Invasive Species Compendium

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Ostrinia furnacalis
(Asian corn borer)

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Datasheet

Ostrinia furnacalis (Asian corn borer)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 30 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ostrinia furnacalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • Asian corn borer
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleEmerging larvae
Caption
Copyright©James Litsinger
Emerging larvae©James Litsinger
O. furnacalis larvae in pollen.
TitleLarvae
CaptionO. furnacalis larvae in pollen.
Copyright©James Litsinger
O. furnacalis larvae in pollen.
LarvaeO. furnacalis larvae in pollen.©James Litsinger
TitleLarva
Caption
Copyright©James Litsinger
Larva©James Litsinger
O. furnacalis pupa, and pupal predator Euborellia stali.
TitlePupa and natural enemy
CaptionO. furnacalis pupa, and pupal predator Euborellia stali.
Copyright©James Litsinger
O. furnacalis pupa, and pupal predator Euborellia stali.
Pupa and natural enemyO. furnacalis pupa, and pupal predator Euborellia stali.©James Litsinger
Wing span 20-26 mm; forewing ground colour light yellow, with pale-fuscous at costa, between lines and in subterminal area; hindwing pale yellow with subterminal and postmedial fuscous bands on the median area; between these is a large yellowish patch.
TitleAdult male
CaptionWing span 20-26 mm; forewing ground colour light yellow, with pale-fuscous at costa, between lines and in subterminal area; hindwing pale yellow with subterminal and postmedial fuscous bands on the median area; between these is a large yellowish patch.
CopyrightK.V.N. Maes
Wing span 20-26 mm; forewing ground colour light yellow, with pale-fuscous at costa, between lines and in subterminal area; hindwing pale yellow with subterminal and postmedial fuscous bands on the median area; between these is a large yellowish patch.
Adult maleWing span 20-26 mm; forewing ground colour light yellow, with pale-fuscous at costa, between lines and in subterminal area; hindwing pale yellow with subterminal and postmedial fuscous bands on the median area; between these is a large yellowish patch.K.V.N. Maes
Females prefer to oviposit on tall maize plants, mostly on the basal portion of the lower surface of the leaf.
TitleEgg mass
CaptionFemales prefer to oviposit on tall maize plants, mostly on the basal portion of the lower surface of the leaf.
Copyright©James Litsinger
Females prefer to oviposit on tall maize plants, mostly on the basal portion of the lower surface of the leaf.
Egg massFemales prefer to oviposit on tall maize plants, mostly on the basal portion of the lower surface of the leaf.©James Litsinger
Leaf damage caused by O. furnacalis.
TitleSymptoms on leaf
CaptionLeaf damage caused by O. furnacalis.
Copyright©James Litsinger
Leaf damage caused by O. furnacalis.
Symptoms on leafLeaf damage caused by O. furnacalis.©James Litsinger
Corn borer damage (left). Corn borer larvae in maize tassel (right).
TitleSymptoms and larvae
CaptionCorn borer damage (left). Corn borer larvae in maize tassel (right).
Copyright©James Litsinger
Corn borer damage (left). Corn borer larvae in maize tassel (right).
Symptoms and larvaeCorn borer damage (left). Corn borer larvae in maize tassel (right).©James Litsinger

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ostrinia furnacalis Guenée, 1854

Preferred Common Name

  • Asian corn borer

Other Scientific Names

  • Botys damoalis Walker, 1859
  • Botys furnacalis Guenée
  • Botys salentialis Snellen, 1880
  • Micractis varialis Inoue et al., 1959
  • Ostrinia damoalis (Walker)
  • Ostrinia salentialis (Snellen)
  • Pyrausta damoalis
  • Pyrausta polygoni Dyar, 1905
  • Pyrausta salentialis
  • Pyrausta vastatrix Schultze, 1908
  • Spilodes kodzukalis Matsumura, 1897

International Common Names

  • English: Oriental corn borer

EPPO code

  • PYRUFU (Ostrinia furnacalis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Crambidae
  •                             Genus: Ostrinia
  •                                 Species: Ostrinia furnacalis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

AfghanistanPresentIIE, 1971
Brunei DarussalamPresentWaterhouse, 1993
CambodiaPresentIIE, 1971; Waterhouse, 1993
ChinaWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; Zhou and Li, 1981
-BeijingPresentSong et al., 2008
-FujianPresentIIE, 1971
-GansuPresentLiu and Hou, 2004
-GuangdongWidespreadIIE, 1971; Wang et al., 1992
-GuangxiPresentIIE, 1971
-GuizhouPresentIIE, 1971
-HebeiPresentHe KangLai et al., 2002
-HeilongjiangPresentHe et al., 2005
-HenanWidespreadJiang and Klun, 1981
-HubeiWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971
-HunanPresentIIE, 1971
-JiangsuWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971
-JilinWidespreadGao and Duan, 1992
-LiaoningPresentIIE, 1971
-Nei MengguPresentHe KangLai et al., 2002
-ShaanxiWidespreadIIE, 1971; Gong et al., 1981
-ShandongWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971
-ShanghaiPresentMao and Cao, 2001
-ShanxiPresentIIE, 1971
-SichuanWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970
-TibetPresentIIE, 1971
-XinjiangPresentLiu et al., 2005
-YunnanPresentIIE, 1971
-ZhejiangWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971
IndiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-AssamPresentIIE, 1971
-BiharPresentIIE, 1971
-Indian PunjabPresentIIE, 1971
-Jammu and KashmirPresentIIE, 1971
-KarnatakaPresentIIE, 1971
-ManipurPresentIIE, 1971
-SikkimPresentIIE, 1971
-West BengalPresentIIE, 1971
IndonesiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Irian JayaPresentIIE, 1971
-JavaPresentIIE, 1971
-MoluccasPresentIIE, 1971
-SulawesiPresentIIE, 1971
-SumatraPresentIIE, 1971
JapanPresentMutuura and Munroe, 1970
-HokkaidoPresentIIE, 1971
-HonshuPresentIIE, 1971
-KyushuPresentHoshizaki et al., 2008
-ShikokuPresentIIE, 1971
Korea, DPRWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; APPPC, 1987
Korea, Republic ofWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; APPPC, 1987
LaosPresentIIE, 1971; Waterhouse, 1993
MalaysiaPresentIIE, 1971; Waterhouse, 1993
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresentIIE, 1971
-SabahPresentIIE, 1971
-SarawakPresentIIE, 1971
MyanmarPresentIIE, 1971; Waterhouse, 1993
PakistanPresentIIE, 1971
PhilippinesPresentIIE, 1971; Waterhouse, 1993
SingaporePresentIIE, 1971
Sri LankaPresentIIE, 1971
TaiwanWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971
ThailandWidespreadYoovadee-Granados et al., 1973; Waterhouse, 1993
VietnamPresentIIE, 1971; APPPC, 1987; Waterhouse, 1993

Europe

Russian FederationPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Russian Far EastWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971

Oceania

AustraliaPresentIIE, 1971
-New South WalesPresentMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971
-QueenslandPresentIIE, 1971
-Western AustraliaPresentANI, 1996
GuamPresentIIE, 1971
Micronesia, Federated states ofWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970
Northern Mariana IslandsWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970
Papua New GuineaWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971; APPPC, 1987
Solomon IslandsWidespreadMutuura and Munroe, 1970; IIE, 1971; APPPC, 1987

Growth Stages

Top of page Fruiting stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / external feeding
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / webbing
Leaves / external feeding
Stems / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agathis agilis Parasite Larvae Guam; Mariana Islands maize; sorghum
Anisosticta kobensis Predator
Aulacocentrum confusum Parasite Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae Liaoning; Taiwan
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Larvae China
Brachymeria albotibialis Parasite Pupae Mariana Islands maize
Brachymeria lasus Parasite Larvae/Pupae Philippines cotton
Campoplex alkae Parasite Guam; Mariana Islands maize; sorghum
Chelonus annulipes Parasite Larvae Guam; Mariana Islands; Saipan maize; sorghum
Diadegma terebrans Parasite Larvae China; Guam; Mariana Islands; Saipan maize; sorghum
Eocanthecona furcellata Predator
Eriborus giganteus Parasite Philippines sorghum
Eriborus sinicus Parasite
Euborellia annulata Predator Larvae/Pupae
Exeristes roborator Parasite Guam; Mariana Islands maize; sorghum
Harmonia octomaculata Predator Larvae
Labidura riparia Predator
Lydella grisescens Parasite Larvae
Lydella thompsoni Parasite Larvae Guam; Mariana Islands; Philippines; Saipan maize; sorghum
Macrocentrus gifuensis Parasite Larvae
Macrocentrus grandii Parasite Larvae Philippines sorghum; maizeì ì
Macrocentrus linearis Parasite Larvae China; Shanghai maize
Nala lividipes Predator Larvae
Neoaplectana feltiae agriotos Parasite
Neoaplectana feltiae agriotos Parasite
Nosema furnacalis Pathogen
Nosema medinalis Pathogen
Nosema pyrausta Pathogen
Paradrino laevicula Parasite Larvae
Pardosa astrigera Predator Eggs/Larvae
Proreus simulans Predator Eggs/Larvae
Sciparia prasina Pathogen Larvae
Sclerodermus guani Parasite
Steinernema carpocapsae Parasite China
Steinernema feltiae Parasite China
Temelucha philippinensis Parasite
Tetrastichus inferens Parasite Pupae
Trathala flavoorbitalis Parasite Guam; Northern Mariana Islands maize; sorghum
Trichogramma chilonis Parasite Eggs Guam; Mariana Islands; Taiwan maize; sorghum; sugarcane
Trichogramma chilotraeae Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite Eggs China; Henan
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs Philippines
Trichogramma nubilale Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma ostriniae Parasite Eggs Taiwan maize
Trichogramma plasseyensis Parasite Papua New Guinea
Vairimorpha necatrix Pathogen
Wolbachia Pathogen Song et al., 2008
Xanthopimpla modesta
Xanthopimpla punctata Parasite Pupae Mariana Islands maize
Xanthopimpla stemmator Parasite Larvae/Pupae

References

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Alolino CR; Catli EG, 1986. Detasseling and carbofuran for the control of corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee). CMU Journal of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition, 8(2):88-102

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA).

AVDRC, 1990. Screening for resistance to Asiatic corn borer. Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center. 1988 Progress Report. Shanhua, Taiwan; AVRDC, 39-40.

Barrion AT; Litsinger JA, 1985. Proreus simulans (Dermaptera: Chelisochidae), a predator of rice leaffolder (LF) and skipper larvae. International Rice Research Newsletter, 10(1):25

Bernardo EN, 1993. Adoption of the integrated pest management (IPM) approach in crop protection: a researcher's view. Philippine Entomologist, 9(2):175-185

Boo KS; Park JW, 1998. Sex pheromone composition of the Asian corn borer moth, Ostrinia furnacalis (GuenTe) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in South Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 1(1):77-84; 20 ref.

Breithaupt J; Schmutterer H, Singh RP (ed. ), Saxena RC, 1999. Aqueous neem seed kernel extracts for control of the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis in Papua New Guinea. Enfield, USA: Science Publishers, Inc. Azadirachta indica A. Juss., 191-198.

Brewbaker JL; Logrono ML; Kim SK, 1989. The MIR (maize inbred resistance) trials: performance of tropical-adapted maize inbreds. Research Series - College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii, No. 062:27 pp.; 12 ref.

Camarao GC, 1976. Population dynamics of the cornborer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee), I. Life cycle, behavior, and generation cycles. Philippine Entomologist, 3(3/4):179-200

Chen ZQ; Xiao JC; Huang XT; Huang LG; Yang ZX; Zhang HL, 1982. Attraction of synthetic sex pheromone components to male corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee in the field. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 25(2):164-171

Cheng WY; Hung TH; Hung JK; Wang ZT, 1987. The occurrence of eggs of some sugarcane insect pests and egg parasitism by Trichogramma chilonis in the autumn-planted cane fields. Report of the Taiwan Sugar Research Institute, No. 117:13-30

Cheng WY; Wang ZT; Chen SM, 1998. Trapping of Trichogramma with sterilized host eggs in spring-planted cane fields. Report of the Taiwan Sugar Research Institute, No. 159, 1-14.

Cheng ZQ, 1989. Sex pheromones of two species of corn borers living in China. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 24(1-2):237-240

Cheng ZQ; Xiao JC; Huang XT; Chen DL; Li JQ; He YS; Huang SR; Luo QC; Yang CM; Yang TH, 1981. Sex pheromone components isolated from China corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), (E)- and (Z)-12-tetradecenyl acetates. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 7(5):841-851

Chiu SF; Zhang X; Liu SK; Huang DP, 1984. Growth-disruptive effects of azadirachtin on the larvae of the Asiatic corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee). Acta Entomologica Sinica, 27(3):241-247

Chiu SF; Zhang X; Liu SK; Huang DP, 1985. Growth-disrupting effects of azadirachtin on the larvae of the Asiatic corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee) (Lepid., Pyralidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 99(3):276-284

Du JW; Zhu YX; Zang TP; Xu SF; Dai XJ, 1986. Studies on the precise blending of the pheromone components of the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee (Lep. Pyralidae). Contributions from Shanghai Institute of Entomology, 6:17-22

Felkl G, 1988. Economic aspects of detasseling corn plants and insecticide use to control Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee (Lep., Pyralidae), in the Philippines. Journal of Applied Entomology, 105(4):379-386

Felkl G, 1988. Effect of detasseling corn plants on egg deposition, larval infestation and tunneling damage of Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), in the Philippines Zeitschrift fur Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 95(5):476-485.

Feng JianGuo; Tao Xun; Zhang AnSheng; Yu Yi; Zhang ChengWei; Cui YuanYing, 1999. Studies on using Trichogramma spp. reared on artificial host egg to control corn pests. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 15(3):97-99; 3 ref.

Gao JF; Duan SZ, 1992. Experience in control of Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee) with Trichogramma dendrolimi Matsumura. Plant Protection, 18(4):52.

Gong HF; Chen P; Wang R; Lian ML, 1981. Preliminary identification of species of corn borer from central Shanxi. Shanxi Nongye Kexue, No. 2:12-15

He K; Wang Z; Wen L; Bai S; Ma X; Yao Z, 2005. Determination of baseline susceptibility to Cry1Ab protein for Asian corn borer (Lep., Crambidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 129(8):407-412. http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=showIssues&code=jen

He KangLai; Wang ZhenYing; Wen LiPing; Bai ShuXiong; Liu KeHong; Zhou DaRong, 2002. Investigation on the parasitoids and pathogens of Asian corn borer overwintering larvae in the corn belt of China. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 18(2):49-53; 14 ref.

He KL; Zhou DR; Yang HW, 1991. Biological control of Asian corn borer with the entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema feltip agriotos. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 7(1):1-6

Hoshizaki S; Washimori R; Kubota S; Ohno S; Huang Y; Tatsuki S; Ishikawa Y, 2008. Two mitochondrial lineages occur in the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), in Japan. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 98(5):519-526. http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=ber

Hou RF, 1997. Recent progress in microbial control of insects in Taiwan. Plant Protection Bulletin Taipei, 39(1):75-84.

Hsu SL; Peng WK; Hsieh FK, 1988. Loss assessment of corn infested with Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee). Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, 28(2):27-31

Huang YongPing; Takanashi T; Hoshizaki S; Tatsuki S; Honda H; Yoshiyasu Y; Ishikawa Y, 1998. Geographic variation in sex pheromone of Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis, in Japan. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 24(12):2079-2088; 10 ref.

Hussein MY; Kamaldeer AK; Ahmad NM, 1983. Some aspects of the ecology of Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee) on corn. MAPPS Newsletter, 7(2):11-12

Hussein MY; Kameldeer AK, 1988. A field study on the oviposition of Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee (Lepidoptera; Pyralidae) on maize in Selangor, Malaysia. Tropical Pest Management, 34(1):44-47, 115, 120

IIE, 1971. Distribution Maps of Pests. No. 294. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Ishikawa Y; Takanashi T; Kim ChoongGon; Hoshizaki S; Tatsuki S; Huang YongPing; Hardie J, 1999. Ostrinia spp. in Japan: their host plants and sex pheromones. In: Simpson SJ, Mordue AJ, eds. Proceedings, Tenth International Symposium on Insect Plant Relationships, Oxford, UK, 4-10 July 1998. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 237-244.

Jackman JA; Acree TA; Benigno EA, 1984. Evidence of additional sex pheromone components in the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee). Philippine Entomologist, 6(1):39-45

Jackman JA; Benigno EA; Klun JA; Schwarz M, 1983. Field tests of (Z) and (E)-12-tetradecen-1-ol acetate as a sex attractant for Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee). Philippine Entomologist, 6(5/6):519-530

Jiang ZX; Klun JA, 1981. Study on the use of sex pheromone for the identification of corn borers. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 24(4):356-360

Kageyama D; Hoshizaki S; Ishikawa Y, 1998. Female-biased sex ratio in the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis: evidence for the occurrence of feminizing bacteria in an insect. Heredity, 81(3):311-316; 26 ref.

Kageyama D; Nishimura G; Hoshizaki S; Ishikawa Y, 2002. Feminizing Wolbachia in an insect, Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Heredity, 88(6):444-449; 30 ref.

Kou R; Ho HY; Yang HT; Chow YS; Wu HJ, 1992. Investigation of sex pheromone components of female Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Hubner) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Taiwan. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 18(6):833-840

Kuo NC; Chen C; Tseng CT, 1990. The evaluation, comparison and stability analysis of corn-leaf resistance to the Asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee). Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, National Taiwan University, 30(1):114-122

Lee YB; Hwang CY; Choi KM; Shim JY, 1980. Studies on the bionomics of the oriental corn borer Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee). Korean Journal of Plant Protection, 19(4):187-192

Legacion DM; Gabriel BP, 1988. Note: oviposition of Asiatic corn borer moths on corn plants. Philippine Agriculturist, 71(3):375-378

Li LY; Liu WH; Chu DF; Han SC; Shiu X; Zhou LC, 1988. Introduction and utilization of Trichogramma nubilale Ertle and Davis in China. Colloques de l'INRA, No. 43:501-511

Li QiaoSi; Gao ZongSha; Wang WenXi; Cui LanEn, 1999. Sequential sampling and control of corn borers in cotton fields. Journal of Henan Agricultural Sciences, No. 12:13-14; 3 ref.

Li TH, 1988. Evaluation on the effectiveness of corn borer control in large area with Trichogramma. Colloques de l'INRA, No. 43:419-422

Li W; Li WG; Chen SX; Zhu PQ; Yu GX; Zhang SJ, 1989. Field trials on mating disruption of Ostrinia furnacalis (Lep.: Pyralidae) with synthetic sex pheromones. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 5(1):37-40

Liu DJ; Xia PJ; Yu R; Gong DY; Xu CJ, 1983. Forecasting and control index of the corn borer in cotton fields. Shanghai Agricultural Science and Technology (Shanghai Nongye Keji), No. 3:18-20

Liu LiaoFan; Huang ShanBin; Kong FanZhong, 1999. A SST based forecasting model for G3 maize borer. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology, 22(2):264-268; 3 ref.

Liu Ning; Wen LiPing; He KangLai; Wang ZhenYing; Zhao TingChang, 2005. The cold hardiness in the different geographic populations of Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée). Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 32(2):163-168.

Liu ShouMin; Hou ZhengMing, 2004. Observation on bionomics of Ostrinia furnacalis in Longdong, Gansu. Entomological Knowledge, 41(5):461-464.

Lo CC; Hwang JS; Lee SC; Yen FC, 1989. Evaluation of sex pheromones formulation and development of pheromone-based trapping system for control of some important insects in Taiwan. Phytochemical ecology: allelochemicals, mycotoxins, and insect pheromones and allomones [edited by Chou, C.H.; Waller, G.R.]. Proceedings of a symposium held in Taipei and Kengting, Taiwan, on December 13-20 1988 Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Botany, Academia Sinica, 443-453

Lu X; Wang GX; Lei P, 1989. Contact toxicity of eight insecticides to Macrocentrus linearis (Hym.: Braconidae), a parasite of corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Lep.: Pyralidae). Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 5(3):123-124

Lu Xin (et al), 1998. Analysis on pheromone of the different voltinism ecotypes of Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee). Journal of Jilin Agricultural University, 20(1):20-23; 3 ref.

Mao WenFu; Cao MeiXun, 2001. Isolation and purification of diapause-associated proteins from hemolymph in Ostrinia furnacalis. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 44(4):389-394.

Meng FanXiang, 1998. A good maize inbred line He 344. Crop Genetic Resources, No. 2:52.

Miyahara Y, 1982. Virgin female traps for capturing males of Ostrinia furnacalis Guenee. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection of North Japan, No. 33:110-112

Morallo-Rejesus B, 1988. Techniques for control of the Asian corn borer in the Philippines. Proceedings of the Asian Regional Maize Workshop, No. 3:105-116; 19 ref.

Morallo-Rejesus B; Buctuanon EM; Rejesus RS, 1990. Defining the economic threshold determinants for the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee) in the Philippines. Tropical Pest Management, 36(2):114-121

Mutuura A; Munroe E, 1970. Taxonomy and distribution of the European corn borer and allied species: genus Ostrinia (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae). Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada No.71, 112 pp.

Nafus D; Schreiner I, 1986. Intercropping maize and sweet potatoes. Effects on parasitization of Ostrinia furnacalis eggs by Trichogramma chilonis. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 15(2/3):189-200

Nafus DM; Schreiner IH, 1987. Location of Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) eggs and larvae on sweet corn in relation to plant growth stage. Journal of Economic Entomology, 80(2):411-416; [1 fig.]; 18 ref.

Nafus DM; Schreiner IH, 1989. Management of Ostrinia furnacalis on corn in Micronesia. Tropical and subtropical agricultural research under PL 89-106, special research grants. Progress and achievements, the Pacific Basin group, 1989., 20-21.

Nafus DM; Schreiner IH, 1991. Review of the biology and control of the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Lep: Pyralidae). Tropical Pest Management, 37(1):41-56

Padua LE; Ebora RV; Moran DG, 1987. Screening of Bacillus thuringiensis against the Asian corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee) and the diamond back moth, Plutella xylostella (L.). In: Biological Pest Control for Field Crops. Summaries of papers presented at the International Seminar on Biological Pest Control for Field Crops, Kyushu, Japan, August-September 1986. Extension Bulletin, ASPAC Food and Fertilizer Technology Center for the Asian and Pacific Region, Taiwan, No. 257:28-29.

Qiu HongGui; Qiu ZhongLiang; Shen BoJun; Fu WenJun, 1999. Host-preference plasticity studies with Trichogramma dendrolimi Westwood. Natural Enemies of Insects, 21(2):49-54; 8 ref.

Qui HG; He LF; Shen BJ; Qui ZZ, 1989. Behavioral responses of Macrocentrus linearis to plant volatiles. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 32(2):129-135

Robeff P; Bedford BM, 1998. Development of insect-resistant maize and its potential benefits to developing countries. In: Ives CL, ed. Agricultural Biotechnology in International Development. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 63-71.

Ruo HC; Tian C; Hao DQ, 1983. The discrimination of the predominant species of corn borers in Ningxia by sex pheromones. Ningxia Agricultural Science and Technology (Ningxia Nongye Keji), No. 5:13-16

Saito O; Oku T, 1985. Population trends of the oriental corn borer, Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee), in a corn field. Bulletin, Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, Morioka, No. 71:43-57

Schreiner IH; Nafus DM, 1987. Detasselling and insecticides for control of Ostrinia furnacalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on sweet corn. Journal of Economic Entomology, 80(1):263-267; 16 ref.

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