Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Mythimna loreyi
(maize caterpillar)

Toolbox

Datasheet

Mythimna loreyi (maize caterpillar)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 21 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Mythimna loreyi
  • Preferred Common Name
  • maize caterpillar
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

Pictures

Top of page
PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Full grown larva, Glapwell, Derbyshire, UK.
TitleLarva
CaptionFull grown larva, Glapwell, Derbyshire, UK.
CopyrightJim Porter
Full grown larva, Glapwell, Derbyshire, UK.
LarvaFull grown larva, Glapwell, Derbyshire, UK.Jim Porter
Adult M. loreyi at rest (UK).
TitleAdult
CaptionAdult M. loreyi at rest (UK).
CopyrightDavid Brown
Adult M. loreyi at rest (UK).
AdultAdult M. loreyi at rest (UK).David Brown

Identity

Top of page

Preferred Scientific Name

  • Mythimna loreyi (Duponchel)

Preferred Common Name

  • maize caterpillar

Other Scientific Names

  • Acantholeucania loreyi Duponchel
  • Cirphis loreyi Duponchel
  • Hyphilare loreyi Duponchel
  • Leucania loreyi Duponchel
  • Noctua loreyi Duponchel
  • Pseudaletia loreyi Duponchel

International Common Names

  • English: army worm; lorey leafworm

Local Common Names

  • Netherlands: Rijstuil, lorey's

EPPO code

  • PSEDLO (Mythimna loreyi)

Taxonomic Tree

Top of page
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Mythimna
  •                                 Species: Mythimna loreyi

Distribution Table

Top of page

The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

Africa

AlgeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
BeninPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
Burkina FasoPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
Central African RepublicPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
Congo, Republic of thePresentUK, CAB International (1970)
Côte d'IvoirePresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EgyptPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EthiopiaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
GhanaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
KenyaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
LesothoPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
LibyaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
MalawiPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
MaliPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
MauritiusPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
MoroccoPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
NigerPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
NigeriaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
Saint HelenaPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-AscensionPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
São Tomé and PríncipePresentUK, CAB International (1970)
SenegalPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
SomaliaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
South AfricaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
SudanPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
TanzaniaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
TogoPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
TunisiaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
UgandaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
ZimbabwePresentUK, CAB International (1970)

Asia

BhutanPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
CambodiaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
ChinaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
-GuangdongPresentWu (1982)
-JiangsuPresentZhao (1988)
Cocos IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
IndiaPresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
-AssamPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
-BiharPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
-DelhiPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Bhattacherjee and Gupta (1972)
-HaryanaPresentRam Singh et al. (1987)
-Madhya PradeshPresentGargav et al. (1972)
-OdishaPresentPati and Mathur (1986)
-PunjabPresentSaini (1987)
-RajasthanPresentKhan et al. (1972)
-SikkimPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
-Uttar PradeshPresentMandal (1984)
-West BengalPresentJana et al. (1993)
IndonesiaPresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
-JavaPresentChu (1979)
-SulawesiPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
IranPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
IraqPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
IsraelPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
JapanPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
JordanPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
LaosPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
LebanonPresentCABI Data Mining (Undated)
MalaysiaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
MyanmarPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
PakistanPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
PhilippinesPresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
Saudi ArabiaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
Sri LankaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
SyriaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
TaiwanPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
ThailandPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
TurkeyPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
TurkmenistanPresentCABI (Undated)Original citation: Daricheva Tashlieva (1976)
UzbekistanPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
VietnamPresentUK, CAB International (1970)

Europe

AlbaniaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
AustriaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
BulgariaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
CyprusPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
CzechiaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
DenmarkPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EstoniaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
FrancePresentUK, CAB International (1970)
GermanyPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
GreecePresentUK, CAB International (1970)
HungaryPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
IrelandPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
ItalyPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
MaltaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
NetherlandsPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
PortugalPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
-AzoresPresentBretherton et al. (1979)
-MadeiraPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
RussiaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
SlovakiaPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
SpainPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
-Canary IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
SwitzerlandPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
United KingdomPresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)

Oceania

AustraliaPresentEdwards (1992)
-Northern TerritoryPresentEdwards (1992)
-QueenslandPresentEdwards (1992)
FijiPresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
Norfolk IslandPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
Papua New GuineaPresentUK, CAB International (1970)
Solomon IslandsPresentUK, CAB International (1970)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

Top of page
SignLife StagesType
Growing point / dead heart
Growing point / external feeding
Growing point / frass visible
Leaves / external feeding

Natural enemies

Top of page
Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Amyotea malabarica Predator
Bacillus thuringiensis Pathogen
Bactromyia zhumanovi Parasite Larvae
Chaetogaedia monticola Parasite Larvae Philippines rice
Cotesia flavipes Parasite Larvae
Cotesia glomeratus Parasite Larvae
Cotesia ruficrus Parasite Larvae
Cotesia telengai Parasite Larvae
Cuphocera iavana Parasite Larvae
Densonucleosis virus Pathogen
Diadegma crassicornis subsp. africator Parasite GözüaçIk et al., 2009
Drino imberbis Parasite Kara et al., 2007
Enicospilus sp. Parasite Larvae
Euplectrus platyhypenae Parasite Philippines rice
Exorista fallax Parasite Larvae
Exorista larvarum Parasite Kara et al., 2007
Hyposoter didymator Parasite Larvae
Lespesia archippivora Parasite Larvae Philippines rice
Linnaemya neavei Parasite Larvae
Linnaemya neavei Parasite Larvae
Lissopimpla excelsa Parasite
Meteorus gyrator Parasite Larvae
Pseudogonia rufifrons Parasite Larvae
Tachina nupta Parasite Larvae
Tachina praeceps Parasite Larvae
Telenomus hawai Parasite Philippines rice
Telenomus nawaii Parasite Eggs Philippines rice
Trichogramma japonicum Parasite Eggs Philippines rice
Tritaxys milias Parasite Larvae

References

Top of page

Ahmad I; Kamaluddin S, 1988. Morphology and redescription of rice army worms and ear-cutting caterpillars of the genus Mythimna (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Plusiinp) from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 20(3):283-288

Bhattacherjee NS; Gupta SL, 1971. Identity of Lepidopterous pests infesting wheat crop at Delhi. Indian Journal of Entomology, 33(4):435-451

Bretherton RF; Goater B; Lorimer RI, 1979. Noctuidae. In: Heath J, Emmet JM, eds. The Butterflies and Moths of Great Britain and Ireland. Vol. 9. London, UK: Curwen Books, 120-278.

Chu YI, 1979. Some notes on the lepidopterous rice insect pests at Jawa Timur, Indonesia. NTU [National Taiwan University] Phytopathologist and Entomologist, No. 6:38-43

CIE, 1970. Distribution Maps of Pests. Series A, No. 275. Wallingford, UK: CAB International.

Daricheva MA, 1976. The trophic relations of Lepidoptera with plants of the family Graminep (preliminary communication). In: Tashlieva AO, ed. Ecology and economic importance of the insects of Turkmenia.: Ekologiya i khozyaistvennoe znachenie nasekomykh Turkmenii. Ylim. Ashkhabad USSR, 93-101

Edwards ED, 1992. A second sugarcane armyworm (Leucania loreyi (Duponchel)) from Australia and the identity of L. loreyimima Rungs (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society, 31(2):105-108

El-Sherif SI, 1972. On the biology of Leucania loreyi Dup. (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae). Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie, 71(1):104-111

Gargav VP; Katiyar OP; Patel RK, 1972. A new record of alternate host of armyworms. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 69(1):213-214

GözüaçIk C; Mart C; Kara K, 2009. Parasitoids of several lepidopterous pests in maize plantations in the Southeast Anatolian Region of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology, 33(4):475-477.

Hirai K; Santa H, 1983. Comparative physio-ecological studies on the armyworms, Pseudaletia separata Walker and Leucania loreyi Duponchel (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Bulletin of the Chugoku National Agricultural Experiment Station, E, 21:55-101

Jana AK; Chatterjee ML; Ghosh MR, 1993. Ecology and seasonal incidence of different species of rice ear-cutting caterpillars in West Bengal. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 21(1):90-91

Kalshoven LGE; Laan PA van der (Reviser and translator), 1981. Pests of crops in Indonesia (revised). Jakarta, Indonesia: Ichtiar Baru, 701 pp.

Kara K; GözüaçIk C; Mart C, 2007. Tachinid parasitoids (Diptera: Tachinidae) of Mythimna (Acantholeucania) loreyi in the Southeast Anatolian Region of Turkey. Phytoparasitica, 35(2):136-139. http://www.phytoparasitica.org

Karsholt O; Razowski J, 1996. The Lepidoptera of Europe: a distributional checklist. Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books, 380 pp.

Khan M, 1992. Integrated control of insect pests of sugarbeet. Pakistan Sugar Journal, 6(4):7-9

Khan RM; Sharma SK; Gupta BM, 1972. Appearance of armyworms on wheat crop in outbreak form and their control. Madras Agricultural Journal, 59(11/12):663-665

Mandal DK, 1984. Account of the Indian Tons Valley Expedition 1972 with an annotated list of species and redescription of Colias electo fieldi Menetries (Order Lepidoptera) from the Indo-Palparctic Region. Occasional Paper, Records of the Zoological Survey of India, No. 57:35 pp.

Pati P; Mathur KC, 1986. Amyotea (Asopus) malabarica (Fabricius), a predatory bug on leaf feeding pests of rice. Oryza, 23(3):200-201

Porcar M; Caballero P, 2000. Molecular and insecticidal characterization of a Bacillus thuringiensis strain isolated during a natural epizootic. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 89(2):309-316; 38 ref.

Ram Singh; Mrig KK; Chaudhary JP, 1987. Incidence and survival of Mythimna species on cereal crops in Hisar. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 57(1):59-60

Saini SS, 1987. Pest status of armyworms on rice crop in the Punjab. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 15(1):63-64

Takahashi S, 1983. Simultaneous attraction of three armyworm species to the synthetic sex pheromone of the rice armyworm, Pseudaletia separata (Walker). Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, Kyoto University, No. 122:37-41

Wu JT, 1982. Distribution, seasonal occurrence and natural enemies of armyworm attacking rice in China. International Rice Research Newsletter, 7(2):9-10

Zhao KJ, 1988. A preliminary study on the occurrence of Mythimna loreyi (Dup.). Insect Knowledge, 25(3):140-142

Distribution References

Bretherton RF, Goater B, Lorimer RI, 1979. Noctuidae. In: The Butterflies and Moths of Great Britain and Ireland, 9 [ed. by Heath J, Emmet JM]. London, UK: Curwen Books. 120-278.

CABI Data Mining, Undated. CAB Abstracts Data Mining.,

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chu Y I, 1979. Some notes on the lepidopterous rice insect pests at Jawa Timur, Indonesia. NTU [National Taiwan University] Phytopathologist and Entomologist. 38-43.

Edwards E D, 1992. A second sugarcane armyworm (Leucania loreyi (Duponchel)) from Australia and the identity of L. loreyimima Rungs (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Journal of the Australian Entomological Society. 31 (2), 105-108.

Gargav V P, Katiyar O P, Patel R K, 1972. A new record of alternate host of armyworms. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society. 69 (1), 213-214.

Jana A K, Chatterjee M L, Ghosh M R, 1993. Ecology and seasonal incidence of different species of rice ear-cutting caterpillars in West Bengal. Indian Journal of Plant Protection. 21 (1), 90-91.

Karsholt O, Razowski J, 1996. The Lepidoptera of Europe: a distributional checklist., Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books. 380 pp.

Khan R M, Sharma S K, Gupta B M, 1972. Appearance of armyworms on wheat crop in outbreak form and their control. Madras Agricultural Journal. 59 (11/12), 663-665.

Mandal D K, 1984. Account of the Indian Tons Valley Expedition 1972 with an annotated list of species and redescription of Colias electo fieldi Ménétriès (Order Lepidoptera) from the Indo-Palaearctic Region. In: Occasional Paper, Records of the Zoological Survey of India, 35 pp.

Pati P, Mathur K C, 1986. Amyotea (Asopus) malabarica (Fabricius), a predatory bug on leaf feeding pests of rice. Oryza. 23 (3), 200-201.

Ram Singh, Mrig K K, Chaudhary J P, 1987. Incidence and survival of Mythimna species on cereal crops in Hisar. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 57 (1), 59-60.

Saini S S, 1987. Pest status of armyworms on rice crop in the Punjab. Indian Journal of Plant Protection. 15 (1), 63-64.

UK, CAB International, 1970. Mythimna loreyi. [Distribution map]. In: Distribution Maps of Plant Pests, Wallingford, UK: CAB International. Map 275.

Wu J T, 1982. Distribution, seasonal occurrence and natural enemies of armyworm attacking rice in China. International Rice Research Newsletter. 7 (2), 9-10.

Zhao K J, 1988. A preliminary study on the occurrence of Mythimna loreyi (Dup.). Insect Knowledge. 25 (3), 140-142.

Distribution Maps

Top of page
You can pan and zoom the map
Save map