Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Mocis latipes
(grass looper)

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Datasheet

Mocis latipes (grass looper)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Natural Enemy
  • Host Animal
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Mocis latipes
  • Preferred Common Name
  • grass looper
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Metazoa
  •     Phylum: Arthropoda
  •       Subphylum: Uniramia
  •         Class: Insecta

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
TitleM. latipes; adult (museum set specimen)
Caption
Copyright©David Agassiz
M. latipes; adult (museum set specimen)©David Agassiz

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Mocis latipes (Guenée, 1852)

Preferred Common Name

  • grass looper

Other Scientific Names

  • Mocis repanda Fabricius
  • Ophuisa delinquens Walker
  • Remigia collata Walker
  • Remigia exscindens Walker
  • Remigia indentata Harvey
  • Remigia repanda Fabricius
  • Remigia subtilis Walker

International Common Names

  • English: striped grass looper; striped grassworm

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Metazoa
  •         Phylum: Arthropoda
  •             Subphylum: Uniramia
  •                 Class: Insecta
  •                     Order: Lepidoptera
  •                         Family: Noctuidae
  •                             Genus: Mocis
  •                                 Species: Mocis latipes

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020
Continent/Country/Region Distribution Last Reported Origin First Reported Invasive Reference Notes

North America

Antigua and BarbudaPresentSchotman (1989)
BarbadosPresentSchotman (1989)
BelizePresentSchotman (1989)
CanadaPresentSchotman (1989)
Cayman IslandsPresentSchotman (1989)
Costa RicaPresentSchotman (1989)
CubaPresentSchotman (1989); CABI (Undated)
DominicaPresentSchotman (1989)
Dominican RepublicPresentSchotman (1989)
El SalvadorPresentSchotman (1989)
GrenadaPresentSchotman (1989)
GuadeloupePresentDescoins et al. (1986); Descoins et al. (1988); Lalanne-Cassou et al. (1988); Schotman (1989)
GuatemalaPresentSchotman (1989)
HaitiPresentSchotman (1989)
HondurasPresentCave (1992); CABI (Undated)
JamaicaPresentSchotman (1989)
MartiniquePresentSchotman (1989)
MexicoPresentSchotman (1989)
NicaraguaPresentSchotman (1989)
PanamaPresentSchotman (1989)
Puerto RicoPresentJONES and WOLCOTT (1922); Schotman (1989)
Saint LuciaPresentSchotman (1989)
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesPresentSchotman (1989)
Trinidad and TobagoPresentSchotman (1989)
United StatesPresentCABI (Undated a)Present based on regional distribution.
-FloridaPresentDean (1985); Hall (1985); CABI (Undated)
-GeorgiaPresentCABI (Undated b)
-TexasPresentVICKERY (1924)

South America

ArgentinaPresentSchotman (1989)
BrazilPresentSchotman (1989)
-Espirito SantoPresentFanton (1990)
-ParanaPresentCABI (Undated b)
ColombiaPresentSchotman (1989)
EcuadorPresentSchotman (1989)
French GuianaPresentSchotman (1989)
GuyanaPresentDescoins et al. (1988); Schotman (1989)
ParaguayPresentSchotman (1989)
PeruPresentCABI (Undated b)
SurinamePresentSchotman (1989)
VenezuelaPresentSchotman (1989)

Growth Stages

Top of page Flowering stage, Fruiting stage, Seedling stage, Vegetative growing stage

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Leaves / external feeding

Natural enemies

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Natural enemyTypeLife stagesSpecificityReferencesBiological control inBiological control on
Agelaius phoeniceus Predator
Atacta brasiliensis Parasite Larvae Honduras Panicum maximum
Bacillus thuringiensis thuringiensis Pathogen Larvae
Euphorocera floridensis Parasite Larvae
Lespesia lata Parasite Larvae
Lespesia parviteres Parasite Larvae
Linnaemya comta Parasite Larvae Honduras sorghum
Lixophaga diatraeae Parasite
Noctuidonema guyanense Parasite Adults
Patelloa similis Parasite Larvae
Polybia ignobilis Predator
Rogas brethesi Parasite Larvae Honduras Digitaria; maize; rice
Rogas vaughani Parasite Larvae
Sarcodexia sternodontis Parasite Larvae/Pupae
Scambus albitibia Parasite Honduras rice
Sturnella magna Predator
Trichogramma evanescens Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma oatmani Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma pretiosum Parasite Eggs
Trichogramma rojasi Parasite Eggs

References

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Alvarez R; Lopez E; Lopez O; Lopez M, 1984. Toxic effect of some herbicides on larvae of Mocis latipes Guenee. Centro Agricola, 11(3):107.

Babyan G; Cabrera RA; Azcuy AF, 1975. Some information on the genus Mocis (Lepidoptera:Noctuidae) as a pest of sugarcane in Cuban Review of Agriculture, 8(1):36-46.

Cave RD, 1992. Inventory of parasitic organisms of the striped grass looper, Mocis latipes (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Honduras. Florida Entomologist, 75(4):592-598.

Crumb SE, 1956. The Larvae of the Phalaenidae. Technical Bulletin No. 1135. Washington DC, USA: United States Department of Agriculture.

Dean TW, 1985. Behavioral Biology of the striped grass looper, Mocis latipes (Guenee), in north-central Florida. A dissertation presented to the graduate school of the University of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy.

Descoins C; Lalanne-Cassou B; Malosse C; Milat ML, 1986. Analysis of the sex pheromone produced by the virgin female of Mocis latipes (Guenee) (Noctuidae, Catocalinp from Guadeloupe, French Antilles). Comptes Rendus des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences, III (Sciences de la Vie), 302(13):509-512.

Descoins C; Silvain JF; Lalanne-Cassou B; Cheron H, 1988. Monitoring of crop pests by sexual trapping of males in Guadeloupe and Guyana. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 21(1-2):53-56.

Dyar HG, 1902. Life histories of some North American moths. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus., 23:255-84.

Fanton CJ, 1990. Principal pests of pastures in Espirito Santo. Documentos - Empresa Capixaba de Pesquisa Agropecuaria, 73:14-21.

Ferreira MJM; Parra JRP, 1985. Biology of Mocis latipes (Guenee, 1852) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) at different temperatures to determine the thermal requirements. Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 14(1):75-88.

Ferreira MJM; Parra JRP, 1985. Effect of the photoperiod on the life cycle of Mocis latipes (Guenee, 1852) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), under laboratory conditions. Anais da Sociedade Entomologica do Brasil, 14(1):89-95.

Forbes WTM, 1954. Lepidoptera of New York and neighboring states. Part 3 Noctuidae. Cornell, USA: Cornell University Agriculture Experiment Station, Memoir 329.

Gregory BM Jr; Barfield CS; Chapin JB, 1988. Morphological differences between adult Anticarsia gemmatalis and Mocis latipes (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Florida Entomologist, 71(3):352-359.

Hall DG, 1985. Parasitoids of grasslooper prepupae and pupae in South Florida sugarcane. Florida Entomologist, 68(3):486-487.

Hartstack AW; Witz JA; Buck DR, 1979. Moth traps for the tobacco budworm. Journal of Economic Entomology, 72(4):519-522.

Jones TH; Wolcott GN, 1922. The caterpillars which eat the leaves of sugarcane in Puerto Rico. Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Puerto Rico, 6(1):38-50.

Koehler PG; Gouger RJ; Short DE, 1977. Control of striped grass loopers and armyworms in pasture: 1976. Florida Entomologist, 60(2):103-104.

Lalanne-Cassou B; D'Aubigny J le D; Silvain JF; Descoins C, 1988. Initial trials with the synthetic sex pheromone of Mocis latipes (Guenee) for trapping males in Guadeloupe and Guyana. Colloques de l'INRA, No. 46:43-50.

Landolt PJ, 1995. Attraction of Mocis latipes (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to sweet baits in traps. Florida Entomologist, 78(3):523-530.

Landolt PJ; Heath RR, 1989. Lure composition, component ratio, and dose for trapping male Mocis latipes (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with synthetic sex pheromone. Journal of Economic Entomology, 82(1):307-309.

Landolt PJ; Heath RR; Leppla NC, 1986. (Z,Z,Z)-3,6,9-Eicosatriene and (Z,Z,Z)-3,6,9-heneicosatriene as sex pheromone components of a grass looper, Mocis disseverans (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environmental Entomology, 15(6):1272-1274.

Lima ER; Vilela EF; Sanchez GR, 1998. Evaluation of the synthetic sexual pheromone on the reproductive behaviour of Mocis latipes (GuenTe) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Anais da Sociedade Entomolo^acute~gica do Brasil, 27(1):9-20; 26 ref.

Lujan M; Milan O; Cabrera T; Vazquez T, 1992. Biphase propagation of different strains of Metarhizium anisopliae: its effectiveness and epizootic capacity on larvae of Mocis latipes. Proteccion de Plantas, 2(1):29-40; 27 ref.

Mahadeo CR, 1977. Trinidad-Mocis latipes and Spodoptera frugiperda on sugarcane. FAO Plant Protection Bulletin, 25(4):211-212.

McLaughlin JR; Heath RR, 1989. Field trapping and observations of male velvetbean caterpillar moths and trapping of Mocis spp. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Catacolinp) with calibrated formulations of sex pheromone. Environmental Entomology, 18(6):933-938.

Munoz MK, 1985. The Amazon region of Ecuador also has its improved forage grass: INIAPNAPO701 (Brachiaria humidicola). Pastos Tropicales, Boletin Informativo, 7(1):1-3.

Ogunwolu EO, 1974. Biology of grass loopers (mocis spp.) in Florida with keys to larvae and pupae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). A thesis presented to the graduate council of the University of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science.

Ogunwolu EO; Habeck DH, 1975. Comparative life-histories of three Mocis spp. in Florida. (Lepidoptera : Noctuidae). Florida Entomologist, 58(2):97-103.

Ogunwolu EO; Habeck DH, 1979. Descriptions and keys to larvae and pupae of the grass loopers, Mocis spp., in Florida. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Florida Entomologist, 62(4):402-407.

Pérez M; González F, 1984. Comparative study of the liquid media for the reproduction of Bacillus thuringiensis var. thuringiensis.. Ciencia e Técnica en la Agricultura, Protección de Plantas, 7(1):75-80; [2 fig.]; 3 ref.

Pitre HN; Portillo HE; Meckenstock DH; Castro MT; L=pez JI; Andrews KL; G=mez F; Vergara OR; Trabanino R, 1997. A complex of lepidopterous defoliators on sorghum and maize in Honduras: some management tactics. CEIBA, 38(2):109-119; 23 ref.

Portillo HE; Pitre HN; Meckenstock DH; Andrews KL, 1991. Langosta: a lepidopterous pest complex on sorghum and maize in Honduras. Florida Entomologist, 74(2):287-296.

Rebelles Reis P, 1989. Principal pests of upland rice. Informe Agropecuario (Belo Horizonte), 14(161):44-58.

Reinert JA, 1975. Life history of the striped grassworm, Mocis latipes. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 68(2):201-204.

Rogers CE; Marti OG Jr, 1993. Infestation dynamics and distribution of Noctuidonema guyanense (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) on adults of Spodoptera frugiperda and Mocis latipes (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Florida Entomologist, 76(2):326-333.

Santos BBdos, 1989. Parasitoids of Mocis latipes (Guenee, 1852) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Arquivos de Biologia e Tecnologia, 32(3):491-494.

Schotman CYL, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. RLAC-PROVEG, No. 21:80 pp.

Silva JL; Neves PMOJ, 1984. Occurrence and control of Mocis latipes (Guem., 1952) in tropical pastures in the north of Parana. [Abstract]. Semina, 5(16 (Suppl.)):102.

Vickery RA, 1924. The striped grass looper, Mocis repanda fab., in Texas. Journal of Economic Entomology, 17:401-406.

Distribution References

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Cave R D, 1992. Inventory of parasitic organisms of the striped grass looper, Mocis latipes (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Honduras. Florida Entomologist. 75 (4), 592-598. DOI:10.2307/3496141

Dean TW, 1985. Behavioral Biology of the striped grass looper, Mocis latipes (Guenee), in north-central Florida. A dissertation presented to the graduate school of the University of Florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy.,

Descoins C, Lalanne-Cassou B, Malosse C, Milat M L, 1986. Analysis of the sex pheromone produced by the virgin female of Mocis latipes (Guenée) (Noctuidae, Catocalinae from Guadeloupe, French Antilles). (Analyse de la phéromone sexuelle émise par la femelle vierge de Mocis latipes (Guenée) (Noctuidae, Catocalinae de Guadeloupe, Antilles Françaises).). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, III (Sciences de la Vie). 302 (13), 509-512.

Descoins C, Silvain J F, Lalanne-Cassou B, Chéron H, 1988. Monitoring of crop pests by sexual trapping of males in Guadeloupe and Guyana. (Surveillance d'insectes ravageurs des cultures par piégeage sexuel des mâles dans les départements de la Guadeloupe et de la Guyane.). In: Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 21 (1-2) 53-56. DOI:10.1016/0167-8809(88)90139-9

Fanton C J, 1990. Principal pests of pastures in Espírito Santo. (Principais pragas das pastagens no Espírito Santo.). Documentos - Empresa Capixaba de Pesquisa Agropecuária. 14-21.

Hall D G, 1985. Parasitoids of grasslooper prepupae and pupae in South Florida sugarcane. Florida Entomologist. 68 (3), 486-487. DOI:10.2307/3495140

JONES T H , WOLCOTT G N, 1922. The Caterpillars which eat the Leaves of Sugar Cane in Porto Rico. Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Porto Rico. 6 (1), 38-50 pp.

Lalanne-Cassou B, D'Aubigny J le D, Silvain J F, Descoins C, 1988. Initial trials with the synthetic sex pheromone of Mocis latipes (Guénée) for trapping males in Guadeloupe and Guyana. (Premiers essais d'utilisation de la phéromone sexuelle de synthèse de Mocis latipes (Guénée) pour le piégeage des mâles en Guadeloupe et en Guyane.). In: Colloques de l'INRA, 43-50.

Schotman C Y L, 1989. Plant pests of quarantine importance to the Caribbean. In: RLAC-PROVEG, 80 pp.

VICKERY R A, 1924. The Striped Grass Looper, Mocis repanda Fab., in Texas. Journal of Economic Entomology. 17 (3), 401-406. DOI:10.1093/jee/17.3.401

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