Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Deanolis albizonalis
(mango seed borer)



Deanolis albizonalis (mango seed borer)


  • Last modified
  • 14 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Deanolis albizonalis
  • Preferred Common Name
  • mango seed borer
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta
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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Deanolis albizonalis (Hampson, 1903)

Preferred Common Name

  • mango seed borer

Other Scientific Names

  • Autocharis albizonalis (Hampson)
  • Deanolis sublimbalis Snellen
  • Noorda albizonalis Hampson

International Common Names

  • English: red banded borer; red-banded mango caterpillar

Local Common Names

  • Australia: red banded mango caterpillar
  • India: mango fruit borer (MFB)

EPPO code

  • NOORAL (Noorda albizonalis)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Pyralidae
  •                             Genus: Deanolis
  •                                 Species: Deanolis albizonalis

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes


Brunei DarussalamPresentWaterhouse, 1993
IndiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Andaman and Nicobar IslandsPresentZaheruddeen and Sujatha, 1993
-Andhra PradeshPresentZaheruddeen and Sujatha, 1993
-OdishaPresentSengupta and Behura, 1955; Butani, 1979; Zhang, 1994
-West BengalPresentSahoo and Jha, 2009
IndonesiaPresentWaterhouse, 1993
-JavaPresentNHM Collection; Zhang, 1994
NepalPresentIPPC, 2011Present seasonally in lowland mango orchards.
PhilippinesPresentNHM Collection; Waterhouse, 1993
ThailandPresentKuroko and Lewvanich, 1993; Waterhouse, 1993
VietnamPresentMele et al., 2001

Growth Stages

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List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / abnormal shape
Fruit / discoloration
Fruit / frass visible
Fruit / honeydew or sooty mould
Fruit / internal feeding
Fruit / lesions: black or brown
Fruit / mummification
Fruit / obvious exit hole
Fruit / ooze

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Acrania picta Predator Larvae
Beauveria Predator Larvae
Hierodula coarctata Predator Larvae
Mantis religiosa Predator Larvae
Metarhizium anisopliae Predator Larvae
Oecophylla smaragdina Predator Larvae

Pathway Vectors

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VectorNotesLong DistanceLocalReferences
Clothing, footwear and possessionsWood material through edible fruits carriage. Yes
Land vehiclesWood material through edible fruits carriage. Yes
Plants or parts of plantsWood material through edible fruits carriage. Yes
Containers and packaging - woodSolid wood packing material Yes

Plant Trade

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Plant parts liable to carry the pest in trade/transportPest stagesBorne internallyBorne externallyVisibility of pest or symptoms
Bark larvae Yes Pest or symptoms usually invisible
Fruits (inc. pods) eggs; larvae Yes Yes Pest or symptoms usually visible to the naked eye

Wood Packaging

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Wood Packaging liable to carry the pest in trade/transportTimber typeUsed as packing
Solid wood packing material with bark Boxes Yes
Solid wood packing material without bark Boxes Yes
Wood Packaging not known to carry the pest in trade/transport
Loose wood packing material
Processed or treated wood


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Butani DK, 1979. Insects and Fruits. Delhi, India: Periodical Expert Book Agency.

Ghatak SS, Reza MW, 2006. On farm testing of organic and synthetic pesticides against mango fruit borer Deanolis albizonalis (Hampson) (Pyralidae: Lepidoptera). Environment and Ecology, 24(4):768-772.

IPPC, 2011. Red banded mango caterpillar in Nepal. IPPC Official Pest Report, No. NPL-02/3, No. NPL-02/3. Rome, Italy: FAO.

Kuroko H, Lewvanich A, 1993. Lepidopterous Pests of Tropical Fruit Trees in Thailand. Bangkok, Thailand: Funny Publishing Limited Partnership/Japan International Cooperation Agency.

Mele Pvan, Nguyen Thi Thu Cuc, Huis Avan, 2001. Farmers' knowledge, perceptions and practices in mango pest management in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. International Journal of Pest Management, 47(1):7-16.

Sahoo SK, Jha S, 2009. Bio-ecology of mango fruit borer, Autocharis (=Noorda) albizonalis Hampson (Pyralidae; Lepidoptera) - a recent threat to mango growers in West Bengal, India. Acta Horticulturae [Proceedings of the Eighth International Mango Symposium, Sun City, South Africa, 5-10 February 2006.], No.820:601-608.

Sengupta GC, Behura BK, 1955. Some new records of crop pests from India. Indian Journal of Entomology, 17:283-285.

Sujatha A, 2007. Record of a new ecological niche for pupation/off-seasonal diapause of mango fruit borer Deanolis albizonalis (Hampson). Insect Environment, 13(3):111-112.

Sujatha A, Zaheruddeen SM, 2002. Biology of pyralid fruit borer, Deanolis albizonalis Hampson: a new pest of mango. Journal of Applied Zoological Researches, 13(1):1-5; 8 ref.

Sujatha A, Zaheruddeen SM, Arjuna Rao P, Nagalingam B, 2002. Electroantennogram and wind tunnel studies on olfactory responses of mango fruit borer, Deanolis albizonalis (Hampson) to female sex pheromone. Research paper. Pest Management in Horticultural Eco-systems, Bangalore, 8(2):83-89.

Sujatha A, Zaheruddeen SM, Rao PA, Nagalingam B, Rajamannar M, 2002. Record of natural enemy fauna on the mango fruit borer, Deanolis albizonalis (Hampson). Insect Environment, 8(3):140-141; 1 ref.

Sujatha A, Zaherudeen SM, 2006. Studies on morphometrics of mango fruit borer, Deanolis albizonalis (Hampson). Journal of Applied Zoological Researches, 17(2):131-137.

Svensson J, Leonardson L, 1992. Effects of agricultural pesticides on denitrification in lake sediments. Proceedings of the international symposium on environmental aspects of pesticide microbiology, 17-21 August 1992, Sigtuna, Sweden [edited by Anderson, J.P.E.; Arnold, D.J.; Lewis, F.; Torstensson, L.] Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Microbiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 55-60

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Zaheruddeen SM, Sujatha A, 1993. Record of Deanolis albizonalis (Hampson) (Pyralidae: Odontinae) as mango fruit borer in Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 90(3):528

Zaheruddeen SM, Sujatha A, 1995. Larval behaviour of pyralid mango fruit borer D. albizonalis Hamp. Journal of Applied Zoology, 6(2):157.

Zhang BC(Compiler), 1994. Index of economically important Lepidoptera. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 599 pp.

Distribution Maps

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