Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Peregrinus maidis
(corn planthopper)



Peregrinus maidis (corn planthopper)


  • Last modified
  • 28 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Vector of Plant Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Peregrinus maidis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • corn planthopper
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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P. maidis apterous and alate adults.
CaptionP. maidis apterous and alate adults.
Copyright©James Litsinger
P. maidis apterous and alate adults.
AdultsP. maidis apterous and alate adults.©James Litsinger
P. maidis adults on maize.
CaptionP. maidis adults on maize.
Copyright©James Litsinger
P. maidis adults on maize.
AdultsP. maidis adults on maize.©James Litsinger


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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead)

Preferred Common Name

  • corn planthopper

Other Scientific Names

  • Delphax maidis Ashmead
  • Delphax psylloides
  • Dicranotropis maidis
  • Liburnia psylloides
  • Pundaluoya simplicia Distant

International Common Names

  • English: corn delphacid; corn lantern fly; corn leafhopper; maize leafhopper; maize planthopper
  • Spanish: chicharrita del maíz; mosca del arroz; peregrino saltón del maíz; salta hoja; saltahojas peregrino del maíz
  • French: cicadelle du mais
  • Portuguese: cigarrinha do milho (Brasil)

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Stirnhoeckerzirpen-Art; Zikade, Mais-
  • Japan: Tomorokosi-unka
  • Netherlands: Mais-cicadellide, groen

EPPO code

  • PERGMA (Peregrinus maidis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Hemiptera
  •                         Suborder: Auchenorrhyncha
  •                             Unknown: Fulgoroidea
  •                                 Family: Delphacidae
  •                                     Genus: Peregrinus
  •                                         Species: Peregrinus maidis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


ChinaPresentTsai et al., 1986
-GuangdongPresentTsai et al., 1986
-YunnanPresentHu et al., 2012
IndiaPresentChelliah & Busheer, 1965
-Andhra PradeshPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-BiharPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-KarnatakaPresentKumar and Prabhuraj, 2007
-Madhya PradeshPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-MaharashtraPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-Tamil NaduPresentUK CAB International, 1973
IndonesiaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-JavaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-KalimantanPresentUK CAB International, 1973
MalaysiaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-SabahPresentUK CAB International, 1973
PhilippinesPresentUK CAB International, 1973
SingaporePresentAPPPC, 1987
Sri LankaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
TaiwanPresentUK CAB International, 1973
ThailandPresentAPPPC, 1987
VietnamPresentUK CAB International, 1973
YemenPresentUK CAB International, 1973


AngolaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
CameroonPresentDejean et al., 2000
Cape VerdePresentUK CAB International, 1973
Congo Democratic RepublicPresentUK CAB International, 1973
EthiopiaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
GhanaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
KenyaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
MadagascarPresentUK CAB International, 1973
MauritiusPresentUK CAB International, 1973
MozambiquePresentUK CAB International, 1973
NigeriaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
RéunionPresentUK CAB International, 1973
SeychellesPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Sierra LeonePresentUK CAB International, 1973
South AfricaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
SudanPresentUK CAB International, 1973
TanzaniaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
UgandaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
ZambiaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
ZimbabwePresentUK CAB International, 1973

North America

BermudaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
MexicoPresentUK CAB International, 1973
USAPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AlabamaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-FloridaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-HawaiiPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-IllinoisPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-LouisianaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-New JerseyPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-North CarolinaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-OhioPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-South CarolinaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-TennesseePresentUK CAB International, 1973
-TexasPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-VirginiaPresentUK CAB International, 1973

Central America and Caribbean

Antigua and BarbudaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
BahamasPresentUK CAB International, 1973
BarbadosPresentUK CAB International, 1973
British Virgin IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Costa RicaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
CubaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
DominicaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Dominican RepublicPresentUK CAB International, 1973
GrenadaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
GuadeloupePresentUK CAB International, 1973
GuatemalaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
HaitiPresentUK CAB International, 1973
JamaicaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
MartiniquePresentUK CAB International, 1973
NicaraguaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Puerto RicoPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Saint Kitts and NevisPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Saint LuciaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Trinidad and TobagoPresentUK CAB International, 1973
United States Virgin IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1973

South America

ArgentinaPresentGreathead pers. comm
BrazilPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-BahiaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-ParaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-Rio de JaneiroPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-Sao PauloPresentUK CAB International, 1973
ChilePresentRioja et al., 2006
GuyanaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
PeruPresentNault et al., 1979
SurinamePresentUK CAB International, 1973
VenezuelaPresentUK CAB International, 1973


AustraliaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-New South WalesPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-QueenslandPresentUK CAB International, 1973
-South AustraliaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
FijiPresentUK CAB International, 1973
GuamPresentUK CAB International, 1973
New CaledoniaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Northern Mariana IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1973
PalauPresentUK CAB International, 1973
SamoaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Solomon IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1973
TongaPresentUK CAB International, 1973
Wallis and Futuna IslandsPresentUK CAB International, 1973

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould
Leaves / necrotic areas
Roots / cortex with lesions
Roots / external feeding
Stems / discoloration of bark
Stems / external feeding
Whole plant / discoloration
Whole plant / dwarfing

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Anagrus breviphragma Parasite Eggs
Anagrus flaveolus Parasite Eggs
Anagrus frequens Parasite Eggs
Anagrus incarnatus Parasite Eggs
Anagrus optabilis Parasite Eggs
Anagrus osborni Parasite Eggs Hawaii maize
Anagyrus flaveolus Parasite Eggs
Aprostocetus Parasite Eggs
Aprostocetus beatus Parasite Eggs
Aprostocetus indicus Parasite Eggs
Bochartia Parasite Adults/Nymphs
Cheilomenes sexmaculata Predator Nymphs
Chelisoches morio Predator Eggs/Nymphs
Coccinella septempunctata Predator Nymphs
Coelophora inaequalis Predator Eggs/Nymphs
Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Predator Eggs/Nymphs Hawaii maize
Haplogonatopus apicalis Parasite Nymphs
Pheidole megacephala Predator Eggs/Nymphs
Staphylococcus sciuri Pathogen
Tetrastichus pallidipes Parasite Eggs
Tytthus mundulus Predator Eggs
Tytthus parviceps Predator
Zelus peregrinus Predator Eggs/Nymphs


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Agarwal RK; Verma RS; Bharaj GS, 1978. Screening of sorghum lines for resistance against shoot bug Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) (Homoptera-Delphacidae). JNKVV Research Journal, 12(1/4):116

Ammar ED, 1985. Internal morphology and ultrastructure of leafhoppers and planthoppers. The leafhoppers and planthoppers [edited by Nault, L.R.; Rodriguez, J.G.] New York, USA; John Wiley & Sons, 127-162

Ammar ED, 1986. Ultrastructure of the salivary glands of the planthopper, Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) (Homoptera: Delphacidae). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology, 15(5-6):417-428

Ammar El-Desouky, 1987. Ultrastructural studies on the planthopper, Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead), vector of maize mosaic and maize stripe viruses. Proceedings of 2nd International Workshop on Leafhoppers and Planthoppers of Economic Importance. Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA, 28th July-1st August 1986 [edited by Wilson, M.R.; Nault, L.R.] London, UK; CAB International Institute of Entomology, 83-92

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Ashmead WH, 1890. The corn delphacid, Delphax maidis. Psyche, 5:321- 324. 6.

Caldwell JS; Martorell LF, 1950. Review of the Auchenorhynchous Homoptera of Puerto Rico. II. The Fulgoroidea except Kinnaridae. Journal of Agriculture, University of Puerto Rico, 34:133-269.

Chelliah S; Basheer M, 1965. Biological studies of Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) (Araeopidae: Homoptera) on sorghum. Indian Journal of Entomology, 27:466-471.

Crawford DL, 1914. A contribution toward a monograph of the homopterous insects of the family Delphacidae of North and South America. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 46:557-640.

Dejean A; Orivel J; Durand JL; Ngnegueu PR; Bourgoin T; Gibernau M, 2000. Interference between ant species distribution in different habitats and the density of a maize pest. Sociobiology, 35(1):175-189; 31 ref.

Fullaway DT, 1918. The corn leafhopper Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead). Bulletin of Board of Commission on Agriculture and Forestry. Hawaii Division of Entomology, 4:3-16.

Gingery RE, 1985. Maize stripe virus. Descriptions of Plant Viruses, No 300, Vegetable Research Station, Wellesbourne, Warwick, UK, Association of Applied Biologists.

Hu ShaoJi; Fu DaYing; Liu XiaoJun; Zhao Tao; Han ZhongLiang; LüJianPing; Wan HaiLong; Ye Hui, 2012. Diversity of planthoppers associated with the winter rice agroecosystems in southern Yunnan, China. Journal of Insect Science (Madison), 12(29):(29 February 2012).

Kumar LV; Prabhuraj A, 2007. Field efficacy of certain new chemicals and economics of shoot bug management in rabi sorghum. Journal of Plant Protection and Environment, 4(1):1-5.

Metcalf ZP, 1943. General Catalogue of the Hemiptera. Fasc.IV. Fulgoroidea, Part 3. Araeopidae (Delphacidae) [ed. by China, W. E]. Northampton, Mass., USA: Smith College.

Nault LR, 1983. Origin of leafhopper vectors of maize pathogens in Mesoamerica In: Proceedings of the International Maize Virus Disease Colloquium and Workshop, August 2-6, 1982, Gordon DT, Knoke JK, Nault LR, Ritter RM, eds. The Ohio State University, Ohio, Agricultural Research and Development Center, Wooster, 75-82.

Nault LR; Gordon DT; Gingery RE; Bradfute OE; Loayza JC, 1979. Identification of maize viruses and mollicutes and their potential insect vectors in Peru. Phytopathology, 69(8):824-828

Nishida T, 1978. Management of the corn planthopper in Hawaii. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 26(1):5-9

Quaintance AL, 1898. The corn Delphax (Delphax maidis, Ashmead). Bulletin Florida Agricultural Experiment Station, 45:61-67.

Rawat RR; Saxena DK, 1967. Studies on the bionomics of Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) (Homoptera: Araeopidae). JNKVV (Jawaharal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya) Research Journal, 1:64-67.

Rioja TC; Vargas HE; Bobadilla DE, 2006. Biology and natural enemies of Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) in the Azapa Valley. (Biología y enemigos naturales de Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) en el valle de Azapa.) IDESIA, 24(1):41-48.

Thontadarya TS; Channa-Basavanna GP, 1968. Mode of egg-laying in Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) (Araeopidae: Homoptera). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2:337-365.

Tsai JH, 1996. Development and oviposition of Peregrinus maidis (Homoptera: Delphacidae) on various host plants. Florida Entomologist, 79(1):19-26; 23 ref.

Tsai JH; Perrier JL, 1993. Morphology of the digestive and reproductive systems of Peregrinus maidis (Homoptera: Delphacidae). Florida Entomologist, 76(3):428-436

Tsai JH; Steinberg B; Falk BW, 1990. Effectiveness and residual effects of seven insecticides on Dalbulus maidis (Homoptera: Cicadellidae) and Peregrinus maidis (Homoptera: Delphacidae). Journal of Entomological Science, 25(1):106-111

Tsai JH; Wilson SW, 1986. Biology of Peregrinus maidis with descriptions of immature stages (Homoptera: Delphacidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 79(3):395-401

Tsai JH; Wilson SW; Faan HC, 1986. Peregrinus maidis (Homoptera: Delphacidae) from southern China. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 94(3):442-443

Tsai JH; Zitter TA, 1982. Characteristics of maize stripe virus transmission by the corn delphacid. Journal of Economic Entomology, 75(3):397-400

UK CAB International, 1973. Peregrinus maidis. [Distribution map]. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, December. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, Map 317.

Van Duzee EP, 1897. A preliminary review of the North American Delphacidae. Bulletin of Buffalo Society of Natural Science, 5:225-261.

Verma; JS, 1955. Biological studies to explain the failure of Cyrtorhinus mundulus (Breddin) as an egg-predator of Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead) in Hawaii. Proceedings of Hawaii Entomological Society, 60:623-634.

Distribution Maps

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