Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Panicum miliaceum
(millet)

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Datasheet

Panicum miliaceum (millet)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Panicum miliaceum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • millet
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Cereal
  • Flour/starch
  • Fodder/animal feed
  • Traditional/folklore

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Panicum miliaceum (millet); unripe seeds.
TitleUnripe seeds.
CaptionPanicum miliaceum (millet); unripe seeds.
Copyright©Dalgial - CC BY 3.0
Panicum miliaceum (millet); unripe seeds.
Unripe seeds.Panicum miliaceum (millet); unripe seeds.©Dalgial - CC BY 3.0
P. miliaceum: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, detail inflorescence branch; 3, grains; cv. subgroup Miliaceum:- 4, habit flowering stem; 5, detail inflorescence branch.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleP. miliaceum - line drawing
CaptionP. miliaceum: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, detail inflorescence branch; 3, grains; cv. subgroup Miliaceum:- 4, habit flowering stem; 5, detail inflorescence branch. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
P. miliaceum: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, detail inflorescence branch; 3, grains; cv. subgroup Miliaceum:- 4, habit flowering stem; 5, detail inflorescence branch.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
P. miliaceum - line drawingP. miliaceum: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, detail inflorescence branch; 3, grains; cv. subgroup Miliaceum:- 4, habit flowering stem; 5, detail inflorescence branch. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Panicum miliaceum L. (1753)

Preferred Common Name

  • millet

Other Scientific Names

  • Panicum miliaceum subsp. miliaceum L. sensu Tsvelev (1968)

International Common Names

  • English: brown-corn millet; common millet; French millet; grand millet; millet panic (grass); proso millet; Russian millet; wild proso millet
  • Spanish: mijo comun
  • French: millet commun; millet des oiseaux
  • Portuguese: milho-miudo

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Echte Hirse; Echte Rispenhirse; Rispen- Hirse
  • Indonesia: sekoi sejati
  • Italy: miglio nostrale
  • Netherlands: Pluimgierst
  • Philippines: kabug
  • Sweden: aekta hirs
  • Vietnam: kee cor kee

EPPO code

  • PANMI (Panicum miliaceum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Panicum
  •                                 Species: Panicum miliaceum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Alternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed); Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed); Atherigona miliaceae; Barley yellow striate mosaic virus; Cadra cautella (dried currant moth); Caulophilus oryzae (broad nosed grain weevil); Chilo orichalcociliellus (coastal stalk borer); Cirsium arvense (creeping thistle); Corchorus aestuans (east Indian jew's-mallow (USA)); Corcyra cephalonica (rice meal moth); Dociostaurus maroccanus (Moroccan locust); Haplothrips aculeatus (grass thrips); Hieroglyphus banian (rice grasshopper); Hyoscyamus niger (black henbane); Locusta migratoria (migratory locust); Marasmia trapezalis (maize webworm); Mythimna separata (paddy armyworm); Mythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm); Oryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle); Oxya chinensis (rice grasshopper); Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae (bacterial canker or blast (stone and pome fruits)); Quelea quelea (weaver bird); Sesamia inferens (purple stem borer); Sipha flava (yellow sugarcane aphid); Spodoptera exempta (black armyworm); Trogoderma granarium (khapra beetle); Xanthomonas vasicola pv. holcicola (streaky spot of sorghum and Sudan grass)

Minor host of:

Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae (bacterial leaf blight); Acrida cinerea; Amaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth); Barley virus G; Cnaphalocrocis medinalis (rice leaf folder); Dactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass); Gibberella coronicola; Gibberella zeae (headblight of maize); Helicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm); Leptocorisa acuta (rice seed bug); Maize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize); Melanitis leda ismene (rice butterfly); Meloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode); Moesziomyces bullatus (pearl millet smut); Ostrinia furnacalis (Asian corn borer); Papaver rhoeas (common poppy); Polymyxa graminis (vector of streak mosaic: wheat); Rice black-streaked dwarf virus; Rice stripe virus (rice stripe tenuivirus); Spodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm); Tribolium castaneum (red flour beetle)

Wild host of:

Atherigona soccata (sorghum stem fly); Barley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf); Chilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer); Sarocladium oryzae (rice sheath rot); Sclerospora graminicola (downy mildew of pearl millet); Setosphaeria turcica (maize leaf blight); Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)

Host of (source - data mining):

Atherigona pulla; Atherigona punctata; Drechslera biseptata; Meromyza americana (wheat stem maggot); Passalora fusimaculans; Sesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer); Spilarctia obliqua (common hairy caterpillar)

Uses List

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Animal feed, fodder, forage

  • Fodder/animal feed

Human food and beverage

  • Cereal
  • Flour/starch

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore