Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Oryza sativa



Oryza sativa (rice)


  • Last modified
  • 16 November 2021
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Oryza sativa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rice
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Monocotyledonae
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Oryza sativa L.

Preferred Common Name

  • rice

Other Scientific Names

  • Oryza aristata Blanco (1837)
  • Oryza glutinosa Lour. (1790)
  • Oryza montana Lour. (1790)
  • Oryza praecox Lour. (1790)

International Common Names

  • English: paddy
  • Spanish: arroz
  • French: riz
  • Portuguese: arroz comum

Local Common Names

  • Bangladesh: bhat
  • Cambodia: sröw
  • Germany: Reis, Gemeiner
  • Indonesia: padi
  • Italy: riso comune
  • Japan: kome
  • Laos: khauz
  • Malaysia: padi
  • Myanmar: sabar-bin
  • Netherlands: rijst, gewoone
  • Philippines: palay
  • Sweden: ris, vanlig
  • Thailand: khao
  • Vietnam: lúa

EPPO code

  • ORYSA (Oryza sativa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Monocotyledonae
  •                     Order: Cyperales
  •                         Family: Poaceae
  •                             Genus: Oryza
  •                                 Species: Oryza sativa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 29 Apr 2022
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes


AlgeriaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 300 MT (F)
AngolaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 9,300 MT (F)
BeninPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 99,299 MT
Burkina FasoPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 162,152 MT
BurundiPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 70,911 MT (F)
CameroonPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 52,000 MT (F)
Central African RepublicPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 50,000 MT (F)
ChadPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 169,764 MT
ComorosPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 17,000 MT (F)
Congo, Democratic Republic of thePresent
Congo, Republic of thePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,400 MT (F)
Côte d'IvoirePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 683,671 MT
EgyptPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 7,253,373 MT
EswatiniPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 170 MT (F)
EthiopiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 24,434 MT
GabonPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,100 MT (F)
GambiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 38,300 MT
GhanaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 242,000 MT (F)
GuineaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,534,088 MT
Guinea-BissauPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 148,757 MT
KenyaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 63,248 MT
LiberiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 295,150 MT (*)
MadagascarPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 300,0000 MT (F)
MalawiPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 114,885 MT
MaliPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,309,758 MT
MauritaniaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 82,163 MT
MauritiusPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 0 MT (F)
MoroccoPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 44,520 MT
MozambiquePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 101,914 MT
NigerPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 28,497 MT (*)
NigeriaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 4,179,000 MT
RéunionPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 80 MT (F)
RwandaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 62,000 MT (F)
SenegalPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 368,127 MT
Sierra LeonePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 100,0000 MT (F)
SomaliaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 16,000 MT (F)
South AfricaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 3,200 MT (F)
SudanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 30,000 MT
TogoPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 70,237 MT
UgandaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 171,000 MT
ZambiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 18,317 MT (F)
ZimbabwePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 600 MT (F)


AfghanistanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 410,000 MT
AzerbaijanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 3,740 MT
BangladeshPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 4,690,5000 MT
BhutanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 74,438 MT (F)
BruneiPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,200 MT (F)
CambodiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 7,175,473 MT
ChinaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,933,54175 MT
-Inner MongoliaPresent
IndiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,482,60000 MT
-Andhra PradeshPresent
-Himachal PradeshPresent
-Jammu and KashmirPresent
-Madhya PradeshPresent
-Tamil NaduPresent
-Uttar PradeshPresent
-West BengalPresent
IndonesiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 6,025,1072 MT
IraqPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 393,000 MT (F)
JapanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,102,8750 MT
KazakhstanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 254,710 MT
KyrgyzstanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 17,700 MT
MalaysiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 2,384,000 MT
-Peninsular MalaysiaPresent
MyanmarPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 3,050,0000 MT (*)
NepalPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 4,299,264 MT
PakistanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,042,8000 MT
PhilippinesPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,681,5500 MT
Saudi ArabiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 0 MT (F)
South KoreaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 6,919,250 MT
Sri LankaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 3,875,000 MT
SyriaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 0 MT (M)
TajikistanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 53,989 MT
ThailandPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 3,046,6918 MT
TurkeyPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 753,325 MT
TurkmenistanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 110,900 MT (F)
UzbekistanPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 110,400 MT
VietnamPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 3,872,5100 MT


AlbaniaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 0 MT (M)
Bosnia and HerzegovinaPresentIntroduced1892
BulgariaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 38,645 MT
FrancePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 89,200 MT
GreecePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 208,800 MT
HungaryPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 12,600 MT
ItalyPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,400,000 MT (F)
PortugalPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 154,600 MT (F)
RomaniaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 48,917 MT
RussiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 738,300 MT
SpainPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 665,100 MT
-Canary IslandsPresentIntroducedFirst reported: 1960's
UkrainePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 100,700 MT

North America

BelizePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 11,780 MT
Costa RicaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 248,045 MT
CubaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 436,000 MT
Dominican RepublicPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 644,277 MT
El SalvadorPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 35,218 MT
GuatemalaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 35,000 MT (F)
HaitiPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 110,000 MT
HondurasPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 23,632 MT (F)
JamaicaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 2 MT (F)
MexicoPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 224,371 MT
NicaraguaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 321,880 MT
PanamaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 231,313 MT
Puerto RicoPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 0 MT (F)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 2,450 MT (F)
United StatesPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 9,239,630 MT


AustraliaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 19,000 MT
-New South WalesPresent
-Western AustraliaPresent
Federated States of MicronesiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 100 MT (F)
FijiPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 11,595 MT
New ZealandPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 0 MT (M)
Papua New GuineaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 800 MT (F)
Solomon IslandsPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 5,700 MT (F)

South America

ArgentinaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,245,800 MT
BoliviaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 369,141 MT (F)
BrazilPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,210,0138 MT
-Rio Grande do SulPresent
ChilePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 121,400 MT
ColombiaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 2,792,232 MT
EcuadorPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,442,052 MT
French GuianaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 8,671 MT (F)
GuyanaPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 507,000 MT
ParaguayPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 132,000 MT (F)
PeruPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 2,793,980 MT
SurinamePresentRice, paddy production (2008) 182,877 MT
UruguayPresentRice, paddy production (2008) 1,330,000 MT


Top of page

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Yang YH; Huang Q, 2000. Infection of Corallocytostroma oryzae Yu et Zhang in rice and its control. Plant Protection, 26:28-29.

Yoshida S, 1981. Fundamentals of rice crop science. Los Banos, Philippines: IRRI, 269.

Distribution References

Abdul Rafi, Abdul Hameed, Akhtar M A, Shah S M A, Muhammad Junaid, Muhammad Shahid, Shah S F, 2013. Field based assessment of rice bacterial leaf blight in major rice growing zones of Pakistan. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 29 (3), 415-422.

Afolabi O, Amoussa R, Bilé M, Oludare A, Gbogbo V, Poulin L, Koebnik R, Szurek B, Silué D, 2016. First report of bacterial leaf blight of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in Benin. Plant Disease. 100 (2), 515. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0821-PDN

Afolabi O, Milan B, Amoussa R, Koebnik R, Szurek B, Habarugira G, Bigirimana J, Silue D, 2014. First report of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola causing bacterial leaf streak of rice in Burundi. Plant Disease. 98 (10), 1426. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-14-0504-PDN

Afolabi O, Milan B, Poulin L, Ongom J, Szurek B, Koebnik R, Silue D, 2014a. First report of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola causing bacterial leaf streak of rice in Uganda. Plant Disease. 98 (11), 1579. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-14-0745-PDN

Ahmadpour A, Pordel A, Heidarian Z, Javan-Nikkhah M, 2013. Bipolaris coicis causing adlay leaf blight in Iran. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 8 (1), 137-139. DOI:10.1007/s13314-013-0116-8

Akhtar M A, Muhammad Zakria, Abbasi F M, Masood M A, 2003. Incidence of bacterial blight of rice in Pakistan during 2002. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 35 (5), 993-997.

Akhtar N, Bashir U, Mushtaq S, 2014. First report of leaf spot of rice caused by Alternaria arborescens in Pakistan. Plant Disease. 98 (6), 846. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-13-0969-PDN

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Valarmathi P, Rabindran R, Velazhahan R, Suresh S, Robin S, 2013. First report of rice orange leaf disease phytoplasma (16 SrI) in rice (Oryza sativa) in India. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 8 (1), 141-143. DOI:10.1007/s13314-013-0117-7

Wang G F, Xiao L Y, Luo H G, Peng D L, Xiao Y N, 2017. First report of Meloidogyne graminicola on rice in Hubei Province of China. Plant Disease. 101 (6), 1056-1057. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-12-16-1805-PDN

Wang M, Wei P, Cao M, Zhu L, Lu Y, 2016. First report of rice seedling blight caused by Burkholderia plantarii in north and southeast China. Plant Disease. 100 (3), 645-646. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-07-15-0765-PDN

White G, 2000. First record of rice thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) in Trinidad, West Indies. Florida Entomologist. 83 (2), 188. DOI:10.2307/3496154

Wilson B E, Beuzelin J M, Reagan T E, 2017. Population distribution and range expansion of the invasive Mexican rice borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) in Louisiana. Environmental Entomology. 46 (2), 175-182. DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx036

Win P P, Kyi P P, Waele D de, 2011. Effect of agro-ecosystem on the occurrence of the rice root-knot nematode Meloidogyne graminicola on rice in Myanmar. Australasian Plant Pathology. 40 (2), 187-196. DOI:10.1007/s13313-011-0029-y

Wonni I, Ouedraogo L, Verdier V, 2011. First report of bacterial leaf streak caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola on rice in Burkina Faso. Plant Disease. 95 (1), 72-73. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-08-10-0566

Xie J L, Xu X, Yang F, Xue Q, Peng Y L, Ji H L, 2019. First report of root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola, on rice in Sichuan Province, Southwest China. Plant Disease. 103 (8), 2142-2142. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-03-19-0502-PDN

Yan H, Yu S H, Xie G L, Fang W, Su T, Li B, 2010. Grain discoloration of rice caused by Pantoea ananatis (synonym Erwinia uredovora) in China. Plant Disease. 94 (4), 482. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-94-4-0482B

Yang XiaoLin, Zhang Shu, Lu Liang, Chang XiangQian, Yuan Bing, Yu DaZhao, 2011. Pathotype structure of Magnaporthe grisea in the fields of Chongyang and Yuan'an in Hubei Province, China. Agricultural Science & Technology - Hunan. 12 (12), 1889-1892.

Yoon Y, Jung J, Lee B, Lee Y, Lee J, Kim H, Bae S, Nam M, Lee K, Yago J, 2012. First report of Rice stripe virus of proso millet in Korea. Plant Disease. 96 (1), 150. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-11-0453

Zachrisson B, Grazia J, Polanco P, Osorio P, 2018. New reports of host plants of Euchistus nicaraguensis Rolston, 1972 (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) and natural parasitism of Telenomus podisi Ashmead, 1893 (Hymenoptera: Platygastridae) in the rice agricultural ecosystem in Panama. Brazilian Journal of Biology. 78 (3), 593-594. DOI:10.1590/1519-6984.17

Zeng Jing, Feng ShuJie, Cai JiangQiao, Wang Ling, Lin Fei, Pan QingHua, 2009. Distribution of mating type and sexual status in Chinese rice blast populations. Plant Disease. 93 (3), 238-242. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-93-3-0238

Zhong Q Y, Song S, Yang M X, Zhang J H, 2018. First report of Sclerotium hydrophilum causing stem rot of rice in northeast China. Plant Disease. 102 (3), 681. DOI:10.1094/pdis-07-17-1013-pdn

Zhou X G, 2014. First report of bacterial panicle blight of rice caused by Burkholderia glumae in South Africa. Plant Disease. 98 (4), 566. DOI:10.1094/PDIS-09-13-0913-PDN

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