Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Panicum miliaceum
(millet)

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Datasheet

Panicum miliaceum (millet)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Panicum miliaceum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • millet
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Panicum miliaceum (millet); unripe seeds.
TitleUnripe seeds.
CaptionPanicum miliaceum (millet); unripe seeds.
Copyright©Dalgial - CC BY 3.0
Panicum miliaceum (millet); unripe seeds.
Unripe seeds.Panicum miliaceum (millet); unripe seeds.©Dalgial - CC BY 3.0
P. miliaceum: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, detail inflorescence branch; 3, grains; cv. subgroup Miliaceum:- 4, habit flowering stem; 5, detail inflorescence branch.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
TitleP. miliaceum - line drawing
CaptionP. miliaceum: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, detail inflorescence branch; 3, grains; cv. subgroup Miliaceum:- 4, habit flowering stem; 5, detail inflorescence branch. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
CopyrightPROSEA Foundation
P. miliaceum: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, detail inflorescence branch; 3, grains; cv. subgroup Miliaceum:- 4, habit flowering stem; 5, detail inflorescence branch.

Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia.
P. miliaceum - line drawingP. miliaceum: 1, habit flowering stem; 2, detail inflorescence branch; 3, grains; cv. subgroup Miliaceum:- 4, habit flowering stem; 5, detail inflorescence branch. Reproduced from the series 'Plant Resources of South-East Asia', by kind permission of the PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. PROSEA Foundation

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Panicum miliaceum L. (1753)

Preferred Common Name

  • millet

Other Scientific Names

  • Panicum miliaceum subsp. miliaceum L. sensu Tsvelev (1968)

International Common Names

  • English: brown-corn millet; common millet; French millet; grand millet; millet panic (grass); proso millet; Russian millet; wild proso millet
  • Spanish: mijo comun
  • French: millet commun; millet des oiseaux
  • Portuguese: milho-miudo

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Echte Hirse; Echte Rispenhirse; Rispen- Hirse
  • Indonesia: sekoi sejati
  • Italy: miglio nostrale
  • Netherlands: Pluimgierst
  • Philippines: kabug
  • Sweden: aekta hirs
  • Vietnam: kee cor kee

EPPO code

  • PANMI (Panicum miliaceum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Panicum
  •                                 Species: Panicum miliaceum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Feb 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

EgyptPresentIntroduced1871

Asia

South KoreaPresentIntroduced2011
TaiwanPresentIntroduced1963

Europe

AlbaniaPresentIntroduced1920
AustriaPresentIntroduced1864
BelgiumPresentIntroduced1868
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentIntroduced1880
CyprusPresentIntroduced1975
DenmarkPresentIntroducedFirst reported: Pre 500 (B.C.)
EstoniaPresentIntroduced1944
France
-CorsicaPresentIntroduced1931
IrelandPresentIntroduced1915
LithuaniaPresentIntroduced1933
NorwayPresentIntroduced1872
Portugal
-AzoresPresentIntroduced1999
-MadeiraPresentIntroduced1969
RussiaPresent
SlovakiaPresentIntroduced1984
SwedenPresentIntroduced1955
United KingdomPresentIntroduced1865

North America

CanadaPresentIntroduced1899
United States
-HawaiiPresentIntroduced1923

Oceania

AustraliaPresentIntroduced1851
-Western AustraliaPresent

South America

ChilePresentIntroduced1881

References

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Kämpf, I., Hölzel, N., Kühling, I., Kiehl, K., 2016. Arable weed flora in the Western Siberian grain belt. In: Julius-Kühn-Archiv,(No.452) [ed. by Nordmeyer, H., Ulber, L.]. Quedlinburg, Germany: Julius Kühn Institut, Bundesforschungsinstitut für Kulturpflanzen. 76-83. http://pub.jki.bund.de/index.php/JKA/article/view/6209/5913

Distribution References

Kämpf I, Hölzel N, Kühling I, Kiehl K, 2016. Arable weed flora in the Western Siberian grain belt. In: Julius-Kühn-Archiv. [ed. by Nordmeyer H, Ulber L]. Quedlinburg, Germany: Julius Kühn Institut, Bundesforschungsinstitut für Kulturpflanzen. 76-83. http://pub.jki.bund.de/index.php/JKA/article/view/6209/5913

Lim S, Yoon Y, Jang Y W, Bae D H, Kim B S, Maharjan R, Yi H, Bae S, Lee Y H, Lee B C, Park C Y, Lee S H, Moon J S, 2018. First report of maize yellow mosaic virus infecting Panicum miliaceum and Sorghum bicolor in South Korea. Plant Disease. 102 (3), 689. DOI:10.1094/pdis-08-17-1261-pdn

Myung I S, Choi J K, Wu J M, Lee J Y, Yoo H L, Shim H S, 2012. Bacterial stripe of hog millet caused by Acidovorax avenae subsp. avenae, a new disease in Korea. Plant Disease. 96 (8), 1222-1223. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-12-0320-PDN

Park C Y, Oh J H, Min H G, Lee H K, Lee S H, 2017. First report of Barley virus G in proso millet (Panicum miliaceum) in Korea. Plant Disease. 101 (2), 393. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-16-0952-PDN

Seebens H, Blackburn T M, Dyer E E, Genovesi P, Hulme P E, Jeschke J M, Pagad S, Pyšek P, Winter M, Arianoutsou M, Bacher S, Blasius B, Brundu G, Capinha C, Celesti-Grapow L, Dawson W, Dullinger S, Fuentes N, Jäger H, Kartesz J, Kenis M, Kreft H, Kühn I, Lenzner B, Liebhold A, Mosena A (et al), 2017. No saturation in the accumulation of alien species worldwide. Nature Communications. 8 (2), 14435. http://www.nature.com/articles/ncomms14435

Wright D G, Khangura R, Loughman R, Bentley A, Fosu-Nyako J, 2012. First record of Gibberella zeae and Gibberella coronicola on millet in Western Australia. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 7 (1), 19-21. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13314-011-0037-3/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s13314-011-0037-3

Yoon Y, Jung J, Lee B, Lee Y, Lee J, Kim H, Bae S, Nam M, Lee K, Yago J, 2012. First report of Rice stripe virus of proso millet in Korea. Plant Disease. 96 (1), 150. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-11-0453

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