Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Onion yellow dwarf virus
(onion yellow dwarf)

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Datasheet

Onion yellow dwarf virus (onion yellow dwarf)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Onion yellow dwarf virus
  • Preferred Common Name
  • onion yellow dwarf
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Virus
  •   Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •     Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •       Family: Potyviridae
  •         Genus: Potyvirus

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Leaves of garlic (Allium sativum) cv. 'Shani' (top) and Elephant Garlic (A. ampeloprasum) (bottom) exhibiting symptoms of OYDV infection. Foliar symptoms include mosaic, striping and curling.
TitleSymptoms on leaves
CaptionLeaves of garlic (Allium sativum) cv. 'Shani' (top) and Elephant Garlic (A. ampeloprasum) (bottom) exhibiting symptoms of OYDV infection. Foliar symptoms include mosaic, striping and curling.
CopyrightR. Salomon
Leaves of garlic (Allium sativum) cv. 'Shani' (top) and Elephant Garlic (A. ampeloprasum) (bottom) exhibiting symptoms of OYDV infection. Foliar symptoms include mosaic, striping and curling.
Symptoms on leavesLeaves of garlic (Allium sativum) cv. 'Shani' (top) and Elephant Garlic (A. ampeloprasum) (bottom) exhibiting symptoms of OYDV infection. Foliar symptoms include mosaic, striping and curling.R. Salomon

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Onion yellow dwarf virus

Preferred Common Name

  • onion yellow dwarf

Other Scientific Names

  • allium virus 1
  • garlic mosaic virus
  • garlic yellow streak virus
  • garlic yellow stripe virus
  • Marmor cepae
  • onion yellow dwarf potyvirus

International Common Names

  • English: onion brittle virus; onion crinkles virus; shallot yellows virus

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Streifenkrankheit der Zwiebel; Zwiebelgelbstreifigkeit; Zwiebelrotz

English acronym

  • OYDV

EPPO code

  • OYDV00 (Onion yellow dwarf potyvirus)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Virus
  •     Unknown: "Positive sense ssRNA viruses"
  •         Unknown: "RNA viruses"
  •             Family: Potyviridae
  •                 Genus: Potyvirus
  •                     Species: Onion yellow dwarf virus

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-HenanPresentChen et al., 2002
-HubeiPresentChen et al., 2002
-JiangsuPresentChen et al., 2001
-ShandongPresentChen et al., 2002
-YunnanPresentChen et al., 2002
-ZhejiangPresentChen et al., 2003
IndiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-DelhiPresentAhlawat and Varma, 1997; EPPO, 2014
-HaryanaPresentAhlawat and Varma, 1997
IndonesiaPresentTsuneyoshi et al., 1998
IranPresentShahraeen et al., 1998
IraqPresentEPPO, 2014
IsraelPresentShiboleth et al., 2001
JapanPresentTakaichi et al., 1998; Tsuneyoshi et al., 1998; Takaichi et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014
TaiwanPresentBarg et al., 1997
ThailandPresentEPPO, 2014
TurkeyPresentEPPO, 2014
VietnamPresentHa et al., 2008

Africa

EgyptPresentMahmoud et al., 2007
MoroccoPresentEPPO, 2014
NigeriaPresentMajumder et al., 2017
South AfricaPresentEPPO, 2014

North America

CanadaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-British ColumbiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-Nova ScotiaPresentEPPO, 2014
-OntarioPresentStobbs and van Driel, 1999
MexicoPresentPérez-Moreno et al., 2007
USAPresentEPPO, 2014
-CaliforniaPresentEPPO, 2014
-ConnecticutPresentEPPO, 2014
-IowaPresentEPPO, 2014
-LouisianaPresentEPPO, 2014
-MinnesotaPresentEPPO, 2014
-MontanaPresentEPPO, 2014
-New YorkPresentEPPO, 2014
-OregonPresentEPPO, 2014
-WashingtonPresentPappu et al., 2005
-West VirginiaPresentEPPO, 2014

Central America and Caribbean

CubaPresentHernandez et al., 1997

South America

ArgentinaPresentHernandez et al., 1997; Canavelli et al., 1998; Luciani et al., 1998; Conci et al., 1999; Soto, 1999; EPPO, 2014
BrazilPresentEPPO, 2014
-Rio Grande do SulPresentDaniels, 1999
-Sao PauloPresentEPPO, 2014
ChilePresentBruna et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014
EcuadorPresentOleas and Arahana, 2016; Sivaprasad et al., 2017
UruguayPresentMaeso et al., 1997

Europe

AustriaRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
CroatiaPresentVoncina et al., 2016Zadar and Zagreb
Czech RepublicPresentKlukácková et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014
Czechoslovakia (former)Restricted distributionEPPO, 2014
DenmarkPresentEPPO, 2014
EstoniaPresentEPPO, 2014
FinlandRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
FrancePresentEPPO, 2014
GermanyWidespreadEPPO, 2014
GreecePresentDovas et al., 2001a; Dovas et al., 2001b
HungaryRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
ItalyPresentTedeschi et al., 2009
-SicilyPresentBotti et al., 2003
LithuaniaPresentZitikaite, 1996
MoldovaPresentEPPO, 2014
PolandPresentMacias and Mierzwa, 2000; Chodorska et al., 2014; EPPO, 2014
RomaniaPresentEPPO, 2014
SerbiaPresentMilosevic et al., 2015
SloveniaPresentRavnikar et al., 1996; Mavric et al., 1999
SpainPresentFernández-Tabanera et al., 2018
SwitzerlandPresentEPPO, 2014
UKRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-England and WalesRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
-ScotlandRestricted distributionEPPO, 2014
UkrainePresentEPPO, 2014

Oceania

AustraliaPresentEPPO, 2014
-New South WalesPresentEPPO, 2014
-South AustraliaPresentEPPO, 2014
-TasmaniaPresentEPPO, 2014
-VictoriaPresentEPPO, 2014
New ZealandPresentFletcher et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal patterns
Whole plant / dwarfing

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bulbs/Tubers/Corms/Rhizomes Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Flowers/Inflorescences/Cones/Calyx Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Fruits (inc. pods) Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Leaves Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Roots Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Seedlings/Micropropagated plants Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye
Plant parts not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Bark
Growing medium accompanying plants
Stems (above ground)/Shoots/Trunks/Branches
True seeds (inc. grain)
Wood

Vectors and Intermediate Hosts

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References

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Ahlawat YS, Anupam Varma, 1997. Serological detection of a mixed viral infection in onion seed crop and possible measures for its management. Indian Phytopathology, 50(1):137-140; 13 ref.

Barg E, Lesemann DE, Vetten HJ, Green SK, 1997. Viruses of alliums and their distribution in different Allium crops and geographical regions. Acta Horticulturae, No. 433:607-616; 11 ref.

Blackman RL, Eastop VF, 2000. Aphids on the world's crops: an identification and information guide. Aphids on the world's crops: an identification and information guide., Ed. 2:x + 466 pp.; 39 pp. of ref.

Bos L, Huijberts N, Huttinga H, Maat DZ, 1978. Leek yellow stripe virus and its relationships to onion yellow dwarf virus; characterization, ecology and possible control. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology, 84(5):185-204

Botti S, D'Urso F, Davino S, Bertaccini A, Branca F, Davino M, 2003. RT-PCR virus detection in garlic plants in Sicily. (Individuazione di virus mediante RT-PCR in coltivazioni di aglio in Sicilia.) Informatore Fitopatologico, 53(4):46-49.

Bruna A, Burba JL, Galmarini CR, 1997. Effect of thermotherapy and meristem-tip culture on production of virus-free garlic in Chile. Acta Horticulturae, 433:631-634.

Brunt AA, Crabtree K, Dallwitz MJ, Gibbs AJ, Watson L (eds), 1996. Viruses of plants. Descriptions and lists from the VIDE database. Wallingford, UK: CAB INTERNATIONAL, 1484 pp.

Canavelli A, Nome SF, Conci VC, 1998. Effect of different viruses on yield of garlic (Allium sativum) 'Rosado Paraguayo'. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 23(3):354-358; 11 ref.

Chen J, Adams MJ, Zheng HY, Chen JP, 2003. Sequence analysis demonstrates that Onion yellow dwarf virus isolates from China contain a P3 region much larger than other potyviruses. Archives of Virology, 148(6):1165-1173.

Chen J, Chen J, Adams MJ, 2001. A universal PCR primer to detect members of the Potyviridae and its use to examine the taxonomic status of several members of the family. Archives of Virology, 146(4):757-766; 21 ref.

Chen Jiong, Chen JienPing, Adams MJ, 2002. Characterisation of some carla- and potyviruses from bulb crops in China. Archives of Virology, 147(2):419-428.

Chodorska M, Paduch-Cichal E, Kalinowska E, Szyndel MS, 2014. First report of Onion yellow dwarf virus, Garlic common latent virus and Shallot latent virus on garlic in Poland. Plant Disease, 98(6):858. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Conci VC, 1997. An overview of Allium viruses in Argentina. Acta Horticulturae, No. 433:593-600; 30 ref.

Conci VC, Helguera M, Nome SF, 1999. Serological and biological comparison of onion yellow dwarf virus from onion and garlic in Argentina. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 24(1):73-75; 10 ref.

Daniels J, 1999. Occurrence of viruses in garlic in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 24(1):91.

Dovas CI, Hatziloukas E, Salomon R, Barg E, Shiboleth Y, Katis NI, 2001. Comparison of methods for virus detection in Allium spp. Journal of Phytopathology, 149(11/12):731-737; 23 ref.

Dovas CI, Hatziloukas E, Salomon R, Barg E, Shiboleth Y, Katis NI, 2001. Incidence of viruses infecting Allium spp. in Greece. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 107(7):677-684; 28 ref.

EPPO, 2014. PQR database. Paris, France: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. http://www.eppo.int/DATABASES/pqr/pqr.htm

Fernández-Tabanera, E., Fraile, A., Lunello, P., García-Arenal, F., Ayllón, M. A., 2018. First report of Onion yellow dwarf virus in leek (Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum) in Spain., 102(1), 256. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis doi: 10.1094/PDIS-06-17-0892-PDN

Fletcher PJ, Fletcher JD, Lewthwaite SL, 1998. In vitro elimination of onion yellow dwarf and shallot latent viruses in shallots (Allium cepa var. ascalonicum L.). New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 26(1):23-26; 11 ref.

Ha C, Revill P, Harding RM, Vu M, Dale JL, 2008. Identification and sequence analysis of potyviruses infecting crops in Vietnam. Archives of Virology, 153(1):45-60. http://springerlink.metapress.com/content/90316764184520r2/fulltext.pdf

Hernßndez R, Manso R, Fontanella J, Pichardo T, Noa JC, Cßrdenas H, 1997. Electrotherapy, a new method for sanitation against viruses in Allium sativum L. and their diagnosis by UM-ELISA. Centro Agri^acute~cola, 24(1):92-94; 10 ref.

Klukácková J, Navrátil M, Duchoslav M, 2007. Natural infection of garlic (Allium sativum L.) by viruses in the Czech Republic. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 114(3):97-100. http://www.ulmer.de

Koch M, Salomon R, 1994. Serological detection of onion yellow dwarf virus in garlic. Plant Disease, 78(8):785-788

Koch M, Taanami Z, Levi S, Salomon R, 1995. Testing garlic cloves and bulblets for onion yellow dwarf virus by ACP-ELISA. Phytoparasitica, 23(1):27-29

Kumar P, Mehra R, Dhawan P, 2009. Biological and serological diagnosis of onion yellow dwarf virus. Haryana Journal of Horticultural Sciences, 38(3/4):300-305.

Lot H, Chovelon V, Souche S, Delecolle B, 1998. Effects of onion yellow dwarf and leek yellow stripe viruses on symptomatology and yield loss of three French garlic cultivars. Plant Disease, 82(12):1381-1385; 22 ref.

Luciani GF, Cafrune EE, Curvetto NR, Conci VC, 1998. Obtention of virus-free plants of red garlic (Allium sativum L.). Fitopatologi^acute~a, 33(3):165-169; 20 ref.

Lunello P, Mansilla C, Conci V, Ponz F, 2004. Ultra-sensitive detection of two garlic potyviruses using a real-time fluorescent (Taqman®) RT-PCR assay. Journal of Virological Methods, 118(1):15-21.

Macias W, Mierzwa Z, 2000. Onion yellow dwarf potyvirus - threat of crops and control. Vegetable Crops Research Bulletin, 53:83-90.

Maeso D, Pagani C, Mirabelle I, Conci VC, 1997. Studies on viruses affecting garlic in Uruguay. Acta Horticulturae, No. 433:617-622; 23 ref.

Mahmoud SYM, Abo-el-Maaty SA, El-Borollosy AM, Abdel-Ghaffar MH, 2007. Identification of onion yellow dwarf Potyvirus as one of the major viruses infecting garlic in Egypt. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science, 2(6):746-755. http://www.idosi.org/aejaes/jaes2(6)/18.pdf

Majumder, S., Yadav, V., Yakasai, M. A., Muhammad, J. Y., 2017. First report of Onion yellow dwarf virus in garlic from Nigeria., 99(1), 299. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3821/2463

Mavric I, Mirkovic V, Ravnikar M, 1999. Virus infections of Allium. Zbornik predavanj in referatov 4. Slovenskega Posvetovanja o Varstvu Rastlin v Portoroz^hacek~u od 3. do 4. Marca 1999., 45-50; 15 ref.

Milosevic D, Gvozdanovic-Varga J, Ignjatov M, Nikolic Z, Vucurovic I, Vucurovic A, Stankovic I, 2015. First report of Onion yellow dwarf virus infecting shallot in Serbia. Plant Disease, 99(10):1450. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Oleas A, Arahana V, 2016. First report of Leek yellow stripe virus, Shallot latent virus, and Onion yellow dwarf virus in garlic from Ecuador. Plant Disease, 100(1):232. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Pappu HR, Hellier BC, Dugan FM, 2005. First report of Onion yellow dwarf virus, Leek yellow stripe virus, and Garlic common latent virus in garlic in Washington State. Plant Disease, 89(2):205. HTTP://www.apsnet.org

Pérez-Moreno L, Córdova-Rosales ZV, Rico-Jaramillo E, Ramírez-Malagón R, Barboza-Corona E, Zúñiga-Zúñiga J, Ruiz-Castro S, Silva-Rosales L, 2007. Identification of phytopathogenic viruses of garlic (Allium sativum L.), in the state of Guanajuato, Mexico. (Identificación de virus fitopatógenos en ajo (Allium sativum L.), en el estado de Guanajuato, México.) Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología, 25(1):11-17. http://members.tripod.com/~sociedad/Sociedad.htm

Ravnikar M, Mavric I, Ucman R, Ivanovic S, Kus M, Zel J, 1996. Viruses of garlic (Allium sativum L. cv. Ptujski Spomladanski) and breeding of healthy plants in tissue culture. Novi izzivi v poljedelstvu '96. Zbornik simpozija, Ljubljana, Slovenia 9-10 decembra 1996., 189-193; 10 ref.

Saffar ZN, Torabi S, Naghavi M, Golnaraghi AR, Aryakia E, 2013. Onion yellow dwarf virus on leek, onion, shallot and welsh onion in Iran. Journal of Plant Pathology, 95(4, Supplement):S4.73. http://sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3077/1750

Salomon R, Koch M, 1993. Occurrence of viruses in garlic grown in Israel and methods for their detection in order to prepare virus-free propagation material. Hassadeh, 74(3):262-264 (Ar), 350 (E

Shahraeen N, Bananej K, Ahoonmanesh A, Lesemann DE, 1998. Identification of three elongated viruses from Allium species (onion and garlic) in Tehran province. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 34(1/2):117-118 (Pe), 37-38 (En).

Shiboleth YM, Gal-On A, Koch M, Rabinowitch HD, Salomon R, 2001. Molecular characterisation of Onion yellow dwarf virus (OYDV) infecting garlic (Allium sativum L.) in Israel: thermotherapy inhibits virus elimination by meristem tip culture. Annals of Applied Biology, 138(2):187-195; 34 ref.

Sivaprasad, Y., Garrido, P., Mendez, K., Pachacama, S., Garrido, A., Ramos, L., 2017. First report of Onion yellow dwarf virus infecting onion in Ecuador., 99(1), 296. http://www.sipav.org/main/jpp/index.php/jpp/article/view/3820/2462

Soto JA, 1999. Virus infecting garlic seed. Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias, Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, 31(1):93-100; 29 ref.

Stobbs LW, Driel Lvan, 1999. First report of onion yellow dwarf virus in Ontario. Plant Disease, 83(8):782; 4 ref.

Takaichi M, Nagakubo T, Oeda K, 2001. Mixed virus infections of garlic determined by a multivalent polyclonal antiserum and virus effects on disease symptoms. Plant Disease, 85(1):71-75; 29 ref.

Takaichi M, Yamamoto M, Nagakubo T, Oeda K, 1998. Four garlic viruses identified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and their regional distribution in northern Japan. Plant Disease, 82(6):694-698; 27 ref.

Tedeschi P, Previati A, Maietti A, Autonell CR, Re Fda, Brandolini V, 2009. In vitro thermotherapy and micropropagation to ensure virus-free status and conservation of garlic. (Termoterapia e coltura in vitro per il risanamento e la conservazione dell'aglio.) Italus Hortus [Comunicazioni e riassunti del Convegno Nazionale "La micropropagazione in Italia: stato attuale e prospettive future". Un incontro tra operatori del settore e della ricerca, Corte Benedettina, Legnaro (PD), Italia, 20-21 novembre 2008.], 16(2):217-219. http://www.soihs.it

Tsuneyoshi T, Ikeda Y, Sumi SI, 1997. Nucleotide sequences of the 3 terminal region of onion yellow dwarf virus isolates from Allium plants in Japan. Virus Genes, 15(1):73-77; 23 ref.

Tsuneyoshi T, Matsumi T, Natsuaki KT, Sumi S, 1998. Nucleotide sequence analysis of virus isolates indicates the presence of three potyvirus species in Allium plants. Archives of Virology, 143(1):97-113; 35 ref.

Ucman R, Zel J, Ravnikar M, 1998. Thermotherapy in virus elimination from garlic: influences on shoot multiplication from meristems and bulb formation in vitro. Scientia Horticulturae, 73(4):193-202; 21 ref.

van Dijk P, 1993. Survey and characterization of potyviruses and their strains of Allium species. Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology Supplement, 2:1-48.

Verbeek M, Dijk P van, Well PMA van, 1995. Efficiency of eradication of four viruses from garlic (Allium sativum) by meristem-tip culture. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 101(3):231-239

Vlugt RAAvan der, Steffens P, Cuperus C, Barg E, Lesemann DE, Bos L, Vetten HJ, 1999. Further evidence that shallot yellow stripe virus (SYSV) is a distinct potyvirus and reidentification of welsh onion yellow stripe virus as a SYSV strain. Phytopathology, 89(2):148-155; 37 ref.

Voncina D, Curic K, Fabek S, Toth N, 2016. First report of Onion yellow dwarf virus, Leek yellow stripe virus, and Garlic common latent virus on garlic in Croatia. Plant Disease, 100(3):656-657. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Walkey D, Antill DN, 1989. Agronomic evaluation of virus-free and virus-infected garlic (Allium sativum L.) and shallot (A. ascalonicum L.) by meristem-tip culture. Journal of Horticultural Science, 62:211-220.

Zitikaite I, 1996. Agent of onion yellow dwarfism in Lithuania. Biologija, No. 1:58-61; 14 ref.

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