Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Naranga diffusa
(rice green semilooper)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Naranga diffusa (rice green semilooper)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 27 July 2018
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Naranga diffusa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • rice green semilooper
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Adults (left), with two distinctive oblique bars of brown on the forewing. 

Eggs (centre), spherical and yellow when newly laid, develop purple markings when mature.

Larva (right), green or yellow-green with narrow white lines running along the body as seen from above.
TitleAdults, eggs and larva
CaptionAdults (left), with two distinctive oblique bars of brown on the forewing. Eggs (centre), spherical and yellow when newly laid, develop purple markings when mature. Larva (right), green or yellow-green with narrow white lines running along the body as seen from above.
CopyrightIRRI
Adults (left), with two distinctive oblique bars of brown on the forewing. 

Eggs (centre), spherical and yellow when newly laid, develop purple markings when mature.

Larva (right), green or yellow-green with narrow white lines running along the body as seen from above.
Adults, eggs and larvaAdults (left), with two distinctive oblique bars of brown on the forewing. Eggs (centre), spherical and yellow when newly laid, develop purple markings when mature. Larva (right), green or yellow-green with narrow white lines running along the body as seen from above.IRRI
First- and second-instar larvae scrape tissue from leaf blades, causing them to appear whitish when viewed from a distance.
TitleLarva and feeding damage
CaptionFirst- and second-instar larvae scrape tissue from leaf blades, causing them to appear whitish when viewed from a distance.
CopyrightIRRI
First- and second-instar larvae scrape tissue from leaf blades, causing them to appear whitish when viewed from a distance.
Larva and feeding damageFirst- and second-instar larvae scrape tissue from leaf blades, causing them to appear whitish when viewed from a distance.IRRI
Larva (above), and pupa (below):  pupae smooth bodied and protected in silken cocoons secreted by the larvae within the folded leaf chamber, tied with silk.
TitleLarva and pupa
CaptionLarva (above), and pupa (below): pupae smooth bodied and protected in silken cocoons secreted by the larvae within the folded leaf chamber, tied with silk.
CopyrightIRRI
Larva (above), and pupa (below):  pupae smooth bodied and protected in silken cocoons secreted by the larvae within the folded leaf chamber, tied with silk.
Larva and pupaLarva (above), and pupa (below): pupae smooth bodied and protected in silken cocoons secreted by the larvae within the folded leaf chamber, tied with silk.IRRI

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Naranga diffusa Walker

Preferred Common Name

  • rice green semilooper

Other Scientific Names

  • Erastria condidula
  • Naranga aenescens Moore

International Common Names

  • English: rice green caterpillar
  • French: chenille verte du riz

Local Common Names

  • Japan: ine-aomusi

EPPO code

  • NARAAE (Naranga aenescens)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Naranga
  •                                 Species: Naranga diffusa

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Continent/Country/RegionDistributionLast ReportedOriginFirst ReportedInvasiveReferenceNotes

Asia

BangladeshRestricted distributionMiah & Karim, 1983
ChinaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-FujianWidespreadLin, 1981
-GuangdongWidespreadLi, 1982
-Hong KongPresentThornton et al., 1975
-HunanWidespreadHsia, 1957
-JiangsuWidespreadTu et al., 1985
IndiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-KeralaRestricted distributionBehera and Rao, 1986
-OdishaRestricted distributionBehera and Rao, 1986
-West BengalRestricted distributionBehera and Rao, 1986
IranWidespreadMoussavi, 1986
JapanPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-HokkaidoWidespreadKuwayama, 1953
-HonshuWidespreadSHIRAKI, 1952
-KyushuWidespreadMiyahara, 1972
-ShikokuWidespreadSHIRAKI, 1952
Korea, DPRWidespreadPaik, 1967
Korea, Republic ofWidespreadPaik, 1967
MalaysiaPresentPresent based on regional distribution.
-Peninsular MalaysiaRestricted distributionBehera and Rao, 1986
MyanmarRestricted distributionShroff, 1919
PhilippinesWidespreadPantua and Litsinger, 1984; Waterhouse, 1993
TaiwanWidespreadFang, 1972
ThailandPresentWaterhouse, 1993
VietnamPresentCon, 1986; Waterhouse, 1993

Growth Stages

Top of page Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Apanteles angustibasis Parasite Larvae
Apanteles kariyai Parasite Larvae
Brachymeria lasus Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Charops bicolor Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Charops brachypterum Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Chlaenius bioculatus Predator
Clubiona japonicola Predator China rice
Coccinella hieroglyphica Predator
Cotesia ruficrus Parasite Larvae China; Zhejiang rice
Cyrtorhinus lividipennis Predator
Euplectrus chapadae Parasite Larvae
Euplectrus fukaii Parasite Larvae
Itoplectis naranyae Parasite
Lycosa pseudoannulata Predator China rice
Meteorus narangae Parasite Larvae
Metioche vittaticollis Predator
Neoscona nautica Predator China rice
Nomuraea rileyi Pathogen Larvae
Ophionea ishii Predator Eggs/Larvae
Ophionea nigrofasciata Predator Eggs/Larvae
Orius tantillus Predator Eggs/Larvae
Paederus fuscipes Predator
Pediobius narangae Parasite
Pirata piratoides Predator China rice
Pirata subpiraticus Predator China rice
Tetragnatha nitens Predator China rice
Trichogramma chilotraeae Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma japonicum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma maidis Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma pintoi Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma rhenana Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma rhenanum Parasite Eggs Iran rice
Trichogrammatoidea australicum Parasite Eggs
Trichomalopsis Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Ummeliata insecticeps Predator China
Xanthopimpla flavolineata Parasite Larvae/Pupae

References

Top of page

Ando T, Kishino K, Tatsuki S, 1980. Sex pheromone of the rice green caterpillar: chemical identification of three components and field tests with synthetic pheromones. Agriculture Biology Chemistry, 44:765-775.

Anonymous, 1924. Naranga diffusa as a pest of rice (Noctuidae). Bureau of Entomology Chekiang, Kashing, Population Bulletin, 4:1-16.

Bandong JP, Litsinger JA, 1988. Development of action control thresholds for major rice pests. In: Teng PS, Heong KL, eds. Pesticide Management and Integrated Pest Management in Southeast Asia. Maryland, USA: Consortium for International Crop Protection, 95-102.

Behera KS, Rao VN, 1986. Studies on the biology of the rice green semilooper Naranga diffusa Walk. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Beitraga trop, Landwirtsch, Veterinarmed 24H:315-321.

Berg H van den, Litsinger JA, Shepard BM, Pantua PC, 1992. Acceptance of eggs of Rivula atimeta, Naranga aenescens (Lep.: Noctuidae) and Hydrellia philippina (Dipt.: Ephydridae) by insect predators on rice. Entomophaga, 37(1):21-28

Chattopadhyay S, Mamdapur VR, Chadha MS, 1984. A convenient synthesis of (Z)-9-hexadecen-1-yl acetate, a sex pheromone of rice green caterpillar, Naranga aenescens, from aleuritic acid. Indian Journal of Chemistry, 23B:236-237.

Chen KZ, 1937. Preliminary test on the use of tobacco powder for controlling rice insects. Entomology and Phytopathology, 5:178-188.

Chen ZY, 1986. Predatory stink bugs. Natural Enemies of Insects, 8(4):207-208

Cheng TS, 1935. Biology of Naranga aenescens Moore in Jiangsu (Lep., Noctuidae). II. Entomology and Phytopathology 3:7-18, 26-31.

Chiang HC, 1977. Pest management in the People's Republic of China-monitoring and forecasting insect populations in rice, wheat, cotton and maize. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 25(1):1-8

Con VQ, 1986. Dac diem tao thanh cac he thong vat chu - ky sinh o cac loai hai lua. (The peculiarities of formation of host - parasitoid systems on rice lepidopterous pests.). Thong Bao Khoa Hoc, 1:55-62.

Dale D, 1994. Insect pests of the rice plant and their biology and ecology. In: Heinrichs EA, ed. Biology and Management of Rice Insects. Wiley Eastern Limited and International Rice Research Institute.

dela Cruz CG, Litsinger JA, 1988. Insect pests and their natural enemies in ratoon rice. In: Rice Ratooning. Los Banos, Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, 195-208.

Eiri A, Koyama S, 1958. On the relation between the seasonal prevalence of rice green caterpillar moth, Naranga aenescens Moore and the forecast of rice stem borer moth, Chilo suppressalis Walker in Kumamoto Prefecture. Proceedings of the Association of Plant Protection of Kyushu, 4:10-11.

Emura K, Kojima A, 1969. Ecological studies on rice green caterpillar, Naranga aenescens Moore. I. Influence of humidical condition on larvae. Proceedings of the Association of Plant Protection Hokuriku, 17:27-29.

Entomology Department, International Rice Research Institute, 1979. An inexpensive kerosene light trap to monitor rice insects. International Rice Research Newsletter, 4(2):17

Fang, MN, 1972. Investigation on the resistance of green rice leaf hopper to insecticides in Taichung district. Taiwan Agricultural Quarterly, 8(4):106-115.

Fullaway DT, 1929. Report on the use of rice straw as a packing material in the Orient. Hawaiian Forest Agriculture, 26:81-82.

Grist DH, Lever RJAW, 1969. Pests of Rice. London, UK: Longman.

HANSON HC, 1963. Diseases and pests of economic plants of Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. A study based on field survey data and on pertinent records, material, and reports. 1 +] v + 155 pp.

Hidaka T, 1965. Studies on the natural enemies of insects injurious to rice plant in Tohoku district in Japan. (1) On the parasitoids and predators attacking the rice stem borer and their ecological peculiarities. Bulletin of the Tohoku National Agriculture Experiment Station, 32:145-160.

Hirashima Y, Abe M, Tadauchi O, Konishi K, Mpto K, 1989. The hymenopterous parasitoids of the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae) in Japan. Esakia, No. 28:63-73

Hsia SY, 1957. A description of the parasitic wasps attacking major rice pests in Hunan province. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 7:295-318.

Ichimaru M, Suenaga H, 1956. On the pattern of insect pest occurrence in the late season paddy culture. Kyushu Agricultural Research, 17:111-112. (In Japanese with English summary.)

Institute of Agricultural Science (IAS), Office of Rural Development, 1973. Literature Review of Korean Rice Pests. Suweon, Korea.

Ishikura H, 1955. A short review on the recent works on the estimation of loss of rice crops by insect pests in Japan. International Rice Commission Working Party in Rice Breeding, Penang, Malaysia, December 5-10, 1955.

Iwao S, 1962. Studies on the phase variation and related phenomena in some Lepidopterous insects. Memoirs of the College of Agriculture Kyoto, No.84.

Kamijo K, Grissell EE, 1982. Species of Trichomalopsis Crawford (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) from rice paddy, with descriptions of two new species. Kontyu, 50(1):76-87

Kihata H, Inoue H, 1964. Studies on the ecology of rice green caterpillar. Annual Report of the Society of Plant Protection in Northern Japan, 15:87-93.

Kishino KI, Sato T, 1975. Ecological studies on the rice green caterpillar, Naranga aenescens Moore. Bulletin of the Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 50:27-62

Koyama T, Kikuchi M, Hirao J, 1968. On the injuries caused by insect pests and the development of the rice stem borer in the rice plants sowed directly on the submerged field. Bulletin of the Tohoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, No. 36:43-51

Kuwayama S, 1953. Some features of the insect pests of the rice plant in Hokkaido, a northern limit of rice culture in relation to recent developments in culture methods. Eighth Pacific Science Congress, 3:1251-1261.

Kwangtung Academy of Agricultural Sciences (KAAS), 1977. Preliminary report on the integrated control of rice insect pests and diseases. Acta Entomologica Sinica, 20:135-140.

Li LY, 1982. Integrated rice insect pest control in the Guangdong Province of China. Entomophaga, 27(Special Issue):81-88

Lin NQ, 1981. Investigation on the population dynamics of Trichogramma spp. in paddy fields of Northern Fujian. Journal of the Fujian Agricultural College, 3:39-49.

Litsinger JA, 1993. A farming systems approach to insect pest management for upland and lowland rice farmers in tropical Asia. In: Altieri MA, ed. Crop Protection Strategies for Subsistence Farmers. Westview Studies in Insect Biology. Boulder, CO, USA: Westview Press, 45-101.

Litsinger JA, Canapi BL, Bandong JP, Dela Cruz CG, Apostol RF, Pantua PC, Lumaban MD, Alviola AL III, Raymundo F, Libertario EM, Loevinsohn ME, Joshi RC, 1987. Rice crop loss from insect pests in wetland and dryland environments of Asia with emphasis on the Philippines. Insect Science and its Application, 8(4-6):677-692

Liu WZ, 1982. Blue lights is an effective trap for rice pests. Kunchong Zhishi, 19:5.

Loevinsohn ME, 1984. The ecology and control of rice pests in relation to the intensity and synchrony of cultivation. Thesis for the Doctor of Philosophy in Entomology. London, UK: University of London, Imperial College.

Loevinsohn ME, Bandong J, 1991. Dispersal range of rice insect pests under natural conditions in the Philippines. International Rice Research Newsletter, 16(3):23-24.

Miah SA, Rezaul Karim ANM, 1983. Rice pest management technology. In: Proceedings, Workshop on Experiences with Modern Rice Cultivation in Bangladesh. Joydebpur, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, 43-79.

Miyahara Y, 1972. On the decline in the number of Naranga aenescens Moore moths captured by light traps in Kyushu. Japanese Journal of Applied Entomology and Zoology, 16(3):163-165

Miyashita K, 1956. Types of the seasonal prevalence of rice green caterpillar moth, Naranga aenescens Moore. Bulletin of the National Institute of Agricultural Science Series C, (6):11-16.

Miyashita, 1963. Outbreaks and population fluctuations of insects, with special reference to agricultural insect pests in Japan. Bulletin of the National Institute of Agricultural Science Series C, 15:99-170.

Momoi S, 1966. Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) collected in paddy fields of the Orient, with descriptions of new species. Part 1. Subfamilies Ephialtinae, Gelinae, Banchinae, Anomalinae and Mesochorinae. Mushi, 40:1-11

Moussavi MR, 1986. Rice green caterpillar in Guilan (Naranga pnescens Moore). Entomologie et Phytopathologie Appliquees, 53(1-2):Pe 39-48; en 7-8

Nakayama S, 1938. Notes on the biology of Naranga aenescens, Moore. Annals of the Agricultural Experiment Station Tyosen, 10:8-32.

National Institute of Agricultural Sciences (NIAS), 1954. Insects and diseases of rice plants in Japan. Prepared for the 4th Session of the International Rice Commission. Tokyo, Japan: FAO.

Okamoto D, Abe Y, 1960. Effect of the difference in planting time of rice crop on insect pests. Bulletin of the Chugoku Agricultural Experiment Station, 4:312-313.

Olumi-Sadeghi H, Kharazi-Pakdel A, Jafari ME, Malaekeh F, 1983. Rice green caterpillar, Naranga aenescens (Moore) (Lep. Noctuidae) investigation in Mazanderan, Iran Proceedings, 7th Plant protection Congress of Iran, Sept. 3-7, 1983. University of Iran, 20-21.

Paik WH, 1967. Insect pests of rice in Korea. In: The Major Insect Pests of the Rice Plant. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Johns Hopkins Press, 657-674.

Pantua P, Litsinger JA, 1984. Life history and plant host range of the rice green semilooper. International Rice Research Newsletter, 9(1):26.

Rao NSB, 1982. Advances in Agricultural Microbiology. New Delhi, India: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.

Saito Y, Koyama J, 1974. The effects of mixed intercropping of upland rice and soybean to insect pests population. Seibutsu-Akita, (18):8-11.

SHIRAKI T, 1952. Catalogue of injurious Insects in Japan (exclusive of Animal Parasites). Volumes I-VII. Prelim. Stud. econ. sci. Sect. nat. Resources Div. G. H. Q. Allied Powers, 71. Tokyo, 47, 128, 162, 167, 126, 82; 130 pp.

Shroff KD, 1919. A list of the pests of cereals in Burma. Proceedings of the Third Entomological Meeting, Pusa, India, 341-343.

Tamaki Y, 1985. Insect sex pheromone and pest management: recent advances in Japan. Japan Pesticide Information, (37):22-25.

Thornton IWB, Marshall AT, Kwan WH, Ma Q, 1975. Studies on Lepidopterous pests of rice crops in Hong Kong, with particular reference to the yellow stem-borer, Tryporyza incertulas (Wlk.). PANS, 21(3):239-252

Tryon EH, Litsinger JA, 1988. Feasibility of using locally produced Bacillus thuringiensis to control tropical insect pests. In: Teng PS, Heong KL, eds. Pesticide Management and Integrated Pest Management in Southeast Asia, Consortium for International Crop Protection, Maryland, USA.

Tu CW, Wang FM, Hu JZ, Chen YL, Zheng JA, Cao BC, 1985. The technicality and practicality of the integrated control of diseases and pests of rice. Scientia Agricultura Sinica, No. 2:78-85.

van den Berg H, Shepard BM, Litsinger JA, Pantua PC, 1988. Impact of predators and parasitoids on the eggs of Rivula atimeta, Naranga aenescens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Hydrellia philippina (Diptera: Ephydridae) in rice. Journal of Plant Protection in the Tropics, 5:103-108.

Watanabe C, 1966. Notes on Braconid parasitoids of Naranga aenescens Moore occurring in Japan (Hymenoptera: Braconidae). Insecta Matsumura, 28(2):131-132

Waterhouse DF, 1993. The Major Arthropod Pests and Weeds of Agriculture in Southeast Asia. ACIAR Monograph No. 21. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, 141 pp.

Yunus A, Rothschild GHL, 1967. Insect pests of rice in Malaysia. In: The Major Insect Pests of the Rice Plant. Maryland USA: Johns Hopkins Press, 617-642.

Zhou H, Tang JQ, 1982. A preliminary report on the use of serological method of examine the catching function of predators of rice pests. Natural Enemies of Insects, 4(4):40-41.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map