Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Agrotis exclamationis
(moth, heart and dart)

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Datasheet

Agrotis exclamationis (moth, heart and dart)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 27 March 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Agrotis exclamationis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • moth, heart and dart
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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    Compendia
    CAB International
    Wallingford
    Oxfordshire
    OX10 8DE
    UK
    compend@cabi.org
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Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Agrotis exclamationis L. 1758

Preferred Common Name

  • moth, heart and dart

Other Scientific Names

  • Euxoa exclamationis L.
  • Feltia exclamationis L.
  • Phalaena exclamationis L.
  • Scotia exclamationis L.

International Common Names

  • English: heart and dart moth
  • Spanish: noctua de la adivinacion
  • French: noctuelle point d'exclamation

Local Common Names

  • Denmark: udrabstegnugle
  • Finland: huutomerkkiyökkönen
  • Germany: Ausrufungszeichen; Graseule, Braungraue; Graseule, Braungraue Ausrufungszeichen
  • Hungary: helkiáltójeles bagolylepke
  • Italy: agrotide punto d'esclamazione
  • Norway: akerfly
  • Sweden: akerjordfly

EPPO code

  • AGROEX (Agrotis exclamationis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Agrotis
  •                                 Species: Agrotis exclamationis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

UzbekistanPresentZufarova and Kislitsina, 1991

Europe

BulgariaPresentNikolov, 1983
Former USSRPresentGlez, 1989; Roslavtseva et al., 1990
GermanyPresentDickler and Steuerwald, 1997
HungaryWidespreadNowinsky et al., 1997
ItalyPresentBongiovanni, 1990
PolandPresentKowalik & Napiorkowska, 1986
RomaniaPresentBrudea and Rosca, 1992
SpainPresentAmate et al., 1998
UKPresentSpalding, 1992
Yugoslavia (former)PresentVasilev, 1987

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Roots / internal feeding
Stems / internal feeding
Whole plant / uprooted or toppled

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus thuringiensis
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Beauveria bassiana Pathogen
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Larvae
Ctenichneumon panzeri Predator/parasite Pupae
Erynia gammae Pathogen
Erynia radicans Pathogen
Eutanyacra picta Predator/parasite
Exorista larvarum Parasite Larvae
Gonia capitata Predator Larvae
Gonia ornata Predator/parasite Larvae
Granulosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Lecanicillium lecanii Pathogen
Linnaemya comta Parasite Larvae
Meteorus rubens Parasite Larvae
Netelia fuscicornis Parasite
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Paecilomyces fumosoroseus Pathogen
Pales pavida Parasite Larvae
Periscepsia carbonaria Parasite Larvae
Phryxe magnicornis Parasite Larvae
Spallanzania hebes Parasite Larvae
Spallanzania rectistylum Parasite Larvae
Trichogramma evanescens Predator/parasite Eggs

References

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Amate J; Barranco P; Cabello T, 1998. Identification of larvae of the principal noctuid pest species in Spain (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Boletin de Sanidad Vegetal, Plagas, 24(1):101-106.

Bongiovanni GC; Barbini M; Ansaloni R, 1990. Results of a campaign of monitoring certain Noctuidae harmful to sugarbeet using synthetic pheromones. Informatore Agrario, 46(2):89-99

Brudea V; Rosca I, 1992. Identification of the best synthetic pheromones fur use in forecasting and indicating the need for chemical treatment. Cerceta^breve~ri Agronomice i^circumflex~n Moldova, 25(4):95-100; 6 ref.

Dickler E, Steuerwald F. Research on the population dynamics of noctuid moths in apple orchards in spring using automatic light traps. Proceedings of the German Society for General and Applied Entomology. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 11(1/6):251-254.

Dickler E; Steuerwald F, 1997. Research on the population dynamics of noctuid moths in apple orchards in spring using automatic light traps. Proceedings of the German Society for General and Applied Entomology. Mitteilungen der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Allgemeine und Angewandte Entomologie, 11(1/6):251-25.

Glez VM, 1989. Cutworms. Zashchita Rastenii, No. 12:51

Napiorkowska-Kowalik J, 1986. Parasitic insects reared from cutworms (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne, 56(4):897-899

Nikolov N, 1983. Evaluation of the activity of the synthetic juvenoid R-394 against some species of noctuids of the genus Agrotis. Rastitelna Zashchita, 31(8):28-31

Nowinszky L; Puskßs J; ÷rmTnyi I, 1997. Light trapping success of heart-and-dart moth (Scotia exclamationis L.) depending on air masses and weather fronts. Acta Phytopathologica et Entomologica Hungarica, 32(3/4):333-348; 13 ref.

Roslavtseva SA; Zufarova NB; Zavizon RYa, 1990. Study of the species composition of noctuids in agrocoenoses of Tashkent region with the aid of synthetic sex pheromones. Agrokhimiya, No. 5:116-121

Spalding A, 1992. Moths of Redlake Cottage Meadows, Cornwall 1986-1991. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History, 5(3):97-105

Vasilev L, 1987. The problem of Agrotis (=Scotia) segetum in Macedonia and the possibilities for control. Tutun Tobacco, 37(3-4):81-97

Zufarova NB; Kislitsina TI, 1991. Identifying noctuid species. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), 7:54-55

Distribution Maps

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