Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Agrotis segetum
(turnip moth)

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Datasheet

Agrotis segetum (turnip moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 September 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Agrotis segetum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • turnip moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); freshly laid eggs are pale and whitish, but later develop a reddish pattern on a paler background leading to a pinkish-brown appearance. The eggs are stuck on plant residues and soil particles by a putty-like substance secreted by the female moth.
TitleEggs
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); freshly laid eggs are pale and whitish, but later develop a reddish pattern on a paler background leading to a pinkish-brown appearance. The eggs are stuck on plant residues and soil particles by a putty-like substance secreted by the female moth.
Copyright©Crown Copyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); freshly laid eggs are pale and whitish, but later develop a reddish pattern on a paler background leading to a pinkish-brown appearance. The eggs are stuck on plant residues and soil particles by a putty-like substance secreted by the female moth.
EggsAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); freshly laid eggs are pale and whitish, but later develop a reddish pattern on a paler background leading to a pinkish-brown appearance. The eggs are stuck on plant residues and soil particles by a putty-like substance secreted by the female moth. ©Crown Copyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); mature larva.
TitleLarva
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); mature larva.
Copyright©J. Porter
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); mature larva.
LarvaAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); mature larva.©J. Porter
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); larval body colour may vary until the final instar. The fully grown larva is approximately 45 mm long and greyish-brown, often with a slightly greasy appearance. Some specimens appear more brown than grey.
TitleLarva
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); larval body colour may vary until the final instar. The fully grown larva is approximately 45 mm long and greyish-brown, often with a slightly greasy appearance. Some specimens appear more brown than grey.
Copyright©Crown Copyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); larval body colour may vary until the final instar. The fully grown larva is approximately 45 mm long and greyish-brown, often with a slightly greasy appearance. Some specimens appear more brown than grey.
LarvaAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); larval body colour may vary until the final instar. The fully grown larva is approximately 45 mm long and greyish-brown, often with a slightly greasy appearance. Some specimens appear more brown than grey.©Crown Copyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); larva on potato tuber, showing typical cutworm damage.
TitleLarval damage
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); larva on potato tuber, showing typical cutworm damage.
Copyright©Crown Copyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); larva on potato tuber, showing typical cutworm damage.
Larval damageAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); larva on potato tuber, showing typical cutworm damage.©Crown Copyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult, with pupal case.
TitleAdult
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult, with pupal case.
Copyright©MAFF
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult, with pupal case.
AdultAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult, with pupal case.©MAFF
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult in normal resting position.
TitleAdult
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult in normal resting position.
Copyright©Crown Copyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult in normal resting position.
AdultAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult in normal resting position.©Crown Copyright
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult female at rest.
TitleAdult
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult female at rest.
Copyright©David Agassiz
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult female at rest.
AdultAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult female at rest.©David Agassiz
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult female. Museum set specimen.
TitleAdult
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult female. Museum set specimen.
Copyright©David Agassiz
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult female. Museum set specimen.
AdultAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult female. Museum set specimen.©David Agassiz
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult male at rest.
TitleAdult
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult male at rest.
Copyright©David Agassiz
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult male at rest.
AdultAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult male at rest.©David Agassiz
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult male. Museum set specimen.
TitleAdult
CaptionAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult male. Museum set specimen.
Copyright©David Agassiz
Agrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult male. Museum set specimen.
AdultAgrotis segetum (turnip moth); adult male. Museum set specimen.©David Agassiz

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Agrotis segetum Denis & Schiffermüller

Preferred Common Name

  • turnip moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Agrotis fucosa Butler
  • Agrotis segetis Hübner
  • Euxoa segetis
  • Euxoa segetum Denis & Schiffermüller
  • Euxoa segetum form albiptera Turati
  • Feltia segetum Denis & Schiffermüller
  • Noctua segetum Denis & Schiffermüller
  • Scotia segetum Denis & Schiffermüller

International Common Names

  • English: black cutworm; common cutworm; cutworm; dark moth; dart moth; tobacco cutworm; turnip dart moth
  • Spanish: gusano cortador; noctua común; rosquilla
  • French: noctuelle des moissons

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: agerugle; knoporm
  • Finland: orasyoekkoenen
  • Germany: erdraupe; saateule; winter saateule
  • Israel: agrotis hazrya
  • Italy: agrotide dei seminati; nottua dei seminati; nottua delle messi; nottuella delle messi
  • Netherlands: gewone aardrups; winterzaaduil aardrups; zwarte aardrups
  • Sweden: jordfly; jordflylarv
  • Turkey: yumru delen tirpan kurou

EPPO code

  • AGROSE (Agrotis segetum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Agrotis
  •                                 Species: Agrotis segetum

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresent
AngolaPresent
BeninPresent
BotswanaPresent
Cabo VerdePresent
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
Côte d'IvoirePresent
EgyptPresent
EthiopiaPresent
KenyaPresent
LibyaPresent
MalawiPresent
MaliPresent
MoroccoPresent
MozambiquePresent
NamibiaPresent
Saint HelenaPresent
-AscensionPresent
SenegalPresent
South AfricaPresent
SudanPresent
TanzaniaPresent
TogoPresent
TunisiaPresent
UgandaPresent
ZambiaPresent
ZimbabwePresent

Asia

AfghanistanPresent
AzerbaijanPresent
BangladeshPresent
BhutanPresent
ChinaPresent
-FujianPresent
-HebeiPresent
-HeilongjiangPresent
-HunanPresent
-Inner MongoliaPresent
-JiangsuPresent
-ShandongPresent
-ShanxiPresent
-XinjiangPresent
GeorgiaPresent, Widespread
Hong KongPresent
IndiaPresent
-Andhra PradeshPresent, Widespread
-AssamPresent
-BiharPresent, Widespread
-GujaratPresent, Widespread
-HaryanaPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-KarnatakaPresent
-KeralaPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-PunjabPresent
-RajasthanPresent
-SikkimPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-UttarakhandPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresent
-JavaPresent
-SumatraPresent
IranPresent
IraqPresent
IsraelPresent, Widespread
JapanPresent
-HokkaidoPresent
-HonshuPresent
-KyushuPresent
JordanPresent
KazakhstanPresent
KyrgyzstanPresent
LebanonPresent
MalaysiaPresent
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
MongoliaPresent
MyanmarPresent
NepalPresent
North KoreaPresent
PakistanPresent
PhilippinesPresent
Saudi ArabiaPresent
South KoreaPresent
Sri LankaPresent
SyriaPresent
TaiwanPresent
TajikistanPresent
TurkeyPresent
TurkmenistanPresent
UzbekistanPresent
VietnamPresent
YemenPresent

Europe

AustriaPresent
BelarusPresent
BelgiumPresent
BulgariaPresent
CroatiaPresent
CyprusPresent, Widespread
CzechiaPresentOriginal citation: Mu?ka and Jakl (2009)
CzechoslovakiaPresent
DenmarkPresent
EstoniaPresent
FinlandPresent, Localized
FrancePresent
GermanyPresent
GreecePresent
HungaryPresent
IrelandPresent
ItalyPresent
-SardiniaPresent
-SicilyPresent
LatviaPresent
LithuaniaPresent
MaltaPresent
MoldovaPresent
NetherlandsPresent
North MacedoniaPresent, Widespread
NorwayPresent
PolandPresent
PortugalPresent, Widespread
-AzoresPresent
-MadeiraPresent
RomaniaPresent
RussiaPresent
-Central RussiaPresent, Widespread
-Eastern SiberiaPresent
-Russia (Europe)Present
-Russian Far EastPresent
-Western SiberiaPresent
SerbiaPresent
Serbia and MontenegroPresent
SlovakiaPresent, Widespread
SloveniaPresent, Widespread
SpainPresent
-Balearic IslandsPresent
-Canary IslandsPresent
SwedenPresent
SwitzerlandPresent
UkrainePresent
United KingdomPresent
-EnglandPresent
-ScotlandPresent
-WalesPresent

Growth Stages

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Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / external feeding
Roots / external feeding
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / external feeding
Stems / internal feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Aleiodes dimidiatus Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Anthicus crinitus
Bacillus thuringiensis
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kenyae Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. dendrolimus Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Broscus punctatus Predator Arthropods|Larvae
Campoletis annulatus Parasite
Campoletis cognatus
Carabidae Predator Arthropods|Larvae
Cataglyphis bicolor Predator
Corvus frugilegus Predator
Cotesia congregata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Cotesia telengai Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Ctenichneumon panzeri Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Enicospilus merdarius Parasite
Erynia gammae Pathogen
Erynia radicans Pathogen
Exorista civilis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Exorista larvarum Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Exorista xanthaspis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Gonia bimaculata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Gonia capitata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Granulosis virus Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Ichneumon sarcitorius Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen
Linnaemya comta Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Lydella thompsoni Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Macrocentrus collaris Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Mermis gigantea Parasite
Metarhizium anisopliae Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Meteorus rubens Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Microgaster spectabilis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Microlestes discoidalis Predator Arthropods|Larvae
Microplitis mediator
Netelia fuscicornis Parasite
Nilea hortulana Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Arthropods|Larvae
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Pathogen
Peleteria rubescens Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Periscepsia carbonaria Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phryxe magnicornis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phryxe vulgaris Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Pimpla contemplator Parasite
Plecotus auritus Predator
Pseudogonia rufifrons Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Rhinolophus ferrumequinum Predator
Rhinolophus hipposideros Predator
Rogas pellucens Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Siphona collini Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Siphona cristata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Spallanzania hebes Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Steinernema carpocapsae Parasite
Steinernema feltiae Parasite
Steinernema websteri Parasite Gökçe et al. (2015)
Tachina rohdendorfi Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Trichoderma spermum Pathogen
Trichogramma bezdencovii Parasite
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs USSR
Trichogramma maidis Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma pintoi Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma principium Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma rhenana Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma silvestre Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma turkeiensis Parasite
Tritaxys braueri Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Turanogonia chinensis Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Xenorhabdus nematophilus Pathogen

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Growing medium accompanying plants arthropods/eggs Yes Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Leaves arthropods/larvae Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Roots arthropods/larvae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms not visible to the naked eye but usually visible under light microscope
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches arthropods/larvae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

References

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1977. Studies on the biology and control of cutworms in Peking suburbs. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 20(3):294-302

Adashkevich BP, Adylov ZK, Rasulev FK, 1981. The biomethod in action. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 9:9-10

Aldhous JR, 1959. Control of cutworms in forest nurseries. Forestry, 32(2)155-165

Alekseev YUI, 1972. The biology of two closely related species of Braconids, Rogas pellucens Tel. and Rogas testaceus Spin (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) in Turkmenia. Izvestiya Akademi i Nauk Turkmenskoi SSR. Biologicheskikn Nauk, 4:58-61

Allaway GP, Payne CC, 1984. Host range and virulence of five baculoviruses from lepidopterous hosts. Annals of Applied Biology, 105(1):29-37

Anderson TJ, 1915. Report on the Entomological Laboratory for the Year ending 31st March 1914. Annual Report of the Department of Agriculture British East Africa, 1913-1914, 52-83

Anon, 1905-1977. Monthly Review(s) of Plant Diseases. Statens Plantepatologiske Forsoeg. Nos. 1-500

Anon., 1919. R. Osservatorio di Fitopatologia. Turin, Monthly Leaflets, Nos. 1-12.

Anon., 1921. Reports on the state of crops in each province of Spain. Bol. Agric. Tec. Econ. Madrid. xiii , 156:1031-1045.

Anon., 1927. Destructive insects in wattles and gumtrees. Farming in S. Africa, 1:17.

APPPC, 1987. Insect pests of economic significance affecting major crops of the countries in Asia and the Pacific region. Technical Document No. 135. Bangkok, Thailand: Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific region (RAPA)

Arn H, Esbjerg P, Bues R, Toth M, Szocs G, Guerin P, Rauscher S, 1983. Field attraction of Agrotis segetum males in four European countries to mixtures containing three homologous acetates. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 9(2):267-276

Atwal AS, Chaudhary JP, Ramzan M, 1969. Studies on the seasonal abundance of insects in light trap in Ludhiana. Journal of Research of the Punjab Agriculture University, 6(1):186-196

Balachowsky AS, ed. , 1972. Entomology applied to agriculture. Tome II. Lepidoptera. Second volume. Zygaenoidea-Pyraloidea-Noctuoidea. Entomologie appliquee a l'agriculture. Tome II. Lepidopteres. Deuxieme volume. Zygaenoidea-Pyraloidea-Noctuoidea. Paris, France: Masson et Cie, pp 1059-1634

BALLARD E, 1914, Feb. A list of the more important insect pests of crops in the Nyasaland Protectorate. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 4(4):347-351

Barbulescu A, 1973. Some aspects of the biology, ecology and attack of cutworms in the conditions of Rasht, Iran. Probleme de Protectia Plantelor, 1(2):101-110

Barrareiro-Garcia JM, Ortiz-Garcia R, 1989. Phenology of Heliothis armigera, Agrotis segetum and Agrotis ipsilon in the Badajoz area (Spain), 1987 and 1988. IOBC/WPRS Bulletin, 13(3):1-11

Basappa H, Vijay Singh, 1990. Record of insect pests on niger (Guizotia abyssinnica). Journal of Oilseeds Research, 7(2):86-87

Bayram S, Klncer N, 1987. Some changes in the blood cells of larvae of Agrotis segetum (Den.-Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) parasitized by Periscepsia carbonaria (Panz.) (Diptera: Tachinidae). Turkiye I. Entomoloji Kongresi Bildirileri, 13-16 Ekim 1987, Ege Universitesi, Bornova, Izmir Bornova/Izmir, Turkey; Ege Universitesi Ataturk Kultur Merkezi, 437-446

Beck H, 1960. Die Larvalsystematik der Eulen ( Noctuidae). In: Sachtleben H, Stammer HJ, eds. Abhandlungen zur Larvalsystematik der Insekten. Berlin, Germany: Akademie - Verl., 406 pp

Belski BI, 1924. List of pests of medicinal plants for observations made in the Environs of Kiev during 1919-1922. Transactions of the 4th All- Russian Entomology-Phytopathology Meeting, Moscow, 8-14th December 158-170

Bernard L, 1914. Technique des traitements contre les insects de la Vigne. Paris, J.B. Bailliere et fils, 364

Birova H, 1973. On knowledge of the natural enemies (Hymenoptera and Diptera) of some injurious Noctuids. Biologicke Prace, 19(7):79 [+ 2]pp

Bisht RS, Tripathi DM, Mishra PN, 2005. Seasonal abundance of cutworms (Agrotis spp: Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) caught at light trap in Garhwal Himalaya. Indian Journal of Entomology, 67(3):247-251

Blair BW, 1976. Comparison of the development of Agrotis ipsilon Hufn. and A. segetum (Denis & Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) at constant temperatures. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 39(2):271-277

Bogarada AP, 1975. Brief notes on the pests and diseases of Solanum laciniatum. Zakhist Roslin, 21:77-80

Bogdanov- Kat'kov NN, Dunin MS, 1935. Diseases and pests of chufa Cyperus esculentus L. Trans. Inst. Grain Legum. Crops Res., 6(2):144

Bolet B, 1983. Produktion af Insektvirus til Biologisk Bek`mpelse. Udvikling af Methode til Produktion af Ageruglens Kapselvirus (ASGV). Planteavl, Kobenhavn, 87:417-424

Boursin C, 1957. Notes diverses, synonymiques et critiques. VI (Lep. Phal.) Bull. mens, Soc. lineenne de Lyon, 26:208-213

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Brouwer WMT, J de, 1973. Observations on cutworms, in particular Agrotis segetum. Publikatievan het Proefstation voor de Groenten- en Fruitteelt onder Glas, 176:10

Bues R, Poitout S, Toubon JF, 1989. Geographic variability of Agrotis segetum and selection of development time. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 50(2):101-111

Caballero P, Fleishacker C, Vargas-Osuna E, Santiago-Alvarez C, 1988. An autochthonous baculovirus (granulosis virus; GV) of Agrotis segetum (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and its possibilities for use in the fight against cutworms. Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 14(1):171-174

Camprag D, Durkic J, Sekulic R, 1978. The macroentomofauna in the soil of wheat fields in north-eastern Yugoslavia. In: Wetzel T, ed. Wissenschaftliche Beitrage, Martin-Luther-Universitat Halle-Wittenberg, 14:137-144

Casperson G, Otto D, Edlich C-D, Nitschmann J, Schmidt HB, 1983. Rasterelektronemikroskopische Untersuchungen an Ei dere Wintersaateule. Entomologische Nachrichten und Berichte, 27:4

Chown SL, Language K, 1994. Recently established Diptera and Lepidoptera on sub-Antarctic Marion Island. African Entomology, 2(1):57-60

Chrzanowski A, 1931. Contribution to the knowledge of the injuries caused to cultivated plants by wireworms. Choroby Roslin, 1(3-4):52-53

Chukhrij MG, 1978. Ultramicroscopic and ultrahistochemical study of the nucleat polyhedrosis virus of Agrotis segetum. Sel'skokhozyajstvennaya Biologiya (USSR), 13:784-787

Chumak VA, 1975. Pests of Salvia sclarea. Zashchita Rastenii, No.12:35-36

CIE, 1987. Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, No. 490. Wallingford, UK: CAB International

Cruger G, 1978. Observations in connection with an outbreak of cutworms (Agrotis spp.) in the year 1976. Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes, 30(2):17-19

Cuthbertson A, 1934. Biological notes on some Diptera in Southern Rhodesia. Proceedings of the Rhodesian Science Association, 33:32-50

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Daiber KC, 1994. Injurious insects in asparagus in southern Africa. Zeitschr. f. Pflanzenkrankheiten und Pflanzenschutz, 101(2):215-222

Dekhtyarev NS, 1926. On the Parasites of Euxoa segetum, Schiff. in 1925. Prot. Plants in Ukraine, ii: 50-53

Dobrovol'skii BV, 1935. Preliminary data on the Caoutchoue plant injuries in North Caucasus. Plant Prot., 111-116

Druzhelyubova TS, 1973. Reactions of geographical populations of Agrotis segetum Schiff. to temperature and light. Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Nauchno-issledovatel'skogo Instituta Zashchity Rastenii, No.39:159 - 174

Dryenski P, 1930. Diseases and pests of gramminaceous plants in Bulgaria. 54 pp

Durnovo ZP, 1933. Results on work on the Iaize moth and other pests of newly cultivated annual fibre plants. Diseases and Pests of Newly Cultivated Fibre Plants, 85-106. Izd. Novlubinst. VASKhNIL

Durnovo ZP, Pogodina LN, 1933. Results of work on pests of perennial plants - Apocynum sibiricum, ramie and others during 1931 and 1932. Diseases and Pests of Newly Cultivated Fibre Plants, 73-84. Izd. Novlubinst. VASKhNIL

Eguchi M, 1926. Noctuidae infesting Sugar-beet. Korea Agriculture Experimental Station Bulletin, 3:257-263

El Kady EA, Salem YS, Loutfy MS, Abd-El-Salam NM, 1980. Biological studies on cutworms, Agrotis ipsilon (Hufn.) and Agrotis segetum (Schiff.). Plant Protection Research Institute Cairo (Egypt), 57-78

Emmett BJ, 1984. Cutworms. Leaflet, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, UK, No. 225:6 pp

Endo T, Wakamura S, 1982. Comparison of seasonal prevalences of Agrotis segetum Denis et Schiff. based on captures in synthetic sex pheromone trap and light- trap in Chiba city Japan. Proceedings of the Kanto-Tosan Plant Protection Society (Japan), 29:152-153

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Eremenko TS, 1981. Biocoenotic relations of parasites of the winter moth in the cotton agrocoenosis. In: Sem'yanov VP, ed. Noveishie dostizheniya sel'skokhozyaistvennoi entomologii (po materialam USh s"ezda VEO, Vil'nyus, 9-13 oktyabrya 1979 g.) Vilnius, Vsesoyuznoe Entomologicheskoe Obshchestvo USSR, 70-73

Erfurth P, 1973. The situation regarding attack by armyworms (Scotia (Agrotis) segetum Schiff.) and methods for the prevention of attack. Nachrichtenblatt fur den Pflanzenschutzdienst in der DDR, 27(3):65-68

Esbjerg P, 1985. Cutworms (Agrotis segetum) - Forecasting and Damages in 1983 and 1984. Second Danish Plant Protection Conference: 249-260

Esbjerg P, 1987. The influence of diurnal time and weather on sex trap catches of the turnip moth (Agrotis segetum Schiff.) (Lep., Noctuidae). Journal of Applied Entomology, 103(2):177-184

Esbjerg P, 1988. Behaviour of 1st- and 2nd-instar cutworms (Agrotis segetum Schiff.) (Lep., Noctuidae): the influence of soil moisture. Journal of Applied Entomology, 105(3):295-302

Esbjerg P, 1988. Integrated Pest Management 1977-87. Ambitions and Realities. Proceedings of the 5th Danish Plant Protection Conference, 1988. Diseases and Pests: 287-306a

Esbjerg P, 1989. Cutworm - a pest, which can be controlled. Gron Viden, Landbrug, No. 32:8 pp

Esbjerg P, 1989. The influence of soil moisture on mortality and on the damaging effect of 2nd to 6th instar cutworms (Agrotis segetum Schiff., Lep.: Noctuidae). Acta Oecologica, Oecologia Applicata, 10(4):335-347

Esbjerg P, 1990. The significance of shelter for young cutworms (Agrotis segetum). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 54(2):97-100

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