Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ocimum basilicum
(basil)

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Datasheet

Ocimum basilicum (basil)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Host Plant
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Ocimum basilicum
  • Preferred Common Name
  • basil
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Plantae
  •     Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •       Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •         Class: Dicotyledonae
  • Uses List
  • Essential oils
  • Ornamental
  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Traditional/folklore
  • Vegetable

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Ocimum basilicum (basil); flowering habit, with a Monarch butterfly present (Danaus plexippus). Honokanaia, Kahoolawe, Hawaii. December 2010.
TitleContainer grown
CaptionOcimum basilicum (basil); flowering habit, with a Monarch butterfly present (Danaus plexippus). Honokanaia, Kahoolawe, Hawaii. December 2010.
Copyright©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0
Ocimum basilicum (basil); flowering habit, with a Monarch butterfly present (Danaus plexippus). Honokanaia, Kahoolawe, Hawaii. December 2010.
Container grownOcimum basilicum (basil); flowering habit, with a Monarch butterfly present (Danaus plexippus). Honokanaia, Kahoolawe, Hawaii. December 2010.©Forest Starr & Kim Starr - CC BY 4.0

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Ocimum basilicum L.

Preferred Common Name

  • basil

Other Scientific Names

  • Ocimum americanum L.

International Common Names

  • English: French basil; Réunion basil; sweet basil
  • Spanish: albahaca; albahaca de jardines
  • French: basilic commun
  • Portuguese: alfavaca; mangericao

Local Common Names

  • Cambodia: chi neang vong
  • Germany: Basilienkraut; Basilikum
  • Indonesia: kemangi; selasih; surawung
  • Italy: bassilico
  • Laos: phak 'i:x tu:x
  • Malaysia: kemangi; selasi hitam; selasi jantan
  • Netherlands: Basilicum
  • Philippines: balanoy; kamangi; solasi
  • Sweden: basilika
  • Thailand: horapha
  • Vietnam: húng

EPPO code

  • OCIBA (Ocimum basilicum)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Plantae
  •         Phylum: Spermatophyta
  •             Subphylum: Angiospermae
  •                 Class: Dicotyledonae
  •                     Order: Lamiales
  •                         Family: Lamiaceae
  •                             Genus: Ocimum
  •                                 Species: Ocimum basilicum

List of Pests

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Major host of:

Botryotinia fuckeliana (grey mould-rot); Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar); Liriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner); Orobanche (broomrape); Peronospora belbahrii; Phenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug); Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot); Syngamia abruptalis (Ocimum leaf folder); Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host); Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt); Veronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)

Minor host of:

Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot); Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm); Atta insularis; Beet severe curly top virus; Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode); Broad bean wilt virus (lamium mild mosaic); Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas); Coccus hesperidum (brown soft scale); Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum); Fusarium oxysporum (basal rot); Impatiens necrotic spot virus (TSWV-I); Orobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape); Otiorhynchus armadillo (armadillo weevil); Pachnaeus litus (citrus root weevil); Pepino mosaic virus; Phenacoccus madeirensis (Madeira mealybug); Planococcus citri (citrus mealybug); Plectosphaerella cucumerina; Polyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite); Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive); Sybra alternans

Wild host of:

Raoiella indica (red palm mite)

Host of (source - data mining):

Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot); Bemisia; Brevipalpus obovatus (scarlet tea mite); Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato (USA)); Sclerotinia minor (sclerotinia disease of lettuce)

Uses List

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General

  • Ornamental

Human food and beverage

  • Spices and culinary herbs
  • Vegetable

Materials

  • Essential oils

Medicinal, pharmaceutical

  • Traditional/folklore