Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Orgyia antiqua
(European tussock moth)

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Datasheet

Orgyia antiqua (European tussock moth)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 22 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Orgyia antiqua
  • Preferred Common Name
  • European tussock moth
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Fully-grown 'male' larva from England, UK.
TitleLarva
CaptionFully-grown 'male' larva from England, UK.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Fully-grown 'male' larva from England, UK.
LarvaFully-grown 'male' larva from England, UK. ©A.R. Pittaway
Egg mass of O. antiqua. The eggs are pillbox-shaped, pale whitish-brown, with a darker ring encircling a depressed top.
TitleEggs
CaptionEgg mass of O. antiqua. The eggs are pillbox-shaped, pale whitish-brown, with a darker ring encircling a depressed top.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Egg mass of O. antiqua. The eggs are pillbox-shaped, pale whitish-brown, with a darker ring encircling a depressed top.
EggsEgg mass of O. antiqua. The eggs are pillbox-shaped, pale whitish-brown, with a darker ring encircling a depressed top.©A.R. Pittaway
Egg mass of O. antiqua.
TitleEggs
CaptionEgg mass of O. antiqua.
Copyright©A.R. Pittaway
Egg mass of O. antiqua.
EggsEgg mass of O. antiqua.©A.R. Pittaway

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Orgyia antiqua (Linnaeus, 1758)

Preferred Common Name

  • European tussock moth

Other Scientific Names

  • Bombyx antiqua (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Notolephus antiqua (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Notolophus antiquus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Orgyia antiqua argillacea Ferguson, 1978
  • Orgyia antiqua lindrothi Bryk, 1943
  • Orgyia antiqua septentrionalis Rangnow, 1935
  • Orgyia badia Henry Edwards, 1874
  • Orgyia confinis Grum-Grschimailo, 1891
  • Orygia nova Fitch, 1863
  • Phalaena (Bombyx) antiqua (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Phalaena antiqua Linnaeus, 1758
  • Phalaena gonostigma Scopoli, 1763
  • Phalaena paradoxa Retzius, 1783

International Common Names

  • English: antique tussock moth; common brushtail; common vapourer; limetree tussock; rusty tussock moth; tussock moth, antique; tussock moth, European; tussock moth, rusty; vapourer, moth
  • Spanish: bómbix antiguo; gusano de las penachos; gusano de penacho; mariposa viejecita
  • French: bombyx antique; chenille à houppes rousses; chenille à vapeur; l'étoilée; l'orgyia antique; orgyie antique; souci
  • Russian: kistekhvost antichnyi

Local Common Names

  • China: gudu-er
  • Denmark: lille penselspinder
  • Finland: tupsutoukkakehrääjä
  • Germany: Aprikosenspinner; Bürstenbinder; Bürstenspinner, Kleiner; Esparsettenvögelchen; Gewöhnliche Bürstenraupe; Hecken-Bürstenbinder; Kleiner Bürstenspinner; Lastträger; Paradoxum; Schlehenspinner; Sonderling; Spinner, Aprikosen-; Spinner, Schlehen-
  • Hungary: kefés hernyó; kökény-szövölepke; rozsdabarna kefeszövö; rozsdabarna kisszövö
  • Italy: bombice antico; orgiia antica
  • Netherlands: witvlakvlinder
  • Norway: borstespinner
  • Sweden: allmän fjädertofsspinnare; aprikosspinnare

EPPO code

  • ORGYAN (Orgyia antiqua)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Erebidae
  •                             Genus: Orgyia
  •                                 Species: Orgyia antiqua

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

ArmeniaPresentSouth (1961)
ChinaPresentWei (1980); Shi et al. (1993)
-Inner MongoliaPresentSchmutzenhofer et al. (1996)
-JilinPresentSchmutzenhofer et al. (1996)
-LiaoningPresentWei (1980); Schmutzenhofer et al. (1996)
-SichuanPresentShi et al. (1993)
TurkeyPresentSouth (1961); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)

Europe

AustriaPresentFischer-Colbrie (1984); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
BelgiumPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
BulgariaPresentTrenchev and Pavlov (1982); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
CzechoslovakiaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
Federal Republic of YugoslaviaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
DenmarkPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EstoniaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
FinlandPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI (Undated)
FrancePresentHerbulot (1971); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
-CorsicaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
GermanyPresentDobeneck (1899); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
GreecePresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
HungaryPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
IcelandPresent, LocalizedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
IrelandPresentBarrett (1895)
ItalyPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
LatviaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
LithuaniaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
LuxembourgPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
MoldovaPresentIzhevskiĭ and Korotkova (1993)
NetherlandsPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
NorwayPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
PolandPresentNiemczyk (1983); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
PortugalPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
RomaniaPresentPopescu-Gorj (1964); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
RussiaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
-Central RussiaPresentEversmann (1844); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
-Russian Far EastPresentSouth (1961)
-SiberiaPresentSouth (1961); Boldaruev (1972)
SlovakiaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
SpainPresentGómez Bustillo (1979); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
SwedenPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
SwitzerlandPresent, WidespreadVorbrodt and Müller-Rutz (1911)
UkrainePresentEfetov and Budashkin (1990)
United KingdomPresent, WidespreadSouth (1961)

North America

CanadaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-Nova ScotiaPresentCovell (1984)
-OntarioPresentGrant and Frech (1980); Covell (1984)
-QuebecPresentCovell (1984)
United StatesPresentCovell (1984)
-KentuckyPresentCovell (1984)
-LouisianaPresentCovell (1984)
-MainePresentCovell (1984)
-South CarolinaPresentCovell (1984)

South America

ChilePresentGonzález (1984)

Growth Stages

Top of page Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Bacillus thuringiensis
Bacillus thuringiensis aizawai Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis galleriae Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki Pathogen Larvae
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Blondelia nigripes Parasite Larvae
Carcelia atricosta Parasite Larvae
Carcelia rasa Parasite Larvae
Compsilura concinnata Parasite Larvae
Cotesia melanoscela Parasite Larvae
Exorista fasciata Parasite Larvae
Exorista larvarum Parasite Larvae
Formica polyctena Predator
Nilea hortulana Parasite Larvae
Nucleopolyhedrosis virus Pathogen Larvae
Ooencyrtus kuvanae Parasite
Paecilomyces farinosus Pathogen
Pales pavida Parasite Larvae
Phobocampe crassiuscula Parasite Larvae
Picromerus bidens Predator
Pimpla contemplator Parasite Pupae
Rogas geniculator Parasite Larvae
Telenomus dalmanni Parasite Eggs
Telenomus monticola Parasite
Trichogramma cacoeciae Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma dendrolimi Parasite

References

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Barrett CG, 1895. The Lepidoptera of the British Islands (illus. edn). Vol. 2. London, UK: L. Reeve and Co.

Boldaruev VO, 1972. Erannis jacobsoni Djak. (Lepidoptera, Geometridae) - a serious pest of larch in Transbaikalia. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie, 51(1):47-58

Carter DS, 1984. Pest Lepidoptera of Europe, with special reference to the British Isles. Series Entomologica, Vol. 31.

Covell CV Jr, 1984. A Field Guide to the Moths of Eastern North America. Boston, USA: Houghton Mifflin Co.

Dobeneck A, 1899. Caterpillars of the Butterflies, Hawkmoths and Bombycids of the Central European Faunal Region. Stuttgart, Germany: Eugen Ulmer Verlag.

Efetov KA; Budashkin YuI, 1990. Macrolepidoptera of the Crimea. Simferopol, Russia: Tauria, 110 pp.

Eversmann E, 1844. Lepidopteran Fauna of the Volga-Urals Region. Kasani, Russia: Typis Universitatis.

Fischer-Colbrie P, 1984. Defoliation of deciduous trees - lepidopterous larvae as causal agents. Pflanzenarzt, 37(10):154-157

Forster W; Wohlfahrt TA, 1960. The Lepidoptera of Central Europe. Vol. 3. Stuttgart, Germany: Franckh'sche Verlagshandlung.

Francardi V; Roversi PF, 1994. Factors in the mortality of Orgyia antiqua (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) eggs in a timber plantation of cherry (Prunus avium). Atti XVII Congresso Nazionale Italiano di Entomologia, Udine, Italy, 13-18 Giugno 1994., 751-754; 2 ref.

Freina JJ de; Witt TJ, 1987. The Bombycids and Sphingids of the Western Palaearctic. Vol. 1. Munich, Germany: Edition Forschung und Wissenschaft Verlag.

Gómez Bustillo MR, 1979. Lepidoptera of the Iberian Peninsula IV. Heterocera II. Madrid, Spain: Ministerio de Agricultura.

Gonzalez RH, 1984. Seasonal development of insects and mites on apple 1982-1984. Revista Frutcola, 5(1):3-9

Grant GG; Frech D, 1980. Disruption of pheromone communication of the rusty tussock moth, Orgyia antiqua (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), with (Z)-6-heneicosen-11-one. Canadian Entomologist, 112(2):221-222

Harris M, 1766. The Aurelian: or, natural history of English insects; namely moths and butterflies.... London, UK: Privately published.

Heath J; Emmet AM; eds, 1983. The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 9. Colchester, UK: Harley Books.

Herbulot C, 1971. Atlas des Lépidoptères de France, Belgique, Suisse, Italie du Nord. II Hétérocères. Paris, France: Boubeé.

Izhevskii SS; Korotkova IV, 1993. Alternative hosts of Ooencyrtus - an introduced parasite of the gypsy moth. Zashchita Rastenii (Moskva), No. 8:25-26

Karsholt O; Razowski J, 1996. The Lepidoptera of Europe: a distributional checklist. Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books, 380 pp.

Niemczyk E, 1983. Native biological agents in controlling vapourer moth (Orgyia antiqua) and their exploitation in integrated programme of pests control. 10th International Congress of Plant Protection 1983. Volume 2. Plant protection for human welfare. Proceedings of a conference held at Brighton, UK, 20-25 November, 1983. Croydon, UK: British Crop Protection Council, 783

Niemela Haukioja E, 1982. Seasonal patterns in species richness of herbivores: macrolepidopteran larvae on Finnish deciduous trees. Ecological Entomology, 7(2):169-175

Popescu-Gorj A, 1964. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera collection of "Prof. A. Ostrogovich" in the Natural History Museum "Grigore Antipa" Bucarest. Bucarest, Romania: Musée d'Histoire Naturelle "Gr. Antipa".

Rungs CE, 1981. Catalogue raisonné des Lépidoptères du Maroc Vol. 2. Rabat, Morocco. [Reprinted from Trav. Inst. scient. chérif., Série Zool., 40:223-583.]

Santis L de; Vidal Sarmiento JA, 1979. Three interesting scelionids from the Argentine Republic and from Chile (Hymenoptera: Proctotrupoidea). Idesia, No. 5:147-150

Sauer F, 1986. Identifying Native Moths via Colour Photos. 4th edn. Karlsfeld, Germany: Fauna Verlag.

Savela M, 1998. Orgyia. World Wide Web page at http://www.funet.fi/pub/sci/bio/life//i...ctuoidea/lymantriidae/orgyia/index.html.

Schmutzenhofer H; Mielke ME; Luo Y; Ostry ME; Wen J, 1996. Field Guide/Manual on the Identification and Management of Poplar Pests and Diseases in the Area of the "Three North 009 Project" (North-Eastern China). Rome, Italy: FAO.

Shi WC; Li JR; Liu X, 1993. A study of the diversity of insect communities using gray relational grade analysis in some apple orchards in Maoxian County. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University, 15(2):137-143

South R, 1961. The Moths of the British Isles Vol. 1. 4th edn. London, UK: Frederick Warne & Co Ltd.

Traut W; Clarke CA, 1997. Karyotype evolution by chromosome fusion in the moth genus Orgyia. Hereditas (Landskrona), 126(1):77-84; 31 ref.

Trenchev G; Pavlov A, 1982. Morphological characteristics of Orgyia antiqua L. and Orgyia gonostigma F. (Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae) and methods of controlling the larvae. Gradinarska i Lozarska Nauka, 19(6):53-58

Vorbrodt K; Müller-Rutz J, 1911. Die Schmetterlinge der Schweiz. [The Lepidoptera of Switzerland.] Vol. 1. Bern, Switzerland: K. J. Wyss Verlag.

Wei CK, 1980. A preliminary observation on the bionomics of the oak silkworm parasitic wasp Apanteles sp. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 23(2):173-177

Wellenstein G; Fabritius K, 1973. Observations on the vapourer moth (Orgyia antiqua L.) and its parasites. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde, Pflanzen- und Umweltschutz, 46(2):24-30

Wilson OS, 1880. The larvae of the British Lepidoptera and their food plants. London, UK: L. Reeve & Co.

Distribution References

Barrett C G, 1895. The Lepidoptera of the British Islands (illus. edn). Vol. 2. London, UK: L. Reeve and Co.

Boldaruev V O, 1972. Erannis jacobsoni Djak. (Lepidoptera, Geometridae) - a serious pest of larch in Transbaikalia. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie. 51 (1), 47-58.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Covell C V Jr, 1984. A field guide to the moths of eastern North America. Boston, Massachusetts, USA: Houghton Mifflin Co. xv + 496 pp.

Dobeneck A, 1899. Caterpillars of the Butterflies, Hawkmoths and Bombycids of the Central European Faunal Region. Stuttgart, Germany: Eugen Ulmer Verlag.

Efetov K A, Budashkin Yu I, 1990. Babochki Kryma (bysshie raznousye chshuekrylye). Simferopol, Russia, Tavrija. 110 pp.

Eversmann E, 1844. Fauna Lepidopterologica Volgo-Uralensis. Kasani, Russia: Typis Universitatis. xiv + 633 pp.

Fischer-Colbrie P, 1984. Defoliation of deciduous trees - lepidopterous larvae as causal agents. (Kahlfrass an Laubgehölzen - Schmetterlingsraupen als Verursacher.). Pflanzenarzt. 37 (10), 154-157.

Gómez Bustillo MR, 1979. Lepidoptera of the Iberian Peninsula IV. Heterocera II., Madrid, Spain: Ministerio de Agricultura.

González R H, 1984. Seasonal development of insects and mites on apple 1982-1984. (Desarrollo estacional de insectos y ácaros del manzano 1982-1984.). Revista Frutıacute˜cola. 5 (1), 3-9.

Grant G G, Frech D, 1980. Disruption of pheromone communication of the rusty tussock moth, Orgyia antiqua (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae), with (Z)-6-heneicosen-11-one. Canadian Entomologist. 112 (2), 221-222.

Herbulot C, 1971. (Atlas des Lépidoptères de France, Belgique, Suisse, Italie du Nord. II Hétérocères)., Paris, France: Boubeé.

Izhevskiĭ S S, Korotkova I V, 1993. Alternative hosts of Ooencyrtus - an introduced parasite of the gypsy moth. Zashchita Rasteniĭ (Moskva). 25-26.

Karsholt O, Razowski J, 1996. The Lepidoptera of Europe: a distributional checklist., Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books. 380 pp.

Niemczyk E, 1983. Native biological agents in controlling vapourer moth (Orgyia antiqua) and their exploitation in integrated programme of pests control. In: 10th International Congress of Plant Protection 1983. Volume 2. Proceedings of a conference held at Brighton, England, 20-25 November, 1983. Plant protection for human welfare. [10th International Congress of Plant Protection 1983. Volume 2. Proceedings of a conference held at Brighton, England, 20-25 November, 1983. Plant protection for human welfare.], Croydon, UK: British Crop Protection Council. 783.

Popescu-Gorj A, 1964. Catalogue of the Lepidoptera collection of "Prof. A. Ostrogovich" in the Natural History Museum "Grigore Antipa" Bucarest., Bucarest, Romania: Musée d'Histoire Naturelle "Gr. Antipa".

Schmutzenhofer H, Mielke M E, Luo Y, Ostry M E, Wen J, 1996. Field Guide/Manual on the Identification and Management of Poplar Pests and Diseases in the Area of the "Three North 009 Project" (North-Eastern China). In: Field Guide/Manual on the Identification and Management of Poplar Pests and Diseases in the Area of the "Three North 009 Project" (North-Eastern China), Rome, Italy: FAO.

Shi W C, Li J R, Liu X, 1993. A study of the diversity of insect communities using gray relational grade analysis in some apple orchards in Maoxian County. Journal of Southwest Agricultural University. 15 (2), 137-143.

South R, 1961. The Moths of the British Isles., 1 (4th) London, UK: Frederick Warne & Co Ltd.

Trenchev G, Pavlov A, 1982. Morphological characteristics of Orgyia antiqua L. and Orgyia gonostigma F. (Lepidoptera, Lymantriidae) and methods of controlling the larvae. Gradinarska i Lozarska Nauka. 19 (6), 53-58.

Vorbrodt K, Müller-Rutz J, 1911. The Lepidoptera of Switzerland. (Die Schmetterlinge der Schweiz)., 1 Bern, Switzerland: K. J. Wyss Verlag.

Wei C K, 1980. A preliminary observation on the bionomics of the oak silkworm parasitic wasp Apanteles sp. Acta Entomologica Sinica. 23 (2), 173-177.

Distribution Maps

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