Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Papaver somniferum
(Opium poppy)



Papaver somniferum (Opium poppy)


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Papaver somniferum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Opium poppy
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
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    CAB International
    OX10 8DE
  • Distribution map More information

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Papaver somniferum

Preferred Common Name

  • Opium poppy

International Common Names

  • Spanish: Adormidera
  • French: Pavot blanc; Pavot somnifere
  • Portuguese: dormideira

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Garten- Mohn; Schlaf- Mohn
  • Italy: Papavero bianco; Papavero sonnolento
  • Netherlands: Slaapbol
  • Sweden: Opiumvallmo

EPPO code

  • PAPSO (Papaver somniferum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Papaverales
  •                         Family: Papaveraceae
  •                             Genus: Papaver
  •                                 Species: Papaver somniferum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


-Madhya PradeshUnconfirmed record
-RajasthanUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts
-Uttar PradeshPresent
TurkeyFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 45,077 MT

South America

ColombiaUnconfirmed recordCAB Abstracts


AustriaFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 1,614 MT
CroatiaFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 2,256 MT
Czech RepublicFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 26,918 MT
Czechoslovakia (former)Unconfirmed record
FranceFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 6,000 MT (F)
GermanyFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 2,030 MT (Im)
HungaryFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 8,156 MT
NetherlandsFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 492 MT (Im)
PolandUnconfirmed record
RomaniaFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 2,173 MT (Im)
SerbiaFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 1,022 MT (Im)
SlovakiaFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 887 MT
SpainFAO, 2013Poppy seed production (2011) 7,000 MT (F)

Habitat List

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Distribution Maps

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