Invasive Species Compendium

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Datasheet

Agrilus bilineatus
(two-lined chestnut borer)

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Datasheet

Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 25 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Agrilus bilineatus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • two-lined chestnut borer
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); adult. (a) dorsal. (b) ventral. (c) lateral. Museum set specimens. Collected from Quercus sp. on Burlingame Road, Cayuta, New York, U.S.A. June 1985.
TitleAdult
CaptionAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); adult. (a) dorsal. (b) ventral. (c) lateral. Museum set specimens. Collected from Quercus sp. on Burlingame Road, Cayuta, New York, U.S.A. June 1985.
Copyright©Hanna Royals/Screening Aids, USDA APHIS PPQ/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); adult. (a) dorsal. (b) ventral. (c) lateral. Museum set specimens. Collected from Quercus sp. on Burlingame Road, Cayuta, New York, U.S.A. June 1985.
AdultAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); adult. (a) dorsal. (b) ventral. (c) lateral. Museum set specimens. Collected from Quercus sp. on Burlingame Road, Cayuta, New York, U.S.A. June 1985.©Hanna Royals/Screening Aids, USDA APHIS PPQ/Bugwood.org - CC BY-NC 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); adult on an oak leaf. USA.
TitleAdult
CaptionAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); adult on an oak leaf. USA.
Copyright©Robert A. Haack/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); adult on an oak leaf. USA.
AdultAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); adult on an oak leaf. USA.©Robert A. Haack/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); larva in gallery, on a northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis). Note larval boring and frass. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA. September 2014.
TitleLarva
CaptionAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); larva in gallery, on a northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis). Note larval boring and frass. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA. September 2014.
Copyright©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); larva in gallery, on a northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis). Note larval boring and frass. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA. September 2014.
LarvaAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); larva in gallery, on a northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis). Note larval boring and frass. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA. September 2014.©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms, showing larval galleries on an infested northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)r. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA.
TitleLarval galleries
CaptionAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms, showing larval galleries on an infested northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)r. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA.
Copyright©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms, showing larval galleries on an infested northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)r. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA.
Larval galleriesAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms, showing larval galleries on an infested northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)r. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA.©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms. Early signs of attack, showing dead and dying branches in the upper crown of a white oak (Quercus alba). St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.
TitleField symptoms
CaptionAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms. Early signs of attack, showing dead and dying branches in the upper crown of a white oak (Quercus alba). St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.
Copyright©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms. Early signs of attack, showing dead and dying branches in the upper crown of a white oak (Quercus alba). St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.
Field symptomsAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms. Early signs of attack, showing dead and dying branches in the upper crown of a white oak (Quercus alba). St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms, showing an infested northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis), with classic leaf browning in late summer. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA.
TitleField symptoms
CaptionAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms, showing an infested northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis), with classic leaf browning in late summer. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA.
Copyright©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US
Agrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms, showing an infested northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis), with classic leaf browning in late summer. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA.
Field symptomsAgrilus bilineatus (two-lined chestnut borer); field symptoms, showing an infested northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis), with classic leaf browning in late summer. St. Croix State Park, Minnesota, USA.©Steven Katovich/USDA Forest Service/Bugwood.org - CC BY 3.0 US

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Agrilus bilineatus (Weber, 1801)

Preferred Common Name

  • two-lined chestnut borer

Other Scientific Names

  • Agrilus aurolineatus Gory
  • Agrilus flavolineatus Mannerheim

International Common Names

  • English: twolined chestnut borer
  • French: agrile du châtaignier

EPPO code

  • AGRLBL (Agrilus bilineatus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Coleoptera
  •                         Family: Buprestidae
  •                             Genus: Agrilus
  •                                 Species: Agrilus bilineatus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 30 Jun 2021
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Asia

TurkeyPresent, Few occurrencesOriginal citation: Hizal & Arslangündogdu (2018)

North America

CanadaPresentNative
-ManitobaPresent
-New BrunswickPresent
-OntarioPresentNative
-QuebecPresentNative
United StatesPresent, WidespreadNative
-AlabamaPresentNative
-ArkansasPresentNative
-ColoradoPresent
-ConnecticutPresent, LocalizedNative
-DelawarePresent, LocalizedNative
-FloridaPresent
-GeorgiaPresent, LocalizedNative
-IllinoisPresent, WidespreadNative
-IndianaPresent, WidespreadNative
-IowaPresent, LocalizedNative
-KansasPresent
-KentuckyPresent, WidespreadNative
-LouisianaPresent
-MainePresent, LocalizedNative
-MarylandPresent, WidespreadNative
-MassachusettsPresent, WidespreadNative
-MichiganPresent, WidespreadNative
-MinnesotaPresent, LocalizedNative
-MississippiPresent
-MissouriPresent, LocalizedNative
-NebraskaPresent
-New HampshirePresent, LocalizedNative
-New JerseyPresent, LocalizedNative
-New YorkPresent, WidespreadNative
-North CarolinaPresent, LocalizedNative
-North DakotaPresent
-OhioPresent, WidespreadNative
-OklahomaPresent
-PennsylvaniaPresent, WidespreadNative
-Rhode IslandPresent, LocalizedNative
-South CarolinaPresent
-South DakotaPresent
-TennesseePresent, LocalizedNative
-TexasPresent
-VermontPresent
-VirginiaPresent, LocalizedNative
-West VirginiaPresent, WidespreadNative
-WisconsinPresent, WidespreadNative

Habitat List

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CategorySub-CategoryHabitatPresenceStatus
Terrestrial ManagedCultivated / agricultural land Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial ManagedProtected agriculture (e.g. glasshouse production) Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial ManagedManaged forests, plantations and orchards Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial ManagedManaged grasslands (grazing systems) Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial ManagedDisturbed areas Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial ManagedRail / roadsides Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial ManagedUrban / peri-urban areas Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial Natural / Semi-naturalNatural forests Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial Natural / Semi-naturalNatural grasslands Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial Natural / Semi-naturalRiverbanks Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial Natural / Semi-naturalWetlands Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial Natural / Semi-naturalCold lands / tundra Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Terrestrial Natural / Semi-naturalDeserts Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
LittoralCoastal areas Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Freshwater Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)
Marine Present, no further details Harmful (pest or invasive)

Growth Stages

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Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Growing point / wilt
Growing point / wilt
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / wilting
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Stems / dieback
Stems / dieback
Stems / internal discoloration
Stems / internal discoloration
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / internal feeding
Stems / ooze
Stems / ooze
Whole plant / early senescence
Whole plant / early senescence
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback
Whole plant / plant dead; dieback
Whole plant / wilt
Whole plant / wilt

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Atanycolus simplex Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Cerceris fumipennis Predator
Cymatodera bicolor Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phasgonophora sulcata Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Phyllobaenus Predator
Phyllobaenus verticalis Predator
Spathius Parasite Arthropods|Larvae
Tenebroides corticalis Predator
Trichogramma Parasite Eggs

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Non-wood
Processed or treated wood
Solid wood packing material with bark
Solid wood packing material without bark

References

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Arnett RH Jr; Thomas MC; Skelley PE; Frank JH, 2001. American Beetles, Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Cucurlionoidea, Vol. 2. New York, USA: CRC Press.

Arnett RH, 2000. American insects. A handbook of the insects of America north of Mexico. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press, 706.

Chapman RN, 1915. Observations on the life history of Agrilus bilineatus. Journal of Agricultural Research, 3:283-293.

Chittenden FH, 1909. The Twolined chestnut borer. USDA Bureau of Entomology. Circular No. 24.

Côté WA, 1976. The biology of the two-lined chestnut borer and its impact on defoliated oaks. PhD Thesis. Syracuse, New York, USA: State University of New York.

Cote WA; Allen DC, 1980. Biology of two-lined chestnut borer, Agrilus bilineatus, in Pennsylvania and New York. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 73(4):409-413

Decker GC, 1933. The two-lined chestnut borer and its control. Iowa State Horticultural Society Report, 68:151-156.

Dunbar DM; Stephens GR, 1975. Association of twolined Chestnut borer and shoestring fungus with mortality of defoliated Oak in Connecticut. Forest Science, 21(2):169-174

Dunbar DM; Stephens; GR, 1976. The bionomics of the Twolined chestnut borer. In: Anderson JE, Kaya HK, eds. Perspectives in Forest Entomology. New Haven, USA: Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, 73-83.

Dunn JP; Kimmerer TW; Nordin GL, 1986. Attraction of the twolined chestnut borer, Agrilus bilineatus (Weber) (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), and associated borers to volatiles of stressed white oak. Canadian Entomologist, 118(6):503-509

Faull JH, 1936. Pathological studies on beech at the Arnold Arboretum. 2. Cankers caused by the twolined chestnut borer, Agrilus bilineatus. Proceedings of the National Shade Tree Conference, 25-27.

Fisher WS, 1928. A revision of the North American species of buprestid beetles belonging to the genus Agrilus. US National Museum Bulletin 145. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution.

Haack RA; Acciavatti RE, 1992. Twolined chestnut borer. USDA Forest Service Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet 168.

Haack RA; Benjamin DM, 1980. Insecticidal control of the twolined chestnut borer, Agrilus bilineatus, in oak bark in May. Forestry Research Notes, Department of Forestry, University of Wisconsin, No. 237, 4 pp.; 3 ref.

Haack RA; Benjamin DM, 1982. The biology and ecology of the twolined chestnut borer, Agrilus bilineatus (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), on oaks, Quercus spp., in Wisconsin. Canadian Entomologist, 114(5):385-396

Haack RA; Benjamin DM; Haack KD, 1983. Buprestidae, cerambycidae, and scolytidae associated with successive stages of Agrilus bilineatus (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) infestation of oaks in Wisconsin. The Great Lakes Entomologist, 16:47-55.

Haack RA; Benjamin DM; Schuh BA, 1981. Observations on the biology of Phasgonophora sulcata (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae), a larval parasitoid of the twolined chestnut borer, Agrilus bilineatus (Coleoptera: Buprestidae), in Wisconsin. Great Lakes Entomologist, 14(2):113-116

Hansen JA; Basham JP; Oliver JB; Youseef NN; Klingeman WE; Moulton JK; Fare DC, 2012. New state and host plant records for metallic woodboring beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Tennessee, U.S.A. Coleopterists Bulletin, 66(4):337-343. http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-current-issue

Kegg JD, 1973. Oak mortality caused by repeated gypsy moth defoliations in New Jersey. Journal of Economic Entomology, 66(3):639-641

LeBlanc DC, 1998. Interactive effects of acidic deposition, drought, and insect attack on oak populations in the midwestern United States. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28(8):1184-1197; 52 ref.

Muzika RM; Liebhold AM; Twery MJ, 2000. Dynamics of twolined chestnut borer Agrilus bilineatus as influenced by defoliation and selection thinning. Agricultural and Forest Entomology, 2(4):283-289; 21 ref.

Solomon JD, 1995. Guide to insect borers in North American broadleaf trees and shrubs. Agriculture Handbook (Washington), No. AH-706:viii + 735 pp.; 37 pp. of ref.

Solomon JD; McCracken EI; Anderson RI, 1987. Oak Pests: a guide to major insects, diseases, air pollution, and chemical injury. USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station Report R8-PR7.

Wargo PM, 1977. Armillariella mellea and Agrilus bilineatus and mortality of defoliated oak trees. Forest Science, 23:485-492.

Webster R; DeMerchant I, 2012. New Coleoptera records from New Brunswick, Canada: Buprestidae. ZooKeys, No.179:55-65. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/2578/abstract/new-coleoptera-records-from-new-brunswick-canada-buprestidae

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

EPPO, 2021. EPPO Global database. In: EPPO Global database, Paris, France: EPPO. https://gd.eppo.int/

Haack RA, Acciavatti RE, 1992. Twolined chestnut borer. In: USDA Forest Service Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet, 168.

Hansen J A, Basham J P, Oliver J B, Youseef N N, Klingeman W E, Moulton J K, Fare D C, 2012. New state and host plant records for metallic woodboring beetles (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) in Tennessee, U.S.A. Coleopterists Bulletin. 66 (4), 337-343. http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-current-issue DOI:10.1649/072.066.0407

Solomon J D, 1995. Agriculture Handbook (Washington). Washington, DC, USA: USDA Forest Service. viii + 735 pp.

Webster R, DeMerchant I, 2012. New Coleoptera records from New Brunswick, Canada: Buprestidae. ZooKeys. 55-65. http://www.pensoft.net/journals/zookeys/article/2578/abstract/new-coleoptera-records-from-new-brunswick-canada-buprestidae

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