Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Passiflora quadrangularis
(giant granadilla)

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Datasheet

Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Invasive Species
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Passiflora quadrangularis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • giant granadilla
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowering vine. Tortuguero, Limon, Costa Rica. August 2007.
TitleFlowering vine
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowering vine. Tortuguero, Limon, Costa Rica. August 2007.
Copyright©Dr. Alexey Yakovlev/via Flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowering vine. Tortuguero, Limon, Costa Rica. August 2007.
Flowering vinePassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowering vine. Tortuguero, Limon, Costa Rica. August 2007.©Dr. Alexey Yakovlev/via Flickr - CC BY-SA 2.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowers. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
TitleFlowers
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowers. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
Copyright©Christer Johansson (C T Johansson)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowers. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
FlowersPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowers. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.©Christer Johansson (C T Johansson)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower, buds and vines. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
TitleFlower
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower, buds and vines. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
Copyright©Christer Johansson (C T Johansson)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower, buds and vines. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
FlowerPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower, buds and vines. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.©Christer Johansson (C T Johansson)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
TitleFlower
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
Copyright©Christer Johansson (C T Johansson)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
FlowerPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.©Christer Johansson (C T Johansson)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
TitleFlower
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
Copyright©Christer Johansson (C T Johansson)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.
FlowerPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Stockholm, Sweden. July 2012.©Christer Johansson (C T Johansson)/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
TitleFlower
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
FlowerPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flower. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Leaves tendrils. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
TitleLeaves tendrils
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Leaves tendrils. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Leaves tendrils. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
Leaves tendrilsPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Leaves tendrils. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit forming. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
TitleFruit forming
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit forming. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit forming. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
Fruit formingPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit forming. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowering fruiting habit, Ethan for scale. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
TitleHabit
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowering fruiting habit, Ethan for scale. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
Copyright©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowering fruiting habit, Ethan for scale. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.
HabitPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Flowering fruiting habit, Ethan for scale. Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. August 2015.©Forest and Kim Starr/via Starr Environmental - CC BY 4.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit. Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, England. June 2014.
TitleFruit
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit. Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, England. June 2014.
Copyright©Malcolm Manners/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit. Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, England. June 2014.
FruitPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit. Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, England. June 2014.©Malcolm Manners/via Flickr - CC BY 2.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit opened showing the edible pulp in which the seeds are embedded. January 2006.
TitleFruit
CaptionPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit opened showing the edible pulp in which the seeds are embedded. January 2006.
Copyright©Fibonacci/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0
Passiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit opened showing the edible pulp in which the seeds are embedded. January 2006.
FruitPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla); Fruit opened showing the edible pulp in which the seeds are embedded. January 2006.©Fibonacci/via Wikimedia Commons - CC BY-SA 3.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Passiflora quadrangularis

Preferred Common Name

  • giant granadilla

International Common Names

  • Spanish: badea (Cuba); granadilla real; quijon (Costa Rica); tumbo (Bolivia)
  • French: barbadine; grenadille melon

Local Common Names

  • Brazil: maracuja-assu; maracuja-mamao
  • Germany: Granadilla, Riesen-; Passionsblume, Vierflügelige
  • Italy: passiflora grande
  • Netherlands: markusa

EPPO code

  • PAQQU (Passiflora quadrangularis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Violales
  •                         Family: Passifloraceae
  •                             Genus: Passiflora
  •                                 Species: Passiflora quadrangularis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 23 Jun 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

CameroonPresentIntroduced
GabonPresentIntroduced
GuineaPresentIntroduced
Guinea-BissauPresentIntroduced
KenyaPresentIntroduced
MauritiusPresentIntroduced
MozambiquePresentIntroduced
RéunionPresentIntroduced1880
SeychellesPresentIntroduced
South AfricaPresentIntroduced
TanzaniaPresentIntroduced
UgandaPresentIntroduced

Asia

BangladeshPresentIntroduced
China
-GuangdongPresentIntroduced
-HainanPresentIntroduced
IndiaPresentIntroducedCultivated
-KeralaPresentIntroducedCultivated
-Tamil NaduPresentIntroducedCultivated
IndonesiaPresentIntroducedCultivated
MalaysiaPresentIntroduced
PhilippinesPresentIntroducedCultivated
Sri LankaPresentIntroduced
VietnamPresentIntroduced

North America

BahamasPresentIntroducedInvasive
BarbadosPresentIntroduced
BermudaPresentIntroducedCultivated
Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba
-Sint EustatiusPresentIntroduced
Costa RicaPresentIntroduced
CubaPresentIntroducedListed as potentially invasive
DominicaPresentIntroduced
Dominican RepublicPresentIntroduced
El SalvadorPresentIntroduced
GuadeloupePresentIntroduced
GuatemalaPresentIntroduced
HaitiPresentIntroduced
HondurasPresentIntroduced
MartiniquePresentIntroduced
MexicoPresentIntroduced
Netherlands AntillesPresentIntroduced
NicaraguaPresentIntroduced
PanamaPresentIntroduced
Puerto RicoPresentIntroduced
Saint LuciaPresentIntroduced
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentIntroduced
Trinidad and TobagoPresentIntroduced
United States
-FloridaPresentIntroducedCultivated
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced1888Invasive

Oceania

American SamoaPresentIntroduced
AustraliaPresentIntroduced1880Invasive
Cook IslandsPresentIntroducedInvasive
Federated States of Micronesia
-PohnpeiPresentIntroduced
-YapPresentIntroduced
FijiPresentIntroduced
French PolynesiaPresentIntroducedInvasive
New CaledoniaPresentIntroducedInvasive
NiuePresentIntroduced
PalauPresentIntroduced
Papua New GuineaPresentIntroduced
PitcairnPresentIntroducedInvasive
SamoaPresentIntroducedInvasive
Solomon IslandsPresentIntroduced
TongaPresentIntroduced

South America

BoliviaPresentIntroduced
Brazil
-AlagoasPresentNative
-AmazonasPresentNative
-BahiaPresentNative
-Distrito FederalPresentNative
-MaranhaoPresentNative
-Mato GrossoPresentNative
-Mato Grosso do SulPresentNative
-Minas GeraisPresentNative
-ParaPresentNative
-ParanaPresentNative
-PernambucoPresentNative
-Rio Grande do SulPresentNative
-RondoniaPresentNative
-Sao PauloPresentNative
ColombiaPresentNative
Ecuador
-Galapagos IslandsPresentIntroducedInvasive
French GuianaPresentIntroducedCultivated and escaped
GuyanaPresentIntroducedCultivated and escaped
PeruPresentIntroducedCultivated
SurinamePresentIntroducedCultivated and escaped
VenezuelaPresentIntroduced

Distribution Database Table

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Distribution References

Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. 1192 pp. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm

Bernacci LC, Cervi AC, Milward-de-Azevedo MA, Nunes TS, Imig DC, Mezzonato AC, 2015. (Passiflora quadrangularis. Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil). Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/jabot/floradobrasil/FB20255

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, 2022. CABI Distribution Database: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Charles Darwin Foundation, 2020. Galapagos Species Checklist. In: Galapagos Species Checklist, Galapagos, Ecuador: Charles Darwin Foundatio. http://darwinfoundation.org/datazone/checklists/#plants

Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2020. Flora of China. In: Flora of China, St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2

Funk V, Hollowell T, Berry P, Kelloff C, Alexander S N, 2007. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. 55, 584 pp.

India Biodiversity Portal, 2020. Online Portal of India Biodiversity. In: Online Portal of India Biodiversity, http://indiabiodiversity.org/species/list

Morton J, 1987. Giant Granadilla. In: Fruits of warm climates.

PIER, 2020. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html

POWO, 2020. Plants of the World Online. In: Plants of the World Online, London, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org

Randall R P, 2017. A global compendium of weeds. [ed. by Randall R P]. Perth, Australia: R. P. Randall. iii + 3653 pp.

Salazar-Mendoza P, Ninahuamán-Calderón A, Girón Fernández C, Strikis P C, 2020. First record of Anastrepha pseudoparallela Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae) infesting passion flowers in Peru. Revista Peruana de Biología. 27 (2), 229-232. DOI:10.15381/rpb.v27i2.17878

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Smith RL, 2010. Invasive alien plant species of The Bahamas and biodiversity management. Masters of Environmental Science Thesis., Oxford, Ohio, USA: Miami University.

Space J C, Flynn T, 2002. Report to the Government of the Cook Islands on invasive plant species of environmental concern. In: Report to the Government of the Cook Islands on invasive plant species of environmental concern. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service. 146 pp. http://www.hear.org/pier/pdf/cook_islands_report.pdf

van Wilgen BW, Herbst DR, Richardson DM, Kruger FJ, van Hensbergen HJ, 2012. Fire in South African Mountain Fynbos: Ecosystem, Community and Species Response at Swartboskloof. Springer Science and Business Media.

Uses List

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Human food and beverage

  • Beverage base
  • Fruits

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore

Distribution Maps

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