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Datasheet

Pea early-browning virus

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Datasheet

Pea early-browning virus

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Pea early-browning virus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Family: Unassigned virus family
  •     Genus: Tobravirus
  •       Species: Pea early-browning virus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Symptoms of PEBV on pea, showing necrosis of leaves and stem.
TitleSymptoms on pea plant
CaptionSymptoms of PEBV on pea, showing necrosis of leaves and stem.
CopyrightBlackwell Science Ltd
Symptoms of PEBV on pea, showing necrosis of leaves and stem.
Symptoms on pea plantSymptoms of PEBV on pea, showing necrosis of leaves and stem.Blackwell Science Ltd
Symptoms of PEBV on pea, showing browning and death of leaves.
TitleSymptoms on pea plant
CaptionSymptoms of PEBV on pea, showing browning and death of leaves.
CopyrightBlackwell Science Ltd
Symptoms of PEBV on pea, showing browning and death of leaves.
Symptoms on pea plantSymptoms of PEBV on pea, showing browning and death of leaves.Blackwell Science Ltd
Symptoms of PEBV on pea, showing necrosis of leaves and stem.
TitleSymptoms on pea plant
CaptionSymptoms of PEBV on pea, showing necrosis of leaves and stem.
CopyrightBlackwell Science Ltd
Symptoms of PEBV on pea, showing necrosis of leaves and stem.
Symptoms on pea plantSymptoms of PEBV on pea, showing necrosis of leaves and stem.Blackwell Science Ltd
Seed of pea cv. Rondo, showing severe wrinkling caused by infection with PEBV (left) compared with healthy seed (right).
TitleDamaged and healthy pea seeds
CaptionSeed of pea cv. Rondo, showing severe wrinkling caused by infection with PEBV (left) compared with healthy seed (right).
CopyrightL. Bos/IPO-DLO
Seed of pea cv. Rondo, showing severe wrinkling caused by infection with PEBV (left) compared with healthy seed (right).
Damaged and healthy pea seedsSeed of pea cv. Rondo, showing severe wrinkling caused by infection with PEBV (left) compared with healthy seed (right).L. Bos/IPO-DLO
L and S particles of a British PEBV isolate.
TitleL and S virus particles
CaptionL and S particles of a British PEBV isolate.
CopyrightBlackwell Science Ltd
L and S particles of a British PEBV isolate.
L and S virus particlesL and S particles of a British PEBV isolate.Blackwell Science Ltd

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Pea early-browning virus

Other Scientific Names

  • broad bean yellow band virus
  • pea early browning tobravirus

English acronym

  • BBYBV
  • PEBV

EPPO code

  • PEBV00 (Pea early browning tobravirus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Family: Unassigned virus family
  •         Genus: Tobravirus
  •             Species: Pea early-browning virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent, WidespreadMahir et al. (1992)
EthiopiaPresentAbraham and Makkouk (2002)
LibyaPresent, WidespreadBos et al. (1993)
MoroccoPresent, WidespreadLockhart and Fischer (1976)

Europe

BelgiumPresentVerhoyen and Goethals (1967)
ItalyPresentRusso et al. (1984)
NetherlandsPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)Original citation: Bos & van der Want, 1962
PolandPresentKowalska (1979)
SwedenPresentGerhardson and Ryden (1979)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadGIBBS and HARRISON (1964)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Leaves / necrotic areas
Seeds / discolorations
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / early senescence

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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VectorSourceReferenceGroupDistribution
Paratrichodorus anemonesNematodeUK
Paratrichodorus pachydermusNematodeNetherlands
Paratrichodorus teresNematodeNetherlands
Trichodorus primitivusNematodeUK
Trichodorus viruliferusNematodeUK

References

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Abraham A; Makkouk KM, 2002. The incidence and distribution of seed-transmitted viruses in pea and lentil seed lots in Ethiopia. Seed Science and Technology, 30(3):567-574; 19 ref.

Ayala A; Allen MW, 1968. Transmission of the California tobacco rattle virus, CTRV. by three species of the nematode genus Trichodorus. Journal of Agriculture, University of Puerto Rico, 52:101-125.

Bor NA; Kuiper K, 1966. Gevoilighed van Trichodorus teres en Trichodorus pachydermus voor uitvendige invloeden. Mededelingen Rijksuniversiteit Landouwwetenschappen Gent, 31:609-616.

Bos L; Mahir MAM; Makkouk KM, 1993. Some properties of pea early-browning tobravirus from faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in Libya. Phytopathologia Mediterranea, 32(1):7-13

Bos L; van der Want JPH, 1962. Early browning of pea, a disease caused by a soil- and seed-borne virus. Tijdschrift Plantenziekten, 68:368-390.

Boulton RE, 1996. Pea early-browning tobravirus. Plant Pathology, 45:13-28.

Brown DJF; Murant AF; Trudgill DL, 1988. Transmission of serotypes of tomato black ring virus, TBRV by Longidorus attenuatus. Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1987, 130-131.

Brown DJF; Ploeg AT; Robinson DJ, 1989. The association between serotypes of tobraviruses and Trichodorus and Paratrichodorus species. EPPO Bulletin, 19:611-617.

Brown DJF; Robertson WM; Trudgill DL, 1995. Transmission of viruses by plant nematodes. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 33:223-249; 177 ref.

Cadman CH; Harrison BD, 1959. Studies on the properties of soil-borne viruses of the tobacco-rattle type occurring in Scotland. Annals of Applied Biology, 47:542-556.

Cockbain AJ; Woods RD; Calilung VCJ, 1983. Necrosis in field beans (Vicia faba) induced by interactions between bean leaf roll, pea early-browning and pea enation mosaic viruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 102(3):495-499

Cooper JI; Harrison BD, 1973. The role of weed hosts and the distribution and activity of vector nematodes in the ecology of tobacco rattle virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 73(1):53-66

Dun CMP van; Bol JF, 1988. Transgenic tobacco plants accumulating tobacco rattle virus coat protein resist infection with tobacco rattle virus and pea early browning virus. Virology, 167(2):649-652

Fiedorow ZG, 1980. Some virus diseases of horse bean. Tagungsbericht der Akademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik, 361-366

Fiedorow ZG, 1983. Pea early browning virus on horse bean (Vicia faba L. ssp. minor). Zeszyty Problemowe Postepow Nauk Rolniczych, No. 291:97-110

Frost RR; Harrison BD; Woods RD, 1967. Apparent symbiotic interaction between particles of tobacco rattle virus. Journal of General Virology, 1:57-70.

Gane AJ, 1963. Pea early browning virus. Miscellaneous Publication 11. Peterborough, UK: Pea Growing Research Organisation Ltd.

Gerhardson B; Ryden K, 1979. An isolate of pea early browning virus from field-grown Phaseolus vulgaris. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift, 95(1):93-96

Gibbs AJ; Harrison BD, 1964. A form of pea early-browning virus found in Britain. Annals of Applied Biology, 54:1-11.

Goulden MG; Lomonossoff GP; Davies JW; Wood KR, 1990. The complete nucleotide sequence of PEBV RNA2 reveals the presence of a novel open reading frame and provides insights into the structure of tobraviral subgenomic promoters. Nucleic Acids Research, 18(15):4507-4512

Goulden MG; Lomonossoff GP; Wood KR; Davies JW, 1991. A model for the generation of tobacco rattle virus (TRV) anomalous isolates: pea early browning virus RNA-2 acquires TRV sequences from both RNA-1 and RNA-2. Journal of General Virology, 72(7):1751-1754

Harrison BD, 1966. Further studies on a British form of pea early-browning virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 57:121-129.

Harrison BD, 1973. Pea early-browning virus. CMI/AAB Descriptions of Plant Viruses No. 120, Kew, UK: Commonwealth Mycological Institute.

Harrison BD, 1977. Ecology and control of viruses with soil-inhabiting vectors. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 15:331-360.

Harrison BD, 1981. Plant virus ecology: ingredients, interactions and environmental influences. Annals of Applied Biology, 99(3):195-209

Harrison BD; Finch JT; Gibbs AJ; Hollings M; Shepherd RJ; Valenta V; Wetter C, 1971. Sixteen groups of plant viruses. Virology, 45:356-363.

Harrison BD; Robinson DJ, 1978. The Tobraviruses. Advances in Virus Research, 23:25-77.

Harrison BD; Robinson DJ, 1981. Tobraviruses. In: Kurstak E, ed.. Handbook of Plant Virus Infections and Comparative Diagnosis. Amsterdam, Holland: Elsevier/North Holland Biomedical Press, 515-540.

Harrison BD; Robinson DJ, 1986. Tobraviruses. In: van Regenmortel MHV, Fraenkel-Conrat H, eds. The Plant Viruses; Volume 2, The Rod-Shaped Plant Viruses. New York, USA: Plenum Press, 339-369.

Harrison BD; Robinson DJ; Mowat WP; Duncan GH, 1983. Comparison of nucleic acid hybridisation and other tests for detecting tobacco rattle virus in narcissus plants and potato tubers. Annals of Applied Biology, 102(2):331-338

Hubbeling N; Kooistra E, 1963. Resistance to early browning in peas. Euphytica, 12:258-260.

Hughes G; Davies JW; Wood KR, 1986. In vitro translation of the bipartite genomic RNA of pea early browning virus. Journal of General Virology, 67:2125-2133.

Huttinga H, 1969. Interaction between components of pea early-browning virus. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 75:338-342.

Kowalska C, 1979. Viruses infecting pea (Pisum L.) in Poland. Genetica Polonica, 20(2):211-215

Kurppa A; Jones AT; Harrison BD; Bailiss KW, 1981. Properties of spinach yellow mottle, a distinctive strain of tobacco rattle virus. Annals of Applied Biology, 98(2):243-254

Lange L; Jomantor A; Heide M, 1989. Testing seeds for viruses by dot immuno binding (DIB) directly on plain paper. Tidsskrift for Planteavl, 93(1):93-96

Lister RM, 1967. A symptomatological difference between some unstable and stable variants of pea early browning virus. Virology, 31:739-742.

Lister RM, 1968. Functional relationships between virus-specific products of infection by viruses of the tobacco rattle type. Journal of General Virology, 2:43-48.

Lister RM; Murant AF, 1967. Seed-transmission of nematode-borne viruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 59:49-62.

Lockhart BEL; Fischer HU, 1976. Some properties of an isolate of pea early-browning virus occurring in Morocco. Phytopathology, 66(12):1391-1394

MacFarlane SA; Davies JW, 1992. Plants transformed with a region of the 201-kilodalton replicase gene from pea early browning virus RNA1 are resistant to virus infection. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 89(13):5829-5833

MacFarlane SA; Wallis CV; Brown DJF, 1996. Multiple virus genes involved in the nematode transmission of pea early browning virus. Virology (New York), 219(2):417-422; 31 ref.

Mahir MAM; Fortass M; Bos L, 1992. Identification and properties of a deviant isolate of the broad bean yellow band serotype of pea early-browning virus from faba bean (Vicia faba) in Algeria. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 98(4):237-252

Martelli GP; Taylor CE, 1990. Distribution of viruses and their nematode vectors. Advances in Disease Vector Research, 6:151-189

Murant AF; Lister RM, 1967. Seed-transmission in the ecology of nematode-borne viruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 59:63-76.

PGRO, 1969. Annual Report of the Processors and Growers Research Organisation, Thornhaugh, Peterborough, UK.

Ploeg AT; Brown DJF; Robinson DJ, 1992. The association between species of Trichodorus and Paratrichodorus vector nematodes and serotypes of tobacco rattle tobravirus. Annals of Applied Biology, 121(3):619-630

Ploeg AT; Mathis A; Bol JF; Brown DJF; Robinson DJ, 1993. Susceptibility of transgenic tobacco plants expressing tobacco rattle virus coat protein to nematode-transmitted and mechanically inoculated tobacco rattle virus. Journal of General Virology, 74(12):2709-2715

Ploeg AT; Robinson DJ; Brown DJF, 1993. RNA-2 of tobacco rattle virus encodes the determinants of transmissibility by trichodorid vector nematodes. Journal of General Virology, 74(7):1463-1466

Popieszny H; Frencel I, 1985. Viruses in natural infections of yellow lupin, Lupinus luteus L.. in Poland. VI. Pea early-browning virus. Acta Phytopathologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, 20:91-95.

Robinson DJ, 1989. Tobacco rattle virus:variation among strains and detection by cDNA probes. EPPO Bulletin, 19:619-623.

Robinson DJ, 1992. Detection of tobacco rattle virus by reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction. Journal of Virological Methods, 40(1):57-66

Robinson DJ; Hamilton WDO; Harrison BD; Baulcombe DC, 1987. Two anomalous tobravirus isolates: evidence for RNA recombination in nature. Journal of General Virology, 68(10):2551-2561

Robinson DJ; Harrison BD, 1985a. Evidence that broad bean yellow band virus is a new serotype of pea early-browning virus. Journal of General Virology, 66:2003-2009.

Robinson DJ; Harrison BD, 1985b. Unequal variation in the two genome parts of tobraviruses and evidence for the existence of three separate viruses. Journal of General Virology, 66:171-176.

Robinson DJ; Legorburu FJ, 1988. Detection of tobacco rattle virus by spot hybridization. Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1987, 195-196.

Robinson DJ; Ploeg AT; Brown DJF; Legorburu FJ, 1992. Diversity of tobraviruses and transmissibility by nematodes. Report of the Scottish Crop Research Institute for 1991, 77-80.

Russo M; Gallitelli D; Vovlas C; Savino V, 1984. Properties of broad bean yellow band virus, a possible new tobravirus. Annals of Applied Biology, 105(2):223-230

Salazar LF; Harrison BD, 1978. The relationship of potato black ringspot virus to tobacco ringspot and allied viruses. Annals of Applied Biology, 90(3):387-394

SSnger HL, 1968. Characteristics of tobacco rattle virus. I. Evidence that its two particles are functionally defective and mutually complementing. Molecular and General Genetics, 101:346-367.

SSnger HL, 1969. Functions of the two particles of tobacco rattle virus. Journal of General Virology, 3:304-312.

Taylor CE; Robertson WM, 1970. The location of tobacco rattle virus in the nematode vector Trichodorus pachydermus Seinhorst. Journal of General Virology, 6:179-182.

van Hoof HA, 1964. Serial transmission of rattle virus by a single male of Trichodorus pachydermus Seinhorst. Nematologica, 10:141-144.

van Hoof HA, 1968. Transmission of tobacco rattle virus by Trichodorus species. Nematologica, 14:20-24.

van Hoof HA, 1969. Enige eigenschappen van Nederlandse isolaten van het vroege-verbruiningsvirus van de erwt. Medelingen Rijksfakulteit Landbouwwetenschappen Gent, 34:888-894.

van Hoof HA, 1970. Some observations on retention of tobacco rattle virus in nematodes. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 76:329-330.

Verhoyen M; Goethals M, 1967. Présence en Belgique du virus du brunissement précoce du pois, Pea early browning virus). Parasitica, 23:128-131.

Vuurde JWLVan; Maat DZ, 1985. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and disperse-dye immuno assay (DIA): comparison of simultaneous and separate incubation of sample and conjugate for the routine detection of lettuce mosaic virus and pea early-browning virus in seeds. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 91(1):3-13

Wang DaoWen; MacFarlane SA; Maule AJ, 1997. Viral determinants of pea early browning virus seed transmission in pea. Virology (New York), 234(1):112-117; 21 ref.

Wang DaoWen; Maule AJ, 1997. Contrasting patterns in the spread of two seed-borne viruses in pea embryos. Plant Journal, 11(6):1333-1340; 30 ref.

Distribution References

Abraham A, Makkouk K M, 2002. The incidence and distribution of seed-transmitted viruses in pea and lentil seed lots in Ethiopia. Seed Science and Technology. 30 (3), 567-574.

Bos L, Mahir M A M, Makkouk K M, 1993. Some properties of pea early-browning tobravirus from faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in Libya. Phytopathologia Mediterranea. 32 (1), 7-13.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Gerhardson B, Ryden K, 1979. An isolate of pea early browning virus from field-grown Phaseolus vulgaris. Phytopathologische Zeitschrift. 95 (1), 93-96.

GIBBS A J, HARRISON B D, 1964. A form of Pea early-browning virus found in Britain. Annals of Applied Biology. 54 (1), 1-11. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1964.tb01165.x

Kowalska C, 1979. Viruses infecting pea (Pisum L.) in Poland. Genetica Polonica. 20 (2), 211-215.

Lockhart B E L, Fischer H U, 1976. Some properties of an isolate of pea early-browning virus occurring in Morocco. Phytopathology. 66 (12), 1391-1394. DOI:10.1094/Phyto-66-1391

Mahir M A M, Fortass M, Bos L, 1992. Identification and properties of a deviant isolate of the broad bean yellow band serotype of pea early-browning virus from faba bean (Vicia faba) in Algeria. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology. 98 (4), 237-252. DOI:10.1007/BF02000091

Russo M, Gallitelli D, Vovlas C, Savino V, 1984. Properties of broad bean yellow band virus, a possible new tobravirus. Annals of Applied Biology. 105 (2), 223-230. DOI:10.1111/j.1744-7348.1984.tb03046.x

Verhoyen M, Goethals M, 1967. (Présence en Belgique du virus du brunissement précoce du pois, Pea early browning virus)). In: Parasitica, 23 128-131.

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