Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pea seed-borne mosaic virus

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Datasheet

Pea seed-borne mosaic virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 20 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pea seed-borne mosaic virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Group: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Potyviridae
  •         Genus: Potyvirus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Symptoms of pea seed-borne mosaic virus on pea plant.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionSymptoms of pea seed-borne mosaic virus on pea plant.
CopyrightThorben Lundsgaard/Dept of Plant Biology, KVL, Denmark
Symptoms of pea seed-borne mosaic virus on pea plant.
SymptomsSymptoms of pea seed-borne mosaic virus on pea plant.Thorben Lundsgaard/Dept of Plant Biology, KVL, Denmark

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pea seed-borne mosaic virus

Other Scientific Names

  • pea fizzle top virus
  • pea leaf roll mosaic virus
  • pea leaf rolling mosaic virus
  • pea leaf rolling virus
  • pea seed-borne mosaic potyvirus
  • pea seedborne mosaic virus
  • pea seed-borne symptomless virus
  • PSbMV

EPPO code

  • PSBMV0 (Pea seed-borne mosaic potyvirus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Group: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Group: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Potyviridae
  •                 Genus: Potyvirus
  •                     Species: Pea seed-borne mosaic virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Apr 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EgyptPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EthiopiaPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); Abraham and Makkouk (2002); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
LibyaPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
MoroccoPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
South AfricaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
SudanPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
TanzaniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
TunisiaPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
ZambiaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
ZimbabwePresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971

Asia

IndiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-Himachal PradeshPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-Uttar PradeshPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
IranPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Makkouk et al. (2003); EPPO (2020)
IsraelPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
JapanPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
JordanPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
LebanonPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
NepalPresentDahal and Albrechtsen (1996); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
PakistanPresentMakkouk et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
SyriaPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
TaiwanPresentChang and Chu (1991); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
TurkeyPresentMakkouk et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
YemenPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)

Europe

BelgiumPresentGofflot and Verhoyen (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BulgariaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
CzechiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
CzechoslovakiaPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI (Undated)
DenmarkPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
FinlandPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
FrancePresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
GermanyPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
NetherlandsPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
PolandPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
RomaniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
RussiaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Russia (Europe)PresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
SerbiaPresentEPPO (2020)
Serbia and MontenegroPresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
SlovakiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
SwedenPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
SwitzerlandPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
United KingdomPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); Brunt et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-AlbertaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
-British ColumbiaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-ManitobaPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-OntarioPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
-Prince Edward IslandPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
-QuebecPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
-SaskatchewanPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
United StatesPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-CaliforniaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-IdahoPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-MarylandPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-MinnesotaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-New YorkPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-OregonPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-VermontPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-WashingtonPresentGoodell and Hampton (1984); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-WisconsinPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentBrunt et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-New South WalesPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
-QueenslandPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
-South AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
-TasmaniaPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: CMI, 1971
-Western AustraliaPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
New ZealandPresentKhetarpal and Maury (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

South America

BrazilPresentDusi et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-GoiasPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
-Mato GrossoPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
PeruPresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Whole plant / dwarfing

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Acyrthosiphon pisumInsect
Aphis craccivoraInsect
Aphis fabaeInsect
Ovatus crataegariaInsect
Rhopalosiphum padiInsect
Uroleucon escalantiiInsect

References

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Abraham A; Makkouk KM, 2002. The incidence and distribution of seed-transmitted viruses in pea and lentil seed lots in Ethiopia. Seed Science and Technology, 30(3):567-574; 19 ref.

Alconero R; Provvidenti R; Gonsalves D, 1986. Three pea seedborne mosaic virus pathotypes from pea and lentil germ plasm. Plant Disease, 70(8):783-786

Ali A; Randles JW, 1997. Early season survey of pea viruses in Pakistan and the detection of two new pathotypes of pea seedborne mosaic potyvirus. Plant Disease, 81(4):343-347; 23 ref.

Baggett JR; Hampton RO, 1977. Oregon B442-15 and B445-66 pea seedborne mosaic virus-resistant breeding lines. HortScience, 12:506.

Baggett JR; Kasimor K; Hampton RO, 1994. OSU 663, OSU 668, and OSU 677 pea breeding lines resistant to pea seedborne mosaic virus. HortScience, 29(4):337-338; 7 ref.

Berger PH, 1992. The usefulness of aphid transmission as a taxonomic criterion for potyviruses. Archives of Virology Vienna, Austria; Springer-Verlag/Wien, Supplementum 5:251-255

Bos L, 1970. The identification of three new viruses isolated from Wisteria and Pisum in the Netherlands, and the problem of variation within the potato virus Y group. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 76:8-46.

Brunt AA; Crabtree K; Dallwitz MJ; Gibbs AJ; Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp.

CABI/EPPO, 2003. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus. Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, No. 886. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Chang CA; Kiritani K; ed; Su HJ; ed; Chu YI, 1991. Integrated control of plant virus diseases. In: Proceedings of the International Workshop TARI, Taichung, Taiwan, April 9-14, 1990, Food and Fertilizer Techonology Center (FFTC) Supplement, 1:99-110.

Chiko AW; Zimmer RC, 1978. Effect of pea seed-borne mosaic virus on two cultivars of field pea grown in Manitoba. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 58(4):1073-1080

Dahal G; Albrechtsen SE, 1996. Some studies on cowpea aphid-borne mosaic and pea seed-borne mosaic potyviruses in Nepal. International Journal of Pest Management, 42(4):337-344; 33 ref.

Dolja VV; Carrington JC, 1992. Evolution of positive-strand RNA viruses. Seminars in Virology, 3:315-326.

Dusi AN; Nagata T; Iizuka N, 1994. Occurrence of pea seed-borne mosaic virus in Brazil. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 19(2):219-223

Edwardson JR; Christie RG, 1991. The Potyvirus Group. University of Florida Monograph 16, Volume 3:699-712. Gainesville, USA: University of Florida.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1994. Production Year Book. Rome, Italy: FAO.

Gofflot A; Verhoyen M, 1993. Identification of pea seedborne mosaic virus (PSBMV) in pea seeds in Belgium. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Universiteit Gent, 58(3a):1067-1076

Goodell JJ; Hampton RO, 1984. Ecological characteristics of the lentil strain of pea seedborne mosaic virus. Plant Disease, 68(2):148-150

Hagedorn DJ; Gritton ET, 1973. Inheritance of resistance to the pea seed-borne mosaic virus. Phytopathology, 63(9):1130-1133

Hamilton RI; Nichols C, 1978. Serological methods for detection of pea seed-borne mosaic virus in leaves and seeds of Pisum sativum. Phytopathology, 68(4):539-543

Hampton RO, 1969. Characteristics of virus particles associated with the seed-borne pea fizzletop disease. Phytopathology, 68:539-543.

Hampton RO, 1976. Pea seedborne mosaic virus workshop. Washington, USA: Pullman.

Hampton RO, 1982. Incidence of the lentil strain of pea seedborne mosaic virus as a contaminant of Lens culinaris germ plasm. Phytopathology, 72(6):695-698

Hampton RO, 1984. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus. In: Compendium of Pea Diseases. St. Paul, USA: APS Press, 34-35.

Hampton RO; Braverman SW, 1979. Occurrence of pea seedborne mosaic virus and new virus-immune germplasm in the plant introduction collection of Pisum sativum. Plant Disease Reporter, 63(2):95-99

Hampton RO; Kraft JM; Muehlbauer FJ, 1993. Minimizing the threat of seedborne pathogens in crop germ plasm: elimination of pea seedborne mosaic virus from the USDA-ARS germ plasm collection of Pisum sativum. Plant Disease, 77(3):220-224

Hampton RO; Mink GI, 1975. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses. No. 146, 4pp. Wellesbourne, UK: Association of Applied Biologists.

Hampton RO; Mink GI; Hamilton RI; Kraft JM; Meuhlbauer FJ, 1976. Occurrence of pea seedborne mosaic virus in North American pea breeding lines, and procedures for its elimination. Plant Disease Reporter, 60(6):455-459

Hari V; Siegel A; Rozek C; Timberlake WE, 1979. The RNA of tobacco etch virus contains poly(A). Virology, 92(2):568-571

Hulse JH, 1994. Nature, composition and utilization of food legumes. In: Muehlbauer FJ, Kaiser WJ, eds. Expanding the Production and Use of Cool Season Food Legumes. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 77-97.

Inouye T, 1967. A seed-borne mosaic virus of pea. Annals of the Phytopathological Society of Japan, 33:38-42.

Jellison J, 1986. Immunoenzymic localization of plant virus on aphid stylets. Journal of Phytopathology, 117(2):181-184

Johansen E; Edwards MC; Hampton RO, 1994. Seed transmission of viruses: current perspectives. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 32:363-386

Johansen E; Rasmussen OF; Heide M; Borkhardt B, 1991. The complete nucleotide sequence of pea seed-borne mosaic virus RNA. Journal of General Virology, 72(11):2625-2632

Johansen IE; Dougherty WG; Keller KE; Wang D; Hampton RO, 1996. Multiple viral determinants affect seed transmission of pea seedborne mosaic virus in Pisum sativum. Journal of General Virology, 77(12):3149-3154; 23 ref.

Khetarpal RK; Maury Y, 1987. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus: a review. Agronomie, 7(4):215-224

Kohnen PD; Dougherty WG; Hampton RO, 1992. Detection of pea seedborne mosaic potyvirus by sequence specific enzymatic amplification. Journal of Virological Methods, 37(2):253-258

Kohnen PD; Johansen IE; Hampton RO, 1995. Characterization and molecular detection of the P4 pathotype of pea seedborne mosaic potyvirus. Phytopathology, 85(7):789-793

Koonin EV; Dolja VV, 1993. Evolution and taxonomy of positive-strand RNA viruses: Implications of comparative analysis of amino acid sequences. Critical Reviews of Biochemical Molecular Biology, 28:375-430.

Kumari SG; Makkouk KM, 1993. Evaluation of different ELISA procedures for the detection of pea seed-borne mosaic potyvirus and broad bean stain comovirus in lentil leaf extracts. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 11(2):86-91

Kvicala BA; Musil M, 1967. Transmission of pea leaf rolling virus by aphids. Biologia (Bratislava), 22:10-16.

Lange L; Jomantor A; Heide M, 1989. Testing seeds for viruses by dot immuno binding (DIB) directly on plain paper. Tidsskrift for Planteavl, 93(1):93-96

Ligat JS; Cartwright D; Randles JW, 1991. Comparison of some pea seed-borne mosaic virus isolates and their detection by dot-immunobinding assay. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 42(3):441-451

Ligat JS; Randles JW, 1993. An eclipse of pea seed-borne mosaic virus in vegetative tissue of pea following repeated transmission through the seed. Annals of Applied Biology, 122(1):39-47

Lim WL; Hagedorn DJ, 1977. Bimodal transmission of plant viruses. In: Harris KF, Maramorosch K, ed. Aphids as virus vectors. Academic Press, Inc. (London) Ltd. London UK, 237-251

Lundsgaard T, 1981. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus isolated from broad bean (Vicia faba L.) in Denmark. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, 31:116-122.

Makkouk KM; Bashir M; Jones RAC; Kumari SG, 2001. Survey for viruses in lentil and chickpea crops in Pakistan. Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 108(3):258-268.

Makkouk KM; Kumari SG; Bos L, 1993. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus: occurrence in faba bean (Vicia faba) and lentil (Lens culinaris) in West Asia and North Africa, and further information on host range, transmission characteristics, and purification. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 99(3):115-124

Makkouk KM; Kumari SG; Shahraeen N; Fazlali Y; Farzadfar S; Ghotbi T; Mansouri AR, 2003. Identification and seasonal variation of viral diseases of chickpea and lentil in Iran. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 110(2):157-169; 37 ref.

Masmoudi K; Duby C; Suhas M; Guo JQ; Guyot L; Olivier V; Taylor J; Maury Y, 1994. Quality control of pea seed for pea seed borne mosaic virus. Seed Science and Technology, 22(3):407-414

Matthews REF, 1991. Plant Virology. London, UK: Academic Press, Inc., Ed. 3, 813 pp.

Maury Y; Bossennec JM; Boudazin G; Hampton R; Pietersen G; Maguire J, 1987. Factors influencing ELISA evaluation of transmission of pea seed-borne mosaic virus in infected pea seed: seed-group size and seed decortication. Agronomie, 7(4):225-230

Mink GI; Inouye T; Hampton RO; Knesek JE, 1974. Relationship among isolates of pea seed-borne mosaic virus from the United States and Japan. Phytopathology, 64:569-570.

Mink GI; Parsons JL, 1978. Detection of pea seedborne mosaic virus in pea seed by direct-seed assay. Plant Disease Reporter, 62(3):249-253

Muehlbauer FJ; Tullu A, 1997. Pisum sativum L. NewCrop Fact Sheet, Indiana Center for New Crops and Plant Products, Purdue University (Hyperlink http://www.hort.purdue/edu/newcrop/Crops/CropFactSheets).

Murphy J; Rhoads R; Hunt AG; Shaw JG, 1990. The VPg of tobacco etch virus RNA is the 49-kDa proteinase or the N-terminal 24-kDa part of the proteinase. Virology, 178:285-288.

Murphy JF; Rychlik W; Rhoads RE; Hunt AG; Shaw JG, 1991. A tyrosine residue in the small nuclear inclusion protein of tobacco vein mottling virus links the VPg to the viral RNA. Journal of Virology, 65(1):511-513

Musil M, 1970. Pea leaf rolling mosaic virus and its properties. Biologia (Bratislava), 25:379-392.

Musil M; Leskova O; Rapi J, 1983. Differences in the transmission of pea seed-borne mosaic virus by seeds of different pea varieties. Sbornik UVTIZ, Ochrana Rostlin, 19(3):183-186

Naim Z; Hampton RO, 1979. Pisum sativum seed characteristics and assay methodology as factors affecting detection of pea seedborne mosaic virus. Allahabad Farmer, 50(1):25-28

Oram PA; Agcaoili M, 1988. Current status and future trends in supply and demand of cool season food legumes. In: Summerfield RJ, ed. World Crops: Cool Season Food Legumes. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 3-49.

Provvidenti R; Alconero R, 1988. Inheritance of resistance to a lentil strain of pea seed-borne mosaic virus in Pisum sativum. Journal of Heredity, 79(1):45-47

Provvidenti R; Alconero R, 1988. Inheritance of resistance to a third pathotype of pea seed-borne mosaic virus in Pisum sativum. Journal of Heredity, 79(1):76-77

Roberts IM; Wang D; Thomas CL; Maule AJ, 2003. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus seed transmission exploits novel symplastic pathways to infect the pea embryo and is, in part, dependent upon chance. Protoplasma, 222(1-2):31-43.

Shukla DD; Ward CW; Brunt AA, 1994. The Potyviridae. Wallingford, UK; CAB International, 516 pp.

Stevenson WR; Hagedorn DJ, 1973. Further studies on seed transmission of pea seedborne mosaic virus in Pisum sativum. Plant Disease Reporter, 57(3):248-252

Tachibana Y, 1981. Control of aphid-borne viruses in faba bean by mulching with silver polyethylene film. FABIS Newsletter, 3:56

Thakur VS; Thakur MS; Khurana SMP, 1984. The pea seed-borne mosaic virus disease of pea in Himachal Pradesh. Indian Journal of Plant Pathology, 2(2):156-160

Thottappilly GE; Schmutter H, 1968. Zur Kenntnis eines mechanisch Samen-, Pilz- and Insektenubertragbaren neuen Virus der Erbse. Zeitschrift für Planzenkrankheiten (Pflanzenpathologie) und Plfanzenschutz, 75:1-8.

Wang D; Maule AJ, 1992. Early embryo invasion as a determinant in pea of the seed transmission of pea seed-borne mosaic virus. Journal of General Virology, 73(7):1615-1620

Wang DW; Maule AJ, 1994. A model for seed transmission of a plant virus: genetic and structural analyses of pea embryo invasion by pea seed-borne mosaic virus. Plant Cell, 6(6):777-787

Distribution References

Abraham A, Makkouk K M, 2002. The incidence and distribution of seed-transmitted viruses in pea and lentil seed lots in Ethiopia. Seed Science and Technology. 30 (3), 567-574.

Anon, 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. [ed. by Brunt A A, Crabtree K, Dallwitz M J, Gibbs A J, Watson L]. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL. 1484 pp.

CABI, EPPO, 2003. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Diseases, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 886.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chang CA, Chu YI, 1991. Integrated control of plant virus diseases. [Proceedings of the International Workshop TARI, Taichung, Taiwan, April 9-14, 1990], 1 [ed. by Kiritani K, Su HJ]. Food and Fertilizer Techonology Center (FFTC). 99-110.

Dahal G, Albrechtsen S E, 1996. Some studies on cowpea aphid-borne mosaic and pea seed-borne mosaic potyviruses in Nepal. International Journal of Pest Management. 42 (4), 337-344. DOI:10.1080/09670879609372018

Dusi A N, Nagata T, Iizuka N, 1994. Occurrence of pea seed-borne mosaic virus in Brazil. (Ocorrência do "pea seed-borne mosaic virus" no Brasil.). Fitopatologia Brasileira. 19 (2), 219-223.

EPPO, 2020. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO.

Gofflot A, Verhoyen M, 1993. Identification of pea seedborne mosaic virus (PSBMV) in pea seeds in Belgium. (Identification du 'pea seedborne mosaic virus' (PSBMV) dans des semences de pois en Belgique.). In: Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Universiteit Gent, 58 (3a) 1067-1076.

Goodell J J, Hampton R O, 1984. Ecological characteristics of the lentil strain of pea seedborne mosaic virus. Plant Disease. 68 (2), 148-150. DOI:10.1094/PD-69-148

Khetarpal R K, Maury Y, 1987. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus: a review. Agronomie. 7 (4), 215-224. DOI:10.1051/agro:19870401

Makkouk K M, Bashir M, Jones R A C, Kumari S G, 2001. Survey for viruses in lentil and chickpea crops in Pakistan. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. 108 (3), 258-268.

Makkouk K M, Kumari S G, Bos L, 1993. Pea seed-borne mosaic virus: occurrence in faba bean (Vicia faba) and lentil (Lens culinaris) in West Asia and North Africa, and further information on host range, transmission characteristics, and purification. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology. 99 (3), 115-124. DOI:10.1007/BF01974264

Makkouk K M, Kumari S G, Shahraeen N, Fazlali Y, Farzadfar S, Ghotbi T, Mansouri A R, 2003. Identification and seasonal variation of viral diseases of chickpea and lentil in Iran. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz. 110 (2), 157-169.

Distribution Maps

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