Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Papilio xuthus
(swallowtail, citrus)

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Datasheet

Papilio xuthus (swallowtail, citrus)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 11 December 2020
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Papilio xuthus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • swallowtail, citrus
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adult (pinned specimen) from Japan.
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult (pinned specimen) from Japan.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway & ©C.Y.L. Schotman
Adult (pinned specimen) from Japan.
AdultAdult (pinned specimen) from Japan.©A.R. Pittaway & ©C.Y.L. Schotman

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Papilio xuthus Linnaeus

Preferred Common Name

  • swallowtail, citrus

Other Scientific Names

  • Papilio xanthus Linnaeus

EPPO code

  • PAPIXU (Papilio xuthus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Papilionidae
  •                             Genus: Papilio
  •                                 Species: Papilio xuthus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 17 Dec 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ChinaPresent
-FujianPresent
Hong KongPresent
JapanPresent
-KyushuPresent
MongoliaPresent, LocalizedNative
North KoreaPresent
South KoreaPresent

Europe

RussiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Russian Far EastPresent, LocalizedNative

North America

United StatesPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-HawaiiPresentIntroducedEstablished

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / honeydew or sooty mould

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Blepharipa zebina Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Exorista bombycis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae Hawaii Citrus
Oecophylla smaragdina Predator China; Fujian Citrus
Polistes chinensis chinensis Predator
Polistes jadwigae Predator
Pteromalus luzonensis Parasite Hawaii Citrus
Pteromalus puparum Parasite Arthropods|Pupae
Trichogramma chilonis Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma papilionis Parasite Eggs
Trichogrammatoidea australicum Parasite Eggs
Trogus mactator Parasite

References

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APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

Lee, S. C., Kim, S. S., Kim, D. I., 1992. An observation of insect pests on the citron trees in southern region of Korea. Korean Journal of Entomology, 22(3), 223-226.

Distribution References

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. In: Technical Document No. 135, Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Lee S C, Kim S S, Kim D I, 1992. An observation of insect pests on the citron trees in southern region of Korea. Korean Journal of Entomology. 22 (3), 223-226.

Ono H, Kuwahara Y, Nishida R, 2004. Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives in a nonhost rutaceous plant, Orixa japonica, deter both oviposition and larval feeding in a Rutaceae-feeding swallowtail butterfly, Papilio xuthus L. Journal of Chemical Ecology. 30 (2), 287-301. DOI:10.1023/B:JOEC.0000017978.73061.a0

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Distribution Maps

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