Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Otiorhynchus ovatus
(strawberry root weevil)



Otiorhynchus ovatus (strawberry root weevil)


  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Otiorhynchus ovatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • strawberry root weevil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Otiorhynchus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • strawberry root weevil

Other Scientific Names

  • Brachyrhinus ovatus Linnaeus
  • Curculio ovatus Linneaus, 1758
  • Otiorhynchus rosae (De Geer, 1775)
  • Pendragon ovatus Linnaeus

International Common Names

  • English: crown girdler; weevil, strawberry root
  • Spanish: picudo de la fresa
  • French: charançon de la racine du fraisier; charançon de la racine du fraisier

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: jordbærrodgnaver
  • Finland: pieni liperikorvakärsäkäs
  • Germany: Ruessler, Kleiner Schwarzer Erdbeerwurzel-; Ruessler, Kleiner Schwarzer Fichten-
  • Netherlands: Lapsnuittor, kleine
  • Sweden: bruna öronvivel

EPPO code

  • OTIOOV (Otiorhynchus ovatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Curculionidae
  •                             Genus: Otiorhynchus
  •                                 Species: Otiorhynchus ovatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


JapanAbsent, never occurredGlover, 1989

North America

CanadaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AlbertaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-British ColumbiaPresentShrimptom & Landis, 1985; Cram, 1978; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Rutherford et al., 1987
-ManitobaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-New BrunswickPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-Newfoundland and LabradorPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-Northwest TerritoriesPresentBousquet, 1991
-Nova ScotiaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-OntarioPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-QuebecPresentLarochelle, 1978; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Anon, 1991; Lachance, 1993; Levesque and Levesque, 1994
-SaskatchewanPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-Yukon TerritoryPresentBousquet, 1991
USAPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AlaskaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-CaliforniaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-ColoradoPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-ConnecticutPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Maier, 1986
-DelawarePresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-FloridaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-IdahoPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-IllinoisPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-IndianaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-IowaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-KansasPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-MainePresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-MarylandPresentBatra, 1979; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-MassachusettsPresentvan Driesche & Brodel, 1987; van Driesche & Hauschild, 1987; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Simser and Roberts, 1994
-MichiganPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-MontanaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-NebraskaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-NevadaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-New HampshirePresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-New JerseyPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-New MexicoPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-New YorkPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-North CarolinaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-North DakotaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-OhioPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-OregonPresentKieffet et al., 1983; Anon, 1978; Emenegger and Berry, 1978; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-PennsylvaniaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-Rhode IslandPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-South CarolinaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-South DakotaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-TexasPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-UtahPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-VermontPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-VirginiaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-WashingtonPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; Shanks, 1988; Shawa et al., 1988; Shanks, 1991
-West VirginiaPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-WisconsinPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982
-WyomingPresentO'Brien and Wibmer, 1982


BelarusPresentMeleshko, 2003
BelgiumPresentCasteels & de Clerq, 1988
Bosnia-HercegovinaPresentKovacevic, 1971
BulgariaPresentBurov, 1964; Vulkov, 1978
Czechoslovakia (former)PresentPrusa and Spitzer, 1970; Srot, 1979
DenmarkPresentSilfverberg, 1992
EstoniaPresentSilfverberg, 1992
FinlandPresentSilfverberg, 1992; Vainio and Hokkanen, 1993
FrancePresentHoffmann, 1950
GermanyPresentMutz, 1951; Dieckmann, 1980; Bogs and Braasch, 1988
HungaryPresentTóth, 1967; Veszelka, 1983
IrelandPresentJohnson and Halbert, 1902
ItalyPresentAbbazzi et al., 1995
LatviaPresentSilfverberg, 1992
LithuaniaPresentFjelddalen, 1953; Silfverberg, 1992
NorwayPresentStenseth, 1979; Stenseth, 1980; Silfverberg, 1992
PolandPresentMietkiewski et al., 1993; Labanowska, 1994
Russian FederationPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-SiberiaPresentDieckmann, 1980
SloveniaPresentKovacevic, 1971
SwedenPresentHaegermark, 1976; Borg, 1978; Haegermark, 1979; Silfverberg, 1992
UKPresentCoghill and Light, 1981; Morris, 1997
Yugoslavia (former)PresentKovacevic, 1971


AustraliaPresentGlover, 1989
New ZealandPresentGlover, 1989

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / external feeding
Leaves / abnormal colours
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding
Roots / reduced root system
Whole plant / dwarfing
Whole plant / external feeding
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Cicindela tranquebarica Predator
Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Parasite
Heterorhabditis heliothidis Parasite
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen Larvae/Pupae
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Pathogen Larvae/Pupae
Steinernema Parasite Larvae
Steinernema carpocapsae Parasite
Steinernema feltiae Parasite
Steinernema glaseri Parasite


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Anon., 1978. Strawberry root weevil (Otiorhynchus ovatus) - Oregon. Cooperative Plant Pest Report, 3:17, 164.

Anon., 1991. Insects and Diseases of Trees. Quebec 1990. Quebec, Canada: Goverment of Quebec.

Balachowsky AS, 1963. Entomology applied to agriculture. Tome 1. Coleoptera. Second Volume. Paris, France: Masson et Cie, 982-984.

Batra SWT, 1979. Insects associated with weeds in the northeastern United States. II. Cinquefoils, Potentilla norvegica and P. recta (Rosaceae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 87(3):216-222

Berry RE, Liu J, Groth E, 1997. Efficacy and persistence of Heterorhabditis marelatus (Rhabditida: Heterorhabditidae) against root weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in strawberry. Environmental Entomology, 26(2):465-470; 34 ref.

Bogs D, Braasch D, 1988. Broad-nosed weevils as pests of tree nurseries and herbaceous perennials and their rational control. Nachrichtenblatt für den Pflanzenschutz in der DDR, 42(12):233-236

Borg A, 1978. Strawberry weevils (Otiorrhynchus spp.) in strawberry plantings. A list from the Finnerodja district. Vaxtskyddsnotiser, 42(5):106-111

Bousquet Y, 1991. Checklist of beetles of Canada and Alaska. Ottawa, Canada: Research Branch Agriculture Canada Publication.

Brandt JP, Smith SM, Hubbes M, 1995. Bionomics of strawberry root weevil adults, Otiorhynchus ovatus (L.) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on young ornamental conifer trees in southern Ontario. Canadian Entomologist, 127(4):595-604; 21 ref.

Burov D, 1964. Means for the control of strawberry root weevils and new species in Bulgaria. Gradinar. lozar. Nauka, 1(6):17-27.

Casteels H, Clercq R de, 1988. Observations on weevil pests in nurseries. Mededelingen van de Faculteit Landbouwwetenschappen, Rijksuniversiteit Gent, 53(3a):1169-1174

Coghill KJ, Light WIStG, 1981. Wingless weevils. Leaflet, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, No. 57:8 pp.

Cram WT, 1978. The effect of root weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on yield of five strawberry cultivars in British Columbia. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 75:10-13

Dieckmann L, 1980. Study of the insect fauna of DDR: Coleoptera-Curculionidae (Brachycerinae, Otiorhynchinae, Brachyderinae. BeitrSge zur Entomologie, 30(1):145-310.

Driesche RG van, Brodel W, 1987. Potential for increased use of biological control agents in Massachusetts cranberry bogs. Research Bulletin, Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 718:35-44

Driesche RG van, Hauschild K, 1987. Potential for increased use of biological control agents in small fruit crops in Massachusetts. Research Bulletin, Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 718:22-34.

Egorov AB, Basarukina TF, 1981. Data on the fauna of weevils (Coleoptera, Curculionidae) of southern Sakhalin, I. Trudy Zoologicheskogo Instituta, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 92:24-37

Emden FI van, 1950. Eggs, egg-laying habits and larvae of short-nosed weevils. In: Anon., ed. Proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Entomology, held in Stockholm, Sweden, 1948. Axel R. Elfstroms Boktryckeri: Stockholm, Sweden, 365-372.

Emden FI van, 1952. On the taxonomy of Rhynchophora larvae: Adelognatha and Alophinae (Insecta: Coleoptera). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 122(3):651-795.

Emenegger DB, Berry RE, 1978. Biology of strawberry root weevil on peppermint in western Oregon. Environmental Entomology, 7(4):495-498

Fjelddalen J, 1953. A root weevil, O. ovatus, on strawberry. Frukt og Baer, 6:65-75.

Hoffmann A, 1950. Faune de France. C=leoptFres Curculionides, 52 (I T.). Paris, France: Lechevalier.

Hpgermark U, 1976. Otiorhynchus weevils in strawberries. Vaxtskyddsnotiser, 40(6):179-183, 191-192

Hpgermark U, 1979. Weevils in strawberries - a supplement. Vaxtskyddsnotiser, 43(1):34-36

Johnson WF, Halbert JN, 1902. A List of the Beetles of Ireland. Dublin, Ireland: University Press.

Joy NH, 1932. A Practical Handbook of British Beetles. Volume 1. London, UK: H. F. and G. Witherby.

Kieffer JN, Shanks CH Jr, Turner WJ, 1983. Populations and control of insects and spiders contaminating mechanically harvested red raspberries in Washington and Oregon. Journal of Economic Entomology, 76(3):649-653

Kovacevic Z, 1971. Otiorhynchus species in Yugoslavia and their geographic distribution. Zast. Bilja., 1-103.

labanowska BH, 1994. The main factors influencing the sanitary condition of strawberry plantations. Materiay Sesji Instytutu Ochrony Ros^acute~lin, 34(1):252-257; 13 ref.

Labanowska BH, Pala EM, Suski ZW, 1978. The strawberry root weevil (Otiorrhynchus ovatus L.) control on strawberry plantations. Fruit Science Reports, 5(3):37-44.

Lachance C, 1993. A programme for monitoring in nurseries. Insectes et maladies des arbres: Québec 1993., 19-20.

Larochelle A, 1977. Notes on the food of tiger beetle larvae. Cicindela, 9(1):13-14

Levesque C, Levesque GY, 1994. Abundance and seasonal activity of weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in a raspberry plantation and adjacent sites in southern Quebec (Canada). Great Lakes Entomologist, 27(1):23-37

Maier CT, 1986. Relative abundance of adults of Callirhopalus bifasciatus (Roelofs) and three Otiorhynchus spp. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) on certain cultivated and wild plants in Connecticut. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 94(1):70-77

Masaki, M., Ohmura, K., Ichinohe, F., 1984. Host range studies of the black vine weevil Otiorhynchus sulcatus (Fabricius) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae)., Applied Entomology and Zoology, 19(1):95-106

Meleshko JY, 2003. The species composition of the beetles (Coleoptera) on the poplars in Minsk. In: Second International Symposium on plant health in urban horticulture, Berlin, Germany, 27-29 August, 2003 [ed. by Balder, H.\Strauch, K. H.\Backhaus, G. F.]. Berlin, Germany: Biologische Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, 58-60. [Mitteilungen aus der Biologischen Bundesanstalt für Land- und Forstwirtschaft, Heft 394.]

Metcalf RL, Metcalf RA, 1992. Destructive and useful insects. Their habits and control. Destructive and useful insects. Their habits and control., Ed. 5:1104 pp.; ref.

Mietkiewski R, Tkaczuk C, Badowska-Czubik T, 1993. Entomogenous fungi isolated from strawberry plantation soil infested by Otiorhynchus ovatus L. Roczniki Nauk Rolniczych. Seria E, Ochrona Roslin, 22(1/2):39-46

Morris MG, 1997. Broad-nosed weevils. Coleoptera: Curculionidae (Entiminae). Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects Vol. 5, Part 17a. London, UK: Royal Entomological Society.

Mutz H, 1951. On the occurrence of O. ovatus as a pest of strawberries. Anzeiger für SchSdlingskunde, 24(5):70-74.

Nielsen DG, 1989. Minimizing Otiorhynchus root weevil impact in conifer nurseries. Insects affecting reforestation: biology and damage [edited by Alfaro, R. I.; Glover, S. G.] Victoria, Canada; Forestry Canada, Pacific and Yukon Region, 71-79

O'Brien CW, Wibmer GJ, 1982. Annotated checklist of the weevils (Curculionidae sensu lato) of North America, Central America and the West Indies (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Memoirs, American Entomological Institute, 34:1-382.

Prusa V, Spitzer K, 1970. The strawberry root weevil (Otiorrhynchus (Tourniera) ovatus L.), a new important pest of strawberries in southern Bohemia. Sbornik Vysoke Skoly Zemedelske v Praze, 8:347-356

Rutherford TA, Trotter D, Webster JM, 1987. The potential of heterorhabditid nematodes as control agents of root weevils. Canadian Entomologist, 119(1):67-73

Scherf H, 1964. The developmental stages of Central European Curculionidae (Morphology, Bionomics, Ecology). Abhandlungen hrsg. von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 506:1-335.

Schwenke W, ed. , 1974. The forest pests of Europe. A handbook in five volumes. Volume 2. Beetles. Hamburg, Germany: Paul Parey, 500 pp.

Shanks CH Jr, 1988. Root weevils on berry crops. Extension Bulletin, Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture, Washington State University, No. 0965:4 pp.

Shanks CH Jr, 1991. Root weevils of berry crops. Extension Bulletin - Cooperative Extension, College of Agriculture & Home Economics, Washington State University, No. EB0965:3 pp.

Shanks CH Jr, Chase DL, Chamberlain JD, 1984. Resistance of clones of wild strawberry, Fragaria chiloensis, to adult Otiorhynchus sulcatus and O. ovatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Environmental Entomology, 13(4):1042-1045

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Shrimpton G, Landis TD, 1985. Four insect pests of conifer nurseries in British Columbia. In: Proceedings of the Western Forest Nursery Council - Intermountain Nurseryman's Association combined meeting, 14-16 Aug. 1984, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. General Technical Report, Intermountain Research Station, USDA Forest Service, 1985, No. INT-185:119-121.

Silfverberg H, 1992. Enumeration of the Coleoptera of Fennoscandinavia, Denmark and the Baltic. Helsinki, Finland: Helsingfors.

Simser D, Roberts S, 1994. Suppression of strawberry root weevil Otiorhynchus ovatus, in cranberries by entomopathogenic nematodes (Nematoda: Steinernematidae and Heterorhabditidae). Nematologica, 40(3):456-462

Srot M, 1979. Notes on the biology of the weevil Otiorrhynchus ovatus L. Lesnictvi, 25(4):317-324

Stenseth C, 1979. Root weevils on strawberry. Gartneryrket, 69(9):231-233

Stenseth C, 1980. Some aspects of the biology of the strawberry weevil Otiorrhynchus ovatus L. (Col., Curculionidae). Forskning og Forsoek i Landbruket, 31(3):197-203

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Veszelka A, 1983. Possibility of controlling Otiorrhynchus ovatus L. Novenyvedelem, 19(2):83-84

Vulkov G, 1978. Principal strawberry pests. Distribution and density. B"lgarski Plodove, Zelenchutsi i Konservi, 3:30-32.

Distribution Maps

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