in Phaseolus vulgaris in Asturias, Spain., 15(3), e10SC03. http://revistas.inia.es/index.php/sjar/article/view/10798/3694 doi: 10.5424/sjar/2017153-10798

Mora B, Pastor Corrales M, Zambolin L, Viera C, Chaves G, 1985. Determining yield losses in French bean from angular leaf spot (Isariopsis griseola Sacc.). Phytopathology, 75:1178.

Msuku WAB, Saka VW, Mbalule JC, Kamwanba S, 1990. Evaluation of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) germplasm against angular leaf spot and some root knot nematode (Meloidogyne) species in Malawi. Zimbabwe Journal of Agricultural Research, 28(1):15-21; 14 ref.

Orozco-Sarria SH, Cardona-Alvarez C, 1959. Evidence of seed transmission of angular leaf spot of bean. Phytopathology, 49:159.

Picinini EC, Fernandes JM, 2000. Chemical control of angular leaf spot and anthracnose on beans. (Controle químico da mancha angular e da antracnose do feijoeiro.) Fitopatologia Brasileira, 25(1):92-94.

Pirnia M, Zare R, Zamanizadeh HR, Khodaparast A, Djavadi B, 2012. Contribution to the identification of Pseudocercospora species in Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 48(3):Pe319-Pe327, En111-En112. http://www.irjpp.ir/browse.php?a_id=602&sid=1&slc_lang=en

Ploper LD, 1980. Angular spot of bean (Phaseolus spp.) in Tucuman province. Revista Industrial y Agricola de Tucuman, 57(1):119-124

Ponte JJda, Almeida DMde, 1994. 'Pampo', a cowpea cultivar resistant to the angular leaf spot (Isariopsis griseola). Fitopatologi^acute~a Venezolana, 7(1):6-7; 12 ref.

Rosas JC, Castro A, Beaver JS, Pérez CA, Morales A, Lepiz R, 2000. Genetic improvement of the tolerance to high temperature and resistance to bean golden mosaic virus on common beans. (Mejoramiento genético para tolerancia a altas temperaturas y resistencia a mosaico dorado en frijol común.) Agronomía Mesoamericana, 11(1):1-10.

Rothwell A, 1983. A revised list of plant diseases occurring in Zimbabwe. Kirkia, 12(2):233-351

Saettler AW, 1991. Angular leaf spot. In: Hall R, ed. Compendium of Bean Diseases. St. Paul, USA: APS Press, 15-16.

Santos AF dos, Athayde JT, Pacova BEV, Vargas AT, 1984. Severity and prevalence of bean pathogens in Espirito Santo State in 1981/1982. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 9(2):221-226

Sartorato A, 1988. Angular leaf spot. Cultura do feijoeiro: fatores que afetam a productividade [edited by Zimmermann, M. J. de O.; Rocha, M.; Yamada, T.] Piracicaba, Brazil; Associacao Brasileira para Pesquisa de Potassa e do Fosfato, 491-501

Sartorato A, 2002. Identification of Phaeoisariopsis griseola pathotypes from five States in Brazil. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 27(1):78-81.

Schwartz HF, Pastor Corrales MA, Singh SP, 1982. New sources of resistance to anthracnose and angular leaf spot of beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Euphytica, 31(3):741-754

Sengooba TN, Mukiibi J, 1986. Studies on inoculum sources of angular leaf spot of beans caused by Phaeoisariopsis griseola in Uganda. Tropical Pest Management, 32:288-291.

Sharma RD, Sohi HS, 1978. Evidence of a new strain of Phpoisariopsis griseola Sacc. from India. Current Science, 47(10):348-349

Sindhan GS, Bose SK, 1979. Perpetuation of Phpoisariopsis griseola causing angular leaf spot of French beans. Indian Phytopathology, 32(2):252-254

Sindhan GS, Bose SK, 1980. Epidemiology of angular leaf spot of French bean caused by Phaeoisariopsis griseola. Indian Phytopathology, 33:64-68.

Smith IM, McNamara DG, Scott PR, Holderness M, 1997. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Quarantine pests for Europe. Second Edition. Data sheets on quarantine pests for the European Union and for the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization., Ed. 2:vii + 1425 pp.; many ref.

Spttler AW, Corea FJ, 1988. Transmission of Phpoisariopsis griseola by bean seed. Journal of Seed Technology, 12(2):133-142

Srivastava LS, Gupta DK, 1994. Management of angular leaf spot of rajma through fungicides in Sikkim. Indian Phytopathology, 47(2):211-213

Srivastava LS, Gupta DK, Dhiman KR, Gyanendra Singh, 1995. Source of resistance in French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) to angular leaf-spot (Phaeoisariopsis griseola) in Sikkim. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 65(4):305-307; 3 ref.

Tai FL, 1979. Sylloge fungorum Sinicorum. Sylloge fungorum Sinicorum. Peking, China: Science Press, Academia Sinica, 1527 pp.

Teverson DM, Taylor JD, Lenne JM, 1994. Functional diversity for disease resistance in Phaseolus vulgaris bean mixtures in Tanzania. Aspects of Applied Biology, No. 39:163-172

Trutmann P, Paul KB, Cishabayo D, 1992. Seed treatments increase yield of farmer varietal field bean mixtures in the central African highlands through multiple disease and beanfly control. Crop Protection, 11(5):458-464

UK CAB International, 1996. Phaeoisariopsis griseola. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, February (Edition 4). Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 328.

Vieira RF, Ramos JAde O, 1992. Evaluation of bean cultivars grown intercropped with maize in Goianira, Goißs. Revista Ceres, 39(225):491-506; 10 ref.

Distribution References

Allen D J, 1995. An annotated list of diseases, pathogens and associated fungi of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in eastern and southern Africa. In: Phytopathological Papers, Kew, Surrey, UK: Commonwealth Mycological Institute. xx + 42 pp.

Balardin R S, 1986. Control of diseases of Phaseolus vulgaris in the State of Santa Catarina. (Controle das doenças do feijão no Estado de Santa Catarina.). In: Comunicado Técnico, Empresa Catarinense de Pesquisa Agropecuária S.A. 11pp.

Bhatnagar P R, Ved Prakash, Srivastava R C, Bhatnagar V K, Sharma A K, 1990. Production of vegetables in polythene greenhouse during winters in mid-hills of Uttar Pradesh. Progressive Horticulture. 22 (1-4), 97-100.

Boshoff W H P, Swart W J, Pretorius Z A, Liebenberg M M, Crous P W, 1996. Isozyme variability among isolates of Phaeoisariopsis griseola in southern Africa. Plant Pathology. 45 (2), 344-349. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-3059.1996.d01-115.x

Boudreau M A, 1993. Effect of intercropping beans with maize on the severity of angular leaf spot of beans in Kenya. Plant Pathology. 42 (1), 16-25. DOI:10.1111/j.1365-3059.1993.tb01467.x

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Campos A J, Fucikovsky Z L, 1981. Study of some aspects of angular spot caused by Isariopsis griseola Sacc. on bean. (Estudio de algunos aspectos de la mancha angular causada por Isariopsis griseola Sacc. en el cultivo del frijol.). Fitopatologia. 16 (1), 16-19.

Celetti M J, Melzer M S, Boland G J, 2005. Integrated management of angular leaf spot (Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferr.) on snap beans in Ontario. Plant Health Progress. 1-8.

Chhetry G K N, Mishra R R, Sharma G D, 1994. Effect of microclimatic factors on epidemiology of leaf-spot disease caused by Colletotrichum lindemuthianum and Phaeoisariopsis griseola of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 64 (9), 667-670.

Cole H, 1966. Angular leaf spot associated with severe defoliation of red kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) in Pennsylvania. In: Plant Disease Reporter, 50 494.

Correa F J, Saettler A W, 1987. Angular leaf spot of red kidney beans in Michigan. Plant Disease. 71 (10), 915-918. DOI:10.1094/PD-71-0915

Defrancq M, Collingwood E F, 1983. Isariopsis griseola on dwarf bean. (Isariopsis griseola sur haricot nain.). FAO Plant Protection Bulletin. 31 (4), 168.

Deighton F C, 1977. Cercospora solimani Speg., a synonym of Phaeoisariopsis griseola (Sacc.) Ferr. Transactions of the British Mycological Society. 68 (2), 282-284.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Farr D F, Bills G F, Chamuris G P, Rossman A Y, 1989. Fungi on plants and plant products in the United States. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: APS Press. viii + 1252 pp.

Golato C, Meossi E, 1972. A serious leaf infection of beans, Phaseolus vulgaris, in Ethiopia. (Una grave infezione fogliare del fagiolo (Phaseolus vulgaris L., Papilionaceae) in Etiopia.). Rivista di Agricoltura Subtropicale e Tropicale. 66 (4-6/7-9), 135-138.

Goulart A C P, 1988. Bean diseases in the northern region of Minas Gerais. (Doenças do feijoeiro na região Norte de Minas Gerais.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 13 (3), 230-242.

Gray F A, Kolp B J, Mohamed M A, 1990. A disease survey of crops grown in the Bay Region of Somalia, East Africa. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin. 38 (1), 39-47.

Habtu A, Sache I, Zadoks J C, 1996. A survey of cropping practices and foliar diseases of common beans in Ethiopia. Crop Protection. 15 (2), 179-186. DOI:10.1016/0261-2194(95)00121-2

Hagedorn D J, Wade E K, 1974. Bean rust and angular leaf spot in Wisconsin. Plant Disease Reporter. 58 (4), 330-332.

Hidalgo R, Araya C M, 1993. Optimum growth stage of common bean for chemical control of anthracnose (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) and angular leaf spot (Isariopsis griseola) in San Carlos, Costa Rica. (Estado de crecimiento óptimo de frijol común para el combate químico de antracnosis (Colletotrichum lindemuthianum) y mancha angular (Isariopsis griseola) en San Carlos, Costa Rica.). Agronomía Costarricense. 17 (1), 75-80.

Hill C F, 1982. New plant disease records in New Zealand, 1974-1982. New Zealand Journal of Botany. 20 (4), 355-359.

Lacerda J T, Coelho R S B, Mariano R de L R, Menezes M, 1994. Pathogenic variability of Isariopsis griseola on bean in the state of Pernambuco. (Variabilidade patogênica de Isariopsis griseola em feijoeiro no estado de Pernambuco.). Summa Phytopathologica. 20 (2), 93-96.

Landeras E, Trapiello E, Braña M, González A J, 2017. Occurrence of angular leaf spot caused by Pseudocercospora griseola in Phaseolus vulgaris in Asturias, Spain. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research. 15 (3), e10SC03. http://revistas.inia.es/index.php/sjar/article/view/10798/3694 DOI:10.5424/sjar/2017153-10798

Picinini E C, Fernandes J M, 2000. Chemical control of angular leaf spot and anthracnose on beans. (Controle químico da mancha angular e da antracnose do feijoeiro.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 25 (1), 92-94.

Pirnia M, Zare R, Zamanizadeh H R, Khodaparast A, Djavadi B, 2012. Contribution to the identification of Pseudocercospora species in Iran. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology. 48 (3), Pe319-Pe327, En111-E. http://www.irjpp.ir/browse.php?a_id=602&sid=1&slc_lang=en

Ploper L D, 1980. Angular spot of bean (Phaseolus spp.) in Tucuman province. (La mancha angular del poroto (Phaseolus spp.) en la provincia de Tucuman.). Revista Industrial y Agricola de Tucuman. 57 (1), 119-124.

Ponte J J da, Almeida D M de, 1994. 'Pampo', a cowpea cultivar resistant to the angular leaf spot (Isariopsis griseola). (Feijão 'Pampo', um cultivar de caupi resistente a mancha angular (Isariopsis griseola).). Fitopatología Venezolana. 7 (1), 6-7.

Rosas J C, Castro A, Beaver J S, Pérez C A, Morales A, Lepiz R, 2000. Genetic improvement of the tolerance to high temperature and resistance to bean golden mosaic virus on common beans. (Mejoramiento genético para tolerancia a altas temperaturas y resistencia a mosaico dorado en frijol común.). Agronomía Mesoamericana. 11 (1), 1-10.

Rothwell A, 1983. A revised list of plant diseases occurring in Zimbabwe. Kirkia. 12 (2), 233-351.

Santos A F dos, Athayde J T, Pacova B E V, Vargas A T, 1984. Severity and prevalence of bean pathogens in Espírito Santo State in 1981/1982. (Severidade e prevalência de patógenos do feijoeiro no Estado do Espírito Santo 1981/1982.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 9 (2), 221-226.

Sartorato A, 2002. Identification of Phaeoisariopsis griseola pathotypes from five States in Brazil. Fitopatologia Brasileira. 27 (1), 78-81. DOI:10.1590/S0100-41582002000100012

Sengooba TN, Mukiibi J, 1986. Studies on inoculum sources of angular leaf spot of beans caused by Phaeoisariopsis griseola in Uganda. In: Tropical Pest Management, 32 288-291.

Sharma R D, Sohi H S, 1978. Evidence of a new strain of Phaeoisariopsis griseola Sacc. from India. Current Science. 47 (10), 348-349.

Sindhan G S, Bose S K, 1979. Perpetuation of Phaeoisariopsis griseola causing angular leaf spot of French beans. Indian Phytopathology. 32 (2), 252-254.

Srivastava L S, Gupta D K, 1994. Management of angular leaf spot of rajma through fungicides in Sikkim. Indian Phytopathology. 47 (2), 211-213.

Srivastava L S, Gupta D K, Dhiman K R, Gyanendra Singh, 1995. Source of resistance in French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) to angular leaf-spot (Phaeoisariopsis griseola) in Sikkim. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 65 (4), 305-307.

Tai F L, 1979. Sylloge fungorum Sinicorum. Peking, China: Science Press, Academia Sinica. 1527 pp.

Teverson D M, Taylor J D, Lenné J M, 1994. Functional diversity for disease resistance in Phaseolus vulgaris bean mixtures in Tanzania. In: Aspects of Applied Biology, 163-172.

UK, CAB International, 1996. Phaeoisariopsis griseola. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 328.

Vieira R F, Ramos J A de O, 1992. Evaluation of bean cultivars grown intercropped with maize in Goianira, Goiás. (Avaliação de cultivares de feijão no consórcio com milho, em Goianira, Goiás.). Revista Ceres. 39 (225), 491-506.

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