Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Erysiphe diffusa
(soybean powdery mildew)

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Datasheet

Erysiphe diffusa (soybean powdery mildew)

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019
  • Datasheet Type(s)
  • Pest
  • Preferred Scientific Name
  • Erysiphe diffusa
  • Preferred Common Name
  • soybean powdery mildew
  • Taxonomic Tree
  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •   Kingdom: Fungi
  •     Phylum: Ascomycota
  •       Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •         Class: Leotiomycetes

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Pictures

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PictureTitleCaptionCopyright
Powdery mildew of soyabean leaf caused by E. diffusa.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionPowdery mildew of soyabean leaf caused by E. diffusa.
Copyright©Ved Prakash Gupta
Powdery mildew of soyabean leaf caused by E. diffusa.
SymptomsPowdery mildew of soyabean leaf caused by E. diffusa.©Ved Prakash Gupta
Whitish, fine layer of mycelium and conidia on leaves.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionWhitish, fine layer of mycelium and conidia on leaves.
Copyright©Girish K. Gupta
Whitish, fine layer of mycelium and conidia on leaves.
SymptomsWhitish, fine layer of mycelium and conidia on leaves.©Girish K. Gupta
Whitish, powdery spots on the adaxial surface of leaves.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionWhitish, powdery spots on the adaxial surface of leaves.
Copyright©Girish K. Gupta
Whitish, powdery spots on the adaxial surface of leaves.
SymptomsWhitish, powdery spots on the adaxial surface of leaves. ©Girish K. Gupta
Powdery mildew on pods.
TitleSymptoms
CaptionPowdery mildew on pods.
Copyright©Girish K. Gupta
Powdery mildew on pods.
SymptomsPowdery mildew on pods.©Girish K. Gupta

Identity

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Preferred Scientific Name

  • Erysiphe diffusa (Cooke & Peck) U. Braun & S. Takam

Preferred Common Name

  • soybean powdery mildew

Other Scientific Names

  • Erysiphe glycines F.L. Tai
  • Microsphaera diffusa Cooke & Peck

International Common Names

  • English: powdery mildew of soyabean; powdery mildew of soybean
  • Spanish: oidio de la soja
  • French: oidium du soja

Local Common Names

  • Germany: Mehltau: Sojabohne
  • India: bhabhutiya; chhachhya

EPPO code

  • MCRSDI (Microsphaera diffusa)

Taxonomic Tree

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  • Domain: Eukaryota
  •     Kingdom: Fungi
  •         Phylum: Ascomycota
  •             Subphylum: Pezizomycotina
  •                 Class: Leotiomycetes
  •                     Order: Erysiphales
  •                         Family: Erysiphaceae
  •                             Genus: Erysiphe
  •                                 Species: Erysiphe diffusa

Distribution Table

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The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report.

Last updated: 10 Jan 2020

List of Symptoms/Signs

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SignLife StagesType
Fruit / extensive mould
Leaves / abnormal forms
Leaves / abnormal leaf fall
Leaves / fungal growth
Leaves / necrotic areas
Leaves / yellowed or dead
Seeds / distortion
Seeds / shrivelled
Stems / mycelium present
Whole plant / discoloration

References

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Almeida LAde; Kiihl RAde S; Toledo JFFde; Miranda LC; Kaster M; Domitt L; Pfpolo AE; Yorinori JT, 2001. BRS 185 soybean. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 1(1):58-59; 6 ref.

Arny DC; Hanson EW; Worf GL; Oplinger ES; Hughes WH, 1975. Powdery mildew on soybean in Wisconsin. Plant Disease Reporter, 59(4):288-290

Barrios O; Fundora Z; Diaz H; Garcia JL, 1996. Influence of climatic factors on the appearance and development of Microsphaera diffusa on soyabeans. Revista del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 17:143-146.

Basu PK, 1980. Occurrence of soybean foliage diseases in eastern Ontario, 1979. Canadian Plant Disease Survey, 60(2/3):23-24

Bernard RL; Hymowitz T; Cremeens CR, 1991. Registration of "Kunitz" soybean. Crop Science, 31(1):232-233; 5 ref.

Bertagnolli PF; Bonato ER; Costamilan LM; Linhares AG; Almeida Lade; Kiihl RA de S, 2002. BRS 154, a soybean cultivar of broad adaptation. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 2:159-160.

Bertagnolli PF; Bonato ER; Linhares AG; Costamilan LM; Kiihl RAde S; Almeida LAde, 2002. Soybean cultivar BRS 66. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 37(9):1347-1348; 4 ref.

Beversdorf WD; Hume DJ; Muscat JC; Gostovic P; Vrie Qvande, 1986. Bicentennial soybean. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 66:1005-1006.

Blum LEB; Reis EF; Prade AG; Tavela VJ, 2002. Fungicides and fungicide mixtures to control soybean powdery mildew. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 27(2):216-218; 14 ref.

Boerma HR; Harris HB; Wood ED, 1980. Registration of Wright soybean (Reg. No. 130). Crop Science, 20(2):287

Boerma HR; Hussey RS; Phillips DV; Wood ED, 1988. Registration of ‘Twiggs’ soybean. Crop Science, 28:375.

Boerma HR; Hussey RS; Phillips DV; Wood ED, 1989. Registration of 'Thomas' soybean. Crop Science, 29(2):489; 4 ref.

Boerma HR; Hussey RS; Phillips DV; Wood ED; Finnerty SL, 1992. Registration of 'Cook' soybean. Crop Science, 32(2):497.

Boerma HR; Hussey RS; Wood ED; Barrett GB; Finnerty SL, 1985. Registration of ‘Gordon’ soybean. Crop Science, 25:711-712.

Boerma HR; Wood ED; Barrett GB, 1982. Registration of Duocrop soybean (Reg. No. 157). Crop Science, 22(2):448-449.

Bonato ER; Bertagnolli PF; Linhares AG; Costamilan LM; Kiihl RAde S; Almeida LAde, 2001. BRS 137: soybean cultivar for southern Brazil. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 36(5):841-843; 5 ref.

Bonato ER; Bertagnolli PF; Linhares AG; Costamilan LM; Kiihl RAde S; Almeida LAde, 2002. BRS 153: a soybean cultivar well-adapted to no-till in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 37(8):1201-1204; 4 ref.

Braun U; Takamatsu S, 2000. Phylogeny of Erysiphe, Microsphaera, Uncinula (Erysipheae) and Cystotheca, Podosphaera, Sphaerotheca (Cystotheceae) inferred from rDNA ITS sequences - some taxonomic consequences. Schlechtendalia, No.4:1-33; 11 ref.

Burton JW; Brim CA; Young MF, 1987. Registration of ‘Johnston’ soybean. Crop Science, 27:1093.

Buss GR; Chen P; Roane CW, 1988. Identification of single genes controlling resistance to powdery mildew in soybean. Soybean Genetics Newsletter, 15:139-140.

Buzzell RI; Anderson LJ; Haas JH, 1976. Harlon soybeans. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 56:971-972.

Buzzell RI; Palmer RG, 1989. Rmd and E3 linkage. Soybean Genetics Newsletter, 16:29-30.

Centerpoint, 1982. New AVRDC soybean releases in Malaysia and Taiwan. Centerpoint, 3:1.

Chen YC, 2003. Powdery mildew of vegetable soybean in Taiwan, Plant Pathology Bulletin, 12:209-211.

Dunleavy JM, 1976. A survey of powdery mildew of soybean in central Iowa. Plant Disease Reporter, 60:675-677.

Dunleavy JM, 1977. Comparison of the disease response of soybean cultivars to Microsphaera diffusa in the greenhouse and the field. Plant Disease Reporter, 61:32-34.

Dunleavy JM, 1978. Soybean seed yield losses caused by powdery mildew. Crop-Science, 18:337-339.

Dunleavy JM, 1980. Yield losses in soybean induced by powdery mildew. Plant Disease, 64:291-292.

Garcia JL; Diaz CH; Gonzalez LA, 1984. Powdery mildew on soyabean. Ciencias de la Agricultura, 18:17-21.

Godoy CV; Canteri MG, 2004. Effect of powdery mildew and cercospora blight severity on soybean yield. Fitopatologia Brasileira, 29:526-31.

Goncalves ECP; Mauro AOD; Centurion MAP da C, 2002. Genetics of resistance to powdery mildew (Microsphaera diffusa) in Brazilian soybean populations. Genetics and Molecular Biology, 25:339-342.

Goodin P, 1980. Braxton new soybean variety. Agricultural Research, USA, 29:8.

Graham MA; Marek LF; Shoemaker RC, 2002. PCR sampling of disease resistance-like sequences from a disease resistance gene cluster in soybean. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 105(1):50-57.

Grau C, 1985. Powdery mildew, a sporadic but damaging disease of soybean. In: Shibles R, ed. World Soybean Research Conference III Preceedings, Boulder, USA: Westview Press, 568-574.

Grau C, 2004. Powdery mildew of soybean. University of Wisconsin extension: soybean and small grains, 1-2.

Grau C, 2006. Powdery mildew of soybean. University of Wisconsin extension: soybean and small grains, 1-2.

Grau C; Laurence JA, 1975. Observation on resistance and heritability of resistance to powdery mildew of soybean. Plant Disease Reporter, 59:458-460.

Haifa M; Duzan FM; Fazil M; Xiaomin Z; Alfred S; Donald LS, 2005. Nod factor induces soybean resistance to powdery mildew. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 43:1022-1030.

Leath S; Carroll RB, 1982. Powdery mildew on soybean in Delaware. Plant Disease, 66:70-71.

Lehman SG, 1931. Powdery mildew of soybean. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 46:190-195.

Liu TieZhi; Zhu Yue, 1998. Four new records of Erysiphaceae from China. Mycosystema, 17:297-300.

Lohnes DG; Bernard RL, 1992. Inheritance of resistance to powdery mildew in soybeans. Plant Disease, 76:964-965.

Lohnes DG; Nickell CD, 1994. Effects of powdery mildew alleles Rmd-c, Rmd and rmd on yield and other characteristics in soybean. Plant Disease, 78:299-301.

Martins CAO; Sediyama CS; Oliveira MGdeA; Reis MS; Rocha VS; Moreira MA; Gomes JLL, 2002. Resistance to stem canker, frogeye leaf spot and powdery mildew of soybean lines lacking lipoxigenases in the seeds. Scientia Agricola, 59:701-705.

McTaggart AR; Ryley MJ; Shivas RG, 2012. First report of the powdery mildew Erysiphe diffusa on soybean in Australia. Australasian Plant Disease Notes, 7(1):127-129. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13314-012-0065-7/fulltext.html

Mignucci JS; Boyer JS, 1979. Inhibition of photosynthesis and transpiration in soybean infected by Microsphaera diffusa. Phytopathology, 69:227-230.

Mignucci JS; Chamberlain DW, 1978. Interactions of Microsphaera diffusa with soybeans and other legumes. Phytopathology, 68:169-173.

Mignucci JS; Lim SM, 1980. Powdery mildew (Microsphaera diffusa) development on soybeans with adult plant resistance. Phytpathology, 70:919-921.

Newell CA; Hymowitz T, 1975. Glycine canescens F.J. Herm., a wild relative of the soybean. Crop Science, 15:879-881.

Nickall CD; Schwenk FW, 1975. Registration of Pomona soybean (Reg. No. 108). Crop Science, 15:281.

Nickell CD; Thomas DJ; Gray LR; Hanson PM, 1990. Registration of ‘Burlison’ soybean. Crop Science, 30:232.

Orf JH; Kennedy BW, 1994. Registration of ‘Lambert’ soybean. Crop Science, 34:302.

Orf JH; Lambert JW; Kennedy BW, 1988. Registration of ‘Glenwood’ soybean. Crop Science, 28:575.

Orf JH; MacDonald DH, 1994. Registration of ‘Alpha’ soybean. Crop Science, 34:303.

Orf JH; MacDonald DH, 1995. Registration of ‘Faribault’ soybean. Crop Science, 35:1227.

Orf JH; Young ND, 1997. Registration of ‘Freeborn’ soybean. Crop Science, 37:1385.

Paxton JD; Rogers DP, 1974. Powdery mildew of soybeans. Mycologia, 66:894-896.

Pereira DG; Sediyama T; Cruz CD; Reis MS; Gomes JLL; Teixeira Rde C; Nogueira APO, 2008. Adaptability and stability of soybean genotypes evaluated for resistance to powdery mildew. (Adaptabilidade e establididade de genótipos de soja avaliados para resistência ao oídio.) Ciência Rural, 38(7):1836-1842. http://www.ufsm.br/ccr/revista

Phillips DV, 1984. Stability of Microsphaera diffusa and the effect of powdery mildew on yield of soybean. Plant Disease, 68:953-956.

Ploper LD; Gonzalez V; Zarzosa I; Galvez R, 1999. Detection of frogeye leaf spot and Oidium in soyabeans in Tucuman during 1997/98. Avance Agroindustrial, 19:29-32.

Prasad MSL; Prasad MS; Sharma YP; Sangit Kumar, 2003. Management of frog eye leaf spot and rust diseases of soybean in NEH region. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 11:292-295.

Raut VM; Taware SP; Rahangdale SR, 2003. Field resistance of soybean to powdery mildew. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities, 28:117-118.

Sartorato A; Yorinori JT, 2001. Oidios de Leguminosas: FGeijoeiro e soja. In: Sadnik MJ and Rivera MC Oidios. Jaguariuna, SP. Embrapa Meio Ambiente, pp 262-284.

Schubert TS, 2002. A powdery mildew collection at the University of Florida National area in Gainesville. Triology, 41 (2).

Sediyama T; Teixeira RdeC; Dutra JH; Andrade MAS; Gomes JLL; Reis MS, 2001. UFVS-2001 soybean cultivar. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 1:313-315.

Sediyama T; Teixeira RdeC; Dutra JH; Andrade MAS; Gomes JLL; Reis MS, 2001. UFVS-2002 soybean cultivar. Crop Breeding and Applied Biotechnology, 1:316-318.

Shannon JG; Schillinger J, 1989. Registration of ‘A5474’ soybean. Crop Science, 29:1091.

Sharma ND; Patel RP; Arjaria BD, 2003. Erisiphe glycines: a new pathogen of soybean. Indian Phytopathology, 56:122.

Shipe ER; Mueller JD; Lewis SA; Williams PF Jr, 1995. Registration of ‘Maxcy’ soybean. Crop Science, 35:283.

Shipe ER; Musen HL; Mueller JD; Weiser GC; Williams PF Jr, 1990. Registration of ‘Perrin’ soybean. CropScience, 30:963.

Shohara K, 2003. Current situation of plant disease in Bolivia. Agrochemicals Japan, 82:22-25.

Sosa GDR; Delpin KE; Moscardi F; Nozaki M de H, 2003. The impact of fungicides on Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson epizootics and on populations of Anticarsia gemmatalis Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), on soybean. Neotropical Entomology, 32:287-291.

Sweetingham MW; Jones RAC; Brown AGP, 1998. Diseases and pests. Lupins as crop plants: biology, production and utilization. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 263-289.

Takamatsu S; Shin; HD; Paksiri U; Limkaisang S; Taguchi Y; Nguyen TB; Sato Y, 2002. Two Erysiphe species associated with recent outbreak of soybean powdery mildew: results of molecular phylogenetic analysis based on nuclear rDNA sequences. Mycoscience, 43:333-341.

Tanaka MA de S; Mascarenhas HAA; Ito MF, 1999. Soybean reaction to powdery mildew (Microsphaera diffusa) under greenhouse conditions. Summa Phytopathologica, 25:158-161.

Tsay JG; Chen RS; Wang HL; Wang WL; Weng BC, 2011. First report of powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe diffusa, Oidium neolycopersici, and Podosphaera xanthii on papaya in Taiwan. Plant Disease, 95(9):1188-1189. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis

Uneda-Trevisoli SH; Mauro AO; Costa MM; Arriel NHC; Capeloto A; Barbaro IM; Muniz FRS, 2002. Evaluation of resistance inheritance to powdery mildew (Microsphaera diffusa) and agronomic potential in soybean populations. Revista Brasileira de Oleaginosas e Fibrosas, 6:627-34.

University of Illinois, 1989. Powdery mildew of soybeans. Report on plant disease. University of Illinois Extension. RPD No. 508, 1-3.

Verma KP; Kotasthane AS; Agrawal KC, 2001. Microsphaera diffusa Cke & Pk on soybean in Chattisgarh State. Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 31:94.

Voldeng HD; Guillemette RJD; Leonard DA; Cober ER, 1996. AC bravor soybean. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 76:473-474.

Voldeng HD; Guillemette RJD; Leonard DA; Cober ER, 1996. AC Proteus soybean. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 76:153-154.

Voldeng HD; Guillemette RJD; Leonard DA; Cober ER, 1996. Maple Glen soybean. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 76:475-476.

Wahl VV, 1921. Schadlinge and der sojabohne. Z. Pflanzenkrankh, 31:194-196.

Yáñez-Morales Mde J; Braun U; Minnis AM; Tovar-Pedraza JM, 2009. Some new records and new species of powdery mildew fungi from Mexico. Schlechtendalia, No.19:47-61.

Yorinori JT, 1997. Oidia da soja. Londrina:EMBRAPA. Soja oidioija Doc., 13 pp.

Yorinori MA; Klingelfuss LH; Paccola-Meirelles LD; Yorinori JT, 2004. Effect of time of spraying of fungicide and foliar nutrient on soybean powdery mildew. Journal of Phytopathology, 152:129-132.

Distribution References

Arny D C, Hanson E W, Worf G L, Oplinger E S, Hughes W H, 1975. Powdery mildew on soybean in Wisconsin. Plant Disease Reporter. 59 (4), 288-290.

Basu PK, 1980. Occurrence of soybean foliage diseases in eastern Ontario, 1979. In: Canadian Plant Disease Survey, 60 (2/3) 23-24.

CABI, Undated. Compendium record. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Wallingford, UK: CABI

CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Wallingford, UK: CABI

Chen Y C, 2003. Powdery mildew of vegetable soybean in Taiwan. Plant Pathology Bulletin. 12 (3), 209-211.

Dunleavy J M, 1976. A survey of powdery mildew of soybean in central Iowa. Plant Disease Reporter. 60 (8), 675-677.

Dunleavy J M, 1978. Soybean seed yield losses caused by powdery mildew. Crop Science. 18 (2), 337-339. DOI:10.2135/cropsci1978.0011183X001800020037x

García J L, Díaz Carrasco H, González L A, 1984. Powdery mildew on soyabean. (Mildiu polvoriento en soya.). Ciencias de la Agricultura. 17-21.

Lehman S G, 1931. Powdery mildew of soybean. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 190-195.

McTaggart A R, Ryley M J, Shivas R G, 2012. First report of the powdery mildew Erysiphe diffusa on soybean in Australia. Australasian Plant Disease Notes. 7 (1), 127-129. http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13314-012-0065-7/fulltext.html DOI:10.1007/s13314-012-0065-7

Pereira D G, Sediyama T, Cruz C D, Reis M S, Gomes J L L, Teixeira R de C, Nogueira A P O, 2008. Adaptability and stability of soybean genotypes evaluated for resistance to powdery mildew. (Adaptabilidade e establididade de genótipos de soja avaliados para resistência ao oídio.). Ciência Rural. 38 (7), 1836-1842. http://www.ufsm.br/ccr/revista DOI:10.1590/S0103-84782008000700006

Phillips D V, 1984. Stability of Microsphaera diffusa and the effect of powdery mildew on yield of soybean. Plant Disease. 68 (11), 953-956. DOI:10.1094/PD-69-953

Ploper L D, González V, Zarzosa I, Gálvez R, 1999. Detection of frogeye leaf spot and Oidium in soyabeans in Tucuman during 1997/98. (Detección de la mancha ojo de rana y el oídio en cultivos de soja de Tucumán durante la campaña 1997/98.). Avance Agroindustrial. 19 (76), 29-32.

Prasad M S L, Prasad M S, Sharma Y P, Sangit Kumar, 2003. Management of frog eye leaf spot and rust diseases of soybean in NEH region. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences. 11 (2), 292-295.

Raut V M, Taware S P, Rahangdale S R, 2003. Field resistance of soybean to powdery mildew. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Universities. 28 (1), 117-118.

Sharma ND, Patel RP, Arjaria BD, 2003. Erisiphe glycines: a new pathogen of soybean. In: Indian Phytopathology, 56 122.

Shohara K, 2003. Current situation of plant disease in Bolivia. Agrochemicals Japan. 22-25.

Sosa-Gómez D R, Delpin K E, Moscardi F, Nozaki M de H, 2003. The impact of fungicides on Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson epizootics and on populations of Anticarsia gemmatalis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), on soybean. Neotropical Entomology. 32 (2), 287-291. DOI:10.1590/S1519-566X2003000200014

Takamatsu S, Shin HyeonDong, Paksiri U, Limkaisang S, Taguchi Y, Nguyen Thi Binh, Sato Y, 2002. Two Erysiphe species associated with recent outbreak of soybean powdery mildew: results of molecular phylogenetic analysis based on nuclear rDNA sequences. Mycoscience. 43 (4), 333-341. DOI:10.1007/s102670200049

Tanaka M A de S, Mascarenhas H A A, Ito M F, 1999. Reaction of soyabean cultivars to powdery mildew (Microsphaera diffusa) under greenhouse conditions. (Reação de cultivares de soja ao oídio (Microsphaera diffusa) em casa de vegetação.). Summa Phytopathologica. 25 (2), 158-161.

Tsay J G, Chen R S, Wang H L, Wang W L, Weng B C, 2011. First report of powdery mildew caused by Erysiphe diffusa, Oidium neolycopersici, and Podosphaera xanthii on papaya in Taiwan. Plant Disease. 95 (9), 1188-1189. http://apsjournals.apsnet.org/loi/pdis DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-11-0362

Verma KP, Kotasthane AS, Agrawal KC, 2001. Microsphaera diffusa Cke & Pk on soybean in Chattisgarh State. In: Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology, 31 94.

Wahl V V, 1921. Pests of soyabeans. (Schadlinge and der sojabohne.). Z. Pflanzenkrankh. 194-196.

Yáñez-Morales M de J, Braun U, Minnis A M, Tovar-Pedraza J M, 2009. Some new records and new species of powdery mildew fungi from Mexico. Schlechtendalia. 47-61.

Distribution Maps

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