Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Phytoplasma-like diseases of cotton



Phytoplasma-like diseases of cotton


  • Last modified
  • 21 June 2017
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Phytoplasma-like diseases of cotton
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Diseases of unknown aetiology
  •   Species: Phytoplasma-like diseases of cotton
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Phytoplasma-like diseases of cotton

International Common Names

  • French: virescence du cotonnier

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Diseases of unknown aetiology
  •     Species: Phytoplasma-like diseases of cotton

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / reduced size
Growing point / distortion
Inflorescence / abnormal leaves (phyllody)
Inflorescence / twisting and distortion
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / leaves rolled or folded
Stems / distortion
Stems / stunting or rosetting
Stems / witches broom
Whole plant / distortion; rosetting
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / early senescence

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Fruits (inc. pods) Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
True seeds (inc. grain) Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Wood Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Growing medium accompanying plants


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Brown JK, 1992. Virus diseases. In: Cotton diseases. Hillocks RJ, ed. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 275-329

Capcor SP; Dande PK; Shinha RC, 1972. Mycoplasma like bodies found in cells of "small leaf" affected cotton plants. Hindustran Antib. Bulletin, 15:40-41.

Cauquil J; Follin JC, 1983. Presumed virus and mycoplasma-like organism diseases in subsaharan Africa and the rest of the world. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 38:293-317.

Cousin MT; Maillet PL; Gourret JP, 1969. La virescence du cotonnier (Gossypium hirsutum L.) nouvelle maladie a mycoplasmes. Comptes Rendus, AcadTmie de Science, Paris, STrie D, 268:2382-2384.

Delattre R, 1965. La virescence du cotonnier. I. Recherches preliminaires. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 23:289-294.

Delattre R, 1968. La virescence du cotonnier: deuxiFme note. Cotton et Fibres Tropicales, 23:386-90.

Delattre R; Giannotti J; Czarnechy D, 1974. Soil-borne diseases of cotton and grapevine associated with subterranean scale insects. Occurrence of mycoplasmas and comparative study of strains in vitro. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences, D, 279(4):315-318

Delattre R; Joly A, 1981. Resultants des enquetes sur virescence florale du cotonnier effectuees en Haute-Volta de 1970 a 1978. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 36:167-184.

Desmidts M; Rassel A, 1974. Presence of mycoplasma-like organisms in plant species affected by "yellows" symptoms in upper Volta - relationships with cotton phyllody. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 22(5/6):138-141

Dineur P, 1957. Psyllosis disease of cotton in the Belgian Congo. Emp. Cotton Gr. Rev. 37; Oct 1960: 137 (abstract).

Follin JC, 1982. La virescence florale (phyllodie) du cotonnier en C(te-d'Ivoire. PossibilitTs de lutte. Cotton et Fibres Tropicales, 37:179-181.

Gianotti J; Delattre R, 1972. A new approach to the epidemiological study of a phyllody, the floral virescence of cotton: selective culture of mycoplasma extracted from some plants and Homopterous insects of the biocoenosis. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 27(4):371-377

Gourret JP; Maillet; PL, 1969. Ultrastructure des mycoplasmas dans le phloeme du cottonier atteint de cirescence. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 24:27-28.

Kottur GL; Patel ML, 1920. Malformation of the cotton plant leading to sterility. Agricultural Journal of India, 15:640-643.

Laboucheix J; Offeren AL van; Desmidts M, 1973. Study of the transmission by Orosius cellulosus (Lindberg) (Homopt., Cicadellidae) of floral virescence of cotton and Sida sp. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 28(4):461-471

Lagiere R; Ouattara S, 1969. Contribution a l'etude d'une nouvelle maladie due cotonnier: la virescence. III. Resultants d'essais de transmission de la maladie. Coton et Fibres Tropicales, 24:225-230.

Soyer D, 1947. La psyllose provoquee par Paurocephala gossypii Russel. Publication d'Institut National d'Etudes Agronomiques de la Congo Belge (INEAC), Serie Scient, No 33.

Uppal BN; Capoor; SP; Raychaudhuri; SP, 1944. Small leaf disease of cotton. Current Science, 11:284-285.

Watkins GM, 1981. Virus and mycoplasma like organisms. In: Watkins GM, ed. Compendium of Cotton Diseases. St. Paul, Minnesota, USA: American Phytopathological Society, 56-59.